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OPTIMALISASI PENGGUNAAN FAKTOR PRODUKSI USAHATANI JAMUR MERANG DI DESA GLAGAHWERO KECAMATAN PANTI KABUPATEN JEMBER Yanuarti, Rizky; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo; Hartadi, Rudi
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/5170

Abstract

Glagahwero is one of the largest mushroom producers in Jember, though still lack of production. This research aims to determine factors of production, optimization of production factors, and profit by using optimal production factor. This research was conducted in Glagahwero Village with 32 samples of mushroom farmer. The samples were selected using total sampling method. Data were analyzed using cobb douglas production function to know the factors that significantly influence the production and value of the optimum input use of mushroom farming, and profit analysis to know the comparison of profit value by using the optimum production factor. The results showed that the area of kumbung, seedlings, straw and labor significantly influenced the production of mushroom in Glagahwero but the use of those factors were not optimal (ratio of NPMxi / Pxi> 1), it is necessary to add the amount of production factor use to reach optimal value. The value of profit by using the optimal production factor will be greater than using the actual production factor. The results of this study then become basis in conducting mushroom farming in Glagahwero Village optimally by taking into account the amount of input that use.
ANALISIS RANTAI PASOKAN (SUPPLY CHAIN) DAGING SAPI DI KABUPATEN JEMBER Emhar, Annona; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo; Agustin, Titin
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian Vol 1, No 3: FEBRUARI
Publisher : Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian

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Abstract

[ENGLISH] Beef is kind of food products that have nutrition value to complete the protein needs for human. Supply chain of beef is a concept that have regulatory system related to the product flow, the financial flow and the information flow in the process of beef cattle distribution into beef. The research is intended to: (1) identify the product flow, the financial flow, and the information flow in supply chain of beef; (2) determine the level of marketing efficiency; and (3) determine the value added in slaugtered process of beef cattle. This research used descriptive and analytic methods. The analysis method of sampling is purposive sampling and snowball sampling. The analysis method of data used are marketing efficiency analysis, marketing margin analysis, and value added analysis with Hayami method. The result analysis showed that: (1) there are three flows in supply chain of beef in Jember Regency that are the product flow, the financial flow and the information flow that is not optimal; (2) the distribution channel of beef in Jember Regency is efficient that showed value of marketing efficiency, profitable of marketing margin (Ski>Sbi) and proportioned of shared value that according to the contributions from each chain, and (3) the average of value added is Rp 33.144,68/kg or 36,25 % of the total output value. Keywords: Beef; Marketing Efficiency; Hayami Value Added; Supply Chain [INDONESIAN] Daging sapi merupakan salah satu produk pangan yang memiliki nilai gizi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan protein bagi masyarakat. Rantai pasokan atau supply chain daging sapi merupakan suatu konsep yang memiliki sistem pengaturan yang berkaitan dengan aliran produk, aliran keuangan dan aliran informasi dalam proses distribusi sapi potong hidup menjadi daging sapi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) mengetahui aliran produk, aliran keuangan dan aliran informasi pada rantai pasokan daging sapi; (2) mengetahui tingkat efisiensi pemasaran; dan (3) mengetahui nilai tambah pada proses pemotongan sapi potong. Metode dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dan analitik. Metode pengambilan contoh dalam penelitian ini adalah teknik purposive sampling dan snowball sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu analisis efisiensi pemasaran, analisis dan margin pemasaran, analisis nilai tambah dengan metode Hayami. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa: (1) terdapat 3 aliran dalam rantai pasokan daging sapi di Kabupaten Jember yaitu aliran produk, aliran keuangan dan aliran informasi yang tidak berjalan dengan optimal; (2) saluran distribusi daging sapi di Kabupaten Jember adalah efisien berdasarkan nilai efisiensi pemasaran, margin pemasaran yang menguntungkan (Ski>Sbi) dan shared value yang proporsional sesuai dengan kontribusi yang diberikan setiap mata rantai; dan (3) rata-rata nilai tambah yang diperoleh sebesar Rp 33.144,68/kg atau 36,24 % dari total output yang dihasilkan. Kata Kunci: Daging Sapi; Efisiensi Pemasaran; Nilai Tambah Hayami; Rantai Pasokan How to citate: Emhar A, JMM Aji, T Agustina. 2014. Analisis rantai pasokan (supply chain) daging sapi di kabupaten Jember. Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian 1(3): 53-61.
ANALISIS TREND PRODUKSI DAN IMPOR GULA SERTA FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI IMPOR GULA INDONESIA Hairani, Ratih Indah; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo; Januar, Jani
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian Vol 1, No 4: MEI
Publisher : Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian

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Abstract

[ENGLISH] There are three commonly known types of sugar, white crystal sugar, refined crystal sugar, and raw crystal sugar. Of those three, the first two are the types of sugar produced in Indonesia. The objectives of the research were: to find out (1) the sugar production and import trends in Indonesia, (2) the factors that affect the white crystal sugar import in Indonesia, (3) the import elasticity of each factor that affect the number of sugar imported based on the demand and supply variable. This research was subject for Indonesia scope regarding the national production and import of sugars. The selection of the areas of the research was conducted purposively using the purposive method The data used in this research was secondary data. The result of the research showed that: (1) The trend of sugar production and import in Indonesia during the span of ten years (2012-2016) tend to increase, (2) The factors that factually affecting the policy of the sugar import in Indonesia were the previous year import, sugar consumption, and international sugar price, per capita income and the domestic sugar reserve, (3) The elasticity on the domestic sugar reserve variable, previous year import, adjustment on per capita income, and the consumption of sugar to import, which substantially inelastic. In contrast, the elasticity value of the international sugar price to the sugar impor in Indonesia, which translated as elastic, respectively. Keywords: Elasticity; consumption; sugar; International sugar price; per capita income; domestic sugar reserve [INDONESIAN] Gula terdiri dari 3 macam yaitu gula kristal putih, gula kristal rafinasi, gula kristal mentah. gula kristal putih dan gula kristal rafinasi merupakan gula yang diproduksi oleh negara Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah : (1) Untuk mengetahui trend produksi dan impor gula di Indonesia (2) Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi  impor gula kristal putih di Indonesia (3) Untuk mengetahui elastisitas impor masing-masing faktor yang berpengaruh pada besarnya impor gula dilihat dari segi permintaan dan penawarannya. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan lingkup Indonesia mengenai produksi dan impor gula nasional. Penentuan daerah penelitian ini ditentukan secara sengaja (purposive method). Jenis data yang digunakan yaitu data sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) Trend produksi gula dan impor gula di Indonesia selama kurun waktu sepuluh tahun dari tahun 2012-2016 cenderung meningkat, (2) Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi impor gula di Indonesia berpengaruh secara nyata terhadap impor gula di Indonesia adalah impor tahun sebelumnya, konsumsi gula, dan harga gula internasional, perubahan pendapatan per kapita dan stok gula domestik, (3) Elastisitas pada variabel stok dalam negeri, impor tahun sebelumnya, perubahan pendapatan per kapita, dan konsumsi gula terhadap impor gula di Indonesia bersifat inelastis, sedangkan nilai elastisitas harga gula internasional terhadap impor gula di Indonesia bersifat elastis. Kata Kunci: Elastisitas; konsumsi; gula; harga gula internasional; perubahan pendapatan per kapita; stok gula. How to citate: Hairani RI, JMM Aji, J Januar 2013. Analisis trend produksi dan impor gula serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi impor gula Indonesia. Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian 1(1): 77-85.
PROSPEK PENGEMBANGAN PROGRAM KEMITRAAN DAN FAKTORFAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENDAPATAN USAHATANI BENIH BUNCIS PADA PROGAM KEMITRAAN (CONTRACTFARMING) PT. BENIH CITRA ASIA Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo; Hariyati, Yuli; Agustina, Imaniar
9-772301-994005
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Trunojoyo Madura.

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Abstract

Beans (Phaseolus  vulgaris .L.) have been known as an important vegetable for a long time. Although the use of green beans as daily consumption tends to decline, the demand as raw material in agribusiness industry and others tends to increase. This situation open the opportunity for PT. Benih Citra Asia (BCA), a horticulture breeding company, to collaborate with farmers producing  seeds including green beans seed  through contract farming arrangement. This research aims to identify opportunities and benefits of involving in a contract farming arrangement for farmers, factors affecting income, income’s value and farm management cost efficiency. This research was conducted in Wuluhan Sub District, Jember Regency. The data was analyzed by using SWOT analysis, the multiplier linear regression model, income analysis and R/C ratio. Results showed that: (1) contract-farming arrangement located in SWOT white area (ideal). It also indicated that there was strong opportunity and benefit for both parties involved. (2) Seed cost (X2), fertilizer costs (X3), labor costs (X5) and total production (X6) were found as factors influencing farmers’ income with significant level of 95%. (3) The average income per hectare of beans farming in Wuluhan Sub District Jember Regency was Rp. 5.248.213,10. (4) R/C ratio of this farm management was more than one (1,43),  it indicated that the using of cost in green beans farm management was efficient.
RISK AVERSION, RISK PREFERENCE AND FARMERS’ DECISION TO PARTICIPATE IN BROILER CONTRACT FARMING: A CASE STUDY IN JEMBER, INDONESIA Rondhi, Mohammad; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo; Khasan, Ahmad Fathikul; Putri, Adinda Tissa Rachmasari; Yanuarti, Rizky
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 35, No 1 (2020): Caraka Tani in Press April 2020
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v35i1.37964

Abstract

The demand for broiler is rising rapidly due to its capability as the main animal protein source. In contrast, the production of broiler meat is unstable due to the possibility of farm risk. Contract Farming (CF) is one of the risk management tools for farmers but has not been used effectively. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that influence farmers? decision to participate in CF. The analysis used six independent variables, namely farmer?s age, farm size, household size, education, farmer?s risk preference and risk aversion level. This study used primary data from 70 broiler farmers in Jember, which were divided into two groups, contract farmer and independent farmer. Each group had the same number of respondents. The results show that five among six independent variables significantly affected farmers? decision to take part in CF. Farmer?s age decreased farmer?s probability to participate in CF, while education, farm size, household size and risk preference had positive effects. Farmer?s risk aversion level did not have any significant effect. The results suggest that the effort to expand CF participation should focus on young and educated farmers with large farm size.
PERSEDIAAN BAHAN BAKU DAN NILAI TAMBAH USAHATANI JAMUR MERANG DI PAGUYUBAN KAOLA MANDIRI KABUPATEN JEMBER Pratama, Angga Muhammad Aprianto Eka; Soetriono, Soetriono; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo
SOROT Vol 14, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.09 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/sorot.14.1.11-20

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persediaan bahan baku usahatani jamur merang, tingkat pemesanan kembali bahan baku usahatani jamur merang dan nilai tambah usahatani jamur merang di Paguyuban Kaola Mandiri Kabupaten Jember. Lokasi penelitian ini ditentukan dengan purposive method, yaitu di Desa Rambipuji Kecamatan Rambipuji Kabupaten Jember. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode deskriptif dan analitis. Metode pengambilan sampel yaitu menggunakan purposive sampling dengan sampel 16 orang. 15 orang di budidaya dan 1 orang sebagai pelaku pengolahan blanching. Teknik pengumpulan data yaitu primer dengan menggunakan kuisioner dan wawancara, sekunder yaitu BPS, Dinas Pertanian Kabupaten Jember, buku dan jurnal. Sedangkan analisis data yaitu Economic Order Quantity (EOQ), Reorder Point (ROP), dan nilai tambah hayami. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persediaan bahan baku adalah ekonomis, hal ini ditunjukkan oleh kebutuhan bahan baku yang lebih kecil dari nilai EOQ. Tingkat pemesanan kembali jerami tidak ekonomis, sedangkan benih ekonomis, hal ini ditunjukkan oleh hasil ROP jerami lebih besar dari EOQ Jerami sedangkan benih Hasil ROP lebih kecil dari EOQ benih. Nilai tambah yang diperoleh menunjukkan nilai positif.This study aims to determine the raw material inventory of merang mushroom farming, the rate of re-ordering of raw material for mushroom farming and the added value of mushroom farming in Paguyuban Kaola mandiri Jember Regency. The location of this study was determined by purposive method, namely in Rambipuji Village, Rambipuji District, Jember Regency. The research method used is descriptive and analytical method. The sampling method is using purposive sampling with a sample of 16 people. 15 people involved in cultivation and another person in blanching processing. Data collection techniques are primary using questionnaires and interviews, secondary, namely BPS, Jember District Agricultural Service, books and journals. While data analysis is the Economic Order Quantity (EOQ), Reorder Point (ROP), and added value of Hayami. The results of the study show that raw material inventories are economical, this is indicated by the need for raw materials that are smaller than the EOQ value. The rate of re-ordering of straw is not economical, while the seeds are economical, this is indicated by the results of straw ROP greater than EOQ Straw while the seeds of ROP results are smaller than EOQ seeds. The added value obtained is positive.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERILAKU KONSUMEN DALAM PEMBELIAN PRODUK TAHU DI KABUPATEN JEMBER ?Awifa, Muta; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo; Supriono, Agus
Jurnal Pamator : Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Trunojoyo Vol 9, No 1: April 2016
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Trunojoyo Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.523 KB) | DOI: 10.21107/pamator.v9i1.3366

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Konsumsi produk tahu dan pertumbuhannya dari tahun ketahun cenderung meningkat. Hal tersebut berdampak pada berkembangnya agroindustri produk tahu, salah satunya di Kabupaten Jember yang memiliki banyak agroindustri produk tahu. Salah satu sentra agroindustri tersebut berada di Rambipuji, Ambulu dan Ajung. Namun perkembangan agroindustri produk tahu cenderung stagnan, diduga terdapat masalah yang berhubungan dengan konsumen yang menginginkan diversifikasi produk maupun hal lain yang berhubungan dengan produk tahu, sehingga diperlukan suatu tindakan agar agroindustri tersebut semakin berkembang. Sebagai upaya untuk mendukung perkembangan agroindustri tahu, diperlukan analisis mengenai perilaku konsumen sehingga diharapkan dapat mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi konsumen dalam pembelian produk tahu. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode korelasional dan deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku konsumen dalam pembelian produk tahu adalah faktor kualitas, harga, ketersediaan dan motivasi (2) terdapat hubungan yang nyata antara tingkat pendapatan konsumen dengan faktor kualitas (3) terdapat hubungan yang nyata antara tingkat pendidikan konsumen dengan faktor kualitas.
Analisis Komparatif Usaha Budidaya Udang Vaname Tambak Tradisional dengan Tambak Intensif di Kabupaten Situbondo farionita, inge mayusi; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo; Supriono, Agus
Jurnal Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 2, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Social Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (467.859 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jepa.2018.002.04.1

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) mengetahui pendapatan dan perbedaan efisiensi biaya usaha budidaya udang vaname tambak tradisional dengan tambak intensif di Kabupaten Situbondo, (2) mengetahui perbedaan faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh nyata (signifikan) terhadap pendapatan usaha budidaya udang vaname tambak tradisional dengan faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh nyata (signifikan) terhadap pendapatan usaha budidaya udang vaname tambak intesif di Kabupaten Situbondo. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode analitik dan komparatif. Penentuan sampel menggunakan disproportionate random sampling. Metode analisis data yaitu Uji-T dan Regresi Linier Berganda dengan Variabel Dummy. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) Tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara usaha budidaya udang vaname tambak intensif dengan tambak tradisional. (2) Variabel jumlah produksi, biaya tenaga kerja, luas lahan dan teknologi usaha budidaya (intensif dan tradisional) berpengaruh nyata terhadap pendapatan usaha budidaya udang vaname di Kabupaten Situbondo
ANALISIS NILAI TAMBAH DAN TINGKAT PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA SERTA STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN HOME INDUSTRY GULA KELAPA DI DESA TEMBOKREJO KECAMATAN GUMUKMAS KABUPATEN JEMBER Sulistiowati, Yohana Tyas; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo; Hartadi, Rudi
JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jsep.v10i2.5286

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Home industry of coconut sugar in Tembokrejo village processes palm sugar from sap. The purpose of this research is to know (1) Value added at home industry of coconut sugar in Tembokrejo village, (2) productivity level of home industry of coconut sugar in Tembokrejo village (3) strategy of coconut industry home development in Tembokrejo Village. Determination of research area is done intentionally (Purposive Method), that is in Tembokrejo Village District Gumukmas Jember Regency. The research method used is descriptive and analytical method, and sampling method used is Total Sampling. Methods of data collection using interview and observation techniques. The type of data used is primary data and secondary data. The analysis used is value-added analysis, work productivity analysis, SWOT and QSPM analysis. The results showed: (1) Value added on home indutry of coconut sugar in Tembokrejo village was Rp 1,637,04 / kg. (2) The productivity level of coconut industry home work is low ie Rp 5,858 / hour. (3) The development strategy of coconut sugar home industry is in White Area position. (4) QSPM obtained the priority of coconut industry home industry strategy with Total Attractiveness Score (TAS) value of 6,13 that is increasing coconut sugar production.
STRATEGI PEMASARAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN TEPUNG CASSAVA PADA AGROINDUSTRI UD. NULA ABADI DI KABUPATEN BONDOWOSO Santoso, Achmad Budi; Aji, Joni Murti Mulyo
JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jsep.v11i3.8493

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Cassava flour is one of the derivative products obtained from cassava processing. Cassava flour is different from tapioca because of soaking process and has higher nutritional value. This research is aimed to seek to analyze: 1) Channels and marketing efficiency of cassava flour, 2) Revenue and cost efficiency of cassava flour production and 3) Strategy recommendation for developing cassava flour production and marketing. The research area is determined purposively method with the consideration that UD. Nula Abadi is a new agroindustry with innovative products that are still not widely known by people in Bondowoso Regency. The sample of the producer is determined using purposive sampling and snowball sampling especially for the marketing agency. Data were collected by interview, observation, and documentation. Data analysis used in this research include marketing margin, share and efficiency to answer the first problem and analysis of income as well as R/C ratio to answer the second problem. The analysis of marketing channels and SWOT is done descriptively to answer the third problem. The results showed that 1) marketing channel of cassava flour on UD. Nula Abadi consists of 3 marketing channels and the most efficient marketing is that in channel II (Manufacturer - Large trader - Consumer household / agroindustry). 2) Total revenue of cassava flour Rp. 6.250.000,00 with total production costs of Rp. 3,525,458,33, so that the amount of income is Rp. 2,724,541,67. The value of production cost efficiency (R/C ratio) obtained is 1,17. 3) The competitive relative position of cassava flour agroindustry is located in the field of White Area or potentially strong field, meaning that the agroindustry can use its competence to exploit the prospective opportunity.