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PREVALENCE AND FACTOR ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERITY OF DYSMENORRHEA AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENT IN SURAKARTA Wrisnijati, Dita; Wiboworini, Budiyanti; Sugiarto, Sugiarto
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Soedirman Vol 3 No 1 (2019): JURNAL GIZI DAN PANGAN SOEDIRMAN
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Jurusan Kesmas Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (512.541 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.jgps.2019.3.1.1463

Abstract

ABSTRACT Dysmenorrhea is the most common health problem among female adolescent in Indonesia. Generally, dysmenorrhea decreases the quality of life due to negatively impact on every aspects. This study aim to investigate the prevalence and associated factors with severity of dysmenorrhea among female adolescent aged 15-17 years in Surakarta. This cross-sectional study design conducted among 274 female adolescent aged 15-17 years in State Senior High School 7 Surakarta. The samples selected by stratified random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using chi-square and binary logistic regression test. The results of this study showed the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among female adolescent aged 15-17 years was 89.8%. Several factors such as age of menarche (p<0.001; OR=0.08; 95% CI: 0.03-0.18), menstrual duration (p<0.001; OR=7.54; 95% CI: 3.37-16.86), pain onset (p=0.004; OR=3.34; 95% CI: 1.48-7.51), and pain duration (p<0.001; OR=3.96; 95% CI: 2.07-7.51) were found significantly associated with increased severity of dysmenorrhea. Meanwhile, family history of dysmenorrhea (p=0.296), menstrual cycle interval, and caffeine intake were not significantly associated. This study concluded that a high prevalence of dysmenorrhea among female adolescent aged 15-17 years in Surakarta was detected, and factor associated with its severity were age of menarche, menstrual duration, pain onset, and pain duration. Keywords : Primary dysmenorrhea, menstruation, pain, prevalence
Effects of Pineapple Juice and Ginger Drink for Relieving Primary Dysmenorrhea Pain among Adolescents Wrisnijati, Dita; Wiboworini, Budiyanti; Sugiarto, Sugiarto
Indonesian Journal of Medicine Vol 4, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (432.051 KB)

Abstract

Background: Primary dysmenorrhea is characterized by low abdominal pain occurring during menstruation. It is negatively impact on all aspects of life of adolescents such as increased school absteeinsm, emotional disorders, impaired social interaction and productivity. The herbal drink which they can self-prepared is common choice as home remedies to relieve the pain. This study aimed to examine the effect of pineapple juice and ginger drink in providing pain relief to the adolescent with primary dysmenorrhea.Subjects and Method: This was a randomized trial study conducted at three high schools in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, from January to April 2018. A sample of 39 female students aged 15-17 years was selected for this study, divided into three groups. The treatment was given for 3 days from first day of menstruation for 3 menstruation cycles. The pain score were measured by numeric rating scale (NRS). The data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney.Results: Pain score in pineapple juice group (mean= 2.25; SD= 1.79) and ginger drink group (mean= 3.63; SD= 2.02) were lower than control group (mean= 5.64; SD= 1.25) and it was statistically significant.Conclusion: Pineapple juice and ginger drink effective to reduce pain of primary dysmenorrhea among female adolescent.Keywords: Dysmenorrhea, pain, pineapple juice, ginger drink, female adolescentsCorrespondence: Dita Wrisnijati. Masters Program in Nutrition, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. E-mail: ditawrisnijati@gmail.com. Mobile: (62)85742916542.Indonesian Journal of Medicine (2019), 4(2): 96-104https://doi.org/10.26911/theijmed.2019.04.02.03