Anorital Anorital
Basic Technology Center for Biomedical and Health

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Situasi Filariasis Di Kabupaten Tabalong-Kalimantan Selatan Tahun 1999-2009 Anorital, Anorital
Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Central Basic Biomedical and Health Technology

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Abstract

Tabalong Regency represents one of filariasis endemic area in South Kalimantan Province. Endemicity of filariasis in Tabalong is identified from finger blood survey and clinical symptom of filariasis (i.e. lymphadenitis and retrograde lymphangitis) among the residents in 28 villages. This article discusses the situation of filariasis in the district of Tabalong during the period 1999-2009.This article compiled by collecting information and secondary data derived from Tabalong District Health Office annual reports of filariasis research and finger blood surveys ever carried out in Tabalong District. Finger blood survey results conducted in 28 villages from 1999-2009 showed microfilaria rate above 1% (between 1,9-4,7%). With this finding, filariasis elimination program with mass treatment has been done since 2004, carried out gradually to all the residents in the district Tabalong. Until 2009 treatment coverage was about 79.2% and approximately 0.2- 6.7% of the population experienced post-treatment follow-up events. It is recommended to increasing operational costs for mass treatment funded from local budget and involvement of NGOs in order to increase mass treatment coverage including patient education and counseling to overwhelm post-treatment follow-up events.Key words: lymphatic filariasis, filariasis Mass-treatment Abstrak Kabupaten Tabalong merupakan salah satu daerah endemis filariasis di Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Endemisitas filariasis di Tabalong diketahui dari hasil survei darah jari dan gejala klinis (yaitu limfadenitis dan pembengkakan kelenjar limfa) diantara para penduduk di 28 desa. Artikel ini menjelaskan tentang situasi filariasis di Kabupaten Tabalong selama periode 1999-2009. Artikel ini merupakan kompilasi data sekunder dan laporan hasil penelitian filariasis yang pernah dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Tabalong. Hasil survei darah jari yang dilaksanakan di 28 desa dari tahun 1999-2009 memperlihatkan angka mikrofilaria di atas 1% (antara 1,9-4,7%). Program eliminasi filariasis dengan pengobatan massal dilaksanakan sejak tahun 2004 pada seluruh wilayah di Kabupaten Tabalong. Sejak tahun 2009 cakupan pengobatan massal sebesar 79,2% dan 0,2-6,7% dari penduduk mengalami kejadian ikutan pasca pengobatan massal. Direkomendasikan agar biaya operasional pengobatan massal ditingkatkan jumlahnya dan keterlibatan LSM untuk meningkatkan cakupan pengobatan massal meliputi penyuluhan dan pendampingan kepada penduduk untuk penanggulangan kejadian ikutan pasca pengobatan agar tidak menimbulkan efek jera.Kata kunci: limfatik filariasis, pengobatan massal filariasis.
EVALUASI PENULARAN FILARIASIS LIMFATIK DI PROVINSI RIAU DAN BANGKA BELITUNG: PARASIT PADA MANUSIA DAN RESERVOIR Santoso, Santoso; Yahya, Yahya; Ambarita, Lasbudi Pertama; Budiyanto, Anif; Suryaningtyas, Nungki Hapsari; DSP, I Gede Wempi; Supranelfy, Yanelza; Ni'mah, Tanwirotun; Anorital, Anorital; Dewi, Rita Marleta
BALABA: JURNAL LITBANG PENGENDALIAN PENYAKIT BERSUMBER BINATANG BANJARNEGARA Volume 15 Nomor 2 Desember 2019
Publisher : Health Research and Development Unit of Banjarnegara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.936 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/blb.v15i2.1625

Abstract

Mass treatment and evaluation surveys of filariasis transmission were strategies in the control of lymphatic filariasis. Mass Drug Administration (MDA) stop period surveillance is required for five years before obtaining a lymphatic filariasis elimination certificate. The aim of conducting the study was to evaluate the activities of lymphatic filariasis elimination in areas that have been doing MDA for five years. During July-November 2017, fingertip blood samples of people aged five years and examination of reservoir animals was done in Riau and Bangka Belitung Province. The results of the study found that in Kuatan Singingi and Pelalawan district Mf rate was <1%, in West Bangka and Belitung districts Mf rate> 1% with all specied identified as Brugia malayi. Survey of animal reservoir obtained positive of B. malayi on two cats (Felis attus), one dog (Canis familiaris), and one monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Riau Province was not a filariasis endemic area (Mf rate <1%), while Bangka Belitung Province Mf rate was still >1%. The risk of transmission in Kuantan Singingi District was already low, while in Pelalawan regency, West Bangka and Belitung were still high.