Pangestika, Rismawati
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FAKTOR RISIKO TUBERKULOSIS PARU PADA MASYARAKAT DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BAMBU APUS KOTA TANGERANG SELATAN Alnur, Rony Darmawansyah; Pangestika, Rismawati
ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat] Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UHAMKA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.836 KB) | DOI: 10.22236/arkesmas.v3i2.2929

Abstract

ABSTRACT Pulmonary tuberculosis is a contagious disease that is still a problem in the world of health until now. Pulmonary tuberculosis attacks the lungs caused by Mycrobacterium tuberculosis. Indonesia is included in a country with a high burden of tuberculosis, ranking 4th as a contributor to tuberculosis after India, China and South Africa.This study aims to determine internal risk factors that can cause pulmonary tuberculosis in the Dhuafa population. This type of research is analytical with a case control Study. The sample study was divided into case and control samples totaling 30 people with pulmonary tuberculosis and 30 people non-pulmonary tuberculosis. Univariate data were analyzed descriptively and bivariate data were analyzed by Chi-Square test with a 95% confidence level. The results of this studied showed that the risk factors that was the caused of the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the work area of ??Bambu Apus Health Center were a household contact with patient pulmonary tuberculosis. (OR: 3.5; 95% CI: 1.112-11,017; p = 0.028) and habit of smoking family at home (OR: 4,333; 95% CI: 1,203-15,605; p = 0,020). The education level and occupancy density were variables that have no relationship with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the work area of ??Bambu Apus Health Center. Keywords: Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Risk Factors, Dhuafa
EDUKASI PENCEGAHAN PENULARAN PENYAKIT TB MELALUI KONTAK SERUMAH Pangestika, Rismawati; Fadli, Rina Khairunnisa; Alnur, Rony Darmawansyah
Jurnal SOLMA Vol. 8 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Solma
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. Hamka (UHAMKA Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (591.275 KB) | DOI: 10.29405/solma.v8i2.3258

Abstract

Keluarga merupakan unit masyarakat terkecil yang dapat sangat beresiko lebih cepat dalam penularan penyakit TB. Kasus TB anak di antara kasus baru Tuberkulosis Paru di kota Tangerang Selatan yang tercatat sebesar 8,33% menduduki peringkat ke-3 di Provinsi Banten menunjukkan bahwa penularan kasus Tuberkulosis Paru BTA Positif kepada anak cukup besar. Sedangkan angka kematian akibat penyakit TB selama pengobatan sebanyak 19 orang (sama dengan jumlah kematian TB di Kabupaten Serang)  menduduki peringkat 4 di provinsi Banten. Salah satu upaya pencegahan penularan TB melalui kontak antar anggota keluarga adalah dengan melakukan edukasi tentang penyakit TB dalam hal gejala, penularan dan pencegahan penyakit TB melalui PHBS (Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat) melalui media poster maupun leaflet serta Pemberian Makanan Tambahan (PMT) dan masker kepada keluarga pasien TB di Kelurahan Bambu Apus, Kecamatan Pamulang, Kota Tangerang Selatan. Hasil kegiatan ini menunjukkan adanya peningkatan pengetahuan responden tentang peningkatan pengetahuan penyakit TB (71,4%), mekanisme penularan penyakit TB (71,4%), pengobatan penyakit TB (80%) dan cara pencegahan TB dengan PHBS (100%) dengan rata-rata total peningkatan pengetahuan sebesar 80,7%. Diharapkan peningkatan kualitas hidup bersih dan sehat dalam upaya pencegahan penularan TB akan semakin meningkat untuk kualitas hidup yang lebih baik dalam bidang kesehatan.
Analisis kualitas air sungai dan ikan lele sebagai bioindikator industri rambut di Purbalingga Pangestika, Rismawati; Sarto, Sarto; Suwarni, Agus
Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 32, No 6 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/bkm.7108

Abstract

Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of river water around the industry in terms of BOD, COD, TSS, Cr (VI) parameters and Cr (VI) accumulation on catfish.Method: This was an observational study, with a cross-sectional design. The study population was river water and catfish which is around the industry. The sample is determined based on the location point of the retrieval divided into 5 stations. Findings: The association of BOD, COD and TSS levels showed a positive linear relationship. Cr (VI) concentration affects the accumulation of Cr (VI) on gill catfish.Practical implications: This study demonstrates the need for river water surveillance, to be free from contamination of organic substances and heavy metals. The quality of river water is related to the quality of catfish.Originality: The concentration of BOD, COD, and Cr (VI) exceeds the standard grade river quality. There are different levels of BOD and COD. The association of BOD, COD and TSS levels showed a positive linear relationship. Cr (VI) concentration affects the accumulation of Cr (VI) on gill catfish.
Faktor Risiko Tuberkulosis Paru pada Masyarakat di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bambu Apus Kota Tangerang Selatan Alnur, Rony Darmawansyah; Pangestika, Rismawati
ARKESMAS [Arsip Kesehatan Masyarakat] Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UHAMKA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.836 KB) | DOI: 10.22236/arkesmas.v3i2.2929

Abstract

ABSTRACT Pulmonary tuberculosis is a contagious disease that is still a problem in the world of health until now. Pulmonary tuberculosis attacks the lungs caused by Mycrobacterium tuberculosis. Indonesia is included in a country with a high burden of tuberculosis, ranking 4th as a contributor to tuberculosis after India, China and South Africa.This study aims to determine internal risk factors that can cause pulmonary tuberculosis in the Dhuafa population. This type of research is analytical with a case control Study. The sample study was divided into case and control samples totaling 30 people with pulmonary tuberculosis and 30 people non-pulmonary tuberculosis. Univariate data were analyzed descriptively and bivariate data were analyzed by Chi-Square test with a 95% confidence level. The results of this studied showed that the risk factors that was the caused of the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the work area of ??Bambu Apus Health Center were a household contact with patient pulmonary tuberculosis. (OR: 3.5; 95% CI: 1.112-11,017; p = 0.028) and habit of smoking family at home (OR: 4,333; 95% CI: 1,203-15,605; p = 0,020). The education level and occupancy density were variables that have no relationship with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the work area of ??Bambu Apus Health Center. Keywords: Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Risk Factors, Dhuafa
Edukasi Pencegahan Penularan Penyakit Tb melalui Kontak Serumah Pangestika, Rismawati; Fadli, Rina Khairunnisa; Alnur, Rony Darmawansyah
Jurnal SOLMA Vol 8 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Solma
Publisher : Uhamka Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (591.275 KB) | DOI: 10.29405/solma.v8i2.3258

Abstract

Keluarga merupakan unit masyarakat terkecil yang dapat sangat beresiko lebih cepat dalam penularan penyakit TB. Kasus TB anak di antara kasus baru Tuberkulosis Paru di kota Tangerang Selatan yang tercatat sebesar 8,33% menduduki peringkat ke-3 di Provinsi Banten menunjukkan bahwa penularan kasus Tuberkulosis Paru BTA Positif kepada anak cukup besar. Sedangkan angka kematian akibat penyakit TB selama pengobatan sebanyak 19 orang (sama dengan jumlah kematian TB di Kabupaten Serang)  menduduki peringkat 4 di provinsi Banten. Salah satu upaya pencegahan penularan TB melalui kontak antar anggota keluarga adalah dengan melakukan edukasi tentang penyakit TB dalam hal gejala, penularan dan pencegahan penyakit TB melalui PHBS (Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat) melalui media poster maupun leaflet serta Pemberian Makanan Tambahan (PMT) dan masker kepada keluarga pasien TB di Kelurahan Bambu Apus, Kecamatan Pamulang, Kota Tangerang Selatan. Hasil kegiatan ini menunjukkan adanya peningkatan pengetahuan responden tentang peningkatan pengetahuan penyakit TB (71,4%), mekanisme penularan penyakit TB (71,4%), pengobatan penyakit TB (80%) dan cara pencegahan TB dengan PHBS (100%) dengan rata-rata total peningkatan pengetahuan sebesar 80,7%. Diharapkan peningkatan kualitas hidup bersih dan sehat dalam upaya pencegahan penularan TB akan semakin meningkat untuk kualitas hidup yang lebih baik dalam bidang kesehatan.