Agustiningsih, Denny
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Gambaran Faktor Risiko Prolaps Organ Panggul Pasca Persalinan Vaginal di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Pangastuti, Nuring; Sari, Dwi Cahyani Ratna; Santoso, Budi Iman; Agustiningsih, Denny; Emilia, Ova
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 50, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (677.733 KB) | DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v50n2.1321

Abstract

Prolaps organ panggul merupakan salah satu bentuk disfungsi dasar panggul pada perempuan. Disfungsi dasar panggul adalah keadaan terganggunya fungsi dasar panggul merupakan salah satu kondisi kesehatan yang banyak dikeluhkan perempuan. Lebih dari 46% perempuan dengan riwayat persalinan vaginal mengalami disfungsi dasar panggul,dan peningkatan jumlah paritas berkorelasi dengan peningkatan kejadian prolaps organ panggul. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran karakteristik faktor risiko prolaps organ panggul pasca persalinan vaginal di wilayah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penelitian dilakukan pada Januari–Maret 2018. Hasil penelitian didapatkan 51 subjek penelitian dengan persalinan vaginal yang dapat dilakukan pemeriksaan POPQ pada 3 bulan pascapersalinan. Prolaps organ panggul didapatkan pada sebagian besar pasien pascasalin, yaitu sejumlah 46 orang, prolaps uteri 33 orang, sistokel 44 orang, serta rektokel pada 46) orang. Hanya 5 orang yang tidak memiliki gambaran prolaps organ panggul pada 3 bulan pascapersalinan.Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa faktor risiko prolaps organ panggul pascapersalinan vaginal di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta terdiri atas faktor intrinsik (usia ibu, panjang genital hiatus maupun perineal body), dan ekstrinsik (paritas, indeks massa tubuh overweight dan obes, kenaikan berat badan selama hamil >15 kg, serta dilakukan episiotomi dan terjadi robekan perineum). Upaya pencegahan terutama edukasi, perbaikan gaya hidup, pengendalian indeks massa tubuh, pengaturan diet, olahraga penguatan otot dasar panggul, pembatasan jumlah kehamilan dan persalinan, serta pertolongan persalinan sesuai Asuhan persalinan normal. Kata kunci: Disfungsi dasar panggul, faktor risiko, persalinan vaginal, prolaps organ panggul Risk Factors for Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Women with History of Vaginal Delivery in YogyakartaPelvic organ prolapse is one form of pelvic floor dysfunctions in women that impairs the pelvic floor function and also one of the most frequently conditions complained by women. More than 46% women with history of vaginal delivery have experienced pelvic floor dysfunction where higher number of parity correllates to increased pelvic organ prolapse incident. The aim of this study was to understand the  characteristic risk factors of pelvic organ prolapse incident post vaginal delivery in Special Region of Yogyakarta. The study ws performed during the period of January to March 2018 on 51 subjects with history of vaginal delivery evaluated using POPQ in 3 months postpartum. Pelvic floor dysfunction was present in most postpartum patients, i,e, 46 people while 33 experienced uterine prolapse, 44 experienced cystocele, and 46 experienced rectocele. Only 5 subjects had no pelvic floor dysfunction in any form. Risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse in post vaginal delivery in the Special Region of Yogyakarta consist of intrinsic factors (maternal age, genital length of hiatus, and perineal body), and extrinsic factors (parity, overweight status and obese status based on body mass index, weight gain during pregnancy exceeding 15 kg,  episiotomy and the occurrence of perineal rupture). Prevention actions include  education followed by lifestyle improvement, control of body mass index, dietary regulation, exercise, restrictions on the number of pregnancies and childbirth, and safe delivery according to normal birth care standard.Key words: Pelvic floor dysfunction, pelvic organ prolapse, risk factors, vaginal delivery
ROSUVASTATIN ATTENUATED ELASTIC FIBER DEGRADATION IN CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE SPRAGUE-DAWLEY RATS Sabirin, Rahmaningsih Mara; -, Prasetyastuti; Agustiningsih, Denny
Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya Vol 30, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.817 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jkb.2019.030.03.2

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an incurable disease which causes disability and death. The main pathogenesis of COPD is oxidative stress due to cigarette smoke which initiates various reactions and lead to lung elastic fibers destruction. Statins are known to have antioxidant effects and reduce mortality in COPD. We studied the effects of cigarette smoke exposure cessation and rosuvastatin on oxidative stress and the level of elastic fiber destruction in COPD model rats. Thirty 10-week old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 2 groups: Control (n=6, did not received fumigation nor treatment) and Smoking (n=24, received fumigation for 70 days) groups. Afterwards, the smoking group was divided into 4 groups: Sham, R2, R5,R10, and received 0.9% NaCl, 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg/day of rosuvastatin, respectively. Examination of malondialdehyde (MDA) and desmosine serum were conducted to measure oxidative stress and elastic fiber degradation level, respectively. After smoke exposure, MDA and desmosine levels of COPD rats were found to be significantly higher (p=0.000 and 0.000) than controls. The MDA level in Sham, R2, R5 and R10 groups decreased significantly after therapy (p=0.000; 0.033; 0.015; 0.002). However, the post-treatment desmosine level was increase significantly in Sham and R2 groups (p=0.006 dan 0.012) and insignificantly (p=0.117 dan 0.278) in the R5 and R10 groups. It can be concluded that the cessation of exposure to cigarette smoke can reduce oxidative stress, but not elastic degradation process. The administration of rosuvastatin of 5 or 10 mg/kg/day attenuated elastic degradation process.
The effect of long-term high-fat diet in ovariectomized Wistar rat (Rattus norvegicus)study on lipid profile, endothelial nitric oxide synthase(eNOS) dan endhotelin-1 (ET-1) serum Sudarsono, Tantri Analisawati; Agustiningsih, Denny; Sunarti, S
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (226.572 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005103201902

Abstract

Accumulation of cholesterol in the blood will cause stiffness in arteries and trigger the formation of atherosclerotic lesions. Estrogen has a role as an antioxidant that can prevent the low density lipoprotein(LDL) oxidation. In menopause with high-fat diet, the decrease of estrogen levels will trigger cholesterol accumulation in the blood lead to endothelial dysfunction mediated by endotelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). This study aimed to investigate the effect of long-term high-fat diet on the lipid profile, serum eNOS and ET-1levels on ovariectomized rat. It was experimental using 28 female Wistar rat divided into 4 groups. Group 1 was ovariectomized mice and given a standard diet (OVX-SD), Group 2 was ovariectomized mice and given a high-fat diet (OVX-HFD), Group 3 was not ovariectomized mice and given a standard diet(SHAM-SD) group, and Group 4 was not ovariectomized mice and given a high-fat diet (SHAM-HFD).Lipid profile of blood samples was measured pre- and post-treatment, whereas serum eNOS and ET-1 levels were measured post-treatment using ELISA method. No significantly difference of lipid profileon OVX-HFD group compared to that OVX-SD was observed. The serum eNOSlevel on OVX-HFD(702.11±68.73 pg/mL) was significantly lower than that OVX-SD (857.18±118.08 pg/mL) (p<0.05). However, there was no significantly different of serum ET-1 levelbetween OVX-HFD group (299.14±146.61 pg/mL) compared to that OVX-SD (194.25±102.96 pg/mL) (p>0.05). In conclusion, the serum eNOS levelon ovariectomized rat with long-term high-fat diet is lower than that on ovariectomized rat with standard diet.
Moderate-intensity interval exercise but not high-intensity interval exercise improves the spatial memory of ovariectomized rats Kaidah, Siti; Rauf, Saidah; Soesatyo, Marsetyawan HNE; Agustiningsih, Denny; Partadiredja, Ginus
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (518.401 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScie/005003201804

Abstract

Physical exercise exerts beneficial effects on the spatial learning and memory. High-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) has been proposed as a time-efficient physical exercise regimen. On the other hand, there were evidences that HIIE increased oxidative stress biomarkers and reduced antioxidant capacity, which resulted in oxidative damage. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval exercise and moderate-intensity interval exercise on oxidative stress biomarkers and oxidative enzymes activity in the hippocampus and the spatial memory of ovariectomized rats. A total of 16 female Sprague Dawley rats aged 12 weeks were randomly assigned into 4 groups, i.e. the sham-operated (SO), ovariectomized without exercise (O), ovariectomized with high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), and ovariectomized with moderate-intensity interval exercise (MIIE) groups. Rats of the exercise groups (HIIE & MIIE groups) performed 6 sessions of interval exercise per week for 6 weeks. The spatial memory of rats was measured using the Morris water maze procedure. The malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and activity of catalase (Cat) as well as glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in hippocampus were determined using spectrophotometry method. The spatial learning and memory retention of the moderate-intensity interval exercise group was significantly better than that of the high-intensity interval exercise group. The GPx activity of MIIE group was higher than any other groups. The SO group had the lowest hippocampal MDA level and highest Cat activity among groups. Moderate-intensity interval exercise reduces the ovariectomy induced-oxidative stress in the hippocampus and improves spatial learning and memory retention of ovariectomized rats.
Intermittent Exercise Triggers Synthesis of CYP19 Aromatase as a Key Enzym for Estrogen Formation In Sprague Dawley Rat Bone Innovarectomy Widodo, Sri; Soedjono, Sri Kadarsih; Agustiningsih, Denny
South East Asia Nursing Research Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26714/seanr.1.2.2019.67-75

Abstract

Menopause is a permanent cessation of menstrual cycle due to reduced secretion of the hormone estrogen which can result in osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is characterized by the process of bone resorption faster than the process of bone formation, resulting in a decrease in bone mineral density and bone microarchitecture damage resulting in bones becoming brittle and easily fracturing. Physical exercise is a holistic intervention to prevent osteoporosis due to menopause. This study is a pure experimental study using a post-test only control group design research design. The subjects of the study were the 12-week-old Sprague Dawley rat. The number of groups is 5 with the number of rats per 6 animals. There was a significant difference between the ovarectomy group of rats and the ovarectomy group of mice and were given intermittent exercise treatment of CYP19 aromatase expression. Discussion: Muscle contractions that occur due to intermittent exercise treatment can produce large amounts of IL-6 and IL-6 mRNA which can stimulate estrogen production. Local estrogen production can reduce bone resorption and increase bone formation and bone density Intermittent exercise can trigger the process of the synthesis of the CYP19 aromatase enzyme in ovarectomy rat femur bones
EFFECT OF TERRA EXERCISE ON INCREASING QUALITY OF LIFE SCORES FOR POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN Sukestiningsih, Nawang; Agustiningsih, Denny; Istiono, Wahyudi
Review of Primary Care Practice and Education (Kajian Praktik dan Pendidikan Layanan Primer) Vol 3, No 1 (2020): January
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/rpcpe.54165

Abstract

Background: The number and proportion of the Indonesian female population aged 60 years and over from year to year have experienced a significant increase. Women who have gone through menopause and enter old age are described as having many physical and psychological changes, sometimes resulting in a crisis and psychological symptoms. Eighty percent of women report discomfort that can significantly reduce their quality of life. Terra exercise is an exercise movement that is adapted to the anatomical and physiological conditions of the elderly person?s body (low impact). Terra exercise is used to train stamina both physically and mentally. Objective: This study aimed to examine the effect of Terra exercise on the quality of life of postmenopausal women in Kemanukan Village, Bagelen District, Purworejo Regency. Method: This study used a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test design with a control group. The samples were selected by purposive sampling with the following inclusion criteria: postmenopausal women aged 60-75 years, who did not experience kidney failure, heart disease, rheumatism, blood pressure below 160/90 mmHg, did not have a mental disorder (schizophrenia) nor violent behavior, have a level of independence in the category of sufficient or more, can communicate verbally, and willing to be respondents with a signature/thumbprint of approval to follow the study. Quality of life was measured using the Older People?s Quality of Life Questionnaire (OPQOL-35). Hypothesis testing used paired t-test and Mann-Whitney tests to see the average differences between treatment groups. Result: There was a significant change in the mean pre-test-post-test scores of quality of life of the intervention group with Terra exercise. Conclusion: Terra exercise can improve the quality of life of women after menopause.