Aang Abdullah
Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Sistem Supply Chain Crude-Palm-Oil Indonesia dengan Mempertimbangkan Aspek Economical Revenue, Social Welfare dan Environment Widodo, Kuncoro Harto; Abdullah, Aang; Dwi Arbita, Kharies Pramudya
Jurnal Teknik Industri Vol 12, No 1 (2010): JUNE 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (816.041 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/jti.12.1.pp. 47-54

Abstract

Crude-Palm-Oil (CPO) is an agro-industrial commodity which has a strategic value to be developed for Indonesian economy and social welfare. Production and export of Indonesian CPO increase progressively in the view years so that CPO is one of the pre-eminent products of Indonesia. On the other hand, however, they could give two negative impacts. First, a less CPO supply for domestic market as a result of export growing. Second, a worse environment as an effect of the opening new palm plantations. We, therefore, construct and simulate the system model for analyzing the relationships between the components and for describing their behaviour within the supply chain of CPO by using a dynamic model. The result shows that in the next 30 years, the revenue of Indonesian CPO industries tends to increase. The biggest revenue will be achieved in the year 23rd. The maximum addition of plantation employees is in the year 7th as well as in the year 17th. Deforestation would be the highest in the year 7th and 17th in which 2008 as a basic year.
Sistem Dinamis Industri Furniture Indonesia dari Perspektif Supply Chain Management yang Berkelanjutan Widodo, Kuncoro Harto; Arbita, Kharies Pramudya Dwi; Abdullah, Aang
Agritech Vol 30, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1233.5 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9681

Abstract

This research aims to predict and describe the sustainability of Indonesian furniture development by considering 3 as- pects: economical revenue, social, and envieronment, as the main aspects in a sustainable supply chain. This research was started by identifying the basic model of supply chain of furniture industry. We, then, identified the potency and weaknesses from either internal or external, by using SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity, threat) analysis. We used modeling and simulation to describe the system behaviour. The result showed the characteristics of this industry is un- certainty on consumer demand and that the industry depends on the availability of raw material from forest. There is a lack in supply in the average amount of 3.386.282 m3. The development of furniture industry needs to consider more the aspect of sustainability. Forest destruction is one of the parameters of environmental aspect, in which the decreasing rate of natural production forest and overall forest are 61,982 ha and 51,820 ha per year, respectively. Furthermore, as one of the economical aspects, the economical revenue achieved by this industry tends to constant. On the other hand, this industry can meet the consumer demand, representing the social aspect.ABSTRAKPerlu ada kajian untuk melihat dan memprediksi keberlanjutan pengembangan industri furniture Indonesia dengan melihat kepada 3 aspek, yaitu aspek ekonomi, aspek sosial dan aspek lingkungan, sebagai aspek utama dalam pengem- bangan supply chain management yang berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini diawali dengan identifikasi model dasar supply chain industri furniture. Selanjutnya, digambarkan potensi dan kelemahan yang ada, baik secara internal maupun ek- sternal, dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity, threat). Untuk melihat perilaku sistem dilakukan pemodelan dan simulasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik industri furniture adalah ketidakpastian permintaan konsumen dan sangat tergantung pada kondisi hutan untuk menjamin ketersediaan pasokan kayu. Setiap tahun terjadi kekurangan pasokan rata-rata sebesar 3.386.282 m3 dibandingkan kebutuhannya. Pengem- bangan industri furniture masih kurang memperhatikan aspek keberlanjutan. Kerusakan hutan menjadi salah satu pa- rameter keberlanjutan aspek lingkungan dimana tingkat penurunan luas hutan produksi alam dan hutan keseluruhan berturut-turut adalah sebesar 61.982 ha dan 51.820 ha. Selain itu, dari aspek ekonomi, pendapatan (revenue) yang bisa dicapai oleh industri furniture cenderung tidak mengalami peningkatan. Di sisi lain, industri furniture Indonesia cukup baik dalam memenuhi kebutuhan konsumen, sebagai indikator aspek sosial.
Sistem Supply Chain Crude-Palm-Oil Indonesia dengan Mempertimbangkan Aspek Economical Revenue, Social Welfare dan Environment Widodo, Kuncoro Harto; Abdullah, Aang; Dwi Arbita, Kharies Pramudya
Jurnal Teknik Industri Vol 12, No 1 (2010): JUNE 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (816.041 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/jti.12.1.pp. 47-54

Abstract

Crude-Palm-Oil (CPO) is an agro-industrial commodity which has a strategic value to be developed for Indonesian economy and social welfare. Production and export of Indonesian CPO increase progressively in the view years so that CPO is one of the pre-eminent products of Indonesia. On the other hand, however, they could give two negative impacts. First, a less CPO supply for domestic market as a result of export growing. Second, a worse environment as an effect of the opening new palm plantations. We, therefore, construct and simulate the system model for analyzing the relationships between the components and for describing their behaviour within the supply chain of CPO by using a dynamic model. The result shows that in the next 30 years, the revenue of Indonesian CPO industries tends to increase. The biggest revenue will be achieved in the year 23rd. The maximum addition of plantation employees is in the year 7th as well as in the year 17th. Deforestation would be the highest in the year 7th and 17th in which 2008 as a basic year.