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Nickel Supported Natural Zeolite as a Bifunctional Catalysts for Conversion of Citronella Oil Crude to Menthols Pertiwi, Ralentri; Tursiloadi, Silvester; Adilina, Indri Badria; Sembiring, Kiky Corneliasari; Oaki, Yuya
Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Applied Chemistry) Vol 18, No 02 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Chemistry - LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.308 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jkti.v18i02.78

Abstract

Characterization and catalytic activity of modified natural zeolite for the conversion of citronella oil to menthol was investigated. In this research, natural zeolite was prepared by acid activation with HCl and impregnated with Ni metal. The addition of Ni metal of around 12.5 nm in diameter provided a bifunctional catalyst for two steps of citronella oil conversion i.e. cyclization and hydrogenation. The process was performed in a one-pot reaction system by stirring at 200oC with pressure of 20 bar H2 for 3h. The reaction products changed slightly with varieties of reaction temperature and amount of catalysts employed. Results showed that Ni/NZB-HT catalyst was the best catalyst which was able to convert citronella oil to menthol with a selectivity of 50% menthol and 100% conversion of citronellal.
CONVERSION OF (±)-CITRONELLAL AND ITS DERIVATIVES TO (-)-MENTHOL USING BIFUNCTIONAL NICKEL ZEOLITE CATALYSTS Adilina, Indri Badria; Pertiwi, Ralentri; Sulaswatty, Anny
Biopropal Industri Vol 6, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (227.061 KB)

Abstract

(±)-Citronellal and its derivatives were converted to (-)-menthol by a one-pot reaction system using zeolite based nickel catalysts. The catalysts were prepared by immobilization of nickel on natural zeolite (NZ) or synthetic zeolite (ZSM-5) by a simple cation exchange method. Calcination and hydrogen treatment procedures were able to significantly increase the surface area and pore volume of NZ based catalysts whereas negligible changes in the properties were observed for that of ZSM-5. Catalytic reactions were carried out at 70ºC by stirring the mixture in the air for cyclization of (±)-citronellal to (±)-isopulegol followed by hydrogenation towards the desired (-)-menthol at 2 Mpa of H2 pressure. The Ni/NZ catalyst was able to convert a (±)-citronellal derivative yielding 9% (-)-menthol (36% selectivity) with conversion up to 24%, whereas Ni/ZSM5 catalyst directly converted 65% (±)-citronellal to give 4% menthol (6% selectivity). These zeolite based catalysts are therefore potential materials for the conversion of biomass feed stock to value-added chemicals.
GREEN SYNTHESIS OF ISOPULEGOL FROM CITRONELLAL CATALYSED BY ZEOLITE BASED SOLID ACID CATALYSTS Adilina, Indri Badria; Agustian, Egi
Chimica et Natura Acta Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Departemen Kimia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.685 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/cna.v2.n1.9135

Abstract

Zeolit alam (NZ) telah dimodifikasi dengan penambahan asam (H-NZ) dan diaplikasikan sebagai katalis asam padat untuk green sintesis isopulehol dari minyak sereh wangi. Sintesis ini menlibatkan reaksi siklisasi sitronelal menjai disopulegol pada suhu 50 sampai 120oC. Aktivitas katalis H-NZ terbukti lebih tinggi dari katalis H-ZSM5 yang tersedia di pasar dan lebih unggul dari katalis asam padat berbasis bentonit. Perolehan terbaik sebesar 87% isopulegol diperoleh menggunakan katalis H-NZ pada 100oC selama 3 jam tanpa penggunaan pelarut reaksi.
DIRECT ETHOXYLATION OF GLYCEROL MONO OLEATE FROM PALM OIL DERIVATE AS A NOVEL NON-IONIC POLYMERIC SURFACTANT Laksmono, Joddy Arya; Adilina, Indri Badria; Agustian, Egi
Reaktor Volume 12, Nomor 2, Desember 2008
Publisher : Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (528.658 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/reaktor.12.2.102-106

Abstract

The work investigates ethoxylation of glycerol mono oleate (GMO) performed in the presence of an alkaline catalyst. Glycerol mono oleate applied was derivated from Indonesian palm oil. The reaction was conducted with variation of Glycerol mono oleate : ethylene oxide ratio, temperature, and catalyst concentration. Forier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis showed products with degrees of ethoxylation n=2 and n=3. FTIR analysis of products gave a new peak at 1570 cm-1 supporting that C-O-C bond was formed. New peaks were also observed in 13-C-NMR analysis of run 2 and run 3 with chemical shift of (?) 61.3385; 61.9108; 62.5117; 63.8566; 66.0982; 72.6127 and 61.2172; 63.2393; 65.9100; 72.5201, respectively. Glycerol mono oleate ethoxylated was yielded and could be useful for a novel non-ionic polymeric surfactant.
SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF ETHOXYLATED GLYCEROL MONOOLEATE AS PALM OIL BASED NONIONIC SURFACTANTS Adilina, Indri Badria; Agustian, Egi; Meliana, Yenny; Sulaswatty, Anny
Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Applied Chemistry) Vol 17, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Research Center for Chemistry - LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (438.511 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jkti.v17i1.22

Abstract

Palm oil based nonionic surfactants were synthesized by reacting glycerol monooleate with ethylene oxide at 80 ºC in the prescence of an alkaline catalyst. Purification of the products was conducted by use of acetic acid and black carbon which gave ethoxylated products (EGMO) with a higher level of viscocity and greater solubility in water. Physical and chemical properties of the product such as surface activity, cloud point, acid value, ester value, hydroxyl value, and hydrophilic-lipophilic balance was also determined and results varied depending on the reagent molar ratio. The synthesized EGMO were soluble in water and therefore show potential use as surface active agents in personal care and cosmetic products.Keywords:   nonionic surfactant, ethoxylation, glycerol monooleate, palm oil
GREEN SYNTHESIS OF ISOPULEGOL FROM CITRONELLAL CATALYSED BY ZEOLITE BASED SOLID ACID CATALYSTS Adilina, Indri Badria; Agustian, Egi
Chimica et Natura Acta Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Departemen Kimia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.685 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/cna.v2.n1.9135

Abstract

Zeolit alam (NZ) telah dimodifikasi dengan penambahan asam (H-NZ) dan diaplikasikan sebagai katalis asam padat untuk green sintesis isopulehol dari minyak sereh wangi. Sintesis ini menlibatkan reaksi siklisasi sitronelal menjai disopulegol pada suhu 50 sampai 120oC. Aktivitas katalis H-NZ terbukti lebih tinggi dari katalis H-ZSM5 yang tersedia di pasar dan lebih unggul dari katalis asam padat berbasis bentonit. Perolehan terbaik sebesar 87% isopulegol diperoleh menggunakan katalis H-NZ pada 100oC selama 3 jam tanpa penggunaan pelarut reaksi.