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Pengaruh Paparan Pestisida Terhadap Jumlah Trombosit Pada Petani Sayuran di Desa Lawoila Kecamatan Konda Kabupaten Konawe Selatan Firdayanti, Firdayanti; Idris, Sri Aprilianti
BioWallacea : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi (Journal of Biological Research) Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Biology and Wallacea
Publisher : University of Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (41.689 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/biowallacea.v6i1.8591

Abstract

ABSTRAK Pestisida adalah semua zat kimia dan bahan lain serta jasad renik dan virus yang dipergunakan untuk memberantas atau mencegah hama dan penyakit yang merusak tanaman atau hasil pertanian. Sampai saat ini pestisida adalah pilihan utama bagi petani untuk melindungi tanaman dari gangguan Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman (OPT). Terpaparnya tubuh oleh pestisida berdampak negative pada komponen yang ada dalam tubuh manusia, salah satunya adalah darah. Pestisida diperkirakan sebagai salah satu factor lingkungan yang turut mempengaruhi profil darah, salah satunya trombosit. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh paparan pestisida terhadap jumlah trombosit pada petani sayuran di desa Lawoila. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan rancangan cross-sectional study. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan memeriksa jumlah trombosit petani sayuran di desa Lawoila secara automatik menggunakan alat hematology analyzer. Hasil penelitian ini ditunjukkan berdasarkan uji statistik menggunakan uji regresi sederhana diperoleh hasil yaitu F-hitung 1,784 dan nilai signifikan 0,198. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat pengaruh paparan pestisida terhadap jumlah trombosit pada petani sayuran di desa Lawoila Kecamatan Konda Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Kata kunci : Pestisida, Petani, Trombosit, Lawoila.ABSTRACT               Pesticides are all chemical substances and other materials as well as microorganisms and viruses that are used to eradicate or prevent pests and diseases that damage crops or agricultural products. Until now, pesticides are the main choice for farmers to protect plants from disorders of Plant Pest Organisms (OPT). Exposure to the body by pesticides has a negative effect on the components in the human body, one of which is blood. Pesticides are thought to be one of the environmental factors that influence blood profiles, one of which is platelets. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exposure to pesticide on platelet counts in vegetable farmers in Lawoila village. This study was a descriptive analytic study with a cross-sectional study design. This research was carried out by checking the platelet count of vegetable farmers in Lawoila village automatically using the hematology analyzer. The results of this study are shown based on statistical tests using a simple regression test, the results obtained are F-count 1,784 and a significant value of 0,198. These results indicate that there is no effect of exposure to pesticides on platelet counts in vegetable farmers in the village of Lawoila, Konda District, South Konawe Regency. Keywords: Pesticides, Farmers, Platelets, Lawoila
Gambaran Kadar Bilirubin Total pada Penderita Tuberkulosis Paru dengan Terapi Obat Anti Tuberkulosis (Oat) di Puskesmas Poasia Kota Kendari Firdayanti, Firdayanti
Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional Vol 4, No 3 (2019): Agustus
Publisher : Sekolah Vokasi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.753 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkesvo.44487

Abstract

Background: Treatment of tuberculosis by using anti-tuberculosis drugs (OAT) can be accepted in therapy, but has potential effectiveness such as side effects of hematologic reactions, namely anemia, agranulocytosis, eosinophilia and thrombocytopenia, and liver function. Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the side effects of using OAT which is often complained by patients.Objective: to determine the description of total bilirubin levels in tuberculosis patients with OAT therapy at the Poasia Health Center in Kendari CityMethod: This study was descriptive with bilirubin examination using the Jendrassik-Grof method by spectrophotometer. Total bilirubin examination was performed on 18 pulmonary tuberculosis patients who received OAT therapy at the Poasia Health Center in Kendari City.Results: The results of the study showed that from 18 samples examined, there were 10 samples with high bilirubin levels (hyperbilirubinemia) and 8 samples had normal bilirubin levels.Conclusion: Total bilirubin levels in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis with OAT therapy were found as many as 10 patients had high bilirubin levels (hyperbilirubinemia) and 8 patients had normal bilirubin levels. Keywords: Bilirubin, Hyperbilirubinemia, OAT, Therapy, Tuberculosis
Identifikasi Aspergillus fumigatus pada Sputum Pasien Suspek TB Paru Fusvita, Angriani; Firdayanti, Firdayanti; Vinola, Sri Yosin
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kesehatan Vol 7 No 1 (2019): September 2019
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Jakarta III

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.72 KB) | DOI: 10.32668/jitek.v7i1.240

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can attack various organs especially the lungs. In some cases, there is a misdiagnosis between pulmonary tuberculosis and pulmonary mycosis (lung fungus). One of the species of fungus that often causing infection in the lungs is Aspergillus fumigatus.This study aims to identify Aspergillus fumigatus in sputum patients suspected of pulmonary tuberculosis patients at General Hospital in Baubau City. The types of research is descriptive with accidental sampling technique. Research was carried out by examining the BTA status of patients using the GeneXpert device and the patients sputum were isolated into Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium then examined in macroscopic and microscopic (slide culture). Result of the study of 27 samples sputum patients suspected of pulmonary tuberculosis in Baubau Town Hospital obtained patients who infected Aspergillus fumigatus fungus amounted to 3 people with 2 including identified fungi with positive BTA status. Conclusion patients infected with Aspergillus fumigatus amounted to 3 people (7.4%) and 2 people (3.4%) identified fungi with positive pulmonary tuberculosis