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Analisis Struktur Program Penguatan Bisnis Pemula bagi Wirausaha Pemuda Menggunakan Interpretive Structural Modeling Rasdan, Rathoyo; ., Eriyatno; Affandi, M. Joko; ., Machfud
Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen Vol 11, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract: Unemployment increasing in Indonesia is currently a significant, especially unemployment of college graduates. Hence, the development of youth entrepreneurship can be an alternative solution. In the development progress of emerging entrepreneurship programs in a variety of higher education, but have not contributed significantly to job creation and unemployment reduction. In case the complex problems is necessary to study the structure of the program. The aim of this paper is to analyze the structure and key elements of strengthening start-up business program, which is one way of growing entrepreneurial youth.The interpretive structural modeling (ISM) methodology is used to envelop relationship among these elements. ISM approach begins with the identification of elements that correspond to the problem or issueuntil finally the distribution of elements and structures extraction models. The element of objective program have been identified base on their driving power and dependence power. The results shown the key element isto grow the start-up business services unit in college. To achieve these objectives have been element of possibly changes, namely entrepreneurship curriculum changing in college. Curriculum changes focused to characterbuilding and soft-skill, in addition the competence of graduates which are the objectives of national education.Keywords: start-up business, strengthening, interpretive structural modeling
IDENTIFIKASI FAKTOR KUNCI KRISIS PADA TATANIAGA GARAM KONSUMSI DI INDONESIA MENGGUNAKAN PROSES JEJARING ANALITIK (ANALYTIC NETWORK PROCESS Herman, Sidik; ., Eriyatno; Noor, Erliza; Mulyadi2, Dedi
Jurnal Riset Industri Vol 8, No 3 (2014): Pemanfaatan Bahan Baku/Penolong Raw Material Dalam Negeri
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri

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Garam konsumsi adalah komoditi yang secara terus menerus dibutuhkan oleh seluruh masyarakat. untuk memberi cita rasa asin pada makanan. Karena fungsinya tidak bisa digantikan, maka garam konsumsi masuk kedalam kelompok komoditi strategis yang diatur tata niaganya untuk menjaga kestabilan pasokan di masyarakat. Dalam mengatur tata niaga garam konsumsi ini diperlukan informasi potensi krisis yang secara signifikan dapat mempengaruhi setiap kelembagaan sepanjang rantai pasokan dalam menjalankan fungsinya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menetapkan faktor kunci penyebab krisis pada tataniaga garam nasional menggunakan metode Proses Jejaring Analitik (Analytic Network Process / ANP). ANP adalah metode pengambilan keputusan dengan banyak kriteria yang saling terkait. Permasalahan direpresentasikan dalam sebuah sistem dengan ketergantungan (dependence) dan umpan balik (feedback). Keterkaitan yang terdapat pada metode ANP adalah keterkaitan dalam satu set elemen (node comparison) dan keterkaitan terhadap elemen yang berbeda (cluster comparison). Penggunaan metode ANP akan menghasilkan bobot nilai prioritas pada seluruh elemen yang terdapat dalam sistem pengambilan keputusan. Melalui penelitian ini teridentifikasi 5 klaster utama yaitu pelaku pada tataniaga garam, ekonomi, teknologi dan inovasi, social - politik dan lingkungan. Dalam seluruh klaster tersebut terdapat 24 faktor yang memiliki kecenderungan menjadi pemicu krisis. Dengan menggunakan ANP teridentifikasi 6 faktor dengan bobot paling dominan yaitu: harga garam (0,3159), cuaca (0,4221), perusahaan garam (0,2303), regulasi tata niaga (0,3781) dan inovasi baru (0,5382). Kata kunci: Pengambilan Keputusan, Faktor Kunci Krisis, Tataniaga Garam, ANP 
INORGANIC FARMING PRACTICES COULD HAVE NEGATIVE IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION DUE TO EXCESSIVE USAGE OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS AND PESTICIDES.  ONE OF MANY EFFORTS TO RE-ESTABLISH LAND PRODUCTIVITY AND REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IS BY WAY OF PRACTISING ORGANIC FARMING.  THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS STUDY IS TO EXPLORE AND DEVELOP ORGANIC FARMING MICRO ENTERPRISE SYSTEM SUPPORTED BY MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTION AND ITS IMPLICATION ON RELEVANT POLICIES.  THE METHODS USED IN THIS STUDY INCLUDE S Kusmuljono, Bambang S.; ., Eriyatno; Sanim, Bunasor; Sumodiningrat, Gunawan
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 30 No. 1 (2007): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Inorganic farming practices could have negative impact on environmental degradation due to excessive usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.  One of many efforts to re-establish land productivity and reduce environmental degradation is by way of practising organic farming.  The objective of this study is to explore and develop organic farming micro enterprise system supported by micro finance institution and its implication on relevant policies.  The methods used in this study include soft system methodology approach utilizing total system intervention (TSI) mechanism that covers the principles of complementarism, social awareness and emancipation, and commitment to human well-being in the context of poverty alleviation.  The techniques being adopted include business feasibility, comparative performance index, strategic asumption surfacing test and analytical hierarchy process.  Case study was conducted in Garut regency, West Java.  The performance of organic farming activity in Garut regency is considered adequate while the most preferable micro finance institution supporting agricultural sector is the saving and loan unit from cooperative organization, but on the other hand the micro banking sector has not been attracted in general to extend credit financing to agricultural sector due mainly to risk factor.  Eventually this study has been able to introduce a concept of empowering micro enterprise in organic farming involving credit guarantee institution, technical assistance and production of organic fertilizers and pesticides. In view of enhancing the financing of organic farming, the concept of credit for microenterprise in organic farming is introduced for further development and implementation.  Furthermore the policy implication of this study is iniciatives for poverty reduction trust fund and coordinating institution for micro financing institutions and the relevant law governing micro credit and micro finance institutions.   Key words: organic farming, fertilizer, pesticide, micro enterprise, micro credit, micro finance institution
THE EFFORT TO THE ECONOMY GROWTH OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IS DIRECTED TO CREATE AN INTEGRATED ZONE THAT WILL MOTIVATE EXPORT, INVITE INVESTORS, AND BE A CATALYST OF A CONTINUOUS GROWING AND DEVELOPING REGION.  THIS RESEARCH IS TO DESIGN AGROESTAT AS AN INTEGRATED AGRICULTURAL ZONE UNDER ONE MANAGEMENT BASED ON LOCAL SPECIFIC COMPETITIVE HORTICULTURE WITH REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT APPROACH.  THE RESEARCH OF AGROESTAT IS HOLISTIC COVERING THE WHOLE VALUE-CHAIN (FARMING, INDUSTRY, AND TRADING) OF THE R Kristyanto, Handojo; Maarif, Syamsul; ., Eriyatno; ., Sutrisno; Indrasti, Nastiti Siswi; Bantacut, Tajuddin
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 32 No. 3 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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The effort to the economy growth of developing countries is directed to create an integrated zone that will motivate export, invite investors, and be a catalyst of a continuous growing and developing region.  This research is to design agroestat as an integrated agricultural zone under one management based on local specific competitive horticulture with regional development approach.  The research of agroestat is holistic covering the whole value-chain (farming, industry, and trading) of the regional, national, and international process agriculture.  Agroestat make use of a complex and complicated inter-dependency and inter-relation of multidimensional (social, culture, and economy) among sectors (agriculture, industry, and commerce).  Therefore, this research applied, soft, system methodology to design conceptual model of agroestat (soft system) and decision support system (hard system).  The study of agroestat benchmarks to three models of newly specific developed integrated region that is Perkebunan Inti Rakyat (PIR), agropolitan, and ecoindustrial park model.  The conceptual model of agroestate, consist of five individual elements which are infrastructure, district, business, funding, and management.  As a whole it describes the agroestate model.  Regionalization of agroestate is using objective and subjective approach into three (agriculture, industry, and commerce) economic zone on fair free trade competition and decentralization of government policy.  Agroestat in the smallest autonomous area of Kabupaten/Kota applying the integrity concept, needs supports of local government in indirect-subsidies (infrastructure) and regulation (spatial order).  Agroestate needs an independent, professional, commercial institution to manage agroestate.  The validation of Agroestat DSS (decision support system) has been done in Kabupaten Brebes with shallot as local competitive horticulture commodity. Key words: agroestat, agricultural region, agriculture, shallot