Mohd. Andalas
Obstetric and Gynecology Departement, Medical Faculty of Syah Kula University

Published : 3 Documents
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Pregnancy Related Infection in Indonesia Wahyuniarti, Nur; Andalas, Mohd.
Jurnal Penyakit Menular Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Penyakit Menular Indonesia

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Abstract

Indonesia adalah negara kepulauan terbesar di dunia. Jumlah populasi di Indonesia adalah 237.512.352 (Juli 2008). Kematian dan kesakitan ibu masih merupakan masalah utama di Indonesia. Indonesia tidak memiliki sistem statistik vital untuk mengumpulakn informasi secara langsung mengenai indikator-indikator tersebut. Angka kematian ibu (AKI) di Indonesia lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan sebagian besar negara-negara Asia Tenggara lainnya. AKI di Indonesia mengalami penurunan dari 390 kematian per 100.000 kelahiran hidup pada tahun 1994 menjadi 307 kematian per 100.000 kelahiran hidup pada tahun 2002-2003. Penyebab utama kematian ibu di Indonesia adalah perdarahan, diikuti oleh eklamsia, infeksi, komplikasi aborsi, dan persalinan memanjang. Wanita hamil dan janin yang dikandungnya rentan terhadap banyak penyakit infeksi. Beberapa diantaranya mungkin serius dan mengancam jiwa ibu, sedangkan yang lainnya dapat mengakibatkan efek pada neonatus. lnfeksi-infeksi teratogenik yang dibahas pada artikel ini adalah syphilis, cytomegalovirus, rubella, varicella, measles, mumps and parvovirus. Infestasi parasit yang signifikan terjadi selama kehamilan dengan distribusi yang mendunia. Beberapa agen secara umum lebih sering ditemukan di daerah tropis dan daerah yang belum berkembang di dunia. Melalui kerangka kerja visi Indonesia sehat 2010, sebuah strategi nasional bernama Making Pregnancy Safer (MPS) telah dicanangkan sebagai kelanjutan dari program pemerintah Safe Motherhood untuk mempercepat penurunan angka kesakitan dan angka kematian ibu dan bayi. Keyword: kematian ibu, kehamilan, bifeksi, kebijakan Indonesia
HIV-related stigma and discrimination: a study of health care workers in Banda Aceh, Indonesia Harapan, Harapan; Feramuhawan, Syarifah; Kurniawan, Hendra; Anwar, Samsul; Andalas, Mohd.; Hossain, Mohammad B.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2013): February
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.257 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v22i1.518

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to identify the level of stigmatized and discriminatory attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) among health care workers (HCWs) and the factors that influenced these attitudes.Methods: This research was conducted at Dr. Zainoel Abidin General Hospital Banda Aceh, Indonesia. A cross-sectional study design was adopted for this research. Eighty nine HCWs were included in this study and they were selected purposively. Correlation analysis, analysis of variance and independent sample t test analysis was used according to the type of data. Finally, a multiple linear regression model was used to identify the predictor factor for stigmatized and discriminatory attitudes.Results: We found that the level of stigmatized and discriminatory attitudes was high. Bivariate analysis showed that type of HCW, education, marital status, knowledge on transmission and prevention of HIV and irrational fear of HIV transmission were significant related with stigmatized attitudes (p < 0.05). Type of HCW, marital status, age, knowledge on transmission and prevention of HIV and irrational fear of HIV transmission indicated significant (p < 0.05) differences in the levels of discriminatory attitudes. A multiple linear regression model identified type of HCW and irrational fear of HIV transmission correlated with stigmatized attitudes (R2 = 0.230) and knowledge on transmission and prevention of HIV correlated with discriminatory attitudes (R2 = 0.119).Conclusion: Irrational fear of HIV transmission and type of HCW are significant predictors to stigmatized attitudes; knowledge on transmission and prevention of HIV is a predictor to discriminatory attitudes towards PLHIV among HCWs. (Med J Indones. 2013;22:22-9)Keywords: Discrimination, discriminatory attitudes, HIV, PLHIV, stigmatized attitudes.
1.The usage of Oral Anti Hyperglycemic Agent in Gestational Diabetes: Pros and Cons Pradipta, Bram; Andalas, Mohd.
JOURNAL OF THE INDONESIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia Vol 63, No 8 (2013): Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia
Publisher : PENGURUS BESAR IKATAN DOKTER INDONESIA

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Abstract

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a higher rate of adverse pregnancy and various neonatal complication.