Hamda, Muhammad Ersyad
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 3 Documents
Articles

Found 3 Documents
Search

PREVALENCE OF TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS BASED ON CLINICAL MANIFESTATION AND POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION AMONG REPRODUCTIVE WOMEN 'Ummah, Huriyah Hafizhotul; Pradini, Gita Widya; Dwiyana, Reiva Farah; Hamda, Muhammad Ersyad
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v7n1.1490

Abstract

Objective: To measure the prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) based on clinical manifestations and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) among reproductive women.Methods: Subjects of the study were the vaginal swab obtained from reproductive women who attended the gynecology examination at Kandanghaur and Sindang primary health care of Indramayu District, West Java in 2016. This study was a descriptive study with cross-sectional method. Sampling was performed with total sampling method and 76 of vaginal swabs were included in this study. The prevalence of T. vaginalis was measured using PCR. The vaginal specimens were collected and then processed for PCR analysis using TVK3/TVK7.Results: Prevalence of T. vaginalis among reproductive women in Indramayu District, West Java that analyzed using PCR was 0%. This result could be affected by the study setting in community, presence or absence of symptoms, and population studied.Conclusion: There were no positive results of T. vaginalis, suggested by the samples that obtained from community-based of a low-risked population.Keywords: Trichomonas vaginalis, polymerase chain reaction, prevalence, reproductive women 
GAMBARAN KONTAINER POTENSIAL DAN KONDISI LINGKUNGANNYA SEBAGAI TEMPAT PERINDUKAN NYAMUK DI UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN JATINANGOR Faridah, Lia; Hamda, Muhammad Ersyad; Syafei, Neneng Syarifah; Agrianfanny, Yukan Niko
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 50, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v50n2.1151

Abstract

Nyamuk memiliki peran penting sebagai vektor penyakit menular seperti demam berdarah dengue, malaria, filariasis, demam kuning, dan chikungunya sehingga keberadaan nyamuk perlu dikontrol. Pengawasan tempat perindukan nyamuk akan membantu pihak berwenang untuk merancang pengendalian kepadatan nyamuk. Pertumbuhan larva nyamuk dipengaruhi oleh kondisi lingkungan seperti suhu air, kelembapan udara, dan pH air. Kondisi tersebut dapat bervariasi karena perbedaan geografis, variasi musiman, atau bahkan perubahan iklim.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui kontainer potensial dan kondisi lingkungannya sebagai tempat perindukan nyamuk di Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor. Penelitian deskriptif dilakukan dengan mengamati larva nyamuk dalam wadah air baik di dalam maupun di luar gedung fakultas. Kondisi lingkungan (pH, suhu dan kelembapan) diukur dan dicatat selama pengamatan untuk setiap kontainer. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 582 kontainer yang diteliti terdapat 72 (12,4%) positif  larva nyamuk. Kontainer yang paling potensial di dalam bangunan adalah ember, sedangkan di luar bangunan adalah bambu Aedes sp. Mendominasi penemuan larva di lapangan. Suhu air rerata yang diperoleh adalah 24,3oC, kelembapan 66,7% dan pH 8,1. Kondisi suhu dan pH sesuai dengan kondisi optimum perkembangan larva pada umumnya. Sementara tingkat kelembapan yang lebih rendah (kelembapan 81,6?89,5%) masih mampu membuat larva nyamuk tumbuh dengan baik di Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor.Kata kunci: Kelembapan, larva nyamuk, pH, suhu air, Universitas Padjadjaran Potential Container and Its Environmental Conditions for Mosquito Breeding Site in Universitas Padjadjaran JatinangorPlaying pivotal role as vector of infectious disease such as dengue hemorrhagic fever, malaria, filariasis, yellow fever and chikungunya, mosquito needs to be controlled. Surveillance for mosquito breeding places will help the authorities in devising means in controlling mosquito density. The growth of mosquito larvae is influenced by environmental conditions such as water temperature, humidity, and pH. Those conditions may vary due to geographic differences, seasonal variations, or even climate change. The purpose of this study was to understand the potential container and its environmental conditions for larvae in Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor. A descriptive study was conducted by observing the presence of mosquito larvae in water containers both inside and outside of faculty buildings. Environmental conditions (pH, water temperature and humidity) were measured and recorded during observation for each water container.  Results showed that from 582 containers examined, 72 (12.4%) were positive for larvae. The most potential container in the building was bucket, while foroutside of the building, the most potential container was bamboo. Aedes sp. dominated larvae discovered in this study. The average water temperature obtained was 24.30C with 66% humidity, and pH 8.1. These temperature and pH values are the optimum condition for larvae development in general.  However, lower humidity level (humidity 81.6?89.5%) can still enable good growth of mosquito?s eggs in the campus area of Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor.Key words: Humidity, mosquito larvae, pH, water temperature, Universitas Padjadjaran 
Manifestasi Erupsi Alergi Obat Antiretroviral Pada Pasien HIV/AIDS di Klinik Teratai Rsup Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung Periode 2005 – 2014 Armeinesya, Siska; Rowawi, Rasmia; Hamda, Muhammad Ersyad
Jurnal Sistem Kesehatan Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Volume 4 Nomor 1 September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.647 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jsk.v4i1.19186

Abstract

Kasus human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) telah menjadi masalah kesehatan dunia. High active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) telah menurunkan angka kematian dan kesakitan pada pasien HIV. Pasien HIV memilki risiko tinggi mengalami erupsi alergi obat dibandingkan masyarakat umum. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengindentifikasi manifestasi erupsi alergi obat ARV pada pasien HIV/AIDS periode 2005?2014 di Klinik Teratai RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan cross-sectional. Data dikumpulkan dari rekam medis pasien HIV/AIDS dengan erupsi alergi obat ARV di Klinik Teratai RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung tahun 2005?2014. Dalam penelitian ini didapatkan sebanyak 111 pasien HIV/AIDS mengalami erupsi alergi obat karena ARV. Erupsi alergi obat ARV banyak terjadi pada wanita (55%) dan pada rentang usia 20-29 tahun (55%). Jumlah CD4 pada pasien HIV/AIDS dengan erupsi alergi obat saat pertama kali terdiagnosis HIV terbanyak adalah <200 sel/mm3 (55%). Manifestasi kulit yang paling umum terjadi adalah ruam makulopapular (89,7%). Reaksi erupsi alergi obat umumnya disebabkan oleh nevirapin (82,5%). Dari penelitian ini didapatkan bahwa ruam makulopapular merupakan manifestasi erupsi alergi obat ARV yang paling sering muncul. Obat yang paling banyak ditemukan menyebabkan erupsi alergi obat adalah nevirapin. Kata kunci: erupsi alergi obat, HIV/AIDS, obat ARV