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GREEN SYNTHESIS OF AG/TIO2 NANOCOMPOSITE ASSISTED BY GAMBIER LEAF (UNCARIA GAMBIR ROXB) EXTRACT Wahyuni, Sry; Syukri, Syukri; Arief, Syukri
Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 22, No 6 (2019): Volume 22 Issue 6 Year 2019
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2716.241 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jksa.22.6.250-255

Abstract

Studies of green synthesis of nanoparticles mediated by plants extract is extensively explored and studied in recent time due to eco-friendliness, cost-effectiveness, and use a minimum amount of toxic chemicals in the process of inorganic material synthesis. In this study, the immobilization of silver nanoparticles on the surface of titanium dioxide (TiO2) was carried out using Uncaria gambier Roxb. leaf extract as a silver ion (Ag+) reducing agent. The synthesized Ag/TiO2 nanocomposite was characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (DRS). The formation of silver nanoparticles was confirmed through UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis, which showed a silver surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band at 426 nm. The X-ray diffraction pattern shows that Ag can inhibit the transition of the anatase into rutile phase. The presence of Ag particles in TiO2 can increase the absorption ability from an initial wavelength of 407 nm to 438 nm. Based on the results of Rhodamin B degradation, it can be seen that Ag/TiO2 has a higher photocatalytic activity than bare TiO2 with 99% percent degradation at 120 minutes of irradiation time.
SINTESIS DAN KARAKTERISASI ZEOLIT FAUJASIT DARI LIMBAH BATUBARA OMBILIN DENGAN METODA ALKALI HIDROTERMAL AIR LAUT Septiani, Upita; Fatiha, Widya Yuliani; Arief, Syukri
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 8, No 2 (2015): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v8i2.235

Abstract

Zeolite synthesis using Ombilin coal fly ash at low temperature with alkaline hydrothermal process has been carried out. The used Fly ash was melted by NaOH at a temperature of 550°C. Alkaline hydrothermal processes in zeolite synthesis performed with variations of temperature at 35°C , 45°C and 60°C . The zeolite that obtained was characterized by using Fourier Transform Infra Red (FT - IR), X - Ray Diffraction (XRD) , Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) in combination with EDX . The characterization results showed the formation of zeolite were better when an increasing in temperature processes and the use of sea water as a solvent. On the use of seawater, were obtained sodalit zeolite with the chemical formula Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2.
PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH POLIPROPILEN MENJADI BAHAN BAKAR CAIR MELALUI METODE PIROLISIS Bemis, Restina; Jamarun, Novesar; Arief, Syukri
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 5, No 2 (2012): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v5i2.217

Abstract

Plastics become the biggest environmental problem when it accumulate in landfills because its non-biodegradable properties. To handle the problems, the plastics were processed to produce liquid fuels by means pyrolysis method which was in this case with and without a catalyst. In this work, polypropylene was used as a precursor and SiO2, zeolites, CaO, Fe as catalysts. FTIR spectrum of pyrolized polypropylene with and without catalysts both have shown C = C functional group at 1648 cm-1. GCMS analysis confirmed the availability of chain length of hydrocarbon between C7 -C27 which is mixture of kerosene and diesel fractions. Catalysts can lower the temperature and time reaction of pyrolysis process as they increase rendement (%) of product. Liquid fuels that produced from polypropylene pyrolysis without catalyst was 72.06%, and with catalysts were 79.59% (SiO2), 74.76%, (zeolite), 76.80% (CaO), and 76.83% (Fe).
MEMPELAJARI STRUKTUR DAN SIFAT NANO LOGAM TEMBAGA MENGGUNAKAN PROGRAM PM3 Sukma, Mulyati; Kusuma, Theresia Sita; Arief, Syukri
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 1, No 2 (2008): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v1i2.59

Abstract

  ABSTRACT A research to study the electronic and chemical characteristics of Copper which nano structure using PM3 program has been done. This program part of HyperChem pro 6.0 that performed by Pentium 4. This research has nano 2D and 3D structure (atom number 2-30). Results of computations showed that Copper can make nanosheets, nanorods and nanotubes structure that have the different electronic characteristics from its crystals structure. Fortunately, copper with nano structure could develop as insulator and semiconductor materials. Keywords : Copper, nano structure, nanosheets, nanorods, nanotubes.
SIFAT MEKANIK DARI BIOKOMPOSIT FILM PATI UBI KAYU DENGAN PENGUAT SERAT AKAR BUAH NAGA (HYLOCEREUS POLYRHIZUS) Mahardika, Melbi; Abral, Hairul; Kasim, Anwar; Arief, Syukri; Asrofi, Mochamad
ROTOR Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/rotor.v10i2.5579

Abstract

Dragon fruit root fiber used as a reinforcement in the biocomposites film of cassava starch. The production method of biocomposites film was solution casting. The cassava starch serves as the matrix in the biocomposites film. The variation of amount fiber in matrix was 2, 4 and 6%  from dry starch weight basis. Isolation of dragon fruit root fiber used alkalization and bleaching process with NaOH, NaClO2 and CH3COOH, respectively. Glycerol was used as plasticizers. Mechanical properties of biocomposites was determined by tensile test. The result shows that, tensile strength increased 200% after the addition of 6% fiber compared to pure starch film. Tensile test data was supported by X-Ray Difraction (XRD). Keywords: Biocomposite, Cassava Starch, Dragon fruit root fiber, Mechanical properties, XRD.
SINTESIS SENYAWA AURIVILLIUS CA1-XBI3,5+XLA0,5TI4-XMNXO15: STRUKTUR DAN SIFAT DIELEKTRIK Zulhadjri, Zulhadjri; Ramadhani, Rini; Billah, Aulia Arivin; Arief, Syukri; Emriadi, Emriadi
ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/alchemy.14.1.14476.143-151

Abstract

Sintesis senyawa feroelektrik yang berbasis fasa Aurivillius berlapis empat (n = 4) yang didadah kation La3+ dan Mn3+, Ca1-xBi3,5+xLa0,5Ti4-xMnxO15 dengan x = 0, 0,2, 0,4, 0,6, 0,8, dan1 telah dilakukan dengan teknik lelehan garam. Karakterisasi produk dengan difraksi sinar-X (XRD) menunjukkan bahwa fasa tunggal Aurivillius ditunjukkan oleh sampel dengan x = 0, 0,2, 0,4, dan 0,6. Refinement struktur dengan teknik Le Bail diketahui bahwa senyawa Aurivillius yang terbentuk sesuai dengan simetri ortorombik dan grup ruang A21am. Analisis dengan Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) untuk semua sampel memperlihatkan morfologi sampel berupa lempengan yang merupakan ciri khas senyawa Aurivillius. Nilai konstanta dielektrik sampel dan konduktivitasnya mengalami kenaikan dengan meningkatnya x. Konduktivitas paling tinggi dimiliki oleh sampel x = 0,2 yang diperkirakan akibat adanya interaksi pertukaran ganda (double exchange) antara Mn3+ dan Mn4+.Synthesis of Aurivillius Compounds Ca1-xBi3,5 + xLa0,5Ti4-xMnxO15: Structure and Dielectric Properties. Synthesis of ferroelectric compounds based on a four-phase Aurivillius phase (n = 4) which is doped with La3+ and Mn3+ cations, Ca1-xBi3,5+xLa0,5Ti4-xMnxO15 with x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0 , 8, and 1 were carried out by molten salts technique. Characterization of products using X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed that the single phase Aurivillius was shown by the samples with x = 0, 0,2, 0,4, and 0,6. The results of refinement show that the Aurivillius phase formed has orthorhombic symmetry with A21am space group. Morphology analysis by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for all samples shows the plate-like as the characteristic of Aurivillius compounds. The value of dielectric constant and conductivity of the samples increases as increase of x. The conductivity of x = 0.2 is the highest predicted due to the interaction of double exchange between Mn3+ and Mn4+.
MODIFIKASI DAN KARAKTERISASI TITANIA (M-TIO2) DENGAN DOPING ION LOGAM TRANSISI FENI DAN CUNI Rilda, Yetria; Arief, Syukri; Dharma, Abdi; Alif, Admin
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (632.25 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.2.178-185

Abstract

Structure and size of titania nanoparticles have been modified with doping the transition metal (FeNiand CuNi) and controlling the calcinations temperature. Gel and M-TiO 2 powder were characterized byFT-IR showed the changed in intensity at 4000-400 cm-1. TG-DTA curve show the weigh of sample wasdecreased with the increasing of temperature 25-800°C. XRD pattern used to identify the titania structureshows the highest intensity of anatase at temperature calcination as 500°C. XRD of FeNi-TiO 2 and CuNi-TiO2 FeNi 10.5-41.9 nm and CuNi 12.1-33.5 converted using Debye-Scherrer?s equation and TEM analysisthe distribution of crystal size as FeNi-TiO2 and CuNi-TiO2 10-15 nm. SEM has shown that morphology ofdifferent surface from the FeNi-TiO 2 and CuNi-TiO 2 at different calcinations temperatures. Titaniacomposition can be determined by EDX analysis give as FeNi-TiO2 1:1, 97.01% and CuNi-TiO2 1:1, 94.63%respectly. The surface area has been determined by BET as FeNi-TiO 2 was 64.38 m2/g and CuNi-TiO2was 40.9 m2/g.
SINTESIS DAN APLIKASI KARBOKSIMETIL KITOSAN SEBAGAI INHIBITOR KOROSI PADA BAJA KARBON DALAM AIR Erna, Maria; Emriadi, Emriadi; Alif, Admin; Arief, Syukri; Noordin, Mohd Jain
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.132 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.87-92

Abstract

Carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) was synthesized with different methods by reacting chitosan with monochloroaceticacid in the presence of sodium hydroxide under variation conditions. The above samples were characterized byFourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and soluble in water in range of pH. The CMc were soluble in watera wide range of pH and applied as corrosion inhibitor for steel in water. The inhibiting influence of CMC was studiedby potentiodynamic polarization method. It was found thad corrosion rate was dependent on water pH and CMCconcentration. The results show that optimum the inhibition efficiency at pH 5 and 1 ppm concentration CMC, i.e.,77%. The adsorption of used compound on the steel surface obeys modified Langmuir isotherm. Polarizationmeasurement show that the CMC acts essentially as a anodic-type inhibitor.
A LEAKAGE CURRENT ESTIMATION BASED ON THERMAL IMAGE OF POLYMER INSULATOR Darwison, Darwison; Arief, Syukri; Abral, Hairul; Hazmi, Ariadi; H. Ahmad, M.; Putra Waldi, Eka; Fernandez, Rudy
Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Vol 16, No 3: December 2019
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/ijeecs.v16.i3.pp1096-1106

Abstract

Polymer insulators tend to fail because of the climatic and environmental conditions. The failure occurs when the surface of insulator is contaminated by sea salt or cement dust which lead to partial discharge (PD). Leakage currents will increase by PD that causes deterioration of insulation. To predict the insulation failures, an  adaptive neurofuzzy inference system (ANFIS) method using initial color detection processes are proposed to estimate the leakage currents based on the polymer insulator thermal images (infrared signature). In this study, the sodium chloride and kaolin are used as pollutants of the polymer insulator according to IEC 60507 standards. Then, the insulator is tested in the laboratory using AC high voltage applied at 18 kV where the temperature detection is controlled at 26° C and 70% RH (relative humidity). The percentage of colors (Red, Yellow, and Blue) from the thermal image is measured using the color detection method. Correspond to the color percentage, the ANFIS method predicts leakage currents from polymer insulators. Furthermore, this system interprets measured data from insulators that need to be categorized as Safe, Need Maintenance or Harmful. The final application of the system can be a non-contact tool to predict the polymer insulators used by technicians in the field.
EFEKTIFITAS KITOSAN SEBAGAI INHIBITOR KOROSI PADA BAJA LUNAK DALAM AIR GAMBUT Erna, Maria; Emriadi, Emriadi; Alif, Admin; Arief, Syukri
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (70.13 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.13.2.118-122

Abstract

This research is intended to learn inhibition efficiency of mild steel corrosion in peat water using two type ofchitosan. First chitosan is without treatment and the second one is synthesized by ionotropic gelation method andthen is characterized by Fourier transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).Diameter of chitosan porous is about 500 nm which is measured based on morphological photo using SEM withinhomogeneous porous shape and porous distribution is unsmooth . Effect of chitin and chitosan on the corrosionof mild steel in peat water is studied using weight loss method. It is found that corrosion inhibition efficiencydepends on peat water pH, inhibition technique and interaction time. The results show that inhibition efficiency ofchitosan without treatment and with treatment are 88.73% and 93.32% respectively. The inhibition is assumed tooccur via physicsorption of the chitin and chitosan molecules on the metal surface. The Langmuir adsorptionisotherm is tested for their fit to the experimental data.