Pemila, Uke
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PENURUNAN RISIKO KAMBUH DAN LAMA RAWAT PADA KLIEN STROKE ISKEMIK MELALUI RENCANA PEMULANGAN TERSTRUKTUR Pemila, Uke; Sitorus, Ratna; Hastono, Sutanto Priyo
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2010): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.449 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i3.251

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian tentang pengaruh rencana pemulangan terstruktur klien stroke iskemik dalam menurunkan faktor risiko kekambuhan, lama rawat, dan peningkatan status fungsional telah dilakukan di sebuah RS di Bukittinggi. Desain penelitian adalah kuasi eksperimen dengan sampel 43 orang (20 kelompok intervensi dan 23 kelompok kontrol). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perbedaan faktor risiko kekambuhan (p= 0,00; ?= 0,05 ), lama rawat (p= 0,02; ?= 0,05) antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok control setelah diberikan rencana pemulangan, namun belum dapat mengubah status fungsional klien (penilaian Barthel Index). Rencana pemulangan terstruktur pada klien stroke iskemik dapat menurunkan faktor risiko kekambuhan dan lama rawat. Hasil penelitian ini dapat diterapkan dalam penatalaksanaan stroke iskemik di rumah sakit maupun di rumah (home care). Penelitian lanjut perlu dilakukan untuk mengkaji pengaruh sistem dukungan klien dalam upaya mencegah kekambuhan, komplikasi, dan meminimalkan kecacatan pada klien stroke. AbstractA research to examine the effect of structured discharge planning for the ischemic stroke patients in decreasing the recurrence risk factors and length of stay, and improving functional status has been conducted in a hospital in Bukittinggi. This quasiexperimental research included 43 subjects (20 subjects as the intervention group and 23 subjects as the control group). The findings of the study demonstrated that there is difference in recurrence risk factors (p= 0.00, ?= 0,05 ) and length of stay (p= 0,02; ? =0,05) but no difference in functional status (measured by Barthel Index) between two groups. This finding showed that structured discharge planning has significant effect to reduce recurrence of risk factors and length of stay of the ischemic stroke patients. This study can be an evidence to be incorporated in the ischemic stroke nursing care in the hospital as well as home care. Further, it is recommended to examine the patien?s support system on reducing stroke recurrence, complication, and disability.