Mirda, Mirda
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 2 Documents

Found 2 Documents

Research in English and Education Journal Vol 2, No 4: December 2017
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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This thesis was conducted to investigate the language constraints in writing that experienced by the second grade of junior high school students at Ishafuddin, Banda Aceh. It is also to see the teachers? efforts in helping the students in solving the problems. The research design of this study is descriptive qualitative. The sample of this study are two teachers at second grade of junior high school Inshafuddin. This study used documentation and interview as instruments. The result of document collection showed that the biggest problems faced by the students was mechanics, followed by vocabulary and the content as the third problem. The last problem was organization. From the interview, it was found that the two teachers help the students with all the aspects of writing as well as additional effort like giving them assignment, bringing the dictionary, asking them to study outside the classroom, and correcting paper wih students.
Immunomodulator Activity of Effervescent Granule of Wualae Fruit (Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M. Smith) Based on Specific Phagocytic Activity Fristiohady, Adryan; Zubaydah, Wa Ode Siti; Wahyuni, Wahyuni; Mirda, Mirda; Saripuddin, Saripuddin; Andriani, Rina; Purnama, La Ode Muhammad Julian; Sahidin, Sahidin
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Borneo Journal of Pharmacy
Publisher : ?Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.039 KB) | DOI: 10.33084/bjop.v2i2.868


The previous study reported that Etlingera elatior (Wualae) has activity as immunostimulant with dose at 300 mg/kg BW and 400 mg/kg BW. Formulating natural product into effervescent granule (GE) can increase practicality and interest to consume traditional medicine. This study aims to investigate the immunostimulant activity of Wualae ethanolic extract in the effervescent granule. Wualae was macerated with ethanol then formulated into effervescent granule at dose 300 mg/kgBW and 400 mg/kgBW. Formulations were evaluated. Animals were divided into 4 groups and treated with: group I (positive control); group II (negative control); group III (GE dose at 300mg/kgBW); and group IV (GE at dose 400mg/kgBW) for 7 days and at days 8, groups were infected by Staphylococcus aureus intraperitoneally. Immunostimulant activity was measured by calculating the Specific Phagocytic Activity (SPA) of macrophage. Data collected from the evaluation and measurement of the SPA then analyzed using SPSS. Results from the evaluation were considered good except the moisture content of effervescent granule. Results from SPA was found that effervescent granule at dose 300 mg/kgBW and at dose 400 mg/kgBW have 26.33% and 32.5% consecutively with significance 0.02 (p<0.05). Thus, effervescent granule has comparable phagocytosis activity with positive control.