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ANOMALI HETERODOKSA DALAM PRAKTIK KOMUNIKASI KELOMPOK MANTONGAN PADA PRODUKSI GARAM RAKYAT DI SURABAYA Rosyidi, Moch Imron; Guntoro, Budi; Raya, Alia Bihrajihant; Rasyid, Erwin
Jurnal KMP (Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan) Vol. 18 No. 01 (2020): Februari 2020
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

People's salt production in Surabaya mainly relies on mantongan, a name for salt production labor in Madura. Mantongan experiences discrimination and pressure from its landlord and strives to resist the oppression. Pierre Bourdieu believes that the oppressor can practice a doxa to strengthen their position in the social structure. This doxa could only be diminished when a heterodoxa appeared. This study is aimed to analyze how heterodoxa and doxa operate in the habitus between mantongan and the landlord. This study uses qualitative method with a critical approach. The informant of this study are mantongan and landlord in Surabaya. Pierre Bourdieu's Social Practice is used as theory. This study shows that heterodoxa could only be achieved when the social structure dwindles. This finding contradicts Bourdieu's concept of heterodoxa. The group communication of community salt production, showed that mantongan is able to contest and rebel under the pressure of the landlord. The concept of doxa and orthodoxy here is no longer valid when mantongan is in its lowest point. This result is seen as an anomaly in Bourdieu?s thought of social practice.
STRATEGI PEMANFAATAN APLIKASI DESA APPS DALAM LITERASI INFORMASI PERTANIAN Raya, Alia Bihrajihant; Kriska, Mesalia; Wastutiningsih, Sri Peni; Cahyaningtyas, Melisa Umi; Djitmau, Adrian; Cahyani, Galuh Friska
Jurnal KMP (Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan) Vol. 16 No. 2 (2018): Juli 2018
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Information literacy is one part of community empowerment activities, especially in the information field. Information literacy is the ability to search, evaluate, and use information needed effectively. Basically information literacy is not a new ability or skill, but in the era of information disclosure, information literacy is a must-have skill requirement. The problems faced today, there is still an imbalance between the pace of information available and the level of agricultural information literacy at the farm level. The development of agricultural information through the internet has led to cyber extensions, information is available quickly and varied, but not all farmers are able to access and use it. The Faculty of Agriculture UGM has developed an application with the name DesaApps. DesaApps stands for Digital Extension Society for Agriculture Application which aims to be an application platform that provides agricultural counseling and develops a digital farming community. The existence of DesaApps can be useful for users of the application to provide information to one another, interact and transact in agriculture. The features in the DesaApps application consist of Frequently Asked Questions, Articles, Price Information, Farm Notes, Weather Information. Shop Information, Office Information, and Selling Items. Utilization of the features provided by Desa Apps provides an opportunity for farmers to obtain the information needed, as well as a means of improving the skills of managing information obtained. Therefore, the presence of Desa Apps empowers farmers to be independently informed. However, the performance of Desa Apps as one of the sources of information still needs to be improved. In order to be able to optimize the use of Village Apps, the utilization strategy is to improve application performance, promote and promote Village Apps, responsiveness of experts, and optimize the use of Desa Apps as a marketing place.
COMMUNITY ENFORCEMENT TO COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT: CASE STUDY OF CHILI COLLECTIVE MARKETING ON COASTAL SANDY LAND YOGYAKARTA SPECIAL REGION Raya, Alia Bihrajihant
UNEJ e-Proceeding Proceeding of International Conference on Food Sovereignty and Sustainable Agriculture (FoSSA) 2017
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Coastal sandy land had been assumed as marginal land and abandoned for many years.Farmers who was living on coastal sandy land of Kulon Progo District had faced the worstpoverty problem. Since 1970 to 1980, they had cultivated coastal sandy land subsistently. Allof the inhabitants could not have a good economic condition, education, and healthy. Eyedisease had been epidemic on the dry season while health facility was inaccessable. However,recently, in that coastal sandy land area has been able to produce an economical commoditysuch as chili, watermelon, papaya and other horticulture products. Technological innovationwhich discovered by a farmer changed the socio-economics condition of coastal sandy landfarmers. It was invented by the farmer who belongs to B Farmer Group (BFG). As pioneers ofchili farming on coastal sandy land, the farmers in the BFG always attempt to invent newtechnology like evolution of well for watering technology and plastic mulch to ease the mostdifficult tasks of cultivating on marginal land. Those innovations diffused to neighboringvillages, G Farmer Group (GFG). Meanwhile, the GFG enforced institutionalized land planningfor the sustainability of chili farming. Then, GFG could introduce the institutional innovationtaking advantage of shared norms as a community. Community enforcement happened on theGFG through the sanction for dishonest behavior of individual against the farmer group. Theleader takes authority control of sanction while mostly individual member awares theequality and evennes for all of members and then, they achieved chili collective marketingsuccessfully. To understand how the community enforcement is part of the way to empowerthe community, social network analysis was used to mapping the pattern of relationship. Inaddition, exponential random graph models (ERGM) was functioned to gather the structuraleffect of ties in the farmer group network. To understand the effect of leader on communityenforcement, again ERGM was used to predict the role of leaders as exogenous effects onnetwork. The result of social network pattern, interlocking network appears on the GFG,members tend to get connected each other. The connection among members happenedbecause of the social norms and social setting on the farmer group. They attempt to form thestructural equivalence then community enforcement could empower them to workcollectively. Being connected, it means community shared the knowledge and informationconformly while connectivity among leaders have influenced on the information validity.
POTENSI WANITA DALAM MENDUKUNG PEMASARAN BIJI KAKAO UNTUK MEWUJUDKAN KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA (STUDI DI DUSUN NGLENGKONG, DESA GIRIPURWO, KECAMATAN GIRIMULYO, KABUPATEN KULON PROGO, JAWA TENGAH) Wati, Ratih Ineke; Raya, Alia Bihrajihant; Widiastuti, Ani; Rohmah, Fatkhiyah; Utami, Desi
Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional Vol 25, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkn.43700

Abstract

 ABSTRACTCacao was the mainfarmcommodity cultivated by farmers in Nglengkong Hamlet since 1980s. So far, farming activities of cacao, including cultivation till marketing, were conducted dominanly by male farmer. The research aimed to dug the potency of women in supporting the cacao beans marketing in order to realized the food resilience of farm household in Ngelngkong Hamlet, Giripurwo Village, Girimulyo District, Kulon Progo Regency.This research used descriptive qualitative approach with Participation Action Research (PAR) method. The data were obtained by Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with the farmer wifes and women representative from each neighbourhood association (Rukun Tetangga ? RT) as the informant. The collected information was then analized using SWOT.The result showed that the farmer wife could be involved in marketing process of cacao beanss by using social capital that had been developed among the women in order to got information, expanded the network, and gained the potential buyers. Farmer wive were willing to involeved when their contribution could be the assurance of achiving household food resilience. All this time, the low cacao selling price became the main problem because each farmer sold the beans in the small amount with ununiformed quality. The deal of farmer wives was necessary to built the marketing pattern of cacao beans because they had potency to influenced farmers in selecting the market. The establishment of women farmer group by using social capital could be one of the solution. Beside engaged in the marketing, women could help the post-harvest activities, such as fermentation and dring cacao beans. Post-harvest activities were not as heavy as cultivation one but needed persistence thus opened the big opportunity for women participation. If the farmer could manage the farm, did fermentation, and dried the beans well according to SNI 01-2323-2008, the chance to met the global marketing challenge would increase.  Finally, the women involvement in cacao farming would realize the food resilience of farm household through the the increasing household income.\ABSTRAKKakao merupakan komoditas unggulan perkebunan yang diusahakan masyarakat tani Dusun Nglengkong sejak tahun 1980an. Selama ini,aktivitas usaha tani kakao dari penanaman hingga pemasaran dilakukan secara dominan oleh petani pria. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menggali potensi wanita dalam mendukung pemasaran biji kakao guna mewujudkan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga tani di Dusun Nglengkong, Desa Giripurwo, Kecamatan Girimulyo, Kabupaten Kulon Progo.Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif diskriptif dengan metode Participation Action Research (PAR). Data diperoleh melalui Focus Group Discussion (FGD) dengan informan istri petani kakao dan perwakilan wanita tiap Rukun Tetangga (RT). Informasi yang dikumpulkan kemudian dianalisis menggunakan SWOT.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa istri petani kakao dapat dilibatkan dalam proses pemasaran biji kakao dengan memanfaatkan modal sosial yang telah terbangun di kalangan wanita untuk memperoleh informasi, memperluas jaringan pasar, dan mendapatkan pembeli potensial. Istri petani akan bersedia terlibat ketika kontribusi yang dia berikan dapat memberikan kepastian pada pencapaian ketahanan pangan keluarga. Selama ini rendahnya harga jual kakao menjadi permasalahan utama karena masing-masing petani menjual dalam jumlah sedikit dengan kualitas yang tidak seragam. Perlu adanya kesepakatan antara istri petani pada pola pemasaran biji kakao karena mereka memiliki potensi mempengaruhi petani dalam memilih pasar. Pembentukan kelompok wanita dengan memanfaatan modal sosial dapat menjadi salah satu solusi. Selain bergerak dalam pemasaran, wanita dapat membantu kegiatan pasca panen seperti fermentasi dan penjemuran biji kakao. Kegiatan pasca panen tidak seberat kegiatan budidaya tetapi memerlukan ketekunan sehingga membuka kesempatan besar bagi wanita untuk ikut berpartisipasi. Apabila keluarga petani telah mampu mengelola kebunnya serta melakukan fermentasi dan penjemuran sesuai SNI 01-2323-2008 dengan baik, maka peluang untuk memenuhi tantangan pasar global akan meningkat. Pada akhirnya, keterlibatan wanita dalam usaha tani kakao akan mewujudkan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga melalui usaha peningkatan pendapatan keluarga.
FARMER’S MOTIVATION TOWARDS AGROFORESTRY-BASED AGRICULTURE TO UTILIZE UNDERSTOREY-CROPPING SYSTEM IN BKPH PURWOREJO KPH KEDU SELATAN Kurniasari, Fitri Lusiana; Raya, Alia Bihrajihant; Witjaksono, Roso
Agro Ekonomi Vol 30, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ae.48350

Abstract

Agroforestry is a land management technique to be used together with the society in the cultivation of forestry and agricultural commodities. The concept of agroforestry carried out in BKPH of Purworejo, KPH Kedu Selatan, both high economic agroforestry crops, such as rubber, coffee, cocoa, teak, mahogany, etc.; low economic agroforestry plants, such as dadap, lamtoro, kaliandra, etc.; and seasonal agroforestry plants, such as rice, corn, peanuts, and others. The land management is an important effort to improve the quality and quantity of agricultural production, which included in extensification efforts. This research aims to determine farmers' motivation in cultivating agroforestry-based agricultural commodities, to determine factors that influence motivation in cultivating agroforestry-based agricultural commodities, and to determine the effect of motivation in cultivating agroforestry-based agricultural commodities on utilizing the understorey-cropping system at BKPH Purworejo. The method used in this research was descriptive quantitative analysis method. While the data processing method used was the proportion test and regression test. The results of this research indicated that approximately less than or equal to 50% of farmers have the low motivation of farmers to cultivate agroforestry-based agricultural commodities. Factors that have a positive effect on the motivation in cultivating agroforestry-based agricultural commodities included the role of agriculture-forestry extension agents and access to the marketing of agroforestry products. While the factor that has a negative effect on the farmer?s motivation is the obligation of farmers to cooperate with Perhutani. The motivation of farmers in cultivating agroforestry-based agricultural commodities has a positive effect on utilizing the understorey-cropping system at BKPH Purworejo, KPH Kedu Selatan.
UPAYA PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI BATIK DI INDONESIA Siregar, Abi Pratiwa; Raya, Alia Bihrajihant; Nugroho, Agus Dwi; Indana, Fairuz; Prasada, I Made Yogya; Andiani, Riesma; Simbolon, Theresia Gracia Yunindi; Kinasih, Agustina Tri
Dinamika Kerajinan dan Batik: Majalah Ilmiah Vol 37, No 1 (2020): Dinamika Kerajinan dan Batik : Majalah Ilmiah
Publisher : Balai Besar Kerajinan dan Batik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22322/dkb.v37i1.5945

Abstract

Sejak pengakuan UNESCO pada tahun 2009, batik berkembang lebih cepat dibanding tahun-tahunsebelumnya. Namun demikian, hingga saat ini ketersediaan printing mengenai perkembangan batikmasih menjadi kendala yang belum terselesaikan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahuiperkembangan batik ditinjau dari jumlah usaha, jumlah tenaga kerja, kapasitas produksi, danpermasalahan yang dihadapi oleh industri batik serta merumuskan upaya dalam pengembanganindustri batik. Penelitian ini dilakukan di 27 provinsi di Indonesia dengan menggunakan metodedeskriptif analitis menggunakan data primer dan data sekunder. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian,diperkirakan jumlah industri batik di Indonesia mencapai 6.120 unit dengan tenaga kerja sebanyak37.093 orang dan mampu mencapai nilai produksi sekitar 407,5 miliar rupiah per bulan atau setara4,89 triliun rupiah per tahun. Permasalahan yang dihadapi industri batik terdiri dari printing, bahanbaku, keterampilan tenaga kerja, pengembangan usaha kain lokal, pengelolaan limbah, pembinaandan pendampingan oleh Organisasi Perangkat Daerah (OPD), persaingan dengan printing bermotifbatik. Upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk mengembangkan batik yaitu memperbaharui printingindustri batik, koordinasi sistem database batik, pemanfaatan sumber daya alam lokal denganmeningkatkan penggunaan pewarna alam, optimalisasi pembinaan industri dan peran Balai LatihanKerja (BLK) dalam peningkatan keterampilan tenaga kerja, sosialisasi potensi batik, pembangunanpengolahan limbah dan peningkatan kesadaran industri batik mengenai pengelolaan limbah,penguatan brand batik tulis dan batik cap, dan advokasi dan pemasaran sosial kepada konsumenmengenai batik tulis dan batik cap.