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SAKARIFIKASI SERAT TANDAN KOSONG DAN PELEPAH KELAPA SAWIT SETELAH PRETREATMENT MENGGUNAKAN KULTUR CAMPURAN JAMUR PELAPUK PUTIH Phanerochaete chrysosporium dan Trametes versicolor Hermiati, Euis; Risanto, Lucky; Anita, Sita Heris; Aristiawan, Yosi; Hanafi, Ahmad; Abimanyu, Haznan
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 32, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Pusat Litbang Keteknikan Kehutanan dan Pengolahan Hasil Hutan

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Abstract

Penggunaan kultur campuran jamur pelapuk putih pada proses pretreatment bahan lignoselulosa belum banyak diteliti. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh penggunaan kultur  Phanerochaete chrysosporium dan Trametes versicolor pada proses pretreatment serat tandan kosong dan pelepah kelapa sawit terhadap hasil sakarifikasinya. Inokulum P. Chrysosporium dan T. versicolor dituangkan ke dalam sampel substrat serat tandan kosong dan pelepah kelapa sawit (40-60 mesh) yang telah disterilkan, masing-masing sebanyak 5% (w/v), sehingga total inokulum yang ditambahkan ke dalam kedua macam substrat masing-masing 10% (w/v). Sampel diinkubasikan pada suhu ±27°C selama 4 minggu. Sebagian dari contoh diambil dan lalu diperiksa setelah masa inkubasi 1, 2, 3, dan 4 minggu. Sakarifikasi dilakukan menggunakan enzim selulase sebanyak 20 FPU per g biomassa dan β-glukosidase dalam shaking waterbath pada suhu 50°C selama 48 jam. Analisis gula pereduksi, glukosa dan xilosa dilakukan terhadap hasil sakarifikasi. Rendemen gula pereduksi, konsentrasi glukosa dan xilosa tertinggi dari tandan kosong kelapa sawit. diperoleh dari sakarifikasi serat dengan pretreatment selama 4 minggu, yaitu masing-masing 13,08%, 0,86 mg/g dan 0,13 mg/g, sedangkan rendemen gula pereduksi, konsentrasi glukosa dan xilosa tertinggi dari pelepah kelapa sawit didapatkan dari sakarifikasi substrat dengan pretreatment selama 2 minggu, yaitu masing-masing 8,98%, 0,92 mg/g dan 0,23 mg/g.
Sumber Daya Alam dan Pengembangan Inovatif Teknologi Proses Abimanyu, Haznan
PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2013
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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Biological Pretreatment of Oil Palm Frond Fiber Using White-Rot Fungi for Enzymatic Saccharification Hermiati, Euis; Anita, Sita; Risanto, Lucky; Styarini, Dyah; Sudiyani, Yanni; Hanafi, Achmad; Abimanyu, Haznan
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 17, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.583 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/mst.v17i1.260

Abstract

Oil palm frond is one type of lignocellulosic biomass abundantly and daily available in Indonesia. It contains cellulose which can be converted to glucose, and further processed to produce different kinds of value –added products. The aim of this research is to study the effects of biological pretreatment of oil palm frond (OPF) fiber using Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Trametes versicolor on the enzymatic saccharification of the biomass. The OPF fiber (40-60 mesh sizes) was inoculated with cultures of the two fungi and incubated at 27 °C for 4 weeks. The samples were taken after 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks of incubation. Chemical components of the biomass after pretreatment were analyzed. The saccharification of the pretreated samples using cellulase and β-glucosidase was performed in a water bath shaker at 50 °C for 48 hours. The concentration of reducing sugar increased with increasing of incubation time, either in those pretreated with culture of P. chrysosporium or with T. versicolor. Pretreatment of OPF fiber using single culture of T. versicolor for 4 weeks gave the highest reducing sugar yield (12.61% of dry biomass).
SAKARIFIKASI SERAT TANDAN KOSONG DAN PELEPAH KELAPA SAWIT SETELAH PRETREATMENT MENGGUNAKAN KULTUR CAMPURAN JAMUR PELAPUK PUTIH Phanerochaete chrysosporium dan Trametes versicolor Hermiati, Euis; Risanto, Lucky; Anita, Sita Heris; Aristiawan, Yosi; Hanafi, Ahmad; Abimanyu, Haznan
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 32, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jphh.2014.32.2.111-122

Abstract

Penggunaan kultur campuran jamur pelapuk putih pada proses pretreatment bahan lignoselulosa belum banyak diteliti. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh penggunaan kultur  Phanerochaete chrysosporium dan Trametes versicolor pada proses pretreatment serat tandan kosong dan pelepah kelapa sawit terhadap hasil sakarifikasinya. Inokulum P. Chrysosporium dan T. versicolor dituangkan ke dalam sampel substrat serat tandan kosong dan pelepah kelapa sawit (40-60 mesh) yang telah disterilkan, masing-masing sebanyak 5% (w/v), sehingga total inokulum yang ditambahkan ke dalam kedua macam substrat masing-masing 10% (w/v). Sampel diinkubasikan pada suhu ±27°C selama 4 minggu. Sebagian dari contoh diambil dan lalu diperiksa setelah masa inkubasi 1, 2, 3, dan 4 minggu. Sakarifikasi dilakukan menggunakan enzim selulase sebanyak 20 FPU per g biomassa dan β-glukosidase dalam shaking waterbath pada suhu 50°C selama 48 jam. Analisis gula pereduksi, glukosa dan xilosa dilakukan terhadap hasil sakarifikasi. Rendemen gula pereduksi, konsentrasi glukosa dan xilosa tertinggi dari tandan kosong kelapa sawit. diperoleh dari sakarifikasi serat dengan pretreatment selama 4 minggu, yaitu masing-masing 13,08%, 0,86 mg/g dan 0,13 mg/g, sedangkan rendemen gula pereduksi, konsentrasi glukosa dan xilosa tertinggi dari pelepah kelapa sawit didapatkan dari sakarifikasi substrat dengan pretreatment selama 2 minggu, yaitu masing-masing 8,98%, 0,92 mg/g dan 0,23 mg/g.
HIDROLISIS LIGNOSELULOSA PELEPAH DAN TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT DENGAN KATALIS ZIRKONIA TERSULFATASI Kristiani, Anis; Sembiring, Kiky Corneliasari; Abimanyu, Haznan; Aulia, Fauzan
Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Applied Chemistry) Vol 15, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Research Center for Chemistry - LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2609.593 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jkti.v15i2.112

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass which are frond and empty fruit bunches (EFB) is second generation raw material for ethanol production. Lignocellulose usage is expected to create a green process. Utilization of lignocellulose materials into ethanol involved four main processes, i.e pretreatment, hydrolysis/sacharification, fermentation, distillation and dehydration ethanol that was product. This research aims to optimize hydrolysis process of EFB and frond by using sulfated zirconia catalyst characterized its physical and chemical properties as a solid acid catalyst. Catalytic hydrolysis process conducted at 160 DCfor 3 hours gave the highest TRS (Total Reducing Sugar) which is 17,51 % for EFB while for frondfor 2 hours which is 19,23 % .Keyword: Hydrolysis, solid acid catalyst, lignocellulose, frond, EFB, sulfated zirconia
PREPARATION OF MgO-CeO2 MIXED OXIDE WITH IONIC LIQUID AS CATALYST FOR DIMETHYL CARBONATE SYNTHESIS VIA TRANSESTERIFICATION Abimanyu, Haznan; Sang Yoo, Kye; Ahn, Byoung-Sung
Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Applied Chemistry) Vol 12, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Research Center for Chemistry - LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4088.324 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jkti.v12i2.212

Abstract

The synthesis and application of dimethyl carbonate (DMC) are achieving increasing importance due to its low toxicity and versatile reactivity. The phosgenation-route has been losing attraction recently due to the use of virulent phosgene. In transesterification process, DMC is co-generated with ethylene glycol (EG). In this study, various ionic liquids were used as template in coprecipitation methods to prepare mesoporous MgO-CeO2 mixed oxides particles. Among the ionic liquids, [Bmim][BF6] displayed the best performance in terms of activity, while [Omim][PF6] obtained the best selectivity for this reaction. The addition of IL's in the coprecipitation method increased the surface areaand pore volume of the catalysts. Meanwhile, the crystallite size of the catalysts was reduced many times. However, there is no effect of the surface areaand particle size as well on the catalytic activity of the catalyst in this reaction. The activity and selectivity of the catalyst depend on the base strength distribution. The moderate basic site is responsible for the catalytic activity, while the selectivity is more dependableon the strong basic site. Keyword: preparation, MgO-CeO2, ionic liquid, dimethyl carbonate, coprecipitati
STUDIES ON KINETICS OF DIMETHYL CARBONATE SYNTHESIS BY HOMOGENEOUS TRANSESTERIFICATION Abimanyu, Haznan
Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Research Center for Chemistry - LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2510.684 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jkti.v11i2.158

Abstract

A comprehensive kinetic study on dimethyl carbonate synthesis by transesterification of ethylene carbonate with methanol has been conducted. An alkali base metal (KOH) was used as catalyst in the synthesis of DMC and its catalytic ability was investigated in term of kinetics. The reaction orders, the activation energy and the rate constants were determined for both forward and backward reactions. The reaction is reversible and the equilibrium rate constant wasestimated to be 135.77exp(-16542.4/RT).Keywords : dimethyl carbonate synthesis, transesterification reaction, kinetic study on DMC synthesis
Effect of Non Ionic Surfactant Addition to Cellulase Performance in High-Substrate-Loading-Hydrolysis of Palm Oil EFB and Water-Hyacinth Bardant, Teuku Beuna; Sudiyarmanto, Sudiyarmanto; Abimanyu, Haznan; Hanum, Aisha Kania
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 13, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2722.097 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijc.21326

Abstract

Enzymatic hydrolysis with high substrate loading of palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) empty fruit bunch (EFB) and water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) were investigated as a prior part of ethanol production from lignocelluloses. Commercial surfactant Span 85 and Tween 20 were used as cellulase performance enhancer in hydrolysis process with substrate loading above 20% (w/w). Cellulase performances were compared based on hydrolysis conversion. Hydrolysis conversions of EFB using cellulase with concentration 10 and 15 FPU/g-substrate was 38.55% and 88.80% respectively. Addition 2% (v/v) of Tween 20 to EFB hydrolysis reaction with cellulase concentration 10 FPU/g-substrate gave the conversion 87.30%. This addition enhance the cellulase performance up to 226.5% or similar with the performance of cellulase 15 FPU/g substrate. Addition 2% (v/v) of Span 85 to the similar reaction only enhances cellulase performance to 174.7%. Hydrolysis conversion of boiling-pretreated water-hyacinth and autoclave-pretreated water-hyacinth using cellulase 15 FPU/g-substrate was 45.84% and 52.29% respectively. Addition 2% (v/v) of Tween 20 and Span 85 to boiling-pretreated water-hyacinth hydrolysis with cellulase concentration 15 FPU/g-substrate enhance cellulase performance of 128.9% and 153.5% respectively. Addition 1% (v/v) of Tween 20 and Span 85 to the similar reaction with cellulase concentration 10 FPU/g-substrate gave conversions 51.00% and 53.79% respectively, or similar with conversion of autoclave-pretreated water-hyacinth hydrolysis with 15 FPU/g-substrate.
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF 2ND GENERATION BIOETHANOL DERIVED FROM EMPTY-FRUIT-BUNCH (EFB) OF OIL-PALM ON PERFORMANCE AND EXHAUST EMISSION OF SI ENGINE Putrasari, Yanuandri; Abimanyu, Haznan; Praptijanto, Achmad; Nur, Arifin; Irawan, Yan; Simanungkalit, Sabar Pangihutan
Journal of Mechatronics, Electrical Power and Vehicular Technology Vol 5, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Research Centre for Electrical Power and Mechatronics, Indonesian Istitutes of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/j.mev.2014.v5.9-16

Abstract

The experimental investigation of 2nd generation bioethanol derived from EFB of oil-palm blended with gasoline for 10, 20, 25% by volume and pure gasoline were conducted on performance and exhaust emission tests of SI engine. A four stroke, four cylinders, programmed fuel injection (PGMFI), 16 valves variable valve timing and electronic lift control (VTEC), single overhead camshaft (SOHC), and 1,497 cm3 SI engine (Honda/L15A) was used in this investigation. Engine performance test was carried out for brake torque, power, and fuel consumption. The exhaust emission was analyzed for carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC). The engine was operated on speed range from1,500 until 4,500 rev/min with 85% throttle opening position. The results showed that the highest brake torque of bioethanol blends achieved by 10% bioethanol content at 3,000 to 4,500 rpm, the brake power was greater than pure gasoline at 3,500 to 4,500 rpm for 10% bioethanol, and bioethanol-gasoline blends of 10 and 20% resulted greater bsfc than pure gasoline at low speed from 1,500 to 3,500 rpm. The trend of CO and HC emissions tended to decrease when the engine speed increased.
ULTRAVIOLET MUTAGENESIS OF LOCAL ISOLATE Trichoderma sp. T065 FOR IMPROVING CELLULASES ACTIVITY (Mutagenesis Isolat Lokal Trichoderma sp. T065 menggunakan Ultraviolet untuk meningkatkan Aktivitas Selulase) Anindyawati, Trisanti; Jusuf, Eddy; Abimanyu, Haznan
JURNAL SELULOSA Vol 6, No 01 (2016): JURNAL SELULOSA
Publisher : Center for Pulp and Paper

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1043.034 KB) | DOI: 10.25269/jsel.v6i01.65

Abstract

Mutagenesis of indigenous fungal isolates Trichoderma sp. T065 was achieved by UV light in a laminar air flow and UV crosslinker to increase cellulase activity. Thirty-four mutants were tested for their growth capacity in mineral agar with several carbon sources: Whatman filter paper no.1, 1% carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), 2% cellulose powder, 1% Avicel and 4% delignified oil palm empty fruit bunches (DOPEFB) with granule size of 200 mesh. Three mutants (UV-1.1, 1.2-UV and UV-1.3) showed bigger growth zone on cellulose substrate of 4% DOPEFB than that of wild type Trichoderma sp. T065. The highest cellulase activities were 0.65 FPU/mL and 0.57 FPU/mL from UV-1.1 and UV-1- 3, respectively higher than wild type that is equal to 0.038 FPU/mL.Keywords: Trichoderma sp. T065, mutations, UV light, carbon source, cellulase activityABSTRAKMutagenesis isolat lokal kapang Trichoderma sp. T065 dilakukan dengan sinar UV pada laminar air flow dan UV crosslinker untuk meningkatkan aktivitas selulase. Tiga puluh empat kapang mutan diuji kapasitas pertumbuhannya pada mineral agar dengan beberapa jenis sumber karbon yaitu kertas saring Whatman no.1, 1% carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), 2% serbuk selulosa, 1% avicel dan 4% tandan kosong sawit (TKS) dengan ukuran granula 200 mesh. Tiga mutan (UV-1.1, UV-1.2 dan UV- 1.3) mempunyai zona pertumbuhan yang lebih besar pada substrat selulosa dengan sumber karbon 4% TKS daripada isolat asli Trichoderma sp. T065. Aktivitas selulase tertinggi adalah 0,65 FPU/mL dan 0,57 FPU/mL berturut-turut dari mutan UV-1.1 dan UV-1.3 yang lebih tinggi dari isolat aslinya yaitu 0,038 FPU/mL.Kata kunci : Trichoderma sp. T065, mutasi, sinar UV, sumber karbon, aktivitas selulase