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MIKROENKAPSULASI MINERAL BESI DAN SENG DALAM PEMBUATAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN UNTUK BALITA GIZI KURANG Kustiyah, Lilik; Anwar, Faisal; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

As a health problem, prevalence of severe underweight in Indonesia is still high. Riskesdas 2008 indicate that prevalence of severe underweight and underweight in Indonesia are 5.5% and 13.0%, respectively. Effort to overcome that problem are still focused on severe underweight children, so need to anticipate of getting worse of underweight ones of being fell into severe underweight. The aim of this research is to make RUF fortified by encapsulated iron and zinc to overcome underweight balita (under five of age children). First step of this research is making flour from rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro with proceeded by two kinds of treatment, i.e. physic method (using high temperature and pressure) and soaking in solution of Na2HC03 (1.5% and 2.0%). Drum dryer was applied to dry the ingredient (rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro) and then milled using disc mill. Microencapsulation of iron and zinc was using arabic gum and maltodextrin (80:20 and 70:30) and concentration of iron or zinc each is 5.0% and 7.5%. Then, assays of stability of microencapsulated iron and zinc, and their bioavailability (in vitro and in vivo). Before mixed with minerals, 12 combinations of flour (3 kinds of tuber x 2 cooking time x 2 concentration of Na2C03) are tested by hedonic test to choose the best preferences of that combination of ingredients of porridge. Based on technical, economical, and technological considerations, and acceptability, mixed of rice, soybean, and sweet potato is selected as based ingredients of porridge. There is no color and odor change or even crystalline forming during more than one month of storing of microencapsulated iron and zinc. Bioavailability (in vitro) of Fe is around 15,48% to 17,05% and Zn is around 6.05% to 6,36%. 
VALIDASI METODE IN VITRO DALAM MEMPERKIRAKAN PENGKATEGORIAN INDEKS GLIKEMIK IN VIVO Nurhayati, Aprinia Dian; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Anwar, Faisal; Winarto, Adi
Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition Vol 6, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe use of in vitro methods that mimic carbohydrate digestion in the gastrointestinal was expected to be able to predict glycemic response in human in a simple, faster and relatively inexpensive way. Englyst et al. (2003) and Argyri et al. (2016) became the selected in vitro method that tested their validity in this study by determine their ability to classify food according to the results of in vivo glycemic index (GI). The test uses rice with different GI categories (low, medium and high). Six rice varieties were cooked using a rice cooker then tested for proximate analysis (protein, fat, water, ash, carbohydrate), total dietary fiber, amylose, amylopectin and starch. A total of 20 subjects who met the inclusion criteria were divided into two comparable groups to measure their blood glucose levels for 2 hours after consuming test food. Cirebon black rice, Cisokan and Inpara 5 have moderate GI value, while Inpari 24, Sintanur and Grendel glutinous rice were classified as high GI value. Glucose levels of six rice varieties as measured by Englyst et al. (2003) at 20th minute and Argyri et al. (2016) at 120th minute has a comparable rank with in vivo glycemic index. Therefore, both methods are suitable for estimating GI value in rice samples.ABSTRAKPenggunaan metode in vitro yang meniru pencernaan karbohidrat dalam gastrointestinal diharapkan dapat memprediksi respon glikemik in vivo secara lebih sederhana, cepat dan relatif murah. Metode Englyst et al. (2003) dan Argyri et al. (2016) menjadi metode in vitro terpilih yang diuji validitasnya dalam penelitian ini untuk mengetahui kemampuan keduanya dalam menggolongkan pangan sesuai hasil pengujian indeks glikemik (IG) in vivo. Pengujian menggunakan nasi dengan kategori IG berbeda (rendah, sedang dan tinggi). Sebanyak enam varietas beras dimasak menggunakan rice cooker kemudian nasi diuji kadar proksimat (protein, lemak, air, abu, karbohidrat), serat pangan total, amilosa, amilopektin dan pati. Sebanyak 20 orang yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dibagi dalam dua kelompok sebanding untuk diukur kadar gula darahnya selama 2 jam setelah mengonsumsi makanan. Nasi hitam Cirebon, Cisokan dan Inpara 5 memiliki nilai IG sedang, sedangkan nasi Inpari 24, Sintanur dan ketan Grendel tergolong berindeks glikemik tinggi. Kadar glukosa nasi yang diukur dengan metode Englyst et al. (2003) menit ke-20 dan metode Argyri et al. (2016) menit ke-120 apabila dibuat pemeringkatan terendah hingga tertinggi menunjukkan urutan peringkat yang sesuai dengan urutan nilai indeks glikemik in vivo. Oleh karena itu, keduanya menjadi metode yang sesuai untuk memperkirakan nilai indeks glikemik in vivo pada sampel nasi.
HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS IN POSYANDU NUTRITION PROGRAM Sukandar, Dadang; Khomsan, Ali; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi; Mudjajanto, Eddy Setyo
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.567 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.171-177

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to analyze health, nutritional status of children under five years and its influential factors. This research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. As many as 16 posyandu nutrition program were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into control and intervention groups. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, it was found that intervention had significant impact on the nutritional status (WAZ) of children under five years. Intervention did not have significant effects on the nutritional status according to HAZ and WHZ. Key words: .
PERSEPSI TERHADAP KONSUMSI KOPI DAN TEH MAHASISWA TPB-IPB TAHUN AJARAN 2007-2008 Dewi, Febriana Ira; Anwar, Faisal; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 1 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.89 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.20-28

Abstract

Design of this research is a cross sectional study and study site in Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor. A total of 354 samples was drawn randomly. Average daily coffee and tea consumption were about 20.4 g and 1.93 g. Coffee is usually consumed at night. Whereas, tea is consumed in the morning. Samples feel positive and negative effects after consumption of coffee and tea such us sleepless, fatigue, fresh, easy to concentrate, addiction, diuresis, and cardiac arrhythmias.
PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK GIZI IBU PESERTA POSYANDU Khomsan, Ali; Anwar, Faisal; Mudjajanto, Eddy Setyo
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 1 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.384 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.33-41

Abstract

Nutritional knowledge and attitude of mothers are required to improve children feeding patterns so that adequate nutrition for the children is reached, and in this way they can grow and develop well. The objectives of this action research were: (1) to assess mother nutritional knowledge, and (2) to evaluate the effects of nutrition education to the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of mother. The research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga.  This research started with a preliminary study as the first step and experimental design as the second step.  As many as 16 posyandu  that met research requirements were obtained.  A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into kontrol and intervention groups. Collected data included the data of posyandu, household, children and mothers. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while end-line data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). An experiment was made to determine the effect of nutrition education and home gardening on respond variables: mother?s nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practice. The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening.  Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, the intervention in the forms of nutrition education as well as home gardening programs which were carried for five months had a significant effect on the response variables (nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among mothers.
STATUS GIZI DAN STATUS KESEHATAN SUKU BADUY Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 2 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.006 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.72-82

Abstract

The objectives of the study were: (1) To analyze the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people; (2) To analyze the health status and nutritional status of Baduy people and its influential factors. This research is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of food system. The data were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and  socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The study was last for 12 months. In Outer Baduy, the factors significantly related to nutritional status are age, number of household size, income, nutritional knowledge, and wife?s ability to read. In Moslem Baduy, only age and income are related to the nutritional status of children. In Moslem Baduy and the Outer Baduy, the correlation between age and W/A or W/H is similar: namely, the higher the age, the lower would the Z-score for the W/A or W/H. The income is significantly correlated to the child nutritional status according to Z-score for W/A with a high correlation coefficient, that is, 0.61. This means that the higher the income, the higher would be the Z-score value for the W/A.  The distribution of adults according to BMI classification in Outer Baduy it shows that 12.7% husbands and 17.6% wives are thin (wasted), while the overweight prevalence of the husbands is 2.4% and the wives 8.6%.  This shows that Baduy women suffer from double nutrition problems (double burden). When the survey was carried out, 2.7% women were pregnant and still breastfeeding, the rest was neither pregnant nor breastfeeding.  
GAYA HIDUP DAN STATUS KESEHATAN SOPIR BUS SUMBER ALAM DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO, JAWA TENGAH Musbyarini, Kartika; Anwar, Faisal; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.276 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.6-14

Abstract

The general objective of this research was to analyze the correlation between life style with health status of Sumber Alam?s Drivers in Purworejo District, Central Java. The research was conducted using cross sectional study design from July throughAugust 2009 in PO Sumber Alam Purworejo District.Sample was chosen by simple random sampling which resulted67drivers. Almost all the samples (91%) had smoking habit and all of the samples had no habit on alcohol drinking. More than half (58.2%) had excersice habit. The physical activity levels in work day was higher than that in holiday  (p<0.05). More than half samples (67.2%) eat rice three times a day. Tempeh was popular side dishes consumed by almost all samples more than three times a week. Egg was consumed by almost half samples once until three times a week. Generally, intake of vegetables, fruits and milk was still low, as well as intake of food that have high risk for degenerative disease. The nutritional status of samples ranged from underweight to obesity, with more than half categorized as normal nutritional status. For the last one month, there were 7.5% samples suffered for degenerative diseases, 20.9% for infectious diseases and 16.4% for non infectious disease.
High protein and iron-folate crackers supplementation on the iron status of pregnant women Anwar, Faisal; Mudjajanto, Eddy S.; Martianto, Drajat; Hakimi, Hakimi
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 12, No 4 (2003): October-December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.184 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v12i4.118

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Previous studies have revealed that several factors influenced the relatively low success of iron supplementation for pregnant women. The factors included poor distribution, low coverage and compliance, as well as low absorption. The aim of this study is to measure the iron status of pregnant women after consuming crackers containing fish powder and iron-folate. This study was carried out in the Purworejo district (Central Java) from February through October 2002. Using a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, 70 pregnant women in their second-third month of pregnancy were recruited, and divided into two groups. Ten women dropped out during the study. The first group consisted of 28 women were given protein – iron enriched crackers (PIEC group), while the second group of 32 women were given iron–enriched crackers (IEC group) for a total of 12 weeks. The results showed that the hemoglobin (Hb) levels and serum transferrin receptors (sTfR) of both groups were increased. Serum ferritins (SF) of both groups were decreased. At the end of the study, the increase in Hb and sTfR levels between the two groups were significantly different, while the decrease in SF was not significantly different. Animal protein from fish powder tended to improve absorption of non-heme iron among pregnant women, resulting in improved Hb and sTfR levels. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 243-6)Keywords: pregnant women, anemia, iron deficiency, high protein crackers
KERAGAMAN KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA IBU HAMIL DI KABUPATEN SUMENEP MADURA Christianti, Dyan Fajar; Anwar, Faisal; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 15, No 2: JUNI 2019
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.652 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v15i2.6321

Abstract

Anemia pada ibu hamil di Indonesia mencapai 48,9%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan antara keragaman konsumsi pangan dengan anemia pada ibu hamil di Kabupaten Sumenep, Madura. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah 411 ibu hamil pada empat puskesmas terpilih di Kabupaten Sumenep. Subjek adalah ibu hamil trimester I, II, dan III sebanyak 200 ibu hamil yang dipilih secara proportional random sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik wawancara menggunakan kuesioner dan pengukuran secara langsung. Data yang digunakan terdiri atas status sosial ekonomi, riwayat kehamilan, ukuran LILA, kadar hemoglobin, dan skor Minimum Dietary Diversity-Women (MDD-W). Analisis data menggunakan uji spearman untuk menentukan hubungan antara skor MDD-W dengan kadar hemoglobin darah ibu hamil. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 51,5% ibu hamil mengalami anemia. Skor MDD-W kelompok anemia dan non-anemia tergolong rendah (4,8±1,2 vs 4,8±1,6). Hasil analisis spearman menunjukkan bahwa skor MDD-W tidak berhubungan dengan kadar hemoglobin (p>0,05). Faktor yang berhubungan signifikan dengan kadar hemoglobin, antara lain usia kehamilan (r=-0,148; p=0,036), IMT sebelum hamil (r=0,145; p=0,041), dan lingkar lengan atas (r=0,231; p=0,001). Faktor yang berhubungan dengan terjadinya anemia pada ibu hamil adalah faktor usia kehamilan, status gizi sebelum hamil, dan ukuran LILA, sedangkan keragaman konsumsi pangan tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian anemia pada ibu hamil.
STATUS GIZI, STATUS KESEHATAN DAN GAYA HIDUP PADA WANITA LAKTO VEGETARIAN DAN NON VEGETARIAN Astuti, Widya; Riyadi, Hadi; Anwar, Faisal; Sutiari, Ni Ketut
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 15, No 2: JUNI 2019
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.386 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v15i2.6223

Abstract

Vegetarian diet merupakan salah satu gaya hidup. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis perbedaan status gizi, status kesehatan, dan gaya hidup serta menganalisis hubungan status gizi, status kesehatan dengan gaya hidup pada kelompok lakto vegetarian dan nonvegetarian. Desain studi yang digunakan yaitu cross sectional study dengan melibatkan 80 wanita usia 40-65 tahun sebagai subjek yang terbagi menjadi 2 kelompok dan pengambilan data dilakukan di Provinsi Bali. Data analisis menggunakan Man Whitney U Test dan uji hubungan menggunakan Rank Spearman. Penelitian ini didanai oleh Neys-van Hoogstraten Foundation, the Netherlands. Pengumpulan data karaktersit subjek menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur, dan untuk atropometri dilakukan penguran secara langsung. Subjek non vegetarian yang termasuk kedalam kategori obesitas (50%) dan hipertensi (37,5%)  lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kelompok lakto vegetarian. Sebanyak 70% subjek lakto vegetarian termasuk kedalam kategori anemia. Hasil penelitian menunjukan adanya perbedaan status gizi, status anemia, dan konsumsi kopi pada kedua kelompok subjek (p<0,05). Hasil uji hubungan menunjukan tidak ada hubungan antara status gizi dengan gaya hidup dan status kesehatan dengan gaya hidup pada kelompok lakto vegetarian dan non vegetarian (p>0,05). Penelitian ini menunjukan status gizi, status kesehatan, dan gaya hidup pada kelompok lakto vegetarian lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kelompok non vegetarian. Kelompok lakto vegetarian berisko lebih tinggi terkena anemia.