A. Zulkifli Abdullah
Bagian Epidemiologi Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Hasanuddin

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Faktor Risiko Diare Shigellosis pada Anak Balita Abdullah, A. Zulkifli; Arsin, A. Arsunan; Dahlan, Lidyawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 1 Agustus 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.177 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i1.71

Abstract

Diare shigellosis pada balita merupakan masalah serius sebab dapat menyebabkan kematian. Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor risiko kejadian shigellosis pada anak balita dilakukan studi kasus kontrol di beberapa rumah sakit di Kota Makassar dengan 68 kasus dan 136 kontrol. Datamengenai jenis kelamin dan status gizi anak balita, pemberian air susu ibu (ASI) eksklusif, status ekonomi, pendidikan ibu, kebiasaan ibu mencuci tangan memakai sabun, kepadatan hunian rumah, sarana air bersih, danjamban keluarga dikumpulkan dengan wawancara dan observasi serta dikategorikan dan disaring (screening) dengan uji chi square. Enam variabel dengan nilai p < 0,25 dimasukkan dalam uji regresi logistik yang menghasilkan3 variabel dengan nilai p < 0,05 (gizi rendah, ASI tidak eksklusif, dan status ekonomi rendah). Uji regresi logistik tahap kedua dengan 3 variabel ini menghasilkan model shigellosis = 1,47 gizi rendah + 1,471 ASI tidak eksklusif + 1,022 status ekonomi rendah – 2,546” dengan nilai oddsratio (OR) = 4,352 (gizi rendah), 4,353 (ASI tidak eksklusif), dan 2,779 (status ekonomi rendah). Studi ini menyimpulkan bahwa gizi balita yang rendah, pemberian ASI yang tidak eksklusif, dan status ekonomi ibu yang rendah merupakan faktor-faktor risiko penting kejadian diare shigellosis padabalita.Kata kunci: Balita, diare, shigellosis, status giziAbstractShigellosis diarrhea is a serious issue to children under five years old since it may lead to death. To determine the risk factors influence to children under five shigellosis, a case control study conducted in hospitals in Makassar involving 68 cases and 136 controls. Data on sex, nutrition status of children under five, exclusive breastfeeding, economic status, education, hand washing with soap, house density, clean water facility, and toilet were collected by interview and observation. All collected data were categorized and screened using chi-square test to obtain variables for logistic regression. Sixvariables with p value < 0,25 were putted to logistic regression resulted 3 variables with p value < 0,05 (low nutrition status, p value = 0,00; nonexclusive breastfeeding, p value = 0,00; low economic status of mother, p value = 0,00). These variables gave final model of “shigellosis = 1,47 low nutrition status + 1,471 nonexclusive breastfeeding + 1,022 low economic status – 2,546” with odds ratio (OR) = 4,352 (low nutrition status), 4,353 (nonexclusive breastfeeding), and 2,779 (low economic status of mother). This study concludes that low nutrition status, nonexclusive breastfeeding, and low economic status of mother are important risk factors of shigellosis in children under five.Key words: Children under five, diarrhea, logistic regression, shigellosis, nutrition status
Faktor Risiko Diare Shigellosis pada Anak Balita Abdullah, A. Zulkifli; Arsin, A. Arsunan; Dahlan, Lidyawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 1 Agustus 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.177 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i1.71

Abstract

Diare shigellosis pada balita merupakan masalah serius sebab dapat menyebabkan kematian. Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor risiko kejadian shigellosis pada anak balita dilakukan studi kasus kontrol di beberapa rumah sakit di Kota Makassar dengan 68 kasus dan 136 kontrol. Datamengenai jenis kelamin dan status gizi anak balita, pemberian air susu ibu (ASI) eksklusif, status ekonomi, pendidikan ibu, kebiasaan ibu mencuci tangan memakai sabun, kepadatan hunian rumah, sarana air bersih, danjamban keluarga dikumpulkan dengan wawancara dan observasi serta dikategorikan dan disaring (screening) dengan uji chi square. Enam variabel dengan nilai p < 0,25 dimasukkan dalam uji regresi logistik yang menghasilkan3 variabel dengan nilai p < 0,05 (gizi rendah, ASI tidak eksklusif, dan status ekonomi rendah). Uji regresi logistik tahap kedua dengan 3 variabel ini menghasilkan model shigellosis = 1,47 gizi rendah + 1,471 ASI tidak eksklusif + 1,022 status ekonomi rendah – 2,546” dengan nilai oddsratio (OR) = 4,352 (gizi rendah), 4,353 (ASI tidak eksklusif), dan 2,779 (status ekonomi rendah). Studi ini menyimpulkan bahwa gizi balita yang rendah, pemberian ASI yang tidak eksklusif, dan status ekonomi ibu yang rendah merupakan faktor-faktor risiko penting kejadian diare shigellosis padabalita.Kata kunci: Balita, diare, shigellosis, status giziAbstractShigellosis diarrhea is a serious issue to children under five years old since it may lead to death. To determine the risk factors influence to children under five shigellosis, a case control study conducted in hospitals in Makassar involving 68 cases and 136 controls. Data on sex, nutrition status of children under five, exclusive breastfeeding, economic status, education, hand washing with soap, house density, clean water facility, and toilet were collected by interview and observation. All collected data were categorized and screened using chi-square test to obtain variables for logistic regression. Sixvariables with p value < 0,25 were putted to logistic regression resulted 3 variables with p value < 0,05 (low nutrition status, p value = 0,00; nonexclusive breastfeeding, p value = 0,00; low economic status of mother, p value = 0,00). These variables gave final model of “shigellosis = 1,47 low nutrition status + 1,471 nonexclusive breastfeeding + 1,022 low economic status – 2,546” with odds ratio (OR) = 4,352 (low nutrition status), 4,353 (nonexclusive breastfeeding), and 2,779 (low economic status of mother). This study concludes that low nutrition status, nonexclusive breastfeeding, and low economic status of mother are important risk factors of shigellosis in children under five.Key words: Children under five, diarrhea, logistic regression, shigellosis, nutrition status
Analisis Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Ketidaklancaran Produksi ASI pada Ibu Nifas di Ruang Nifas BLUD RSU Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara Tahun 2011 Rahmawati, Rahmawati; Abdullah, A. Zulkifli; Hakim, Buraerah H. Abd.
Medula Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Medula

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (164.317 KB)

Abstract

According to WHO’s data, the coverage of exclusive breastmilk is still low for both develop and poor countries. One of the reasons of that condition is low breastmilk production of porturition woman. It reveals that the failure of giving breastmilk, particularly exclusive breastmilk is caused by breastmilk production deficiency since the first day of baby’s birth. Therefore, the baby is more often given prelactal food which is not good. This research investigated relationship of nutrient state, breast treatment, ANC Story, and IMD with breastmilk production deficiency. A cross sectional design study was conducted for 138 samples (samples were determined with simple random sampling method). There were two statistic test, those were bivariate statistic test by chi square and multivariate by logistic regression.The results showed that nutrient state (p = 0.000), breast treatment (p = 0.000), ANC Story (p = 0.000) and IMD (p = 0.000) had a relationship to breastmilk production deficiency. It was obtained from logistic regression test that IMD was the most influent factor involved in breastmilk production deficiency (wald 23.670; p = 0.000).Those results indicated that counseling training program for midwife about giving breastmilk need to be increased and IMD implementation acquire to be optimized. It is also important to increase elucidation and socialization about the importance of giving exclusive breastmilk everytime the pregnant woman doing checkup.Key words : Breastmilk production deficiency, IMD
faktor risiko kejadian miopia anak ( annisa, a. fitria nur; abdullah, a. zulkifli; russeng, syamsiar r
Jurnal Formil (Forum Ilmiah) Kesmas Respati Vol 4, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Respati Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.904 KB) | DOI: 10.35842/formil.v4i2.265

Abstract

Jumlah kasus Kelainan Refraksi di BKMM Kota Makassar tahun 2016 sebanyak 8105 kasus (29%). Penelitian bertujuan untuk menilai besar risiko jenis kelamin, riwayat keluarga, kebiasaan membaca buku dan kebiasaan menonton televisi terhadap kejadian miopia pada anak (<20 tahun) di BKMM Kota Makassar Tahun 2017. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan rancangan case control study. Penarikan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik sistematik random sampling dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 164 orang anak (<20 tahun) yang terdiri dari 82 kasus dan 82 kontrol. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Odds Ratio dan multiple logistic regression. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang berisiko terhadap kejadian miopia, yaitu jenis kelamin (OR= 2,939; 95%CI: 1,543-5,600), riwayat keluarga (OR= 3,839; 95%CI: 1,961-7,518), jarak membaca buku (OR= 8,517; 95%CI: 3,764-19,273), durasi membaca buku (OR= 3,546; 95% CI: 1,662-7,565), jarak menonton televisi (OR= 3,864; 95%CI: 1,518-5,403) dan durasi menonton televisi (OR= 7,474; 95%CI: 3,463-16,129). Hasil analisis regresi logistik menunjukkan bahwa durasi menonton televisimerupakan faktor yang paling berisiko terhadap kejadian miopia (OR= 18,457; 95%CI: 5,081-67,050). Kesimpulannya, variabel jenis kelamin, riwayat keluarga, kebiasaan membaca buku dan kebiasaan menonton televisi merupakan faktor risiko kejadian miopia anak (<20 tahun) di BKMM Kota Makassar.