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Achmad, Nida' Sari
Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

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KOMPOSISI JENIS DAN STRUKTUR VEGETASI HUTAN DATARAN RENDAH DI KOMPLEKS GUNUNG BULUSARAUNG SULAWESI SELATAN Asrianny, Asrianny; Paweka, Catarina Balgis; Achmad, Amran; Oka, Ngakan Putu; Achmad, Nida' Sari
PERENNIAL Vol 15, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v15i1.6793

Abstract

The Bulusaraung Mountain is a lowland forest and is one of the main ecosystems owned by Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park. Therefore, this study aims to determine the species composition and vegetation structure of lowland forests in the complex of Bulusaraung Mountain. The research was conducted from April to May 2018. Data collection was carried out using a 20 × 20 meter plot placed on the Balleanging, Tokaddaro  and Tompobulu track lines based on altitude (550 m asl, 650 m asl, and 750 m asl). The result of this study show that there are 44  species were found on tree class, 65 species on  pole class,  40 species on  sapling class and  25 species on seedling class. The species composition in the study area was dominated Palaquium obovatum, Persea rimosa, Arthrophyllum diversifolium, Cryptocarya laevigata, and Engelhardia serrata, while Psychotria leptothyrsa, Antidesma bunius, Maesa ramentacea, Ficus sandpaper, Baccaurea javanica, Symplocos maliliency, Callicarpa pentandra, and Saurauia tristyla is a type of tree that differentiates at each altitude. The structure of the forest canopy layer at an altitude of 550 m above sea level consists of three canopy layers, while at an altitude of 650 and 750 m above sea level consisting only of two canopy layers. The cover of forest canopy in all sampling locations was reached 75-90%.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG PADA HUTAN DATARAN RENDAH DI KOMPLEKS GUNUNG BULUSARAUNG TAMAN NASIONAL BANTIMURUNG BULUSARAUNG Maulany, Risma Illa; Lira, Jumriah; Achmad, Amran; Achmad, Nida' Sari
PERENNIAL Vol 15, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v15i1.6791

Abstract

Lowland Forest at the complex of Bulusaraung mountain  in the Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park is one of important habitat of birds in South Sulawesi. This study aimed to identify bird’s diversity in the Lowland Forest of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park for ecotourism purposes. This research was carried out for 2 months between April and May 2018. The data were gathered by using line transect method. The data were analyzed by using Shannon-Weiner diversity index, Evenness index, Margalef species richness index, and Sorensen Similarity index. The result of the study showed that, there were 23 species of birds found in the three lines of observation tracks. There were 19 species  found in Balleanging, 12 species  in Kattokaddaro and 15 species  found in Tompobulu.The highest value of bird diversity index was found in Tompobulu (H '= 1,73) followed by Balleanging (H' = 1,54) and Kattokaddaro routes (H '= 1,43). Therefore, the diversity of bird species in the three observation pathways can be used as objects and attractions in the development of ecotourism based on bird watching in wildlife conservation efforts.