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GROUNDWATER IN THE DISTRICT OF WAJO IS STORED IN SIWA-POMPANUA BASIN COVERING AN AREA OF 93,900 HA AND DISCHARGE OF AROUND 379 MILLIONS M3/YR.  THE GROUNDWATER IS UTILIZED TO IRRIGATE RAIN-FED RICE FIELDS PRIVATELY BY FARMERS BY MEANS OF WELLS.  THE DISTANCE BETWEEN WELLS AND PUMPING RATE ARE DESIGNED WITHOUT CONSIDERING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE AQUIFER AND ADEQUATE IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT SO THAT DAMAGE IN ENVIRONMENT MIGHT OCCUR AND CONSEQUENTLY FARMING MIGHT NOT BE SUSTAINABLE.  A RESEARCH ., Suhardi; Pawitan, Hidayat; Setiawan, Budi Indra; Waspodo, Roh Santoso B.
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 31 No. 3 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Groundwater in the District of Wajo is stored in Siwa-Pompanua basin covering an area of 93,900 ha and discharge of around 379 millions m3/yr.  The groundwater is utilized to irrigate rain-fed rice fields privately by farmers by means of wells.  The distance between wells and pumping rate are designed without considering the characteristics of the aquifer and adequate irrigation management so that damage in environment might occur and consequently farming might not be sustainable.  A research was conducted with the objectives to study the aquifer characteristics and to develop environmentally friendly groundwater management.  Mathematical models were developed by combining equations of conservation of fluid mass (continuity equations) and Darcy?s law, whereas models of groundwater management were based on crop water requirement and aquifer characteristics.  Test of the model resulted in coefficient of determination equal to 0.848 for the prediction of the drawdown groundwater head.  The result of the model optimization indicated the optimum discharge of each of the wells was different.  One of the wells had a the biggest discharge of 1,268.33 m3/day irrigating 27.58 ha and one other  of the wells had a the smallest discharge of 279.54 m3/day irrigating 6.08 ha of paddy fields based on the irrigation water requirement of 45.99 m3/ha.day.  The reasonable minimum area (ha) determined with equation of power function in x, where x are irrigated hours per season.  For one of planting season/yr, the coefficients of the power (?) equal to 0.0123 and the power functions (?) equal to 0.7247, while for two of planting season/yr with ? equal to 0.0047 and ? equal to 0.8413.   Key words: sustainable groundwater utilization, paddy field irrigation, groundwater management model
Asupan protein dan fosfor, rasio fosfor-protein, dan kadar fosfor darah pada pasien gagal ginjal kronis dengan hemodialisis Syauqy, Ahmad; ., Susetyowati; ., Suhardi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Oktober
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (136.045 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.15380

Abstract

Background: Hyperphosphatemia has become one of the main causes of death in CKD patients on HD. Thus, correction and prevention of hyperphospatemia is a major component in the management of HD patients. High protein diet in HD patients may lead to increased serum phosphate level due to mineral metabolism disorder associated with decreased glomerular filtration rate. In addition, high protein intake often followed by high phosphate intake as high protein foods also contains high phosphate and may cause hyperphosphatemia. Meanwhile, reduction of protein intake to control phosphate level was associated with decreased health and nutritional status in CKD patients. Therefore, appropriate phosphate-protein ratio is essential to provide adequate protein intake and avoid hyperphosphatemia.Objective: To investigate the association between protein and phosphate intake, phosphate-protein ratio and blood phosphate level in CKD patients on routine HD.Method: The study used an analytic observational method with cross sectional design. There were 100 subjects involved in this study. Subject characteristics, protein and phosphate intake, phosphate-protein ratio and intake of phosphate binders were obtained through interview and 3 x24 hour food record. Serum phosphate level was analyzed by inorganic phosphorus quantification method. Food processor was used to analyze the intake of protein and phosphate. Bivariate and multivariate tests with 95% confidence interval were used to analyze the data.Results: Adequate protein intake was observed among 38% subjects, while 46% of them have excess phosphate intake.High phosphate-protein ratio was found in 20% subjects. Most subjects did not take phosphate binders regularly (61%) and have hyperphosphatemia (66%). The average protein intake, phosphate intake, phosphate-protein ratio, and blood phosphate level were 1.1 g/kg/d, 13.5 mg/kg/d, 12.8 mg/g, and 5.6 mg/dl, respectively. Bivariate test showed that there was a significant association between protein intake (p=0.037; RP=2.78), phosphate intake (p=0.005; RP=3.54), phosphate-protein ratio (p=0.045; RP=3.85), and blood phosphate level in CKD patients on routine HD. Multivariate analysis revealed that high phosphate intake and did not consume phosphate binders regularly  were risk factors of hyperphosphatemia (p=0.000; OR=6.543; CI 95%:2.357-18.164 dan p=0.024; OR=3.413; CI 95%:1.179; R2=0.42).Conclusion: Consumtion of low phosphate foods and phosphate binders may reduce the risk of hyperphosphatemia in CKD patients on routine HD.
PERAN DAN FUNGSI DINAS SOSIAL DALAM PERLINDUNGAN DAN PEMBINAAN ANAK JALANAN ., Suhardi; Suprojo, Agung; Bagus, Nanang
Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

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Abstract

Abstrak: Tujuan diadakannya penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis program kerja Dinas Sosial dalam pelaksanaan perlindungan dan pembinaan anak jalanan di Kota Batu dan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mengambat program kerja Dinas Sosial. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah apakah pelaksanaan program perlindungan dan pembinaan anak jalanan yang dilakukan oleh Dinas Sosial dan Tenaga Kerja Kota Batu sudah menjalanankannya sesuai dengan hasil yang diinginkan/dicapai, dan faktor-faktor yang menghambat Dinas Sosial dan Tenaga Kerja dalam melakukan perlindungan dan pembinaan anak jalanan di Kota Batu. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Dinas Sosial dan Tanaga Kerja dan jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah jenis kualitatif, yaitu dengan melakukan wawancara terhadap informan atau responden yang bisa memberikan informasi dengan baik. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa sistem perlindungan dan pembinaan anak jalanan terlaksana sesuai dengan tugas dan fungsinya. Walaupun sudah dilaksanakan, tetapi masih ada anak jalanan turun kejalan lagi. Oleh karena itu perlu diupayakan kerjasamanya dari pemerintah, baik dari pemerintah satu dengan yang lain dan kerjasama dengan masyarakat, Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat, serta aparatur lainya yang bersangkutan tentang perlindungan dan pembinaan anak jalanan. Kata Kunci : Dinas Sosial, Perlindungan dan Pembinaan Anak Jalanan. Abstract: The purpose of this research is to analyze the Social work program and guidance in the implementation of protection of street children in Kota Batu and to analyze the factors that mengambat work program in the Department of Social Welfare The problem in this study is whether the implementation of protection programs and coaching street children conducted by the Social and Labor Batu already menjalanankannya accordance with the desired results / achieved, and the factors that hinder the Social and Labor in protecting and fostering children streets of Stone Town. This research was conducted at the Department of Social and Employment tanaga and type of research is a qualitative kind, namely through interviews with informants or respondents who can provide information well. Based on these results it can be concluded that the system of protection and development of street children carried out in accordance with the duties and functions. Although it has been done, but there are still street children took to the streets again. Therefore, it needs to be sought cooperation from the government, either from the government to each other and co-operation with communities, NGOs, and other officials concerned about the protection and development of street children. Keywords: Social Services, Protection and Development of Street Children.
PENGARUH KUALITAS PELAYANAN, CITRA RUMAH SAKIT DAN KEPERCAYAAN TERHADAP KEPUASAN PASIEN DAN IMPLIKASINYA PADA LOYALITAS PASIEN ., Afrizal; ., Suhardi
JEM Jurnal Ekonomi dan Manajemen Vol 4 No 1 (2018): JEM Jurnal Ekonomi dan Manajemen
Publisher : Master of Management STIE PERTIBA Pangkalpinang

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Abstract

This study aims to examine service quality, hospital image and trust in patient satisfaction and its implications for patient loyalty. By using a sample of 136 patients in the dental polyclinic of PT Bakti Timah Hospital in Pangkalpinang, this study used a structural equation model to test the causality between latent variables in accordance with those hypothesized.          The results showed that the variables of service quality, hospital image, the trust had a significant effect on patient satisfaction. The variables of hospital and trust image have the greatest influence on satisfaction. The results of the study are expected to add variables beyond service quality, hospital image, and organizational trust. Subsequent research can broaden the scope of the study to either the variable or the scope of the study so that a full portrait of the patients perception in Pangkalpinang Bakti Timah Hospital will be seen as a whole.
Kompensasi, Persepsi Mutasi Ke Luar Jawa dan Motivasi Kerja Prajurit TNI Angkatan Laut ., Suhardi; Matulessy, Andik
Persona:Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia Vol 5, No 02 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30996/persona.v5i02.732

Abstract

This study aims to examine the influence of compensation and perception mutations outside Java with motivation to work with the subject as much as 100 soldiers Navy cadet who was penjalankan education in puslatdiksarmil Kobangdikal. This study use two independent variables (X), namely Compensation (X1) and perception mutations out of Java (X2). While the dependent variable (Y) is the work motivation. Based on regression analysis found the value of F regression = 16 201 with p = 0.000 (p <0.01), R squared of 0.250, meaning there was a significant relationship between compensation and perception mutations with Navy personnel Work Motivation, Compensation and perception mutations together -Same can be used as predictors of motivation to work, these two variables contribute effectively amounted to 25.04%. The value of r (correlation Partial) = 0.377, t = 4,004, with Sig / p = 0.000 (p <0.05), showed no correlation with the Compensation work motivation. Also found value of r (correlation Partial) = 0.292, t = 3,005, with Sig / p = 0.003 (p <0.05), suggesting perceptions of mutation also correlated significantly with the motivation to work, so the perception of single mutation can also be a predictor ride -turunnya work motivation Navy personnelKeywords : compensation, mutations perception, working motivation
Asupan protein dan fosfor, rasio fosfor-protein, dan kadar fosfor darah pada pasien gagal ginjal kronis dengan hemodialisis Syauqy, Ahmad; ., Susetyowati; ., Suhardi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Oktober
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.15380

Abstract

Background: Hyperphosphatemia has become one of the main causes of death in CKD patients on HD. Thus, correction and prevention of hyperphospatemia is a major component in the management of HD patients. High protein diet in HD patients may lead to increased serum phosphate level due to mineral metabolism disorder associated with decreased glomerular filtration rate. In addition, high protein intake often followed by high phosphate intake as high protein foods also contains high phosphate and may cause hyperphosphatemia. Meanwhile, reduction of protein intake to control phosphate level was associated with decreased health and nutritional status in CKD patients. Therefore, appropriate phosphate-protein ratio is essential to provide adequate protein intake and avoid hyperphosphatemia.Objective: To investigate the association between protein and phosphate intake, phosphate-protein ratio and blood phosphate level in CKD patients on routine HD.Method: The study used an analytic observational method with cross sectional design. There were 100 subjects involved in this study. Subject characteristics, protein and phosphate intake, phosphate-protein ratio and intake of phosphate binders were obtained through interview and 3 x24 hour food record. Serum phosphate level was analyzed by inorganic phosphorus quantification method. Food processor was used to analyze the intake of protein and phosphate. Bivariate and multivariate tests with 95% confidence interval were used to analyze the data.Results: Adequate protein intake was observed among 38% subjects, while 46% of them have excess phosphate intake.High phosphate-protein ratio was found in 20% subjects. Most subjects did not take phosphate binders regularly (61%) and have hyperphosphatemia (66%). The average protein intake, phosphate intake, phosphate-protein ratio, and blood phosphate level were 1.1 g/kg/d, 13.5 mg/kg/d, 12.8 mg/g, and 5.6 mg/dl, respectively. Bivariate test showed that there was a significant association between protein intake (p=0.037; RP=2.78), phosphate intake (p=0.005; RP=3.54), phosphate-protein ratio (p=0.045; RP=3.85), and blood phosphate level in CKD patients on routine HD. Multivariate analysis revealed that high phosphate intake and did not consume phosphate binders regularly  were risk factors of hyperphosphatemia (p=0.000; OR=6.543; CI 95%:2.357-18.164 dan p=0.024; OR=3.413; CI 95%:1.179; R2=0.42).Conclusion: Consumtion of low phosphate foods and phosphate binders may reduce the risk of hyperphosphatemia in CKD patients on routine HD.
SYNTHESIS OF XYLITOL-POLYESTER FROM PALM FATTY ACID DISTILLATE(PFAD) ., Suhardi; ., Tranggono; SN, Amanda Hardiyani
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 14 No. 1 (2003): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

This study of xylitol-polyester synthesis was carried out using palm fatty acid distillate as the a source fatty acids. The objective of this study was to obtain the optimum condition with regard to reaction kinetis during synthesis. In the experiment, temperatures were varied at 110, 120, 130, 140 and 150oC; while during reactions samples were drawn at 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 hours for determination of hydroxil value. Results showed that the optimum condition for synthesis was found at 145�b2.5oC for 3.5�b0.5 hours. It was noted, that the reaction was reversible, first order with the activation energy 4475.57 cal/mol for synthesis and 4499.21 cal/mol for hydrolisis.
ANALISIS PENGARUH DISIPLIN, MOTIVASI, KOMPETENSI DAN KEPEMIMPINAN, TERHADAP KINERJA SERTA DAMPAKNYA PADA PRESTASI KERJA DAN KEPUASAN KERJA ., Evisastra; Masud, Erwin; ., Suhardi
JEM Jurnal Ekonomi dan Manajemen Vol 4 No 1 (2018): JEM Jurnal Ekonomi dan Manajemen
Publisher : Master of Management STIE PERTIBA Pangkalpinang

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze and find out how much influence Discipline, Motivation, and competence and leadership on employee performance in the Public Works Office of South Bangka Regency and its impact on work performance and employee job satisfaction. This research is a quantitative descriptive study with a total sample of 63 respondents while the sampling method used in this study is saturated sampling method. The results showed that the variables of discipline, motivation, competence, and leadership had a significant effect on the performance of employees in the Public Works Office of South Bangka Regency. Leadership in this study has the highest influence on employee performance while motivation variables are variables that have the least influence on employee performance. For further research can examine the influence of discipline, motivation, competence, and leadership on performance by adding other relevant contingency variables and with the object of expanded research.
Peningkatan Perolehan Hasil Belajar Mengenal Aktivitas Ekonomi Pada Mata Pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial Melalui Metode Cycle Learning Siswa Kelas IV SDN 2 Jenangan Kecamatan Jenangan Kabupaten Ponorogo ., Suhardi
Jurnal Revolusi Pendidikan (JUREVDIK) Vol 1 No 2 (2018): Vol.1 No.2 (2018)
Publisher : PERSATUAN GURU REPUBLIK INDONESIA (PGRI) KOTA MADIUN

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Abstract

Penelitian tersebut dilaksanakan dalam tiga siklus. Tiap siklus terdiri atas 2 kali pertemuan. Tiap pertemuan memiliki alokasi 2 jam pelajaran (2 x 35 menit) dan terdiri atas kegiatan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi dan refleksi. Adapun metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Tujuan yang diharapkan dalam penelitian ini adalah meningkatkan perolehan belajar Mata Pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial siswa Kelas IV SDN 2 Jenangan Semester II Tahun Pelajaran 2015/2016. Sedangkan hasil penelitian ini diharapkan memiliki manfaat bagi guru, kepala sekolah, siswa maupun peneliti lanjutan dalam meningkatkan mutu pembelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial yang berdampak pada peningkatan hasil belajar siswa yang dibinanya. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa strategi Cycle Learning cukup efektif digunakan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa Kelas IV SDN 2 Jenangan. Hal ini dibuktikan dengan adanya data yang menunjukkan peningkatan nilai rerata (mean score) yang diikuti ketuntasan belajar siswa meningkat dalam setiap siklusnya, yakni pada siklus I mencapai 74,81 ketuntasan belajar 80,77%, siklus II mencapai 79,81 ketuntasan belajar 88,46%, dan siklus III meningkat menjadi 85,19 dan ketuntasan belajar 100%.
TINGKAT SERANGAN EKTOPARASIT PADA IKAN PATIN (Pangasius hypophtalmus) YANG DIBUDIDAYAKAN DALAM KARAMBA DI SUNGAI KAPUAS KOTA PONTIANAK ., Suhardi; Raharjo, Eka Indah; ., Sunarto
Jurnal Ruaya : Jurnal Penelitian dan Kajian Ilmu Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ruaya : Jurnal Penelitian dan Kajian Ilmu Perikanan dan Kelautan
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH PONTIANAK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (135.261 KB) | DOI: 10.29406/rya.v1i1.228

Abstract

Keberhasilan suatu usaha budidaya ikan tidak terlepas dari masalah penyakit dan parasit ikan, salah satunya adalah ektoparasit. Kerugian akibat infeksi ektoparasit memang tidak sebesar kerugian akibat infeksi organisme pathogen lain seperti virus dan bakteri, namun menurut Scholz (1999) infeksi Ektoparasit dapat menjadi salah satu faktor predisposisi bagi infeksi organisme pathogen yang lebih berbahaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui tingkat serangan ektoparasit pada ikan patin yang dibudiayakan dalam karamba di sungai Kapuas Kota Pontianak. Data yang didapat baik prevalensi dan intensitas serta data pendukung lainnya dianalisa secara diskriptif dan dibahas  dengan pendekatan berdasarkan literatur yang relevan. Hasil penelitian di empat stasiun sekitar sungai kapuas Pontianak ditemukan 2 jenis parasit yang dominan menyerang ikan patin yaitu, Ichthyopthyrius multifiliis dan dan Dactylogyrus sp.Kata kunci : ektoparasit, patin, KJA Sungai Kapuas Pontianak