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DAMPAK INPUT (TENAGA KERJA) DAN OUTPUT (GDP) SEKTOR PERTANIAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI PEMERINTAH DI INDONESIA Nurjanah, Rahma; Achmad, Erni
Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.377 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/paradigma.v13i1.4900

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the development of inputs (labor) and output (GDP) in the agricultural sector and government consumption in Indonesia during the period 1993-2014 and analyze the impact of inputs (labor) and output (GDP) on the agricultural sector on government consumption in Indonesia. The result of the research show during period from 1993-2014 output GDP in agriculture sector is 17% with an average value is 496,9 trillion rupiah. For agricultural sector workers the average value of growth is equal to -0.007%, with an average value of 39,621.18 thousand people, the highest growth occurred in 1998 which amounted to 13.29% and the lowest growth occurred in 1997 which was equal to -7.76%. The regression results show that the GDP variable Output of the agricultural sector has a positive and significant effect on government consumption, while the agricultural sector labor variable has no significant effect on government consumption.
ANALISIS SEKTOR-SEKTOR EKONOMI PROVINSI JAMBI Putra, Harry Gunawan; Hidayat, M. Syurya; Achmad, Erni
e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 4 No 2 (2015): e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze: (1) the development of GRDP and economic sectors in Jambi Province; (2) a shift in economic sectors in the structure of the economy in Jambi Province; (3) base sector in Jambi Province; (4) typology of growth in the base sector in the economy in Jambi Province. The data used are secondary data from Jambi Province during the period 2000 - 2012. Data is sourced from the Central Bureau of Statistics of Jambi Province and the Bappeda of Jambi Province. The analytical tool used is shift share analysis, Location Quotient and typology of Klassen. The results of the study indicate that: (1) the average development of the GRDP of Jambi Province during the period 2000-2012 was 6.43 percent. The economic sector with the highest development is the finance, leasing & business services sector, and the smallest sector of economic development is the services sector; (2) the average contribution of the primary sector to the GRDP of Jambi Province during the period 2000-2012 was 43.49 percent, the secondary sector was 35.36 percent and the tertiary sector was 21.15 percent; (3) the base or superior sector in Jambi Province during the period 2000-2012 was the agricultural sector, mining & quarrying sector, electricity, gas & clean water sector, trade, hotel & restaurant sector and transportation & communication sector; (4) Jambi Province is categorized as a developed region and is growing rapidly. The sectors that are categorized as advanced and rapidly growing sectors are the agricultural industry sector, mining & quarrying sector, electricity, gas & water, construction sector, trade, hotel & restaurant sector and services sector. The sector that is categorized as an advanced but depressed sector is the transportation & communication sector. The sectors categorized as potential sectors are the manufacturing industry sector, and the financial, leasing & business services sector.
KEMAMPUAN ANGGARAN PENDAPATAN DESA: STUDI KOMPARATIF PADA DESA TANJUNG MULIA DAN DESA UJUNG TANJUNG DI KECAMATAN BAHAR SELATAN KABUPATEN MUARO JAMBI Apriyanto, Andri; Parmadi, Parmadi; Achmad, Erni
e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 7 No 1 (2018): e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze: 1) the level of dependency of income budget at Tanjung Mulia Village and Ujung Tanjung Village Muaro Jambi Regency to Budget of Revenue and Expenditure of Region; 2) the level of decentralization of income budget of Tanjung Mulia Village and Ujung Tanjung Village Muaro Jambi Regency The data used are APBDes data and fund allocation of Desa Tanjung Mulia village and Ujung Tanjung village in South Bahar Subdistrict during 2010-2015 period. The results of the study found that the dependency ratio in Tanjung Mulia and Ujung Tanjung villages is still relatively high. Based on the degree of decentralization of the village income budget, Desa Tanjung Mulia is quite autonomous while Ujung Tanjung Village is less autonomous. Keywords: APBDes, ADD, Dependency Ratio, Decentralization Abstrak Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk menganalisis: 1) tingkat ketergantungan anggaran pendapatan pada Desa Tanjung Mulia dan Desa Ujung Tanjung Kabupaten Muaro Jambi terhadap Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Daerah; 2) besaran tingkat desentralisasi anggaran pendapatan Desa Tanjung Mulia dan Desa Ujung Tanjung Kabupaten Muaro Jambi Data yang digunakan adalah data APBDes dan alokasi dana desa Desa Tanjung Mulia dan Desa Ujung Tanjung di Kecamatan Bahar Selatan selama periode tahun 2010-2015. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa rasio ketergantungan di Desa Tanjung Mulia dan  Desa Ujung Tanjung masih  tergolong tinggi.  Berdasarkan rasio derajat desentralisasi anggaran pendapatan desa, Desa Tanjung Mulia cukup otonom sedangkan Desa Ujung Tanjung kurang otonom. Kata kunci: APBDes, ADD, Rasio Ketergantungan, Desentralisasi
ANALISIS KONSUMSI MASYARAKAT INDONESIA SEBELUM DAN SETELAH KRISIS EKONOMI Fikri, M.; Amir, Amri; Achmad, Erni
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 1 No 3 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to determine and analyze how big the marginal propensity to consume (MPC) and the average propensity to consume (APC) the people of Indonesia before and after the economic crisis and to find out and analyze what factors are affecting the consumption of Indonesian society. The method used in this research is descriptive and quantitative methods. From the research : 1) the marginal propensity to consume (MPC) the people of Indonesia after the economic crisis has decreased and the average propensity to consume (APC) the people of Indonesia after the economic crisis have increased.   2) Before the economic crisis affecting consume of Indonesian society is the national income and deposit rates. After the economic crisis affecting consume of Indonesian society is the national income and inflation. And overall, both before and after the economic crisis affecting consume of Indonesian society is the national income and deposit rates. Keywords: Marginal Propensity to Consume, Average Propensity to Consume, Economic Crisis
TINGKAT KETERGANTUNGAN FISKAL DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI KOTA JAMBI Ariansyah, M.; Amir, Amri; Achmad, Erni
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 1 No 3 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This research aims to calculate Fiscal Needs in Jambi City and analyze the level of dependence on Fiscal relations with the Economic Growth in Jambi and see how much the rate dependence of the Fiscal Jambi City to the Central Government. These results indicate that the Fiscal Needs in Jambi city has increased significantly each year, the average growth of 46.28 %. Local Government Fiscal Dependence level of Jambi City to the Central Government is very High, the average in the past 11 years (2000 s / d 2010) the proportion of PAD to the total of the local revenue obtained an average of 9.6% and the proportion of average fund balance of the total of local revenues obtained an average of 90.4%, The relationship between the level of fiscal dependence with the Economic Growth in Jambi is very low, amounting to only 0.068.Keywords: Fiscal Need, Local Revenue, Fiscal Dependence
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN DI SEKITAR TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT DUA BELAS (STUDI KASUS DESA-DESA PENYANGGA TNBD DI KECAMATAN MARO SEBO ULU, KABUPATEN BATANG HARI) Syaf, Rudi; Hidayat, M. Syurya; Achmad, Erni
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 1 No 2 (2013): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

Poverty and forestry has inter-connected one another. Most of the poor people live in the urban area are closely interacted with forest. This fact has been showed in some studies which are clearly stated that poor people are mostly found nearby forest area. Bukit Dua Belas national park as one of national park in Jambi province had experienced drastical forest degradation for the last 20 years. Based on the data alalysis from Citra Satelite, the total of degraded forest area is approximately 69,825 ha or in average is 3,492 ha per year. It happens because of massive encroachment which is done by the local people in a purpose to open communities? farming. The primary objective of this research is to analyze which factors has contributed to communities? impovorishment around TNBD. The result of this study shows that the distance of farming, size of land,  the management and the status of land are the potential factor affecting the communities? income significantly.   Keywords: national park, forestry, forest degradation, poor people
ANALISIS PRODUKSI, DISTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN PETANI DAN DAMPAK PROGRAM OPTIMALISASI LAHAN TERHADAP PRODUKSI PADI SAWAH DI KABUPATEN MUARO JAMBI Junaidi, Junaidi; Zamzami, Zamzami; Achmad, Erni
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2 No 1 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

The purposes of this study are ; ( 1 ) How does the social and economic characteristics of rice farmers in Jambi Muaro ; ( 2 ) What factors are affecting rice production in Muaro Jambi; ( 3 ) How is the impact of the land optimization program toward the increase of rice production in Muaro Jambi and ( 4 ) How is the income distribution of rice farmers in Muaro Jambi. The methodology of research used in this study is survey method using primary data and secondary data . Analysis tools used in this study are qualitative description and quantitative description using Cobb Douglas Production-Function Model , and the Gini Index Ratio . The findings in this study are ; ( 1 ) The Average production per hectare of rice farmers in the study area during the growing season was below the average production of Muaro Jambi district . ( 2 ) Over-All Test ( F Test ) showed that the land variable, orea fertilizer , seeds, labor capital , farming experience and education level have  influenced the rice production . While based on the partial test, it was showed that only the land area variable ( X1 ) and orea fertilizer ( x2 ) which significantly influence rice production while the amount of seed variable ( X3 ) , labor ( X4 ) , capital ( X5 ) , experience ( D1 ) , and formal education ( D2 ) had no significant effect on rice production in the research area ' ( 3 ) The land optimization has increased the income of the farmers' compared to pre-optimization condition, but the gini index ratio is higher as a result of the maximization of income to farmers who have more land which is proven by The Gini Index Ratio: 0.30 in pre-optimization and after optimization of land it raises to 0:32 ; ( 4 ) The Land-Optimization Program which has implemented by the Government Muaro Jambi has positive impact both on increasing rice production and the income of farmers.   Key words : Optimization of Land , Production Optimization , Gini Ratio
ANALISIS PENGARUH EKSPOR NETO TERHADAP NILAI TUKAR RUPIAH TERHADAP DOLAR AMERIKA SERIKAT DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI INDONESIA Mustika, Candra; Umiyati, Etik; Achmad, Erni
Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika Vol 10 No 2 (2015): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.284 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/paradigma.v10i2.3673

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perkembangan Nilai Ekspor neto ,Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Nilai tukar rupiah terhadap US dollar di Indonesia, selama periode tahun 1993 sampai tahun 2014 dan menganalisis pengaruh Nilai Ekspor neto terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Nilai Tukar rupiah per US dollar di Indonesiaselama periode tahun 1993 sampai 2014 hasil penelitian menunjukkan Perkembangan ekspor neto Indonesia selama periode 1993 sampai 2014 mengalami naik turun atau fluktuasi dengan rata-rata nilai ekspor adalah 17952,77 dalam Juta US Dollar dan rata-rata perkembangannya adalah 14,84%. selama periode tahun 1993 sampai 2014 rata-rata pertumbuhan ekonomi Indonesia adalah 4,71% dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi tertinggi terjadi pada tahun 1995 yakni sebesar 8,2% dan pertumbuhan ekonomi terendah terjadi pada tahun 1998 yakni -13,1%, terlihat selama periode tahun 1993 sampai tahun 2014 rata-rata nilai tukar rupiah terhadap dollar amerika serikat adalah 7.854,27 dan rata-rata perkembangannya adalah 14,60% dengan penguatan rupiah tertinggi atau penurunan dollar terendah terjadi pada tahun 1999 yakni -21,55% dan penurunan rupiah tertinggi atau penguatan dollar tertinggi terjadi pada tahun 1998 yakni sebesar 244,24%. Hasil regresi menunjukkan bahwa selama periode penelitian yakni tahun 1993 sampai tahun 2014 ekspor neto tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi Indonesia dan ekspor neto berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap nilai tukar rupiah per US dolar.   Kata Kunci : Nilai Ekspor ke neto, Pertumbuhan ekonomi dan Nilai tukar (Kurs)
HUBUNGAN BELANJA DAERAH, PMDN, PMA, TENAGA KERJA DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI PROVINSI JAMBI (PENDEKATAN KAUSALITAS GRANGER) Latif, Maskur; Syaparuddin, Syaparuddin; Achmad, Erni
e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6 No 2 (2017): e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the relationship between regional expenditure, foreign investment, domestic investment and labor towards economic growth in Jambi Province. The data used is secondary data time series period 2000 - 2015. Analysis using the Grangger Causality test method. The results of the study found that: 1) economic growth that has a two-way causality relationship to the expenditure of the capital expenditure of the Government of Jambi Province. Both variables have a causality relationship within a period of 3 years while in the period of 1 to 2 years both variables do not influence each other. 2) domestic investment that has a one-way causality relationship to economic growth Increased domestic investment is able to drive the economic growth rate of Jambi Province in a period of 2 to 3 years but on the contrary the rate of economic growth is not able to influence domestic investment both in term short and long term; 3) Foreign investment that has a one-way causality relationship to economic growth in the first and third years respectively. This means that the rate of economic growth affects the total revenue from foreign investment in the first year and foreign investment affects the economic growth rate of Jambi Province in the third year; 4) Economic growth does not have a causal relationship with labor in this study
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI TINGKAT PENGANGGURAN TERDIDIK DI PROVINSI JAMBI Rosalina, Rosalina; Prihanto, Purwaka Hari; Achmad, Erni
e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 7 No 2 (2018): e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

The study aims to analyze the influence of education levels, economic growth, employment opportunities and wages on the level of educated unemployment in Jambi Province. The data used is time series secondary data from 2001-2016. Data is sourced from the Central Bureau of Statistics of Jambi Province. Data were analyzed descriptively and multiple regression models. The results showed that simultaneously the level of education, economic growth, the level of employment and wages had a significant influence on the level of educated unemployment in Jambi Province. Partially the level of education and the level of employment have a significant effect while economic growth and wages do not affect the level of educated unemployment in Jambi Province.