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PENGEMBANGAN SAPI POTONG BERBASIS SUMBERDAYA LAHAN DAN KELEMBAGAAN DI KABUPATEN GORONTALO Azhar, Muhammad Nur; Gandasasmita, Komarsa; Abdullah, Luki
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jurnal mpd.6.2.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACT National beef consumption continues to increase from year to year, which is characterized by increase the number of requests. This condition is not accompanied by a number of domestic production is unable to meet the needs of national beef. The Government alternative measures of addressing these issues is making import policy. Therefore, the government continues to increase beef production through the national programs and work together with local governments. This study aims to: identify patterns of effective and efficientbeef cattle development, identifying suitability and carrying capacity of the land and to formulate development strategies beef cattle in Gorontalodistrict. The primary data obtained by surveys, direct observation, and interviews (agencies and related institutions) by purposive sampling method. The analytical method used for each objective are: literature review, analysis of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), SWOT analysis and Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM). From the results of the literature review, the development pattern of the area is the effective and efficient development. GIS analysis results show the suitability of the ecological environment of beef cattle reached 178 455 ha (81% of the area of Gorontalo district, the largest potential area for beef cattle development is Asparaga Subdistrict arround 11 232 ha and forage carrying capacity index of the largest fodder is Tolangohula subdistrict arround 39,2. From the SWOT strategy formulation obtained strengthening planning reinforcement development area, strengthening human resources officials and farmers, strengthening institutional breeders,  strengthening inter-agency coordination, strengthening the production infrastructure, accelerating adoption of production technologies, strengtheningmarketing institutional and socialization development of beef cattle. Key words:    Beef cattle, land suitability, beef cattle development strategy, Gorontalo District  ABSTRAK Konsumsi daging sapi nasional terus mengalami peningkatan dari tahun ke tahun yang ditandai dengan peningkatan jumlah permintaan yang meningkat. Kondisi ini tidak dibarengi dengan jumlah produksi dalam negeri yang tidak mampu memenuhi kebutuhan daging sapi nasional. Langkah alternatif pemerintah dalam mengatasi persoalan tersebut dengan membuat kebijakan impor. Oleh karena itu pemerintah terus berupaya meningkatkan produksi daging sapi nasional melalui program-program dan bersinergi dengan pemerintah daerah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: mengindentifikasi pola pengembangan sapi potong yang efektif dan efesien, mengindentifikasi kesesuaian dan daya dukung lahan dan merumuskan strategi pengembangan sapi potong di Kabupaten Gorontalo. Data primer diperoleh dengan survei, pengamatan langsung dan wawancara (instansi dan lembaga terkait) dengan metode purposive sampling. Metode analisis yang digunakan untuk masing-masing tujuan adalah: literatur review, analisis sistem informasi Geografi (SIG), analisis SWOT. Dari hasil literatur review, pengembangan kawasan merupakan pola pengembangan yang efektif dan efesien. Hasil analisis SIG memperlihatkan kesesuaian lingkungan ekologis sapi potong mencapai 178 455 Ha (81% dari luas wilayah Kabupaten Gorontalo, potensi lahan pengembangan sapi potong terbesar yaitu Kecamatan Asparaga sebesar 11 232 ha dan indeks daya dukung hijauan makanan ternak terbesar yaitu Kecamatan Tolangohula sebesar 39,2. Dari perumusan strategi dengan SWOT diperoleh strategi penguatan perencanaan pengembangan kawasan, penguatan SDM aparat dan peternak, penguatan kelembagaan peternak, penguatan koordinasi antar instansi, penguatan sarana dan prasarana produksi, percepatan adopsi teknologi produksi, penguatan kelembagaan pemasaran dan sosialisasi pengembangan sapi potong. Kata kunci : Sapi Potong, Kesesuaian Lahan, Strategi Pengembangan Sapi Potong, Kabupaten Gorontalo
PENAMBAHAN TEPUNG PUCUK INDIGOFERA ZOLLINGERIANA (MIQUEL, 1855) DALAM PAKAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS WARNA IKAN SUMATRA PUNTIGRUS TETRAZONE (BLEEKER, 1855) Pratama, Enggi Rizki; Putri, Berta; Abdullah, Luki; Yudha, Indra Gumay; Mulyasih, Dwi
e-Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Budidaya Perairan Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : University of Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jrtbp.v7i2.p889-896

Abstract

Tiger barb (Puntigrus tetrazona) is one of the ornamental freshwater fish which has unique body shape and color compare to another ornamental fish. Fish color quality is caused by chromatophore pigmen cells in the epidermis layer. Increasing of color quality in fish can be reach through the addition of indigofera leaf meal that contain carotenoid. The aim of this research to study the effect of addition meal of Indigoferazollingerianaleaf on colour quality and growth of tiger barb. The experimental design used completely randomized design with 5 treatments i.e 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% of I. zollingeriana meal added in fish feed. The results showed that the addition of I. zollingeriana meal could increase tiger barb color quality. The addition of 15% I. zollingeriana meal was the best treatment
Nutritional status of Indigofera zollingeriana forage at different level draught stress and cutting interval Herdiawan, Iwan; Abdullah, Luki; Sopandi, D
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.826 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1037

Abstract

The low rainfall and high temperature greatly affect the decline in production and quality of forage in general. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress namely: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval i.e. interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were nutrient content (crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), Gross energy, lignin, selulose, neutral/acid detergent fibre (NDF/ADF), in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility (IVMD/IVOMD), Ash, Ca and P) and anti-nutrient content (Tannin and Saponin). Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P<0.05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on CP, CF, energy, cellulose, lignine, NDF/ADF, IVMD and IVOMD, but not to ash, Ca, P, saponin and tannin content. Drought treatment significantly (P<0.05) decreased CP, energy, IVMD and IVOMD, but CF, lignin, cellulose, ND/ADF, IVDMD/IVOMD, saponin and tannin increases. Defoliation interval significantly (P<0.05) decreases on CP, CF, energy, lignin, cellulose, NDF/ADF, and IVDMD/IVOMD, but saponin and tannin content did not affected. Key Words: I. zollingeriana, Drought Stress, Defoliation Interval, Nutrient, Anti-Nutrients
Potential and utilization of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal as soybean meal substitution in laying hen diets Palupi, Rizki; Abdullah, Luki; Astuti, Dewi Apri; ., Sumiati .
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i3.1084

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the potential of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal to substitute soybean meal in poultry diet. One hundred and sixty laying hens of Isa Brown strain, at 30 weeks old were used in this study and kept in individual cages. A Randomized Completely Design was applied with four treatments and four replications. The treatments were four levels of soybean meal protein substitution by Indigofera sp shoot meal protein in the diets: The level were 0% (R0), 15% (R1), 30% (R2) and 45% (R3). Eggs were collected daily and were evaluated on: weight, shell, albumen, yolk, intensity of yolk and haugh unit. Results showed that the nutrients content of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal were crude protein 28.98%, crude fat 3.30%, crude fiber 8.49%, calcium 0.52% and phosphorus content was 0.34%. Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal contained a complete amino acids. The vitamin A and ß-carotene were high, i.e 3828.79 IU/100g and 507.6 mg/kg, respectively. It is concluded that Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal is potential to be used as an alternative source of protein. Substitute 45% soybean meal protein with Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal in laying hen diets increase egg quality and increase intensity of yolk colour to 55.88%. Key Words: Egg Quality, Soybean Meal, Nutrients, Indigofera sp Shoot Leaf Meal
Peningkatan Produktivitas Lebah Madu Melalui Penerapan Sistem Integrasi dengan Kebun Kopi Saepudin, Rustama; Fuah, Asnath M.; Abdullah, Luki
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilakukan di Kepahiang, Provinsi Bengkulu dengan tujuan untuk mengevaluasi penerapan sistem integrasi perkebunan kopi dengan lebah madu Apis cerana terhadap produksi madu dan produksi kopi. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan dua perlakuan dan 10 ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi madu lebih tinggi 114% daripada madu yang dihasilkan di luar perkebunan kopi. Sejalan dengan produksi madu, produksi kopi juga lebih tinggi 10,55% dari pada produksi kopi pada kebun yang penyerbukannya tidak dengan Apis cerana.Key words: Apis cerana, kopi, integrasi, produksi.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MILK PRODUCTION AND FEED EFFICIENCY BASED ON FARMERS BEST PRACTICES AND NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Lestari, Dewi Ayu; Abdullah, Luki; Despal, .
Media Peternakan Vol. 38 No. 2 (2015): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (423.215 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2015.38.2.110

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This study aimed to compare local dairy farmer ration formula with national research council in producing higher feed efficiency and milk production. This study had two stages. The first stage was in vitro study of dairy farmer rations which have different raw materials (R3, R4, and R5) with NRC based ration (R2) and Demo Farm ration (R1). The variables measured in this stage were proximate composition, volatile fatty acid, ammonia, dry matter and organic matter digestibility. The first stage used a randomized block design with five treatments, three groups of ruminal fluid, and three replications. The second stage used nine lactating cows with three periods of lactation (one, three, and other) and used a randomized block design with three treatments, three groups, and one replication. Parameters measured were dry matter intake, manure score, milk production, body weight gain, body condition score, and technical and economical efficiencies. The first stage result showed that R1, R2, and R3 were three best rations in nutrient composition and fermentability (ammonia and volatile fatty acid concentrations were optimum for microbial growth and high digestibility), so in conclusion those three rations were the best rations and should be compared by in vivo method. The result of the second stage showed that all tested rations were not significantly different in milk production, performance and efficiency, so in conclusion those three rations have the same quality.Key words: dairy cattle, milk production, profitability, rations test
PRODUCTIVITY AND NUTRIENT QUALITY OF SOME SORGHUM MUTANT LINES AT DIFFERENT CUTTING AGES Puteri, Rizki Eka; Karti, Panca Dewi Manu Hara; Abdullah, Luki; Supriyanto, .
Media Peternakan Vol. 38 No. 2 (2015): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.608 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2015.38.2.132

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The objective of the study was to explore the appropriate cutting age to produce optimal biomass and good nutrient quality from sorghum mutant lines BMR i.e., PATIR 3.5 M7, PATIR 3.6 M7, and PATIR 3.7 M7, also SAMURAI I (M17). A completely randomized in Split Plot design with 2 factors and 3 replicates was used. The first factor was the type of sorghum (SAMURAI I M17, PATIR 3.5, PATIR 3.6, PATIR 3.7) as the main plot and the second factor was the cutting age (85, 95, 105) as a subplot. Parameters observed were the production of stems, leaves, grains, total biomass production, ash, crude fat, crude fiber, crude protein, NFE, TDN, percentage of DMD, OMD and N-NH3. Data were analyzed by using ANOVA followed by DMRT (Duncan Multiple Range Test). The results showed that there were highly significant interactions (P<0.01) between cutting age and type of sorghum in production of stems, leaves, grains, total biomass production, value of TDN, DMD, OMD, and N-NH3. Increasing cutting age significantly increased the percentage of ash content, crude protein and crude fat. The sorghum type significantly affected crude fat content nonBMR sorghum variety of SAMURAI I (M17) and achieved optimal biomass production and nutrient content at cutting age of 85 d similar to BMR sorghum mutant lines PATIR 3.6 and PATIR 3.5, whereas BMR sorghum mutant lines of PATIR 3.7 achieved optimum production at the age of 95 d of cutting. All types of sorghum varieties was not recommended to be harvested at 105 d. Biomass production increased with the increasing of cutting age, but the nutrient content decreased.Key words: cutting age, mutant, sorghum
Production and quality of Murdannia bracteata biomass as impact of magnesium foliar fertilizer Rahmawati, Tenti; Abdullah, Luki; Prihantoro, Iwan
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 20, No 3 (2015): SEPTEMBER 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.305 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v20i3.1188

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Murdannia bracteata is one of potential forages for ruminant that has not been studied yet. This forage contents high mineral and it can be as fungtional feed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the growth and productivity, chlorophyll and minerals content of Murdannia bracteata caused by magnesium foliar application. The experiment was arranged in randomized complete design with five treatments and 4 replications. The application of magnesium level was arranged into: 0 ppm, 2000 ppm, 4000 ppm, 8000 ppm, and 12000 ppm. The study was conducted in a greenhouse, field laboratory of Agrostology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University. The result showed that growth, productivity, and chlorophyll content were not significantly (P>0.05) affected by increasing magnesium level. Increasing magnesium dossage resulted in decreasing calsium, potassium, and zink content (P<0,05), but not on phosphor and sodium (P>0,05). In conclusion, increasing magnesium dossage up to 12000 ppm did not significantly affect growth, productivity, and chlorophyll content. However, increasing magnesium level decreased calsium, potassium, and zink content. Key Words: Murdannia Bracteata, Magnesium, Productivity, Quality
UTILIZATION OF LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA IN TRADITIONAL FATTENING PROGRAM OF BALI CATTLE IN AMARASI Lani, Mona Lastri; Abdullah, Luki; Priyanto, Rudi
Media Peternakan Vol. 38 No. 1 (2015): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.299 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2015.38.1.64

Abstract

This field study was aimed to evaluate the availability and the utility of forage on Bali cattle in Amarasi system in dry land area such as Kupang. Amarasi system is a fattening production system (paronisasi), which traditionally utilizes Leucaena leucocephala forage in dry season of Amarasi region. This field study was conducted during the period of July to December 2013 in Oesena and Merbaun Villages. The method used in this research was field survey. This type of survey was used to identify the forage availability and utility for Bali cattle; including determining the level of feed intake, measuring carrying capacity of both observe villages, and recording body weight of cattle. Cluster random sampling was applied in this study to determine sample used in the research, those were two villages with different altitudes, namely Oesena Village and Merbaun Village. Data were analyzed descriptively to describe the related existing conditions in the field. T-test was conducted to determine leucaena consumption and Bali cattle body weight in both villages. The results showed that during observation period, availability of leucaena forage for cattle was low based on dry matter intake 3.60 and 3.58 kg/head/day, which led to low consumption of cattle. Nevertheless, the use of leucaena in this system increased average body weight gain of Bali cattle up to 0.77 kg/day, due to high crude protein consumption. The conclusion of this study was the availability of leucaena as Bali cattle feed did not meet the cattle needs, but the use of leucaena increased the average of Bali cattle body weight gain.Key words: amarasi system, Bali cattle, Leucaena leucocephala, paronisasi
Nutritional status of Indigofera zollingeriana forage at different level draught stress and cutting interval Herdiawan, Iwan; Abdullah, Luki; Sopandi, D
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.826 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1037

Abstract

The low rainfall and high temperature greatly affect the decline in production and quality of forage in general. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress namely: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval i.e. interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were nutrient content (crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), Gross energy, lignin, selulose, neutral/acid detergent fibre (NDF/ADF), in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility (IVMD/IVOMD), Ash, Ca and P) and anti-nutrient content (Tannin and Saponin). Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P<0.05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on CP, CF, energy, cellulose, lignine, NDF/ADF, IVMD and IVOMD, but not to ash, Ca, P, saponin and tannin content. Drought treatment significantly (P<0.05) decreased CP, energy, IVMD and IVOMD, but CF, lignin, cellulose, ND/ADF, IVDMD/IVOMD, saponin and tannin increases. Defoliation interval significantly (P<0.05) decreases on CP, CF, energy, lignin, cellulose, NDF/ADF, and IVDMD/IVOMD, but saponin and tannin content did not affected.