Purnama, La Ode Muhammad Julian
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Immunomodulator Activity of Effervescent Granule of Wualae Fruit (Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M. Smith) Based on Specific Phagocytic Activity Fristiohady, Adryan; Zubaydah, Wa Ode Siti; Wahyuni, Wahyuni; Mirda, Mirda; Saripuddin, Saripuddin; Andriani, Rina; Purnama, La Ode Muhammad Julian; Sahidin, Sahidin
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Borneo Journal of Pharmacy
Publisher : ?Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.039 KB) | DOI: 10.33084/bjop.v2i2.868

Abstract

The previous study reported that Etlingera elatior (Wualae) has activity as immunostimulant with dose at 300 mg/kg BW and 400 mg/kg BW. Formulating natural product into effervescent granule (GE) can increase practicality and interest to consume traditional medicine. This study aims to investigate the immunostimulant activity of Wualae ethanolic extract in the effervescent granule. Wualae was macerated with ethanol then formulated into effervescent granule at dose 300 mg/kgBW and 400 mg/kgBW. Formulations were evaluated. Animals were divided into 4 groups and treated with: group I (positive control); group II (negative control); group III (GE dose at 300mg/kgBW); and group IV (GE at dose 400mg/kgBW) for 7 days and at days 8, groups were infected by Staphylococcus aureus intraperitoneally. Immunostimulant activity was measured by calculating the Specific Phagocytic Activity (SPA) of macrophage. Data collected from the evaluation and measurement of the SPA then analyzed using SPSS. Results from the evaluation were considered good except the moisture content of effervescent granule. Results from SPA was found that effervescent granule at dose 300 mg/kgBW and at dose 400 mg/kgBW have 26.33% and 32.5% consecutively with significance 0.02 (p<0.05). Thus, effervescent granule has comparable phagocytosis activity with positive control.
LEVEL OF CYTOKINE INTERLEUKIN-6 AND INTERLEUKIN 1-β ON INFECTIOUS RAT MODEL TREATED WITH ETLINGERA ELATIOR (JACK) R.M. SMITH FRUIT EXTRACT AS IMMUNOMODULATOR Fristiohady, Adryan; Wahyuni, Wahyuni; Malik, Fadhliyah; Yusuf, Muhammad Ilyas; Salma, Wa Ode; Hamsidi, Rini; Talebong, Fredy; Yuliansyah, Yuliansyah; Purnama, La Ode Muhammad Julian; Saripuddin, Saripuddin; Sahidin, Sahidin
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy Vol 3 No 2 (2020): Borneo Journal of Pharmacy
Publisher : ?Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33084/bjop.v3i2.1318

Abstract

Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M Smith or locally in Southeast Sulawesi known as Wualae fruit has activity as an immunomodulator by increasing phagocytosis activity. Prior studies have been conducted to observe the effect of E. elatior as an immunomodulator, thus further study is needed to observe the production of cytokines such as IL-1? and IL-6 which are responsible for the immune responses. Etlingera elatior fruit macerated with 96% ethanol for three days and produced a total of ±74.6 g concentrated extract. Experimental animals used were divided into four groups (n=4) and treated orally once a day for seven days as follows: group I (0.5% Na CMC); group II (Stimuno®); group III (E. elatior fruit extract dose of 300 mg/kg BW); and group IV (E. elatior fruit extract dose of 400 mg/kg BW). On the eight-day, animals were infected with Staphylococcus aureus intraperitoneally and left for an hour. Thereafter, blood was collected and assayed using ELISA Kit (Elabscience rat IL-1? and Elabscience rat IL-6). Results demonstrated that group IV increased levels of IL-1? and group III and IV increased level of IL-6 (p<0.05). Increased levels of IL-1? and IL-6 are associated with phagocytosis in the immune response. In conclusion, E. elatior fruit extract at doses of 300 and 400 mg/kg BW increases levels of IL-1? and IL-6.