Chaerul Achmad
Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran

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Comparison of Functional Capacity using Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Pharmacological Therapy on ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Wardhani, Andini Nurkusuma; Achmad, Chaerul; Sastradimaja, Sunaryo B.
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is a shift manifestations pattern of ischemic myocardium. Revascularization either with Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) or pharmacological therapy is an optional treatment for ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome (STEACS) patients. The aim of the study was to compare the functional capacity using six-minute walking test on STEACS patients who underwent Primary PCI or pharmacological therapy.Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from September to October 2012 to 35 STEACS patients who were treated after two years. The samples were obtained from the list of patients at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. Inclusion criteria consisted of patients diagnosed as STEACS, cooperative and not experiencing cognitive disturbance. The exclusion criteria were STEACS patients with unstable angina or myocardial infarct in the last month, stable exertional angina, and pregnant women. The patients underwent 6 minutes walking test,VO2max was measured using theCalahin and Cooper formula, then Metabolic Equation Task (METs) was calculated. Data were analyzed by unpaired T-test.Results: There were 19 Primary PCI and 16 pharmacological therapy patients. The average of age between the two groups was distributed evenly. Most of the STEACS patients were male, had a college/academic degree and were retired. Patients treated with pharmacological therapy had higher average of VO2 max and METs than patients with Primary PCI. There was no significantly differences of METs between those groups (p>0.05)Conclusions: There were no significantly differences of functional capacity in STEACS patients treated with Primary PCI or Pharmacological therapy. [AMJ.2015;2(1):162–6]
HUBUNGAN KADAR APELIN DENGAN DISFUNGSI DIASTOL PADA PENDERITA GAGAL JANTUNG DENGAN FRAKSI EJEKSI NORMAL Rostiati, Dini; Erwinanto, -; Yahya­, Achmad Fauzi; Achmad, Chaerul; Tedjokusumo, Pintoko; Hidayat, Syarief; Purnomowati, Augustine; Aprami, Toni Mustahsani
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 47, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Apelin merupakan peptida yang berperan dalam mempertahankan performa jantung pada beban tekanan kronik. Penelitian ini bertujuan menilai hubungan antara kadar apelin dan disfungsi diastol pada penderita gagal jantung dengan fraksi ejeksi normal. Analisis statistik korelasi Spearman-Rank. Penelitian dilakukan di Instalasi Rawat Jalan Jantung dan Divisi Diagnostiik Noninvasif Departmen Kardiologi dan Kedokteran Vaskular Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode Januari?April 2014. Hasil penelitian didapatkan 50 penderita laki-laki sebanyak 24 (48%) dan perempuan 26 (52%), usia rata-rata 58,72 (11,02) tahun, durasi hipertensi 1?30 tahun, median 5 tahun. Indeks massa tubuh rata-rata 24,13 kg/m2. Median tekanan darah sistol 130 (120?180) mmHg, median tekanan darah diastol 90 (70?110)mmHg. Fraksi ejeksi median 65 (49?77%), pengobatan dengan Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) sebanyak 48%, calcium channel blocker (CCB) 27%, beta bloker 6%, angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) 3%, dan diuretik 1%. Pengukuran fungsi diastol, tissue doppler imaging (TDI) rata-rata 10,32, deceleration time rata-rata 228,2 detik, median rasio E/A (early/atrial (late) ventricular filling velocities) 0,77 (0,43?1,53), median isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) 92 (60?177) detik. Median kadar apelin 1080,5 (993,2?1113) pg/mL. Sebagai simpulan, terdapat korelasi positif antara kadar apelin dan disfungsi diastol yang dihitung dengan TDI (R=0,3445, p=0,014). Apelin dapat digunakan untuk menilai gejala dan prognosis pada penderita gagal jantung dengan fraksi ejeksi normal karena kadarnya meningkat pada beban tekanan disertai fibrosis yang  sedikit dan menurun pada beban tekanan disertai fibrosis yang luas.[MKB. 2015;47(2):91?5]Kata kunci: Apelin, disfungsi diastol, fraksi ejeksi normal, gagal jantung, TDICorrelation between Plasma Apelin Level and Diastolic Dysfunction in Heart Failure Patients with Preserved Ejection Fraction AbstractApelin ia a novel multifunction peptide implicated in cardiovascular performance regulation in chronic pressure overload. Plasma apelin level and its correlation to diastolic dysfunction in patient heart failure with preserved ejection fraction were investigated. Hypertensive patients with heart failure but without coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, obese, and diabetes mellitus were enrolled in this study. Each patients underwent plasma apelin measurement and echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular diastolic function. Statistical analysis was conducted using Spearman Rank. Fifty patients,  24 males (48%) and 26 females (52%),  met the inclusion criteria.  The mean age of the participants was 58.72 (11.02) years with a duration of hypertension between 1?30 years, median 5 year. Mean body mass index was 24.13 kg/m2. Systolic blood pressure median was 130 (120?180)mmHg while the diastolic blood pressure median was 90 (70?110)mmHg. Left ventricular ejection fraction median was 65 (49?77)%, treatment with Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) was 48%, calcium channel blocker (CCB) was 27%, beta blocker was 6%, angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) was 3%, and diuretic was 1%. Diastolic function assessment with tissue doppler imaging (TDI) resulted in a mean of 10.32, deceleration time mean of 228.2, E/A (early/atrial (late) filling velocities) ratio median of 0.77 (0.43?1.53),and IVRT (isovolumic relaxation time) median of 92 (59?177). Plasma apelin measurement median was 1080.5 (993.2?11) pg/mL. In conclusion, there is a positive correlation between plasma apelin level and diastolic function (TDI) (R=0.3445, p=0.014). There is no significant correlation between plasma apelin level and diastolic function using other criteria. In conclusion, apelin can be used for assessing symptoms and prognosis of heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction because apelin level is upregulated when pressure overload occurs with less fibrosis and down-regulated when pressure overload occurs with marked fibrosis. [MKB. 2015;47(2):91?5]Key words: Apelin, diastolic dysfunction, heart failure, preserved ejection fraction DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v47n2.459
HUBUNGAN ANTARA QT VARIABILITY INDEX DAN LAJU FILTRASI GLOMERULUS PADA PENYAKIT GINJAL KRONIK PREDIALISIS Sugiantoro, -; Purnomowati, Augustine; Martakusumah, Abdul Hadi; Achmad, Chaerul
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 44, No 4 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Penderita penyakit ginjal kronik (PGK) mempunyai risiko yang tinggi untuk mengalami aritmia ventrikel dan kematian mendadak (sudden cardiac death/SCD). Angka kejadian SCD pada penderita PGK meningkat seiring dengan menurunnya laju filtrasi glomerulus (glomerular filtration rate/GFR). Mekanisme patofisiologi yang mendasari SCD pada umumnya aritmia ventrikel yang berhubungan dengan ketidakstabilan repolarisasi miokardium. QT variability index (QTVI), suatu indeks yang menggambarkan ketidakstabilan repolarisasi miokardium, merupakan prediktor yang kuat untuk terjadi aritmia fatal dan SCD. Penelitian ini merupakan studi observasi potong lintang untuk menilai hubungan antara QTVI dan GFR pada penderita PGK predialisis dengan GFR <60 mL/menit. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada penderita PGK yang berobat ke Poliklinik Ginjal Hipertensi Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode Oktober?Desember 2011. Penelitian ini melibatkan 51 subjek. Pemeriksaan elektrokardiografi (EKG) istirahat dilakukan pada semua subjek dan selanjutnya dilakukan penghitungan QTVI. Hampir semua subjek menderita hipertensi atau mendapat antihipertensi (94%). Gambaran EKG dengan hipertrofi ventrikel kiri didapatkan pada 37% subjek dan QTVI rata-rata subjek sebesar 0,16 (SD 0,24). Hubungan antara QTVI dan GFR dianalisis menggunakan Spearman?s rank correlation. QT variability index mempunyai hubungan yang bermakna baik dengan GFR (r=-0,816; p<0,001) maupun dengan estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (r=-0,460; p<0,001). Simpulan, terdapat hubungan sangat kuat antara QTVI dan GFR pada penderita PGK predialisis, makin rendah GFR makin panjang nilai QTVI. [MKB. 2012;44(4):193?98].Kata kunci: Kematian jantung mendadak, laju filtrasi glomerulus, penyakit ginjal kronik, QT variability indexCorrelation between QT Variability Index and Glomerular Filtration Rate in Predialysis Chronic Kidney DiseaseAbstractChronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are at increased risk for ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death (SCD). The rate of SCD in CKD patients increased as glomerular filtration rate decreased. Sudden cardiac death is generally mediated by ventricular arrhythmias associated with instability of myocardial repolarization. QT variability index (QTVI) as an index of myocardial repolarization instability is a strong predictor for fatal ventricular arrhythmias and SCD. The aim of this study was to evaluate correlation between QTVI and GFR(< 60 >mL/minute) in predialysis CKD patients. This study was done in Kidney and Hypertension Clinic of Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung, from October to December 2011. A total of 51 subjects were included in this study and had their resting electrocardiography (ECG) recorded and QTVI calculated, 94% had hypertension or received anti hypertension, while only 37% fulfilled the ECG criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy. We determined the correlation between QTVI and GFR using Spearman?s rank, with mean QTVI 0.16 (SD 0.24), we had strong and significant correlation between QTVI and GFR (r=-0.816, p <0.001) and moderate correlation between QTVI and estimated glomerular filtration rate (r=-0.460, p<0.001). In conclusions, there is a strong correlation between QTVI and GFR in predialysis CKD patients, the lower GFR the higher QTVI value. [MKB. 2012;44(4):193?98].Key words: Chronic kidney disease, glomerular filtration rate, QT variability index, sudden cardiac death DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15395/mkb.v44n4.214
HUBUNGAN KADAR LEPTIN SERUM DENGAN KOMPLEKSITAS LESI KORONER BERDASARKAN SKOR SYNTAX PADA PENDERITA PENYAKIT ARTERI KORONER STABIL Ashari, Fajar; Aprami, Toni Mustahsani; Akbar, Muhammad Rizki; Purnomowati, Augustine; Martha, Januar Wibawa; Achmad, Chaerul; Martanto, Erwan
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 48, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v48n1.730

Abstract

Leptin memiliki peran penting dalam pembentukan plak ateroskleosis dengan mengaktifkan respons sel imun dan respons inflamasi ataupun peran langsung terhadap dinding pembuluh darah koroner. Penelitian terdahulu mengenai hubungan antara kadar leptin serum dan kompleksitas lesi koroner masih menunjukkan kontroversi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan antara kadar leptin serum dan kompleksitas lesi koroner berdasarkan skor SYNTAX pada penderita penyakit arteri koroner stabil. Metode penelitian berupa observasional, deskriptif, dan analisis korelasi dengan rancangan potong lintang. Subjek penelitian sebanyak 44 orang penderita penyakit arteri koroner (PAK) stabil yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi, menjalani pemeriksaan angiografi koroner di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung selama bulan Januari?Mei 2014. Pengambilan sampel darah untuk pemeriksaan kadar leptin serum dilakukan sebelum tindakan angiografi. Kompleksitas lesi arteri koroner dinilai menggunakan skor SYNTAX. Hasil penelitian didapatkan subjek penelitian 84% laki-laki dengan usia rata-rata 54,68 (+10,24) tahun. Indeks massa tubuh rata-rata 24,71 (+ 3,05) kg/m2. Faktor risiko terbanyak adalah dislipidemia (84%), merokok (72%), hipertensi (38,4%), diabetes melitus (22,7%), dan obesitas (4,5%). Median kadar leptin serum 7.242 (780?36.929) pq/mL, nilai rata-rata skor SYNTAX sebesar 19,52 (+9,93). Analisis menggunakan uji korelasi rank-Spearman tidak didapatkan hubungan (p=0,61; r= 0,078). Perbedaan hasil penelitian ini dengan penelitian sebelumnya disebabkan oleh perbedaan subjek dan kriteria penilaian kompleksitas lesi arteri koroner. Simpulan, tidak terdapat hubungan antara kadar leptin serum dan kompleksitas lesi koroner berdasarkan skor SYNTAX pada penderita penyakit arteri koroner stabil. [MKB. 2016;48(1):26?31]Kata kunci: Kompleksitas lesi koroner, leptin serum, penyakit arteri koroner stabil, skor SYNTAXCorrelation between Serum Leptin Levels and Complexity of Coronary Artery Lesion based on SYNTAX Score in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery DiseaseAbstractLeptin has been shown to play a potential role in the atherosclerotic plaque formation by activating immune and inflammatory cells or directly acting on the vessel wall. Earlier reports of the correlation of serum leptin levels with the degree of coronary lesion stated are still controversial. This study determined the correlation between serum leptin levels and complexity of coronary artery lesion in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD). This is an observational cross-sectional study. Data were collected from January to May 2014 in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital Bandung. Blood samples were collected before angiography procedures. The complexity of coronary artery lesion was assessed using SYNTAX score. There were 44 patients who met inclusion criteria, male 84%, median age 54.68 (+10.24) years. Mean body mass index 24.71 (+ 3.05) kg/m2. Dyslipidemia was the most common risk factor (84%), followed by smoking (72%), hypertension (38.4%), diabetes mellitus (22.7%), and obesity (4.5%). Median leptin level was 7,242 (780-36,929) pq/mL. Mean SYNTAX score was 19.52 (+9.93). Leptin level had no correlation with the complexity of coronary artery lesion (p=0.61, r=0.078). The difference between this study from prior studies might be caused by differences in subject selection and criteria used for complexity of coronary artery lesion. In conclusion, there is no correlation between serum leptin levels and complexity of coronary artery lesion in patients with stable coronary artery disease. [MKB. 2016;48(1):26?31]Key words: Complexity of coronary artery lesion, leptin, stable coronary artery disease, SYNTAX score
Correlation between Triglyceride/HDL Ratio with Severity of Coronary Artery Lesion in Non-Diabetic Stable Angina Pectoris Patients Sudjana, Pramon Aditya; Achmad, Chaerul; Yahya, Achmad Fauzi; Martha, Januar W.; Akbar, M. Rizki
ACI (Acta Cardiologia Indonesiana) Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/aci.40854

Abstract

Background: Triglycerides (TG) as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) is still a matter of controversy but when used as a single ratio with high density lipoprotein (HDL) the predictive value for CAD is better. The TG/HDL ratio is also associated with the presence of small dense LDL (sdLDL) in the body. SdLDL is a more atherogenic LDL subfraction and has been proven to be associated with CAD progression.Aims: This study aims to find the correlation between the TG/HDL ratio and the degree of coronary lesion severity based on the Gensini score in stable non diabetic angina pectoris patients.Methods: This study was a cross sectional study conducted at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital and Hasna Medika Palimanan Hospital. Subjects were non diabetic stable angina pectoris patients ≥18 years old who underwent elective coronary angiography. Blood collection for TG and HDL examination was performed after coronary angiography. Gensini scoring system was used to assess the severity of coronary lesions. The relationship between the TG/HDL ratio and the Gensini score was analyzed using multiple linear regression tests against confounding variables.Results: This study involved 60 patients with stable angina pectoris with a mean age of 60±8 years. The mean TG/HDL ratio is 2.56 ± 1.04. The average Gensini score was 51 ± 36. The TG/HDL ratio was significantly associated with the Gensini score (R = 0.637; p <0.001). Analysis of confounding variables showed age, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome had a weak correlation with Gensini score (r values of 0.321, 0.270, and 0.333, p <0.05, respectively), while those correlating with TG/HDL ratios were men, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome (r values of 0.290, 0.287, and 0.362, p <0.05, respectively).Conclusion: TG/HDL ratio was significantly positively correlated significantly with the severity of coronary lesions based on Gensini score in non diabetic stable angina pectoris patients.
Indeks Massa Ventrikel Kiri dengan Disfungsi Diastole pada Pasien Konsentrik Penyakit Jantung Hipertensi Achmad, Chaerul; Martanto, Erwan; Aprami, Toni Mustahsani; Purnomowati, Augustine; Soedjana Ningrat, R. Reni Farenia; Febrianora, Mega
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v5i1.2194

Abstract

Hipertrofi ventrikel kiri ditunjukkan secara objektif dengan peningkatan indeks massa ventrikel kiri (IMVK). Peningkatan massa ventrikel kiri dan dilatasi jantung ruang adalah parameter untuk penyakit jantung hipertensi (PJH). Remodeling jantung ini mengubah fungsi jantung yang mengakibatkan disfungsi diastolik. Penelitian ini bertujuan menemukan korelasi antara IMVK dan disfungsi diastolik pada pasien PJH konsentrik. Terdapat 49 pasien PJH konsentrik. Dari 49 pasien, 43 pasien dilibatkan, 15 laki-laki (35%) dan 28 perempuan (65%) memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Penelitian dilakukan di Cardiac Centre RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode 1 Oktober 2014–15 February 2015. Pemeriksaan tinggi dan berat badan menggunakan alat SMIC ZT 120. Pemeriksaan ekokardiografi standar dilakukan dan fungsi diastolik dinilai dengan pemeriksaan E/e' menggunakan mesin ekokardiografi Vivid 7. Usia rata-rata subjek adalah 56,56 tahun dan indeks massa tubuh rata-rata adalah 25,96 kg/m2. Tekanan darah sistole rata-rata 145,51 (SD 21,969) mmHg dan diastole rata-rata 85,13 (SD 10,227) mmHg. Frekuensi denyut jantung rata-rata 74,07 kali/menit. Fraksi ejeksi rata-rata 73,02. Obat yang secara teratur diminum oleh subjek angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor pada 17 orang (40%), calcium channel blocker 19 orang (44%), beta-blocker 15 orang (35%), angiotensin II reseptor blocker 9 orang (21%), dan diuretik 4 orang (9%). Nilai IMVK rata-rata 130,36 (SD 21,077) g/m2. Nilai E/e' rata-rata 10,56 (SD 2,761). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara IMVK dan derajat disfungsi diastolik (p=0,73). Data IMVK dan derajat tingkat disfungsi diastolik terdistribusi normal. Simpulan, tidak terdapat hubungan antara IMVK dan disfungsi diastolik pada pasien PJH jenis konsentrik.LEFT VENTICULAR MASS INDEX WITH DIASTOLIC DYSFUNCTION IN HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE PATIENTSLeft ventricular hypertrophy was shown with increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Increased left ventricular mass and cardiac chamber dilatation are parameters for hypertensive heart disease (HHD). This cardiac remodeling causes changes in heart function resulting in diastolic dysfunction. This study aimed to find the correlation between LVMI and diastolic dysfunction in patients with concentric HHD. We enrolled 49 patients with concentric HHD in Cardiac Centre RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung during 1 October 2014 to 15 February 2015, whom 43 met the inclusion criteria, 15 males (35%) and 28 females (65%). The subjects of study height and weight measured using SMIC tool ZT 120. The standard echocardiography examination was performed and diastolic function was assessed by examination of the E/e' using echocardiography machine Vivid 7. The average age of the subjects was 56.56 years with body mass index of 25.96 kg/m2. The average of systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were 145.51 (SD 21.969) and 85.13 (SD 10.227) mmHg respectivelly. The average frequency of heart beats was 74.07 bpm and average ejection fraction was 73.02. Drugs regularly consumed by subjects according to the percentage were: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor {17 (40%)}, calcium channel blocker {19 (44%)}, beta-blocker {15 (35%)}, angiotensin II receptor blocker {9 (21%)}, and diuretics {4 (9%)}. The average value of LVMI was 130.36 (SD 21.077) g/m2 and the average value of E/e' was 10.56 (SD 2.761). The result show that there was no significant correlation between LVMI and the degree of diastolic dysfunction (p=0.73). The data LVMI and the degree of diastolic dysfunction levels were normally distributed. In conclusion, there is no correlation between LVMI and diastolic dysfunction in patients with HHD concentric type.
Comparison of Functional Capacity using Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Pharmacological Therapy on ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Wardhani, Andini Nurkusuma; Achmad, Chaerul; Sastradimaja, Sunaryo B.
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (534.588 KB)

Abstract

Background: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is a shift manifestations pattern of ischemic myocardium. Revascularization either with Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) or pharmacological therapy is an optional treatment for ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome (STEACS) patients. The aim of the study was to compare the functional capacity using six-minute walking test on STEACS patients who underwent Primary PCI or pharmacological therapy.Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from September to October 2012 to 35 STEACS patients who were treated after two years. The samples were obtained from the list of patients at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. Inclusion criteria consisted of patients diagnosed as STEACS, cooperative and not experiencing cognitive disturbance. The exclusion criteria were STEACS patients with unstable angina or myocardial infarct in the last month, stable exertional angina, and pregnant women. The patients underwent 6 minutes walking test,VO2max was measured using theCalahin and Cooper formula, then Metabolic Equation Task (METs) was calculated. Data were analyzed by unpaired T-test.Results: There were 19 Primary PCI and 16 pharmacological therapy patients. The average of age between the two groups was distributed evenly. Most of the STEACS patients were male, had a college/academic degree and were retired. Patients treated with pharmacological therapy had higher average of VO2 max and METs than patients with Primary PCI. There was no significantly differences of METs between those groups (p>0.05)Conclusions: There were no significantly differences of functional capacity in STEACS patients treated with Primary PCI or Pharmacological therapy. [AMJ.2015;2(1):162–6]
Correlation between HbA1c Levels with Carotid Intima Media Thickness in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Pramayudha, Reza; Achmad, Chaerul; Erwinanto, Erwinanto; Martha, Januar W.; Akbar, M.Rizki
ACI (Acta Cardiologia Indonesiana) Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.116 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/aci.50218

Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common chronic disease in the world. Macrovascular complications such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases can be detected early, one of them by using an ultrasound examination to assess carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). HbA1c examination had a strong predictive value for the occurrence of T2DM complications. HbA1c levels are associated with CIMT in the non-DM group. In the T2DM group there was an increase in CIMT compared to the non DM group. HbA1c levels can be used as a predictor of the progression of CIMT improvement in the T2DM group, but there is no study on populations with newly diagnosed T2DM.Aims: This study was conducted to find out the correlation between HbA1c in newly diagnosed T2DM and CIMT.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with correlation analysis carried out on newly diagnosed T2DM in four Primary Health Centers in the city of Bandung who were randomly selected from July to August 2018. HbA1c measurement was carried out at Dr. Hasan Sadikin hospital. The CIMT examination was done according to the Manheim Consensus by a cardiologist. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to assess the relationship between those two variables.Results: This study involved 32 subjects with a median age of 52 (40 - 60) years. The mean value of CIMT was 0.77±0.22 mm, while the median value of HbA1c was 6.7 (5.2- 12.3). Bivariate analysis showed a moderate positive correlation between HbA1c and CIMT in newly diagnosed patients with T2DM. (r= 0.567, p<0.001).Conclusion: There was a significant positive correlation between HbA1c in newly diagnosed T2DM and CIMT.