Leily Amalia
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680

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FORMULASI RUMPUT LAUT GRACILARIA SP. DALAM PEMBUATAN BAKSO DAGING SAPI TINGGI SERAT DAN IODIUM Princestasari, Lovi Dwi; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.157 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to formulate seaweed Gracilaria sp. in producing meatballs with high fiber and iodine content. The formulation was made by seaweed porridge addition as much as 30%, 40%, and 50% of total weight of raw material. Meatball product with the addition of 40% of seaweed porridge was the most accepted in organoleptic tests. The proximate analysis of the selected meatballs showed that the content of water, ash, fat, protein, and carbohydrate was 76.93%, 2.31%, 0.5%, and 8.11% respectively. The total dietary fiber and iodine content was 5.98% and 1.14 ppm. The acceptance test done by 31 elementary school students showed that 90% of them stated ?like? and could accept the product properly. The contribution of selected product to nutrient adequacy level of 6-12 years old?s children was 2.12-2.67% for energy, 7.03-12.05% for protein, 0.36-0.42% for fat, 2.19-2.87% for carbohydrate, 10.37-14.13% for fiber, and 49.4% for iodine. Hence, the meatball product with addition of Gracilaria sp. 40% is a high fiber and iodine product.Keywords: fiber, Gracilaria sp. seaweed, iodine, meatballsABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk memformulasikan rumput laut Gracilaria sp. dalam pembuatan bakso daging sapi agar diperoleh produk dengan kadar serat dan iodium yang tinggi. Formulasi dibuat dengan penambahan bubur rumput laut Gracilaria sp. sebesar 30%, 40%, dan 50% terhadap berat adonan total. Produk bakso dengan penambahan rumput laut sebanyak 40% menunjukkan nilai penerimaan tertinggi secara organoleptik dan dipilih sebagai produk terpilih. Hasil uji proksimat kadar air, abu, lemak, protein, dan karbohidrat secara berturut-turut adalah 76,93%; 2,31%; 0,5%; 8,11%, dan 12,16%. Kadar serat pangan total dan iodium produk terpilih masing-masing adalah 5,98% dan 1,14 ppm. Hasil uji daya terima terhadap 31 anak SD menunjukkan 90,3% subjek menyatakan suka dan dapat menerima produk bakso terpilih dengan baik. Produk bakso terpilih memberikan kontribusi energi 2,12-2,78%, protein 7,03-12,05%, lemak 0,36-0,42%, karbohidrat 2,19-2,87%, serat 10,37-14,13%, dan iodium 49,4% terhadap AKG anak usia 6-12 tahun. Dengan demikian, produk bakso dengan penambahan 40% rumput laut Gracilaria sp. merupakan produk tinggi serat dan iodium.Kata kunci: bakso daging sapi, iodium, rumput laut Gracilaria sp, serat
KEPATUHAN KONSUMSI SUPLEMEN BESI DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA IBU HAMIL DI KOTA TANGERANG Fitri, Yuni Pradilla; Briawan, Dodik; Tanziha, Ikeu; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.734 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this cross sectional study was to analyze the iron supplementation compliance and its influences on anemia prevalence among pregnant women in Tangerang. Structured interviews with pregnant women (n=91) were conducted between February and June 2015 in Tangerang, Banten. Duration of pregnancy, frequency of antenatal care (ANC) visits, and health worker?s practices on iron supplementation were correlated with women?s compliance to take the iron supplements (p<0.05). The prevalence of anemia was 42.9%. Poor compliance with iron supplementation was significantly associated with increased risk of anemia (OR=4.250; 95%CI: 1.425-12.671). This study implies the importance of enhancing the quality of ANC counselling to improve utilization of iron supplements and prevent anemia among pregnant women.Keywords: anemia, compliance, iron supplementation, pregnant womenABSTRAKPenelitian cross sectional study ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kepatuhan konsumsi suplemen besi dan pengaruhnya terhadap kejadian anemia pada ibu hamil di Kota Tangerang. Wawancara terstruktur kepada ibu hamil (n=91) dilakukan pada bulan Februari sampai Juni 2015 di Tangerang, Banten. Usia kehamilan, frekuensi kunjungan antenatal care (ANC), dan praktik petugas kesehatan dalam suplementasi besi berhubungan dengan kepatuhan ibu dalam mengonsumsi suplemen (p<0,05). Prevalensi anemia pada ibu hamil sebesar 42,9%. Ketidakpatuhan ibu dalam mengonsumsi suplemen besi meningkatkan risiko terjadinya anemia secara signifikan (OR=4,250; 95%CI: 1,425-12,671). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan pentingnya meningkatkan kualitas konseling saat ANC untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan konsumsi suplemen besi dalam upaya pencegahan dan penanggulangan anemia pada ibu hamil.Kata kunci: anemia, ibu hamil, kepatuhan, suplementasi besi
PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK GIZI IBU TERKAIT IODIUM DAN PEMILIHAN JENIS GARAM RUMAH TANGGA DI WILAYAH PEGUNUNGAN CIANJUR Amalia, Leily; Permatasari, Inke Indah; Khomsan, Ali; Riyadi, Hadi; Herawati, Tin; Nurdiani, Reisi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.809 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.2.%p

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ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to analyze levels of knowledge, attitude, and practice on nutrition related to iodine, and iodine source consumption pattern, and household?s usage of iodized salt among mothers in mountainous area of Cianjur District. Design of this study was a cross-sectional, conducted during May-July 2012 at three sub-districts of Cianjur which were categorized as IDD (Iodine Deficiency Disorders) endemic areas. The subjects were 153 household mothers, living in the study area. The data were collected by interview using pre-tested questionnaires. Data on iodine content of salt was analyzed at Laboratory of Balai GAKI, Magelang. The result shows that subjects were mostly categorized as poor (73.2%), namely their income/cap/month was lower than poverty line of rural West Java. Nutritional knowledge related to iodine of subjects was categorized as moderate (score 64.2). Nutritional attitude related to iodine of subjects indicated the negative attitude (score <75), and the nutritional practice was categorized as poor (score 58.3). Type of iodine food source which frequently consumed by households were salted fish and egg. The salt consumed by households was wholely iodized salt, but only 11.1% of them complied with the iodized salt standard (>30 ppm).Keywords: attitude, iodine, knowledge, practiceABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis tingkat pengetahuan, sikap, dan praktek gizi ibu terkait iodium, serta pola konsumsi pangan sumber iodium dan penggunaan garam beriodium pada ibu rumahtangga di wilayah pegunungan Cianjur. Desain penelitian ini merupakan cross sectional, dilakukan pada bulan Mei-Juli 2012 di tiga kecamatan yang tergolong endemik GAKI (Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Iodium) di Kabupaten Cianjur. Subjek adalah ibu rumahtangga sebanyak 153 orang. Data dikumpulkan dengan metode wawancara menggunakan kuesioner yang telah diujicobakan sebelumnya. Data kandungan iodium pada garam diperoleh berdasarkan analisis di laboratorium Balai GAKI, Magelang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan subjek umumnya tergolong miskin (73,2%) karena pendapatan/kapita/bulan lebih rendah dari Garis Kemiskinan Jawa Barat untuk wilayah perdesaan. Pengetahuan gizi ibu terkait iodium tergolong sedang (skor 64,2). Sikap gizi ibu terkait iodium menunjukkan sikap yang negatif (skor <75) dan praktek gizi ibu terkait iodium tergolong rendah (skor 58,3). Jenis pangan sumber iodium yang sering dikonsumsi subjek adalah ikan asin dan telur. Garam yang dikonsumsi subjek semuanya sudah mengandung iodium, tetapi hanya 11,1% yang mengandung iodium dalam jumlah mencukupi (>30 ppm).Kata kunci: iodium, pengetahuan, praktek, sikap
PERKEMBANGAN KONSUMSI TERIGU DAN PANGAN OLAHANNYA DI INDONESIA 1993-2005 Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 2 No. 1 (2007)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (282.21 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2007.2.1.8-15

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The objective of this study was to analyze trend of wheat flour consumption and its processed products in Indonesia since 1993 until 2005.  The data used were food consumption data of Socio-economic Survey (SUSENAS) collected by Statistics Indonesia (Badan Pusat Statistik, BPS). The results showed that the wheat flour consumption and its processed products tended to increase from 1993 to 2005. The rapid increase was occurred in the period of 1993-1996 and 1999-2005.  Three kinds of wheat flour-processed products that significantly increased were instant noodle, fried food and snack for children.  The average consumption level of wheat flour and their processed products in 2005 in urban areas were higher than the consumption level in rural areas, namely 47.7 vs. 36.3 g/cap/d.  Among all of the wheat flour-processed food, wheat flour based-fried food, instant noodle, and noodle with meat ball (mie bakso) were the most three popular kind of wheat flour processed products consumed by Indonesian people, 49.4, 48.6 and 44.7% respectively. The consumption pattern was relatively similar between urban and rural areas.  It indicated that wheat flour processed food had already been a part of food consumption pattern of Indonesian people.
FOOD CONSUMPTION, NUTRITIONAL AND HEALTH STATUS AMONG FARMER HOUSEHOLDS IN SUBANG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA Suhanda, Nani Sufiani; Amalia, Leily; Khairunisa, Khairunisa; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.871 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.185-196

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The objectives of this study were : 1) to analyze the consumption of various types of foods (meat, milk, fish, fruit, and others) and the methods of getting the foods among farmer households, 2) To analyze the nutritional status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households, and 3) To analyze the health status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households. This research was of a retrospective and cross sectional design.This research was conducted in Subang Farming Regency, West Java. There are two types of population (farmer households), namely, those of horticultural region and those of rice field region. The sample size at each location was 261 households, so the total sample was 522 households.  The results of this research show that in general the frequency and quantity of food consumed by the non poor households are relatively better than those of the poor households. Further, as the centers of agricultural production, both regions (rice and horticulture) will produce certain foods in abundance and will affect the patterns of food consumption among the local community and households.  Children?s nutritional status is in general of good category (based on W/A and H/A). Husband?s and wives? nutritional status is normal. The length of upper respiratory tract infection on wives and children is quite low (<4 days), but among the husbands (non poor households) is quite high (8 days) in the last two weeks. The duration of diarrhea is also low, i.e. only 0-0.2 days in the last two weeks.
SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG KEPALA IKAN LELE DUMBO (CLARIAS GARIEPINUS SP) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KANDUNGAN KALSIUM CRACKERS Ferazuma, Herviana; Marliyati, Sri Anna; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.347 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.18-27

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The using of fish by-products has not been optimally developed in food processing. The objective of this research was to study the using of catfish's head flour as a part of material in formulating crackers to increase its calsium content. The method for making this flour was based on thermal process using drum dryer. The physical and chemical properties were analysed. Crackers was formulated by using catfish's head flour with trial and error method. The formulations were then F0 (0:100), F1 (7,5:92,5), F2 (12,5:87,5), F3 (17,5:82,5), and F4 (22,5:77,5). F1 and F2 crackers were chosen formulations based on organoleptic test. The result of chemical analysis were respectively: moisture 2,4-3,3% (wb), ash 3,7-4,97% (wb), protein 9,9-11,4% (wb), lipid 19,2-20,5% (wb), carbohydrate 63,9-69,6% (wb), and energy 480-484 kkal (wb). F1 crackers contained 0,3634% of calcium (wb) while F2 crackers contained 0,3147% of calcium (wb). The phospor's content in F1 and F2 crackers were respectively: 0,2362% (wb) and 0,3147% (wb). The contribution of calcium content in crackers were calculated based on RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) for children, adolescents, and adults. F1 crackers fulfilled calcium?s RDA respectively : 25,8% for children; 15,5% for adolescents, and 19,3% for  adults. F2 crackers fulfilled calcium?s RDA respectively: 39,9% for children; 23,9% for adolescents, and 29,9% for adults. The amount of crackers that should be consumed was at least as much 44 gram/day. Key words: catfish's head flour, crackers, calcium content
NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK BERBAGAI PRODUK OLAHAN SUKUN (ARTOCARPUS ALTILIS) FKR, Rakhmawati; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.188 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.28-35

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A new approach based on glycemic index was suggested in choosing foods as a source of carbohydrate. A study on glycemic index of selected Indonesian food has been conducted such as breadfruit which is a source of carbohydrate. The objective of this study was to analyze glycemic index value of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. These processing was choosen based on common method of breadfruit cooking in Indonesia. Breadfruits from Kudus were selected. That breadfruit had processed into four kinds of breadfruit products namely fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. The foods were analyzed the nutrient composition of the four breadfruit products. Six healthy subjects (3 males and 3 females) with BMI between 18.5 and 22.9 kg/m2 were selected. GI value of four breadfruit products determined by standard method (Miller 1996). Measurement of GI was conducted after approval of the Ethics Committee (No. LB.03.04/KE/4914/2010) received. Proximate analysis showed that nutrient contents of the products were as follows : moisture content (wet based, wb) of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 51.01%, 71.75%, 79.91%, and 4.24% respectively, protein content (dry based, db) were 1.22%, 2.11%, 3.2%, and 3.53% respectively, fat content (db) were 20.07%, 0.61%, 0.73, and 30.12% respectively, carbohydrate by difference content (db) were 73.36%, 90.30%, 90.78%, and 64.37% respectively, and total dietary fiber content (db) were 16.5%, 25.76%, 30.47%, and 4.36% respectively.  The result showed that glycemic index of fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 82, 89, 85, and 80 respectively. Those four products were classified as high GI category. Statistical analysis showed that treatment did not affect the GI value.
PEMBERIAN KITOSAN DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP BERAT BADAN DAN KADAR TRIGLISERIDA DARAH TIKUS SPRAGUE-DAWLEY YANG DIBERI PAKAN ASAM LEMAK TRANS Ali, Abdurrahman; Amalia, Leily; Suptijah, Pipih
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (400.844 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.1.%p

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ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to analyze the effects of chitosan intake on body weight and plasma triglyceride level in Sprague-dawley rats fed by trans fatty acid. This study was an experimental on animal using factorial randomized with post-test only control group design. The samples were 28 male Sprague-dawley rats aged two months old. The samples were divided into one control (K) and three treatment groups which received chitosan as much as 0.035 g (P1), 0.045 g (P2), and 0.055 g (P3). The feed was high-fat diet, namely added by melted margarine as a source of trans fatty acid, as much as 1.7 g per day. Intervention was done for 14 and 28 days. Measurement of body weight was done every three days, whereas measurement of triglyceride level was done after 14 and 28 days intervention. The study revealed that feeding of melted margarine in a dose of 1.7 g per day increased body weight of control group as much as 54% after 28 day intervention. The increase was higher than P1, P2, and P3 groups which were elevated by 48.7%, 27.8%, and 38.9% respectively. In addition, after 14 day intervention, the plasma triglyceride levels of control and P1 groups were categorized as hypertriglyceridemia, namely 254.3±49.0 mg/dL and 241.7±58.5 mg/dL respectively. In the meanwhile, the plasma triglyceride levels of P2 (128.3±14.3 mg/dL) and P3 (141.3 ± 25.3) were significantly lower than the control and P1 groups. After 28 day intervention, there is no significant difference on plasma triglyceride level among groups (p>0.05), but the triglyceride level of each group was significantly lower than the levels after 14 day intervention (p<0.05).Keywords: body weight, chitosan, trans fatty acids, triglycerideABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh pemberian kitosan terhadap berat badan dan kadar trigliserida plasma tikus Sprague-dawley yang diberi pakan asam lemak trans. Penelitian ini merupakan experimental study pada hewan percobaan, menggunakan rancangan kelompok faktorial dengan post test only control group. Sampel penelitian adalah 28 ekor tikus Sprague-dawley jantan berusia dua bulan, dikelompokkan menjadi satu kelompok kontrol (K) dan tiga kelompok perlakuan (P) dengan penambahan kitosan 0,035 g (P1), 0,045 g (P2), dan 0,055 g (P3) dalam diet yang diberikan. Pakan merupakan diet tinggi asam lemak trans, yaitu dengan penambahan margarin yang dipanaskan sebanyak 1,7 g per hari. Intervensi dilakukan selama 14 dan 28 hari. Berat badan ditimbang setiap tiga hari sementara pengukuran kadar trigliserida dilakukan setelah 14 dan 28 hari perlakuan. Penambahan margarin 1,7 g per hari menjadikan berat badan tikus kelompok kontrol (tanpa kitosan) meningkat 54% setelah 28 hari intervensi, lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok P1, P2, dan P3 yang masing-masing mengalami kenaikan berat badan 48,7%, 27,8%, dan 38,9%. Setelah 14 hari intervensi, kadar trigliserida plasma tikus kelompok kontrol dan P1 mengalami hipertrigliseridemia, yaitu masing-masing 254,3±49,0 mg/dL dan 241,7±58,5 mg/dL. Sementara itu, kadar trigliserida plasma tikus kelompok P2 (128,3±14,3 mg/dL) dan P3 (141,3 ± 25,3) lebih rendah dan berbeda signifikan dibandingkan kelompok kontrol dan P1. Setelah 28 hari intervensi, kadar trigliserida plasma tikus tidak menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan antar kelompok (p>0,05), tetapi menunjukkan hasil yang lebih rendah dan berbeda signifikan dibandingkan kadar trigliserida setelah 14 hari (p<0,05).Kata kunci: asam lemak trans, berat badan, kitosan, trigliserida
PERSEPSI TERHADAP KONSUMSI KOPI DAN TEH MAHASISWA TPB-IPB TAHUN AJARAN 2007-2008 Dewi, Febriana Ira; Anwar, Faisal; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 1 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.89 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.20-28

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Design of this research is a cross sectional study and study site in Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor. A total of 354 samples was drawn randomly. Average daily coffee and tea consumption were about 20.4 g and 1.93 g. Coffee is usually consumed at night. Whereas, tea is consumed in the morning. Samples feel positive and negative effects after consumption of coffee and tea such us sleepless, fatigue, fresh, easy to concentrate, addiction, diuresis, and cardiac arrhythmias.
MINUMAN CINCAU HIJAU (PREMNA OBLONGIFOLIA MERR.) DAPAT MENURUNKAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA WANITA DEWASA PENDERITA HIPERTENSI RINGAN DAN SEDANG Sundari, Fitriana; Amalia, Leily; Ekawidyani, Karina Rahmadia
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 9 No. 3 (2014)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (520.183 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2014.9.3.%p

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This study was aimed to analyze the effect of green grass jelly drink (Premna oblongifolia Merr.) on reducing blood pressure among adult women suffered from mild and moderate hypertension in Central Bogor Region. There were two intervention formulas, namely Formula A consisted of green grass jelly and brown sugar, and Formula B consisted of green grass jelly and non calori brown sugar. Subjects were consisted of 25 adult women aged over 45 years old and divided into 5 groups, namely one control and four experimental groups. Formula A was given to 2 groups; P1, which received intervention everyday, and P2 which received intervention every two days. Formula B had the same pattern with the Formula A (P3 and P4). The result shows that the systolic blood pressure of P1 decreased significantly (p<0.05) by 20-25 mmHg. In addition, the diastolic blood pressure on groups of P1 and P3 decreased significantly by 14-15 mmHg after the two weeks intervention (p<0.05).