Articles

Found 38 Documents
Search

PERBAIKAN STASIUN KERJA DAN WILLIAM’S FLEXION EXERCISE DAPAT MENURUNKAN BEBAN KERJA, KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL, DAN MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA PADA PEKERJA PENYORTIRAN BUAH TOMAT DI DESA SEMANDING Meisatama, Herta; Adiputra, Nyoman; Sutjana, I Dewa Putu; Nyoman Sucipta, I; Sutarja, I Nyoman; Purnawati, Susy
Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic) Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Volume 4 No 2 Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ergonomi Fisiologi Kerja Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar Bekerjasama dengan Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (304.937 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JEI.2018.v04.i02.p06

Abstract

Penyortiran merupakan proses pemilihan buah dengan kategori buah yang baik atau layak jual dan buah yang busuk atau buah yang rusak. Proses penyortiran dilakukan dengan posisi kerja duduk jongkok dilantai. Perubahan sikap duduk tersebut akan berubah dengan waktu yang lama tepatnya ketika otot terasa tidak nyaman. Peneliti memberikan intervensi berupa pemberian william’s flexion exercise dan perbaikan stasiun kerja berupa penambahan meja kerja dan kursi untuk mengurangi terjadinya sikap kerja yang tidak alamiah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental, dengan rancangan sama subjek. Periode (I) subjek diberi perlakuan dengan kondisi kerja konvensional. Periode (II) subjek diberi perlakuan dengan intervensi berupa pemberian william’s flexion exercise dan perbaikan stasiun kerja. Perbaikan stasiun kerja berupa penambahan meja kerja dan kursi. Diantara kedua tahap tersebut, diberikan washing out period dan adaptasi. Keluhan muskuloskeletal diukur dengan kuesioner Nordic Body Map pada 5 skala likert, beban kerja dengan menghitung denyut nadi kerja pekerja dan produktivitas kerja berdasarkan perbandingan output dan input. Normalitas data diuji dengan ShapiroWilk, uji t-paired untuk menguji perbedaan kemaknaan variabel keluhan muskuloskeletal, beban kerja dan produktivitas kerja. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Perbaikan stasiun kerja dan Pemberian william’s flexion exercise berpengaruh secara signifikan (p<0,05). Terjadi penurunan muskuloskeletal sebesar 37%, penurunan beban kerja sebesar 13 %, dan peningkatan produktivitas sebesar 23%. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian william’s flexion exercise dan perbaikan stasiun kerja dapat menurunkan keluhan keluhan muskuloskeletal, beban kerja dan meningkatkan produktivitas kerja pada pekerja penyortir buah tomat. Sehingga disarankan untuk diterapkan pada pemilik usaha, untuk meminimalkan keluhan akibat proses kerja menyortir.
PENGGUNAAN DINNER PLATE YANG ANTROPOMETRIS PADA AMERICAN SERVICE MENINGKATKAN KINERJA PELAYANAN MAHASISWA PRAKTEK DI RESTORAN SEKOLAH TINGGI PARIWISATA NUSA DUA BALI Budiani, Ni Putu Ariesta; Adiputra, Nyoman; Surata, I Wayan
Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic) Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Volume 2 No 1 Juni 2016
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ergonomi Fisiologi Kerja Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar Bekerjasama dengan Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.842 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JEI.2016.v02.i01.p05

Abstract

American-style service (American Service) priority to speed and accuracy amongwaitress while did the ministry. Therefore a waitress required to be able to carry a maximum of four plates at a time when doing service. The application of inappropriate tableware may associate with musculoskeletal complaints and fatigue, and affect the service performance in the restaurant. It is necessary for the application of ergonomic aspect especially appropriate equipment.This research was using an experimental study with the pre and post test control group design. This study involved fourth semester students, Restaurant Management Third Diploma of Nusa Dua Bali Tourism Institute as a subject as many as 36 people. The result showed significantly difference between control and treatment groups. In the treatment group  had  decreased  subjective  complaints  that include  musculoskeletal disorders about 38.7 % and general fatigue about 42.9 %. The length of presentation time decline 36.86%, while the quality of the presentation increased 65.01%. The decrease insubjective complaints occurred because the application of anthropometric dinner plate thatlighter 410 grams and has a shorter diameter 4.2 cm than previous plate. It is more convenient to carry even four at the time when presents to the guests. This is also showed an increase inservice performance. It can be concluded that the ergonomics  application  of using  appropriate anthropometric equipment in the American Service can improve the service performance among practice students in restaurant.
PENGATURAN ORGANISASI KERJA HOUSEKEEPING DENGAN PENDEKATAN ERGONOMI DAPAT MENURUNKAN KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL, KELELAHAN, DAN MEMPERCEPAT WAKTU KERJA Tabita, Angelin; Adiputra, Nyoman; Sutarja, I Nyoman
Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic) Vol 3 No 1 (2017): Volume 3 No 1 Juni 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ergonomi Fisiologi Kerja Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar Bekerjasama dengan Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.117 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JEI.2017.v03.i01.p05

Abstract

This study aims to approve that the reschedule of housekeeping work shifts based on ergonomics may decrease musculoskeletal disorders, decrease fatigue level, and increase work speed. The reschedule of Housekeeping work shifts conducted by adding more housekeeping workers when cleaning the rooms. The housekeeping formerly was cleaned each room by himself and now scheduled to work by two people, so the task may be shared both. The hotel didn't needed to add new housekeeping workers, just need to reschedule the existing housekeeping, so that the hotel does not need to incur additional costs to conduct work shift with this ergonomic approach. The research model is design experimental treatment by subject design. The data of musculoskeletal disorders and fatigue level was collected by using a questionaire. The data of work speed was collected by using direct observation to 10 housekeeping workers in Natya Hotel - Bali, as a sample that randomly selected. The tests were conducted using normality test and significancy test with SPSS for Windows 16th version. The results showed that the mean of musculoskeletal disorders in the first period was 57.6 ± 2.59 become 27.1 ± 2.47 in the second period (p < 0.05) or decrease by 36.31%. The mean of fatigue level in the first period was 60.5 ± 2.55 become 27.7 ± 3.23 in the second period (p < 0.05) or decrease by 36.44%. The work speed average in the first period was 21.12 ± 0.06 minutes, while the second period was 13.08 ± 0.03 minutes (p < 0,05) or increase by 23.52%.
PEMBERIAN WORKPLACE STRETCHING EXERCISE DAN MODIFIKASI KONDISI KERJA DAPAT MENURUNKAN KELUHAN MUSKULOSKLETAL DAN KELELAHAN PADA PEKERJA PEMBUAT DODOL TRADISIONAL DI DESA TAMBLANG – KABUPATEN BULELENG Dewi, Ketut Laksmi Puspa; Adiputra, Nyoman; Muliarta, I Made; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Adiatmika, I Putu Gede; Adnyana, I Wayan Bandem
Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic) Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Volume 4 No 1 Juni 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ergonomi Fisiologi Kerja Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar Bekerjasama dengan Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (282.718 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JEI.2018.v04.i01.p02

Abstract

The activity of traditional dodol stirrer workers is done with standing position. The stirring process is done monotonically and over a long period of 5 hours. This study aims to show that workplace stretching exercise administration and modification of working conditions may decrease musculoskeletal and fatigue complaintas in traditional dodol stirrer workers. The stirring tool (siut) used by the worker does not correspond to anthropomethry, causing a work with a bent position. This study was an experimental study, with the same subject design. Period I subjects were treated with conventional working condition. Period II subjects were treated with workplace stretching exercise administration and improved working conditions in the form of re-design the stirring tool(siut) of the dodol stirrer and active rest. Musculoskeletal complaints were measured by Nordic body map questionnaires on a 4 likert scale, working fatigue using 30 item rating scales. Analysis of the collected data is started with the descriptive analysis and the normality data tested using Shapiro-Wilk. Further, the data that has normal distribution are analyzed using t-paired and the data that has not a normal distribution are analyzed using Wilcoxon test. This study indicated that the administration of workplace stretching exercise and modification of working conditions can decreasing musculoskeletal decline of 18.3 % from the mean 12.67±0.50 to 5.59±0.52 and fatigue decreased by 18.5% from the mean 12.42±1.45 to 5.34±0.66 It can be concluded that the provision of workplace stretching exercise and modification of working condition can decrease musculoskeletal complaintas and fatigue of dodol stirrer workers. So it is advisable for the dodol making industry to applied this technique of exercise to minimize complaints due to the working process of stirring dodol.
Perbaikan Kondisi Kerja Serta Pemberian McKenzie exercise Dan Peregangan Statis Memperbaiki Respon Fisiologis Dan Meningkatkan Produktivitas Pekerja Pada Industri Pembuatan Dupa Di UD. Manik Galih Tabanan Sari, Ni Luh Made Reny Wahyu; Adiputra, Luh Made Indah Sri Handari; Muliarta, I Made; Adiputra, Nyoman; Surata, I Wayan; Swamardika, Ida Bagus Alit
Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic) Vol 5 No 1 (2019): Volume 5 No 1 Juni 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ergonomi Fisiologi Kerja Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar Bekerjasama dengan Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.085 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JEI.2019.v05.i01.p01

Abstract

The workers who work at incense shaping department using a chair without backrest. The container is placed below cause the worker to take it with a bent position. The table to put incense is too short, so that when held incense on the incense pads the position of workers tends to bend. These conditions cause the musculoskeletal complaints, fatigue, and increase the workload. The purpose of the study was to analyze an improved working conditions and combination of static stretching and McKenzie exercise to improve physiological response in the form of decreased musculoskeletal complaints, fatigue, and increase worker productivity. Research has been done on 10 workers working in the incense shaping department. The study was conducted in March 2018 - April 2018 held at UD. Manik Galih Tabanan. Physiology response was assessed using Nordic Body Map questionnaire 30 Items of Rating Scale. Intervention was applied in working station using chair with backrest, static exercise and McKenzie exercise. The different between Period 1 and Periode 2 were analized. The resultshowed that mean fatigue (post) at Period 1 was 55±1.49 and Period 2 was 36,8 ± 2,89, so decrease 41,48% significantly (p<0.05). The mean of musculoskeletal complaints after work in Period 1 was 73.6±4.46 and Period 2 was 43±4.53, decrease about 41.57% significantly (p<0.05). The productivity average of period 1 was 0.119 ±0.038 and period 2 was 0.198±0,055 an increase of 35.80% (p<0.05). It cloncluded that improving working condition and combination of static stretching and McKenzie exercise can decrease physiological response and increase work productivity for workers in incense shaping department at UD. Manik Galih Tabanan.
PEMBERIAN ALAS DUDUK DAN MC KENZIE EXERCISE DAPAT MENURUNKAN KETEGANGAN OTOT DAN KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL SERTA MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS PADA PENGUKIR KENDANG TAMBUR DI UD. BUDI LUHUR GIANYAR Hamzah, Arfian; Purnawati, Susy; Muliarta, I Made; Adnyana Manuaba, Ida Bagus; Adiputra, Nyoman; Sudarma, Made
Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic) Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Volume 4 No 2 Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ergonomi Fisiologi Kerja Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar Bekerjasama dengan Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.596 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JEI.2018.v04.i02.p04

Abstract

Karakteristik pengukir kendang tambur dilakukan dengan posisi duduk di lantai, sikap kerja membungkuk selama 8 jam dan 6 hari dalam seminggu. Hal inilah yang memicu timbulnya keluhan pegal yang dirasakan terutama pada bagian punggung bawah. Intervensi dengan pemberian alas duduk berupa matras serta upaya preventif berupa Mc Kenzie exercise dapat mengurangi ketegangan otot erector spinae dan keluhan muskuloskeletal akibat proses kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan bahwa pemberian alas duduk dan Mc Kenzie exercise dapat menurunkan ketegangan otot dan keluhan muskuloskeletal serta meningkatkan produktivitas pada pengukir kendang tambur di UD. Budi Luhur Gianyar. Penelitian ini merupakan true eksperimental, dengan rancangan sama subjek. Periode 1 subjek diberi perlakuan dengan kondisi kerja konvensional. Periode 2 subjek diberi perlakuan dengan pemberian alas duduk berupa matras dan Mc Kenzie exercise. Di antara ke dua tahap tersebut, diberikan washing out period dan adaptasi. Ketegangan otot erector spinae diukur dengan alat ­Surface Electromyography (SEMG), keluhan muskuloskeletal diukur dengan kuesioner Nordic Body Map dan produktivitas berdasarkan perbandingan antara input dan waktu dengan output. Efek intervensi dianalisis dengan uji Wilcoxon dan uji T-paired. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi penurunan ketegangan otot erector spinae sebesar 21,39% (p<0,05), penurunan keluhan muskuloskeletal sebesar 29,52% (p<0,05) dan peningkatan produktivitas sebesar 22,13% (p<0,05). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian alas duduk dan Mc Kenzie exercise dapat menurunkan ketegangan otot dan keluhan muskuloskeletal serta meningkatkan produktivitas pada pengukir kendang tambur di UD. Budi Luhur Gianyar. Sehingga disarankan untuk diterapkan pada industri pengukir kendang tambur, untuk meminimalkan ketegangan otot dan keluhan muskuloskeletal akibat proses kerja mengukir.
REDESAIN ALAT KERJA PENGAMPLAS DAN HAND STRETCHING DAPAT MENURUNKAN BEBAN KERJA DAN NYERI MUSKULOSKELETAL SERTA MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA PEKERJA BENGKEL BAGIAN PROSES PENGAMPLASAN DI DESA TENGKUDAK TABANAN Astika Yasa, I Made; Adiputra, Nyoman; Sutarja, I Nyoman
Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic) Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Volume 4 No 2 Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ergonomi Fisiologi Kerja Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar Bekerjasama dengan Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.677 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JEI.2018.v04.i02.p01

Abstract

Permasalahan ergonomi di industri bengkel bagian pengamplasan berupa sikap kerjayang tidak alamaiah dan alat kerja yang tidak ergonomis sehingga menimbulkan nyeri musculoskeletal pada pekerja pengamplas. Untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut, dilakukan penelitian dengan redesain alat kerja pengamplas dan pemberian hand stretching. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penggunaan redesain alat kerja pengamplas dan pemberian hand stretching pada pekerja pengamplas cat motor terhadap penurunan beban kerja, nyeri pada musculoskeletal dan produktivitas. Rancangan penelitian adalah rancangan sama subjek dengan melibatkan 12 orang pekerja pengamplas cat motor, laki-laki dengan usia 22-37 tahun, pengalaman kerja antara 2-6 tahun. subjek diberi perlakuan kerja dengan alat kerja pengamplas tanpa redesain dan tanpa pemberian hand stretching. Tahap kedua (II) subjek diberi perlakuan kerja dengan redesain alat kerja pengamplas dan pemberian hand stretching. Di antara ke dua tahap penelitian tersebut, diberikan wash out period selama 2 hari dan adaptasi redesain alat kerja pengamplas selama 4 hari, untuk menghilangkan carry over effects. Beban kerja diukur dari denyut nadi dengan metode 10 denyut, nyeri muskuloskeletal diukur dengan Visual Analogue Scale (skala 0 sampai 10) dan produktivitas kerja berdasarkan perbandingan antara output dan input. Data dianalisis dengan uji Shapiro-Wilk untuk mengetahui normalitas data, uji t-paired untuk menguji perbedaan kemaknaan variabel beban kerja dan produktivitas kerja pada tingkat kemaknaan ?=0,05 serta uji Wilcoxon untuk variabel keluhan Dari hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa redesain alat kerja pengamplas dan hand stretching dapat menurunkan beban kerja sebesar 8,4% (p<0,05) dan menurunkan nyeri muskuloskeletal sebesar 53,8% (p<0,05) serta meningkatkan produktivitas kerja sebesar 63,2% (p<0,05). Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa redesain alat kerja pengamplas dan hand stretching dapat mengurangi beban dan nyeri musculoskeletal meningkatkan produktivitas pekerja pengamplas cat motor. Disarankan kepada pemilik industri usaha sejenis agar melakukan perbaikan kondisi kerja yang mengacu pada prinsip ergonomi, sehingga tercipta kondisi kerja yang lebih aman, nyaman, sehat dan produktif bagi pekerja.
REAKSI TUBUH TERHADAP BEBAN KERJA MENYETRIKA DI BAGIAN SETRIKA GARMEN XX, DENPASAR, BALI Adiputra, Nyoman
Medicina Vol 45 No 2 (2014): Mei 2014
Publisher : Medicina

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (212.84 KB)

Abstract

Untuk menilai reaksi fisiologis tubuh terhadap beban kerja menyeterika, telah dilakukan pengukuran pada 10 orang pekerja laki-laki dewasa, di Fabrik Garmen X-X Denpasar. Aspek yang dinilai meliputi: denyut nadi kerja direkam dengan ‘’BHL6000"; pengeluaran kalori dengan alat caloric counter; waktu setrika perlembar bahan diukur dengan stopwatch; dan kelelahan dengan observasi istirahat curian. Hasil yang diperoleh: a) denyut nadi istirahat 60,0 (SB 4,24) per menit; b) denyut nadi kerja maksimal 121,0 (SB 1,41) per menit; c) reratadenyut nadi rata-rata selama bekerja 77,5 (SB 6,32) per menit; d) sedangkan rerata denyut nadi totalnya selama menyeterika 17.118,0 (SB 1.159,6) denyut; e) kebutuhan kalori selama pengukuran 170 kcal; f) kalori untuk tugas tersebut 51,4 kcal; g) tugas yang dilakukan bernilai kalori rata-rata 0,86 kcal/kg/menit. h) waktu setrika rata-ratanya: 3,0 (SB 0,95) menit perlembar baju. Disimpulkan bahwa tugas menyetrika baju produk Garmen X-X tergolong beban kerja yang ringan. [MEDICINA 2014;45:84-7]  
HUBUNGAN SANITASI RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT TUBERKULOSIS (TB) DI KECAMATAN KUTA Mudana, I Made; Adiputra, Nyoman; Pujaastawa, I.B.G.
ECOTROPHIC : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science) Vol 11 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Science, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.843 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2017.v11.i01.p09

Abstract

RELATIONSHIP HOUSING SANITATION WITH TUBERCULOSIS DISEASES (TB) INCIDENCE IN KUTA DISTRICTOne of the endemic infectious diseases occured in the community is tuberculosis (TB). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated about one third of the world's population has been infected by the bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis. Badung regency as one of the districts in the province of Bali also having cases of tuberculosis. From the report Badung Health Agency in 2015 was recorded 275 TB patients. From 6 districts in Badung district, subdistrict of Kuta occupy the highest number of cases recorded 100 patients. tuberculosis is closely related to homes sanitation that do not meet health requirements. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of home sanitation with disease incidence of tuberculosis in the district of Kuta. Based on the type of research is observational analytic, design research is a case control studies linking ie risk factors. (Home sanitation) with TB disease events, by comparing the case group and the control group. The population in this study are patients with TB BTA (+) were treated working area Puskesmas Kuta I and Puskesmas Kuta II sanitation as well as his home. The number of samples in this study was 60 consisting of the case group and the control group. How sampling is the total population of TB patients in the last 3 months of 2015 as well as sanitary home. Data collected from interviews, observations and measurements and then analyzed using chi square and followed by multiple logistic regression test. From the statistic test bivariate home sanitation with tuberculosis disease incidence 6 variables showed that: (1) lighting p = 0,00 (p< 0,05) OR = 21, (2) humidity p = 0,00 (p< 0,05) OR = 21,36 , (3) ventilation p = 0,00 (p< 0,05)OR = 11, (4) the walls of the house p = 0,00 (p< 0,05) OR = 8,64, (5) density residential home p = 0,00 (p<0,05) OR = 16,43 and (6) house floor p = 0,22 (p>0,05) OR = 2,143. To determine the relationship of all independent variables simultaneously multivariate analysis with multiple logistic regression test. Based on the results obtained that there are three independent variables significantly related (p<0,05) with the dependent variable is the humidity (OR = 19,158, 95% CI 3,171 –115,751), ventilation (OR = 6,408, 95% CI = 1,199 to 34,236), residential density (OR = 13,342, 95% CI = 2,261 – 78,733). Probability of people who occupy the house with sanitation (Humidity, Ventilation and Residential density) in the district of Kuta to contract tuberculosis (TB) is 97,08%. Based on these results, we can conclude that from the test bivariate (6 variables) are: lighting, humidity, ventilation, walls of houses, residential density and house floor associated with the incidence of tuberculosis in the district of Kuta. While the advice may be given to: (1). people who live in the district of Kuta in order to build or occupy a dwelling house to take into account the standard of sanitation and healthy home. (2). Government / agencies in order to provide guidance to the public in order to build houses of spatial attention and care homes that meet health requirements so that people who lived in the house to feel safe, comfortable, and avoid the disease especially those stemming from poor sanitation home.
KONTAMINASI ESCHERICHIA COLI PADA MAKANAN JAJANAN DI KANTIN SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI WILAYAH DENPASAR SELATAN Nuryani, Dewi; Adiputra, Nyoman; Sudana, Ida Bagus
ECOTROPHIC : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science) Vol 10 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Science, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.441 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2016.v10.i01.p05

Abstract

Snacks at the Public Elementary School Canteen has a huge potential in the nutrition of schoolchildren, as it also has a level of vulnerability that can cause diarrhea if not to be improved maximally .The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of E. coli contamination in snacks in the canteen of the Public Elementary School at area of South Denpasar District. The research was conducted with cross-sectional design on 31 canteen of Public Elementary Schools in at area of South Denpasar District in January to March 2015 .The statistical test used was chi-square method. Positive E. coli contamination in food snacks of the Publick Elementary School Canteen at area of South Denpasar District were occur in amount of 71 % and 29 % negative. The factors related to the E. coli contamination in the snacks were foodstuffs ( p = 0.037 ) , storage of foodstuffs ( p = 0.041 ) , food- processing ( p = 0.037 ) , sanitary facilities ( p = 0.015 ) and power handlers ( p = 0.037 ) . The most dominant factors related to E. coli contamination in snacks of the canteens of Public Elementary School at area of South Denpasar District is sanitation facilities especially the water which have been used in process of the food-snack preparation .Suggested to all state elementary school cafeteria Region South Denpasar to improve environmental sanitation and water sources are more hygienic.