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PERTUMBUHAN DAN DIMENSI TUBUH ANAK KAMBING SEBAGAI RESPONS PEMBERIAN PMSG PADA INDUK SEBELUM DIKAWINKAN Adriani, Adriani
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan Vol 14 No 2 (2011): JIIP Volume 14 No. 2 November 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.104 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jiiip.v14i2.870

Abstract

Fifty Four birth goat were used to study the growth and body dimensions  by response of giving PMSG at prior to mating. The experimental does were injected with pregnant mare serum gonadothrophin (PMSG), 0 IU/kg BW and 15 IU/kg BW. Intravaginal sponge (60 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate) was applied for 14 days to synchronize estrus cycle. Twenty four  hours prior to sponge removal, PMSG was injected to stimulate PMSG, than, 5 does  were mixed with 1 buck for natural mating. The results showed that administration of PMSG at prior to mating of the  does can  increase of the birth weight (p<0.01), weaning weight, body weight. Giving PMSG also increased body length at birth, body length at weaning and raising of body length (p<0.01). Giving PMSG increased shoulder height at birth, high shoulders weaned and raising of high shoulder weaning kid. Giving PMSG of the parent can increase the chest circumference at birth, chest circumference at weaning, and chest circumference of the offsprings (p<0.05). The experiment results indicated that PMSG at prior to mating increased birth weight and body dimensions, weight gain until weaning off significantly higher than goats without giving PMSG.
INTENDED CHANGE MASYARAKAT PELAKU INTEGRASI TERNAK HULTIKULTURA DALAM PENANGGULANGAN BENCANA ASAP DI LAHAN GAMBUT KECAMATAN KUMPEH ULU Adriani, Adriani; Andayani, Jul; Hamzah, Hamzah; Armando, Yunta Gombang; Novianti, Sri
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.744 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jkam.v1i2.4291

Abstract

Setiap tahun wilayah kumpeh selalu mengalami kebakaran hutan  yang berdapak pada  banyaknya asap yang ditimbulkan,  ditambah lagi  kebiasaan masyarakat dalam pengolah  lahan pertanian dengan membakar   dengan alasan lebih mudah, murah dan sisa pembakaran bisa menjadi pupuk. Namun sebagian besar wilayahnya terdiri atas lahan gambut yang mudah terbakar jika terjadi kemarau dan api sulit dikendalikan. Tentunya ini menjadi masalah sekaligus tantangan untuk bisa merubah pola pengolahan lahan yang selama ini dilakukan kearah yang lebih baik (Intended-Change).  Survei pendahuluan, wawancara dengan masyarakat dan kelompok tani di  Kumpeh Ulu bahwa  kebiasaan masyarakat  sudah turun temurun dilakukan yaitu  membakar lahan 1-3 minggu  dengan cara menunpuk  tanaman semak yang sudah ditebas, kemudian ditutup  tanah dibagian atasnya  dan dibakar sampai semua  sisa tanaman habis. Namun karena lahanya berupa gambut, maka  tanah bagian atas juga merupakan bahan yang siap terbakar. Padahal selama proses pebakaran ini terjadi pencemaran udara karena tingginya kandungan asap, sulit mengendalikan api jika sudah melebar. Potensi yang sangat menunjang dalam proses pengolahan lahan yang ramah lingkungan adalah melakukan pengolahan  limbah kotoran ternak dan limbah tanaman yang ada menjadi pupuk organik. Karena selama ini petani peternak tidak mengetahui pengolahan kotoran ternak menjadi pupuk bahkan kotoran ternak yang ada dibuang begitu saja disekitar kandang yang juga mengakibatkan pencemaran udara dan air. Padahal jumlah ternak yang dimiliki  kedua kelompok tani (sumber rezeki dan karya tani)  tergolong banyak yaitu sapi 37 ekor dan kambing 66 ekor. Potensi kotoran dari ternak ini sekitar 851 kg per hari dalam bentuk basah dari sapi dan sebanyak ± 30 kg per hari dari kambing. Tentunya ini merupakan bahan baku yang bisa dimanfaatkan selain sisa atau limbah  tanaman hultikutura yang ada.   Kegiatan penyluhan dilakukan di rumah ketua kelompok sumber rezeki yang diikuti sebanyak 22 onggota kelompok tani. Materi yang diberikan pada kegiatan penyuluhan ada 3 yaitu karerateristik lahan gambut, proses pembuatan pupuk organik dari kotoran ternak dan hijauan serta materi dampak asap pembakaran terhadap kesehatan. Selain penyuluhan juga ada praktek pembuatan pupuk organik sebanyak 1 ton, dengan menggunakan 600 kg kotoran kambing, 400 kg rumput yang sudah dicacah, ditambah dengan 1 liter EM4, 5 kg dedak padi dan 2,5 kg urea. Semua bahan diaduk rata dan disimpan selama 21 hari dengan cara ditutup tarpal. Hasil evaluasi kegiatan pengabdian bahwa pupuk organik yang dihasilkan memperlihatkan bentuk fifik yang baik yaitu berwarna coklat sampai kehiataman, berbauk tanah dan bertektur gembur.
INOVASI PELAMINAN DIKECAMATAN LUBUK BEGALUNG KOTA PADANG Ardeni, Nofi; Zahri, Wildati; Adriani, Adriani
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 9, No 2 (2015): priode Juni 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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This study aimed to describe the aisle innovation in District LubukBegalung Padang. This type of qualitative research using qualitativeresearch methods. The type of data in the form of primary and secondarydata. The technique of collecting data through observation, interviews,documentation and triangulation. The study concluded innovation aisle,look at innovations parts kasua aisle wood into the aisle seat, a part oftraditional wedding that is not used anymore as: Banta Bulek, Bantakatiak, Rambai-Rambai. The materials used in traditional wedding isvelvet and satin with gold thread sewing, and now has experiencedinnovations that sateen material with sewing lame or tinsel. Colors used intraditional wedding that is red, yellow, green, and black and is nowexperiencing innovation are like the yellow color of gold, silver, purple,blue, pink, and gray. Motifs used in traditional wedding motifs kaluak nails, motive sayik galamai, betel leaf motif and now there is thedevelopment of the old motifs that sarumpun floral, florals sow, butterflymotif. Embroidery techniques used in traditional wedding that gold threadembroidery technique that is done manually or by hand and are nowexperiencing the process of innovation that is embroidered by machine.Keyword : Wedding, Inovation, Lubuk Begalung Subdistric
STUDI TENTANG BORDIR DI KOTA SUNGAI PENUH PROVINSI JAMBI Hardianti, Witria; Adriani, Adriani; Nelmira, Weni
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 9, No 2 (2015): priode Juni 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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This research is a descriptive research with qualitative approach, which the is aims to describe the of embroidery in Sungai Penuh City, Jambi Province. The research inludes the shape of motifs, the pattern of motifs and color combinations of embroidery in Sungai Penuh City, Jambi province. Results of study revealed that: 1) Forms of embroidary motifs in the Sungai Penuh City, Jambi Province is naturalist form consists of kaluak paku, betel leaf, flower coffee, coffee leaves. 2) The decorative shape is the pattern of motifs that incung Kerinci. The patterns of motifs used in embroidery in the Sungai Penuh City, Jambi province sow ornamental paterns, decorative patterns periphery (periphery stands, periphery dependent, periphery run), free ornamental patterns and decorative patterns field. 3) The combinations of colors embroidery in the Sungai Penuh City, Jambi Province is the combinations of contrasting colors, the combinations of harmonious colors and, the combinations colors of polikromatis. Kata kunci: embroidery, Sungai Penuh City, Jambi province
PERBEDAAN TEKNIK MORDANTING TERHADAP HASIL PENCELUPAN ZAT WARNA ALAM EKSTRAK DAUN KELADI HIAS (PHILODENDRON) DENGAN MORDAN AIR TAPAI PADA BAHAN SUTERA AMELIA, ELSA; Adriani, Adriani; Idrus, Yenni
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 8, No 1 (2015): Periode Maret 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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This study is a True-experiment to reveal differences mordanting techniques to result mordant dyeing silk material with water Tapai. This study aimed to describe: 1) the name of the color (hue) 2) Dark bright color (Value) 3) Flatness Color and differences resulting from dyeing silk using ornamental taro leaf extract (Philodendron) with water mordant Tapai using the technique of pre-mordanting , meta-mordanting and post-mordanting.The data used is primary data obtained from the results of experiments using the silk material of ornamental taro leaf extract (Philodendron) with water mordant Tapai. The object is a silk cloth dipped with ornamental taro leaf extract (Philodendron) using pre-mordanting techniques, meta-mordanting and post-mordanting. The research data was obtained by spreading the research instrument which is based rating scale, which is distributed to the panelists. Research procedures performed with several stages, namely: 1) the preparation phase 2) Phase 3 implementation) stage of completion, and 4) assessment stage of data analysis techniques performed with SPSS (Statistical Product And Service Solution) version 16.0 using the formula F test (Fisher Test).From the experimental results it can be seen that the dyeing silk using ornamental taro leaf extract (Philodendron) with water mordant Tapai using pre-mordanting techniques, meta-mordanting and post-mordanting produce the same colors that Indian Red (red indian). The results of the data analysis bright dark color (value) indicates Fhitung> Ftable = 2935> 3.22 means that there is no significant difference on the bright dark color (value). In flatness color indicates Fhitung <Ftabel = 199 <3.22. This means that there is no difference flatness of color due to differences in technique mordant in dyeing silk using ornamental taro
TENUNAN SONGKET MELAYU RIAU DI KOTA DUMAI PROVINSI RIAU Sari, Mutia; Efi, Agusti; Adriani, Adriani
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 10, No 3 (2015): Priode September 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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Riau Malay songket woven in Dumai City is a traditional cloth Melayu Riau Riau Malay cultural heritage. Current issues Malay songket weaving is not widely known outside the community of Riau, this study aimed to describe the Riau Malay songket woven In Kota Dumai which includes the type of thread, color, dye and dyeing yarnThe method used is descriptive qualitative method. Collecting data in this study is done by using observation, interviews and documentation. Source of data taken is shaped notes both written and non-written (recorded) derived from informants who were interviewed, documentation, literature study. Furthermore, the data reviewed and analyzed by the steps of data reduction, data presentation, drawing conclusions. Data validation was done with the extension of observation, increase persistence and triangulation.The results showed that the type of thread used to weave songket in Kota Dumai Riau Malay is cotton yarn (CSM) with an assortment of colors,ivembroidery thread and gold thread for motives. Riau Malay songket woven color in Dumai city which initially predominantly use original colors (red, yellow, green) has developed into unlimited colors, so that the use of color today are very diverse. Dyes used for dyeing yarn dye is artificial (synthetic). Substances in the form of powder or powder color is called dye procion. Natural dye is not used as a reason for the creation of a long natural dyes and natural dye material limitations that exist. The process of yarn dyeing yarn bleaching done in advance, after the bleached yarn dyeing yarn made into a synthetic dye.
BORDIR KERANCANG DI KOTA BUKITTINGGI (STUDI KASUS DI USAHA SULAMAN AMBUN SURI) Hervilas, Vivi; Adriani, Adriani; Nelmira, Weni
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 13, No 3 (2016): Priode September 2016
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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The oldest and famous embroidery business in Bukittinggi is Sulaman Ambun Suri. This study aimed to describe embroidery motifs, forms and techniques of making embroidery kerancang in Ambun Suri. The method used is a qualitative descriptive. The type of data in the form of primary data and secondary data. Informant are the leaders and craftsmen in Ambun Suri. The technique of collecting data through observation, interviews and documentation. Data analysis techniques are data reduction, data presentation, and conclusions. Extension of the validity of the data with observations, increased observation and triangulation. The study states that the embroidery motifs in Ambun Suri are very diverse which are inspired by nature. Embroidery has a decorative motif with naturalistic shapes, geometric shapes, and decorative shapes made up of the main motif, complementary motifs, and patterns filler. There are 23 shapes of kerancang used. The making of the embroidery is done by using a manual sewing machine by sewing it directly using embroidery thread branded ?double penguin?. The stage of making embroidered kerancang is starting from tracing the motif, mengkuku thatch or mensuji motif, cutting, embroidering and the last thing is finishing process by smoothing embroidery.Keywords: Bordir Kerancang, Motif Bordir, Bentuk Kerancang, Teknik Pembuatan Bordir1Prodi Pendidikan
PENGARUH PENGULANGAN PENCELUPAN TERHADAP HASIL WARNA BAHAN SUTERA DENGAN EKSTRAK BATANG PISANG KEPOK (MUSA PARADISIACA L.CV KEPOK) Zulmi, Yuliya; Adriani, Adriani; Novrita, Sri Zulfia
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 12, No 2 (2016): Priode Mei 2016
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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This study aims to reveal the color (hue), dark-light color (value), the flatness of color and light and dark color difference (value) and flatness of color. This study was an experimental study. This type of data is a primary data sourced from 15 panelists. The object is a silk cloth dipped with kepok banana?s bark extract with repetition dyeing. Where the data analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA technique and Percentage. Result of the repetition of 5 times to produce color dyeing French Grey 30% with light and dark colors (value) is in the category of very bright and flatness of color are in the category of very flat. At 10 times the repetition dyeing produce color French Grey 50% with light and dark colors (value) is quite bright and flat colors flatness. And for the immersion repetition 15 times to produce color French Grey 70% with light and dark colors (value) is quite bright and flat colors flatness. The result of research by testing with results of hypothesis shows that light and dark colors (value) with F count (28.488) > F table (0.514). Result of research for flatness of the color showed differences in the flatness of color with F count (14.175) > F table (0.514), then Ho is rejected meaning that there are significant differences. Keywords: Repetition dyeing, the color, kepok?s banana bark extract
SIKAP KREATIF SISWA KELAS X JURUSAN TATA BUSANA PADA MATA PELAJARAN MENGHIAS BUSANA DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN NEGERI 6 PADANG Wahyuni, Lisa; Ramainas, Ramainas; Adriani, Adriani
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 3, No 2 (2013): Periode Juni 2013
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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This research is quantitative descriptive, which aims to describe the attitude of Creative Class X Subject Decorate Dress In dressmaking courses in Vocational School District 6, which includes the Padang curious, confident and independent, risk-taking, persevering and not easily bored. The population in this study were all students of class X subjects dressmaking SMK N 6 Padang, consisting of three classes totaling 88 people. This study uses total sampling technique that is the entire population sampled. The data collected in this study is primary data by means of questionnaires, the questionnaire contains questions relating to the creative attitude of students on subjects Decorate Dress linkert using scale models. Of the results showed that the attitude of the creative class X dressmaking courses on subjects Decorate Dress in SMK N 6 Padang is in the category of moderate (59.9%), with the indicators: 1. Curiosity is at the high category (63.4%), 2. Self-confidence and are in the category of moderate (57.4%), 3. Dare to take risks that are in the category of medium (57.0), 4. Persevering and not easily bored are at high category (61.9%). Keywords: Attitude Creative Students, Subjects Decorate Dress
PERBEDAAN MORDAN JERUK BALI (CITRUS MAXIMA MERR) DAN JERUK LEMON (CITRUS LIMON) TERHADAP HASIL PENCELUPAN BAHAN SUTERA MENGGUNAKAN EKSTRAK KELOPAK BUNGA PISANG RAJA (MUSA SAPIENTUM) Anggraeni, Anisa; Adriani, Adriani; Novrita, Sri Zulfia
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 15, No 2 (2017): Periode September 2017
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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This event will be based on research in an effort to revive the image of theuse of the substance is natural color. The addition of mordan on its substance isnatural color will affect the color of the immersion. This study aims to describethe name of the color (hue), dark bright colors (value), color, and differences inflatness mordan Pomelo (Citrus Maxima Merr) and Lemon (Citrus Limon)against the results of dyeing Silk material using extracts of flower petals Plantain(Musa Sapientum). This type of research is a research experiment. The data used2are sourced from 18 person panelists, then analyzed using Friedman's test k-Related samples or ANOVA of one line. Immersion results without mordanproduce color Clam Shell Pink #C5A89B, with value categories very bright andkerataaan colors on the category very flat. mordan Pomelo produce color DarkSalmon Pink #B59890 with value are bright enough and kerataaan colors are flat,whereas with mordan Lemon is Warm Brown #AE8C8B with value are brightenough and kerataaan colors are blended. The results of the data analysis of darklight color (value) is 0.002 < 0.05, then H0 is rejected, meaning that there is adifference significant color light dark. As for the flatness of the color dataobtained is 0.154 > 0.05 H0 is accepted, then this means that there is nosignificant difference in color of the flatness on dyeing silk material usingPlantain flowers petals extract with Grapefruit and mordan mordan LemonKata kunci: Perbedaan Mordan, Bunga Pisang Raja