Enny Adelina
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KOMPATIBILITAS BATANG BAWAH NANGKA TAHAN KERING DENGAN ENTRIS NANGKA ASAL SULAWESI TENGAH DENGAN CARA SAMBUNG PUCUK Tambing, Yohanis; Adelina, Enny; Budiarti, Tati; Murniati, Endang
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 15, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

The research on vegetative breeding of jack fruit has been conducted through grafting method, aiming at finding out the compatibility of lower cultivar resisting to drought stress with the jack fruit entries of pre-eminent varieties originally from central Sulawesi. Generally, the results of the research indicated that all entries except those grafted with the root stock BK-3 and TL-5 could only survive for 2 weeks leaving only their dead scions.  The latter appeared to be compatible with the Palupi entries as they were still able to live and grew until this research ended
LAMA PENYIMPANAN DAN INVIGORASI TERHADAP VIGOR BIBIT KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) Maemunah, Maemunah; Adelina, Enny
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 2, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kevigoran bibit kakao pada berbagai lama penyimpanan dan invigorasi benih. Penelitian ini disusun berdasarkan pola faktorial menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap, dengan 2 faktor.  Faktor pertama adalah lama penyimpanan benih yang terdiri dari lima taraf yaitu: 1) control , 2) lama simpan 2 minggu, 3) lama simpan 4 minggu,  4) lama simpan 6 minggu, 5) lama simpan 8 minggu. Faktor kedua adalah cara invigorasi benih dengan menggunakan ZPT yang terdiri dari empat macam yaitu: 1) tanpa ZPT, 2) 0,01 m mol GA3, 3) 0,01 m mol GA3 + 0,1 m mol NAA, 4) air kelapa.  Data yang diperoleh dianalisis ragam, data yang memiliki koefisien keragaman lebih dari 20% ditransformasikan ke ? x + 0,5  Sedangkan perlakuan yang berpengaruh nyata dilanjutkan dengan uji BNJ pada taraf  0,05.  Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa : Semakin lama benih disimpan menyebabkan vigor bibit juga semakin menurun.  Invigorasi dengan GA3 + NAA memberikan pengaruh yang lebih baik terhadap persentase  bibit vigor, tinggi bibit, jumlah daun dan indeks vigor hipotetik. Air kelapa dapat menjadi alternative cara invigorasi benih kakao yang telah mengalami kemunduran.
PENENTUAN STADIA KEMASAKAN BUAH NANGKA TOAYA MELALUI KAJIAN MORFOLOGI DAN FISIOLOGI BENIH Adelina, Enny
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 2, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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Abstract

Dalam penyediaan benih nangka bermutu, tingkat kemasakan buah menjadi penting karena sangat menentukan vigor dan viabilitas benih yang dihasilkan. Vigor dan viabilitas merupakan refleksi kekuatan tumbuh dan kemampuan adaptasi tanaman saat di lapangan. Pengkajian secara morfologi dengan metode deskriptif dan kajian fisiologi memberikan hasil adanya perubahan morfologi pada setiap umur kemasakan buah. Namun pada stadia kemasakan M4 (Umur 37 Minggu) tidak terjadi perubahan karena atribut pertumbuhan telah mencapai maksimun dan mengalami penurunan setelah tercapai masak fisiologi benih. Perbedaan tingkat kemasakan benih nangka ditandai dengan perbedaan fisiologi seperti Bobot basah, bobot kering, daya berkecambah, kecepatan berkecambah dan pemunculan kecambah. Melalui kajian morfologi diperoleh empat stadia kemasakan buah nangka yakni M1, M2, M3, dan M4 stadia kemasakan yang terbaik untuk dijadikan benih bermutu  adalah stadia M4 (Umur 8 bulan setelah anthesis).
KOMPATIBILITAS BATANG BAWAH NANGKA (ARTOCARPUS HETEROPYLLUS LAMK) KULTIVAR BEKA-3 DAN TULO-5 TERHADAP BERBAGAI ENTRIS TERPILIH Adelina, Enny
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 4, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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Abstract

Telah diketahui bahwa tingkat keberhasilan pertautan sambungan pada tanaman nangka masih sangat rendah. Hal ini diduga akibat faktor fisiologis yaitu tingginya kandungan getah, ketidaksesuaian ukuran diameter batang bawah dengan entris, serta faktor lingkungan di sekitar lokasi pertumbuhan bibit. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut dapat dilakukan saat bibit berumur 3 bulan dan ditanam pada lokasi yang mendukung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan kompatibilitas bibit batang bawah dan keberhasilan pertautan sambungan pada berbagai entris dengan cara grafting pada bibit tanaman nangka. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Juli sampai Oktober 2010, di Desa Mpanau, Kecamatan Sigi Biromaru, Kabupaten Sigi, Sulawesi Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola faktorial 2 faktor. Faktor pertama menggunakan berbagai kultivar batang bawah yang terdiri atas dua taraf, yaitu : BA = Kultivar Beka-3 dan BB = Kultivar Tulo-5 . Faktor kedua menggunakan kultivar entris yang terdiri atas tiga taraf, yaitu : KA = Kultivar Lambara, KB = Kultivar Bora, KC = Kultivar Toaya. Dengan demikian terdapat 6 kombinasi perlakuan dan setiap perlakuan diulang tiga kali sebagai kelompok, sehingga diperoleh 18 unit perlakuan. Setiap unit percobaan terdapat 10 bibit tanaman dan total bibit 180 bibit tanaman. Analisis ragam menunjukkan bahwa berbagai kultivar batang bawah dan entris berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap bibit bertaut. Terdapat interaksi antara batang bawah Beka-3 dan entris Lambara terhadap persentase bibit bertaut
PENGARUH SKARIFIKASI DAN MEDIA TUMBUH TERHADAP VIABILITAS BENIH DAN VIGOR KECAMBAH AREN Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Adelina, Enny; Murniati, Endang; Budiarti, Tati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 13 No. 1 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The research aims to find out the effect of seed scarification and germination substrat to seed viability and seedling vigor of aren. The Experiment applied a group random design (RAK) with factorial style consiting of two factors. The first factor are scarification treatment:S0=without scarification, S1=scarification+trcatment 40 oC, S2=scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+tempcrature 40oC, the second factor arc germination substrat: M0=sand, M1=rice coal, M2=cocopith, M3=soil from palm tree+organic materil (1:1), M4=M3+fertilizer NPK (1 g per kg media). The highest seed germination was found in the scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+ temperature 40 oC which growing on media of palm oil soil+organic fertilizer (1:1)+fertilizer NPK (1g per kg media) that 83.33-86.67% and germinating speed 0.85-1.04% ctmal. There treatment also effected on seedling vigor normal vigours germination indicated by dry content weight and hypotctic vigor index. Keywords: aren, scarification, germination substrat
KARAKTERISTIK MANGGA LOKAL (MANGIFERA SPP) MELALUI IDENTIFIKASI MORFOLOGI DAN ANATOMI DI KABUPATEN DONGGALA DAN KABUPATEN SIGI Faizal, Faizal; Mahfudz, Mahfudz; Adelina, Enny
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

This study aimed to assess the characteristics of local mango plants based on their                       leaf morphology and anatomy.  The morphological observations were conducted in Funta                  Sindue,of Donggala district and Oloboju Sigi Biromaru of Sigi district while the anatomy was     determined in the Biotechnology Laboratory at Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Tadulako University from January to April 2016. The morphological parameters observed were plant age, plant height, stem diameter, canopy diameter, canopy shape and stemcolor whilst the variable sof leaf  anatomy  were stomata size, epidermis size, stomata number, epidermis number, stomata density and stomata  index. The morphological and anatomical characters observed by a cluster analysis were described in  the form of a dendogram. The results of cluster analysis of both villages at a distance of    0540 resulted  in three accessions which are OB12, OB13 and OB15. The OB13 was found to have   highest stomata   index and stomata density while the OB12 has the lowest ones. The OB15 also has lowest stomata density.Keywords : Dendogram,  Mango, Morphology, Leaf anatomy.
VIGOR BIBIT NANGKA TULO SETELAH KONSERVASI PADA MEDIA TANAM ORGANIK YANG BERBEDA Adelina, Enny; M.A.Tiwow, Vanny; Adrianton, ,
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 5 No. 3 (2014): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.064 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.5.3.183-188

Abstract

ABSTRACTProvision  of  quality  seedling  materials  by  high  vigority  seedling  is  one of the  important supporting system to  the  development  of  commercial-scale jackfruit  farms.  After passing through  a period of  jackfruit  seed conservation period, the viability of the seed is decreasing,  and a propertreatment  is needed  before  planting.  Organic  growing  media  for  seedling  may  have beneficial  to maintain  seedling  vigority.  The  use  of  waste  organic material for  improving  seed  vigority  is  less researched. The  purpose of this experiment was  to  identify  the best  growing media  for improving Tulo jackfruit  seed  vigority  after  a  period  of  conservation.  Experiment  was conducted  using  arandomized block design  (RBD)  factorial design, consisting of a  seed  source  (conservation  period) and  the  type  of  organic  growing media. The experimental  results  indicated  that  the  source  of seedling  and growing  media  affected  strongly  the  leaf  area,  dry  weight  and  seedling vigorhypothetical index. The interaction between the seedling source and organic growing media showedsignificant differences in seedling height, stem diameter and leaf numbers.Keywords: seedling vigority, jackfruit, conservation, waste and organic growing media ABSTRAKPenyediaan bahan tanam yang bermutu melalui vigor bibit yang tinggi menjadi daya dukung dalam pengembangan tanaman nangka dalam pembuatan kebun-kebun berskala komersial. Setelah melewati  periode  konservasi  benih  nangka mengalami  penurunan  viabilitas  sehingga  dibutuhkan perlakuan yang tepat ketika penanaman akan dilakukan. Salah satu cara meningkatkan vigor bibit adalah memberikan media tanam organik yang dapat meningkatkan vigor bibit, bahan organik yang berasal  dari  limbah  belum  banyak  dikaji efektivitasnya dalam  meningkatkan  vigor  bibit.  Tujuan percobaan untuk memperoleh media tanam terbaik yang menunjang vigor bibit nangka Tulo setelah periode  konservasi.  Percobaan  dilakukan  menggunakan  Rancangan Acak  Kelompok (RAK)  pola faktorial,  terdiri  dari  sumber  benih  (periode konservasi)  dan  jenis  media  tanam  organik.  Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa sumber benih dan media tanam berpengaruh secara bebas terhadap luas daun, bobot kering bibit dan indeks vigor hipotetik. Interaksi sumber benih dan media tanan organik  menunjukkan  adanya  perbedaan  yang  nyata  terhadap tinggi  bibit,diameter  batang  dan jumlah daun.Kata kunci: vigor bibit, nangka, konservasi, limbah dan media tanam organik
THE IDENTIFICATION OF MANGO MORPHOLOGY AND ANATOMY (MANGIFERAINDICA L) AT WEST TOBOLI AND POMBALOWO VILLAGE, PARIGI MOUTONG. Wulandari, Widya Tri; Sahiri, Nirwan; Adelina, Enny
AGROLAND: The Agricultural Sciences Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Mango (Mangiferaindica L.) is a type of tropical fruit  which is favored by people in the world and becomes a commodity trade between countries. According to the information, known as mango The Best Loved-Tropical, accompany the popularity of durian as the King of Fruit. The main product of the mango is its thatis  usuallyconsumed in fresh or processed products. But in addition to the fruit,,other components that also played an important role were the mangoes leaves than can be benefit from medicinal plants as an alternative. This research aimed to obtain a diversity of mango tree based on morphological and anatomical analysis of plant the mango in the West Toboli village and Pombalowo Regency, Parigi Moutong Regency. This research was carried out in the village of West Toboli,  District Toboli Parigi North and the village of Pombalowo sub-district of Parigi, Parigiranga Reddy District and Laboratory Science (FMIPA), the University of Tadulako conducted in July to August 2016. This research method using exploratory, as for a character that observed was the height of the plant (m), diameter (cm), the shape of the canopy, the long strands of leaves (cm) width (cm) leaf blade, petiole length (cm). Cluster analysis results in the village there were three groups of Western Toboli diverse namely TBB12, TBB14 and TBB11, in the village of Pombalowo there were three diverse groups namely PBL1, PBL5 and PBL8. Whereas in the second the village obtained a combined five diverse groups namely TBB12, TBB14, TBB2, PBL1 and TBB11. Characters that distinguished the selected accessions were the height of plants, and the diameter of the rod.
VIGOR BENIH KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) PADA BERBAGAI LAMA PENYIMPANAN DAN INVIGORASI Maemunah, Maemunah; Adelina, Enny; Daniel, I.Y.
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 16, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

The research aims were to determine the cocoa seed vigor of various storage periods and seed invigorant viewed from aspect of seed physiology quality. This research was a two factorial experiment in a completely randomized design. The first factor was the time length of storage consisted of 5 levels: i) Control, ii) 2 week, iii) 4 weeks, iv) 6 weeks, and v) 8 weeks. The second factor was seed invigoration using ZPT consisted of 4 types: i) without ZPT, ii). 0.01 mmol GA3, iii) 0.01 mmol GA3 + 0.1 mmol NAA, and iv) coconut milk. The data obtained was analyzed using variant analysis; the data with coefficient of variation more than 20 % was transformed to x + 0.5 whereas treatment with significant influence was advanced with HSD test with level of 0.05. The research findings showed that a longer period of seed storage led to the reduction of seed vigor. Invigoration with GA3 + NAA also contributed to a better seed vigor though it was not significantly different from GA3 invigoration and coconut milk. All seed invigoration treatment (GA3 + NAA and coconut milk) could slow seed deterioration up to 6 week storage.
IDENTIFIKASI KARAKTER MORFOLOGI DAN ANATOMI MANGGA LOKAL (MANGIFERA SPP.) MOROWALI DI DESA BENTE DAN DESA BAHOMOLEO KECAMATAN BUNGKU TENGAH Sadri, Moh.; Adelina, Enny; Samudin, Sakka
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 24, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

This study aimed to assess the characteristics of mango plants based on their leaf morphology and anatomy in Bahomoleo and Bente villages, Central Bungku sub district, Morowali district. Observation on morphological features was implemented in Bahomoleo and Bente village, whereas anatomical observations were made in the Laboratory of Biotechnology, Faculty of  Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Tadulako University.  The study was conducted in March to May 2016. The morphological parameters observed included plant age, plant height, stem diameter, canopy diameter, canopy shape and bar color.  The leaf anatomy variables consisted of stomata size, epidermis size, stomata number, epidermis number, stomatal density and stomatal index.The morphological and anatomical characters observed based on a cluster analysis and were described in a dendogram form. The results of cluster analysis of both villages on the distance of 0.648 resulted in three accessions namely BT1, BT8 and BM9. The highest stomatal index of both villages is the accession BT8 and the lowest accession is the BM9, while the highest stomatal density/mm2is the accession BT8, and the lowest one is the accession BT1 and BM9.  Keywords: Dendogram, Leaf anatomy, Morphology, and Mango.