Articles

Studi Akumulasi Pigmen β-Cryptoxanthin untuk Membentuk Warna Jingga Buah Jeruk di Daerah Tropika Sumiasih, Inanpi Hidayati; Arzam, Taruna Shafa; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Efendi, Darda; Agusta, Andria; Yuliani, Sri
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 9 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (934.285 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.9.2.73-83

Abstract

ABSTRACTDegreening is a transformation process on peel which enables it to change color from green to orange on citrus fruits. The orange color of the peel comes from the mixture of carotenoid pigments, such as β-cryptoxanthin and β-citraurin. The pigments contributed in the formation of β-citraurin are β-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin. The objectives of this study were (1) to obtain proper degreening temperature in the orange color formation of several citrus varieties, and (2) to identify and determine pigments of β-cryptoxanthin pigment and total chlorophyll content in citrus peel after degreening. This study was conducted at PKHT IPB and LIPI Cibinong from July 2013 to December 2013, and from February 2016 to May 2017. About 100 ppm of ethylene gas was injected into a citrus-containing box using 5 ml syringe, then the box was placed in cool storage at 15 0C, 20 0C and room temperature, for 72 hours. The results showed that the best colors of Keprok Selayar and Keprok Tejakula were obtained by the degreening at 15 0C, in Siam Kintamani it was obtained by degreening at 20 0C. Degreening significantly reduced the total chlorophyll content, and increased β-cryptoxanthin content. The content of β-cryptoxanthin after degreening was 3 folds higher on highland Citrus reticulata than lowland citrus.Keywords: citrus color index, chlorophill, degreening, ethylene, tropical citrusABSTRAKDegreening adalah proses perombakan warna hijau pada kulit jeruk diikuti dengan proses pembentukan warna jingga. Warna jingga adalah campuran antara β-cryptoxanthin dengan β-citraurin. Pigmen yang berkontribusi dalam pembentukan β-citraurin adalah β-cryptoxanthin dan zeaxanthin. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah (1) Mendapatkan suhu degreening yang tepat dalam pembentukan warna jingga pada beberapa varietas jeruk, (2) Identifikasi dan penentuan kadar pigmen β-cryptoxanthin dan kandungan total klorofil pada kulit jeruk setelah degreening. Penelitian ini dilakukan di PKHT IPB dan LIPI Cibinong pada bulan Juli 2013 sampai Desember 2013, dan bulan Februari 2016 sampai Mei 2017. Degreening dilakukan dengan menginjeksikan gas etilen konsentrasi 100 ppm ke dalam wadah tertutup yang berisi jeruk menggunakan syringe 5 ml, kemudian disimpan pada suhu 15 0C, 20 0C dan suhu ruang, selama 72 jam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa warna terbaik jeruk Keprok Selayar dan Tejakula diperoleh dengan degreening pada suhu 15 0C, Siam Kintamani diperoleh dengan degreening pada suhu 20 0C. Degreening dapat menurunkan kandungan total klorofil secara tajam, dan terbukti meningkatkan kandungan pigmen β-cryptoxanthin. Kandungan pigmen β-cryptoxanthin setelah degreening 3 kali lebih tinggi pada jeruk keprok dataran tinggi dibandingkan dengan dataran rendah.Kata kunci: citrus color index, degreening, etilen, jeruk tropika, klorofil
3-ACETYL -2,5,7-TRIHYDROXY-1,4-NAPHTALENEDIONE, AN ANTIMICROBIAL METABOLITE FROM THE CULTURE OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGUS COELOMYCETES TCBP4 FROM Tinospora crispa Praptiwi, Praptiwi; Jamal, Yuliasri; Fathoni, Ahmad; Nurkanto, Arif; Agusta, Andria
Media Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Vol 23, No 3 Sep (2013)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract Isolation, identification and testing of antimicrobial activity of secondary metabolites of endophytic fungal culture TCBP4 isolated from bratawali (Tinospora crispa) has been performed. The fungus TCBP4 was cultivated in Potato Dextrose Broth (PDB) for 1 month, media and fungi extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was separated and purified by several chromatographic techniques, from which 9 fractions were obtained. Fraction 3e was purified again and was obtained 6 fractions (3e1-3e6). Fractions 3e3-3e6 were tested against bacteria isolates Staphylococcus aureus Bacillus subtilis,Eschericia coli and yeast isolate Candida albicans by microdillution method. Antimicrobial activity test result showed that fractions 3e3-3e5 had better antibacterial activity compared to chloramphenicol as commercial antibiotic. It was indicated by MIC value of the fractions was lower (8 ug/ml) compared with the antibiotic chloramphenicol (16 ug/ml). Fraction 3e3 had better antifungal activity compared to commercial antifungal nystatin and cabisidin against C. albicans. GC-MS analysis showed that the chemical constituent of 3e5 fraction was identified as 3-acetyl -2,5,7-trihydroxy-1,4-naphtalenedione . Key words : Tinospora crispa, endophytic fungi, isolation, identification, antimicrobial Abstrak Isolasi, identifikasi dan uji aktivitas antimikrobia terhadap metabolit sekunder dari kultur jamur endofit TCBP4 yang diisolasi dari tumbuhan bratawali (Tinospora crispa). Jamur endofit TCBP4 dikultivasi pada media Potato Dextrose Broth (PDB) selama 1 bulan, selanjutnya media dan jamur diekstrak dengan pelarut etil asetat. Ekstrak dipisahkan dan dimurnikan dengan beberapa teknik kromatografi sehingga diperoleh 9 fraksi. Fraksi 3e dimurnikan kembali dan diperoleh 6 fraksi (3e1-3e6). Fraksi 3e3-3e6 diuji aktivitas antibakterinya terhadap beberapa isolate bakteri Staphylo-coccus aureus Bacillus subtilis, Eschericia coli dan isolate khamir Candida albicans dengan metode mikrodilusi. Hasil uji antimikrobia menunjukkan bahwa fraksi 3e3-3e5 mempunyai aktivitas antibakteri lebih baik bila dibandingkan dengan chloramfenikol, dimana nilai MIC dari fraksi (8 ug/ml) lebih rendah dari antibiotika chloramfenikol (16 ug/ml). Fraksi 3e3 mempunyai aktivitas antijamur lebih baik bila dibandingkan dengan antijamur komersial nistatin dan kabisidin terhadap  C. albicans. Analisis GC-MS menunjukkan bahwa komponen kimia dari fraksi 3e5 diidentifikasi sebagai 3-acetyl -2,5,7-trihydroxy-1,4-naphtalenedione . Kata kunci : Tinospora crispa, jamur endofit, isolasi, identifikasi, antimikrobia
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF JAVANEESE PEPPER LEAVES (PIPER RETROFRACTUM VAHL.) Jamal, Yuliasri; Irawati, Pipit; Fathoni, Ahmad; Agusta, Andria
Media Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Vol 23, No 2 Jun (2013)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstrak Daun cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) telah terbukti berkhasiat sebagai bahan antimikroba, akan tetapi belum ada informasi lebih lanjut tentang mekanisme aksi antibakteri dari minyak atsiri daun cabe jawa. Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh minyak atsiri daun cabe jawa terhadap bakteri uji sensitif serta difokuskan untuk melihat kerusakan membran sel bakteri melalui analisis protein, asam nukleat dan ion-ion logam kalsium dan kalium. Distilasi uap minyak atsiri dari daun segar cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) menghasilkan 0.03% cairan kental kekuningan. Analisis dengan GC-MS mengidentifikasi 4 senyawa sebagai komponen utama, yaitu germakren D (24.20%), tetrametilsiklo[5.3.1.0(4.11)]-undek-8-ena (17.73%), ar-turmeron (11.55%) dan benzil benzoat (6.28%). Minyak atsiri cabe jawa terbukti aktif melawan beberapa bakteri patogen antara lain Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Micrococcus luteus dengan diameter daya hambat berturut-turut 8.0; 9.7; 8.5 mm. Pengamatan lebih lanjut memperlihatkan nilai MIC dari minyak atsiri cabe jawa  terhadap B. subtilis adalah 2% (v/v), dan juga merubah morfologi sel dari bakteri yang diobservasi menggunakan SEM. Kata kunci: Piper retrofractum Vah., cabe jawa, minyak atsiri, aktivitas antibakteri Abstract The leaves of Javaneese pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) has been proven efficacious as antimicrobial agent, however, there was no further information about action mechanism of antibacterial of Javaneese pepper leaves essential oil. This study was to determine the effect of essential oils of javaneese pepper leaves against bacterial sensitive test and is focused on investigating the damage of cell membranes of bacteria through the analysis of proteins, nucleic acids and metal ions, calcium and potassium. Steam distillation of essential oil from fresh leaves of Javaneese pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) gave 0.03 % yellowish viscous liquid. Germacrene D (24.20 %), tetramethylcyclo[5.3.1.0(4.11)]-undec-8-ene (17.73 %), Ar-turmeron (11.55 %) and benzyl benzoate (6.28 %) were identified as major constituents analyzed by GC-MS. Javaneese pepper essential oil was active against pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Micrococcus luteus with diameter of clear zone of 8.0, 9.7 and 8.5 mm respectively. Further investigation showed MIC value of the oil against B. subtilis was 2 % (v/v), and was also alter the cell morphology of tested bacterium observed by SEM. Key words: Piper retrofractum Vahl., Javeneese pepper, essential oil, antibacterial activity
SKRINING AWAL AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK SEMUT (INSECTA: FORMICIDAE) DARI GARUT - JAWA BARAT Efendy, Oscar; Fathoni, Ahmad; Praptiwi, Praptiwi; Royyani, Mohammad Fathi; Wulansari, Dewi; Agusta, Andria
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 18, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v18i2.3621

Abstract

Studies on the therapeutic use of insects and insect products have been neglected compared to the use of other animals or plants.This study aims to determine the antibacterial and antioxidant potential of ants extracts. Preliminary study related to antibacterial and antioxidant screeningof 17 extracts of ant colonies that belongs to 8 species were performed by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)-Bioautography. Antioxidant activity was measured by DPPH free radical scavenging method. The antibacterial activity was done against three pathogenic bacteria, i.e Bacillus subtilis InaCC B-1, Staphylococcus aureus InaCC B-4 and Escherichia coli InaCC B-5 were performed by non-eluted TLC-autobiography assay. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and IC50 values of DPPH radical scavenging activity of active extracts were determined by microdilution in 96-well microplate. The results showed 6 extracts active against B.subtilis, 5 extracts active against S.aureus. The lowest MIC value was 512 µg/ ml.  Ten extracts had the antioxidant activity with various IC50 values. The extracts of ants might be used as bioactive resources for antibacterial and antioxidant.  
KOMPOSISI MINYAK ATSIRI DARI TIGA JENIS TUMBUHAN RUTACEAE [ Composition of Essential Oils from Three Rutaceae Species Plant] Agusta, Andria; Jamal, Yuliasri
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 4, No 5 (1999)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (527.358 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v4i5.1251

Abstract

Rutaceae is one of the essential oil resources that is very potential for medicinal, perfumery and other use This study was conducted to analyze the essential oil components resulted from water distillation of kalamanjarik leaves (Micromelum minutum), jeruk epara leaves ILimnocitrus litoralis) and the leaves and the stem bark of malapotung (Evodia qlabra). The results showed the leaves of kalamanjarik contained approximately 0,70%, jeruk jepara 0,21%, malapotung leaves 0,17% and the stem bark contained 0,50 % essential oils. GCMS analyses of the essential oils gave 3 major components of kalamanjarik leaves i.e /J-pinene (24,41%j, bergamiol (23,01%) and nerolidol (18,90%) and 2 major components of jeruk jepara leaves i.e fl-mircene (70.55) and /t-pinene (24,06 %). Essential oil of malapotung leaves consisted of 39,8J% ct-pinene, 14,26 % 1aR(1aa,4a/3,7a,7aa,7ba)decahydro -1,1,7-lrimethyl-4-methylene-1H-cycloprope azulene and 16,62% S-cadinene as major components, while the stem bark had only one major component, u-pinene (68,37 %) The minor components of the four essential oils will be discussed.
ANALISIS KOMPONEN KIMIA DAUN WATI {PIPER METHYSTICUM FORST. F) Agusta, Andria; Jamal, Yuliasri; Chairul, Chairul
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 4, No 2&3 (1998)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v4i2&3.1276

Abstract

Wati(Piper methysticum Forst.f.)leaves has been used as narcotic in some parts of Irian Jaya since longtime ago. The GCMS analysis of wati leaves organic extracts(hexane,chloroform, methanol)has detected 48 components consisted alkanes,oxygenated hydrocarbons, fatty acid, steroids and alkaloids,including 5 major components, i.e. dihydro kawain,anisol p-undecyl, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-on, levulinic acid and one of unknown component.Forty-three other minor components will be discussed.
PRODUKSI METABOLIT UTAMA (-)-CITRININ, PADA KULTUR JAMUR ENDOFIT PENICILLIUM SP DARI TANAMAN TEH Agusta, Andria; Jamal, Yuliasri
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 13, No 3 (2008): October 2008
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (104.756 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v13i3.2570

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Endophytic fungi have been recognized as source of broad range biological active metabolites with high chemical structure diversity. The purpose of this research is to isolate and characterize major metabolite produce by the endophytic fungi Penicillium sp isolated from a tea plant. Cultivation of endophytic fungus Penicillium sp (AB2245443) in liquid medium PDB on a rotary shaker at 100 rpm, temperature 25 ? 30oC for 7 days, produced a yellow metabolite. Separation of metabolite through chromatography technique and followed by chemical structure elucidation based on MS, IR, NMR spectra and published data showed that the yellow metabolite is (-)-citrinin.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) LEAVES Jamal, Yuliasri; Agusta, Andria
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 12 No 3, 2001
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.834 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp135-139

Abstract

Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi is known to have medicinal benefit to cure various deseases. This experiment was conducted to analyse the chemical components of the essential oil of S. terebinthifolius Raddi, because the medicinal effects is strongly related to the chemical components. Chemical components analyses of the essential oil from Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi. was conducted using the combination method of Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry (GCMS). Chromatograms represented 47 components in the essential oil of S. terebinthifolium leaves with 17 major components (> 1% content). They were 3-carene, -pinene, -pinene, -phellandrene (type 1), -phellandrene (type 2), D-limonene, sabinene, p-simene, -simene, -elemene, isocaryophillene, -cubebene, 4aR-(4a,7,8a)-decahydro-4a-methyl-1-methyilene-7-(1-methylethenyl) naphtalena (type 1), 4aR-(4a,7,8a)-decahydro-4a-methyl-1-methylene-7-(1-methylethenyl) naphtalena (type 2), (1,4a,8a)-1,2,4a,5,6,8a)-hexahydro-4,7-dimethyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-naphtalene, -cadinene and 1ar-(1a,4a,7,7a, 7b) -decahydro-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylene-1H-sicloprope azulen-7-ol. The major components were dominated mostly by monoterpene (68.63%).Key words: Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, essential oil, chemical components
Methyleugenol, a major metabolite on culture of endophytic fungi isolated from pandan wangi plant Agusta, Andria; Jamal, Yuliasri; ., Praptiwi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 20 No 4, 2009
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.397 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp185-189

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Two kinds of endophytic fungi i.e. Colletotricum sp. PWD2 and Coelomycetes PWA1 isolated from pandan wangi (Pandanus amarylifolius) have been cultivated in a liquid medium, GYP for 3 weeks at room temperature without agitation. The ethyl acetate extracts derived from liquid cultures showed antifungal activity against Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The GC-MS analysis results showed methyleugenol as main metabolite in the ethyl acetate extract of both fungi cultures.Key words: pandan wangi, Pandanus amarylifolius, endophytic fungi, antifungal, methyleugenol
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF GEDEBONG BERRIES (Piper aduncum L.) Jamal, Yuliasri; Agusta, Andria; ., Praptiwi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (155.822 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp284-289

Abstract

The distillation of dry powder of gedebong berries (Piper aduncum L.) resulted approximately 1.55% colorless essential oil. GC-MS analyses detected 63 components which consisted of 5.74 % monoterpene, 2.84 % monoterpene alcohol, 14.61 % sesquiterpene alcohol, 56.28 % phenyl propenoid and the other minor components about 20.35 %. Although the minor components were known as antibacterial agents, the overall essential oil did not show their activities againts pathogenic bacteria i.e. Klebseilla sp., Aeromonas hydrophilla, Pseudomonas pseudomalai, Pseudomonas aurogenusa, Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella typhosa dan Streptococcus aureus.Keyword : Piper aduncum L., essential oil, antibacterial agent