Endang Arisoesilaningsih
Department of Biology, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

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Dinamika Struktur Komunitas Vegetasi Liar dan Pertumbuhan Padi Hitam Di Sawah Organik Kecamatan Kepanjen Malang Azalia, Dinda; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

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Abstract

 Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan dinamika struktur vegetasi liar selama  pertumbuhan padi hitam di persawahan organik di Kecamatan Kepanjen Kabupaten Malang dan menentukan interaksi keberadaan vegetasi liar pada pertumbuhan padi hitam. Metode yang digunakan adalah selected sampling, yaitu pemilihan petak contoh didasarkan pada pertumbuhan tanaman padi dan kelimpahan vegetasi liar. Pertumbuhan padi hitam diamati berdasarkan tinggi tanaman, biomassa, jumlah anakan, jumlah spikelet dan jumlah serta berat biji. Vegetasi liar diamati secara langsung dengan luasan 50 x 50 pada lokasi penentuan pengamatan pertumbuhan padi hitam. Faktor abiotik yang menjadi variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini meliputi tanah (berat jenis, bahan organik, pH dan konduktivitas) dan air sawah (pH dan konduktivitas). Genangan air sawah diamati dengan menggunakan score. Pengamatan dilakukan dalam empat fase (adaptasi tanaman 28 hst, pembentukan anakan 48 hst, pengisian malai 88 hst dan menjelang panen112 hst). Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan adanya dinamika vegetasi liar selama pertumbuhan padi hitam yang digambarkan dari biomassa vegetasi liar. Kelimpahan vegetasi liar yang tinggi menyebabkan penurunan terhadap pertumbuhan padi hitam, hal ini ditunjukkan dari tinggi pertumbuhan padi, jumlah anakan, malai dan spiklet pada masing-masing umur padi tumbuh minimal, rata-rata dan maksimal. Penutupan vegetasi liar berkorelasi negatif dengan genangan air sawah, yaitu tingginya genangan air sawah memberikan pengaruh terhadap vegetasi liar yang tumbuh.Kata kunci : Dinamika, padi hitam, pertumbuhan, vegetasi liar.
Variasi Profil Vegetasi Pohon Riparian di Sekitar Mata air dan Saluran Irigasi Tersier di Kabupaten Malang Agustina, Leni; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 1, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan profil vegetasi pohon riparian dan kualitas air di sekitar mata air dan saluran irigasi tersier di Kabupaten Malang (Karangploso, Tajinan, Tumpang, Lawang dan Kepanjen), menentukan hubungan kualitas air dengan vegetasi pohon riparian. Profil vegetasi pohon riparian diamati tingkat kerapatan, indeks Hemeroby dan Naturalness. Kualitas air yang diukur adalah pH dan konduktivitas. Semua data yang diperoleh ditabulasi dan dikompilasi menggunakan Ms. Excel. Vegetasi pohon riparian dianalisis dengan menentukan INP dan indeks diversitas pohon. Kualitas air dianalisis dengan diagram batang. Hubungan kualitas air dengan vegetasi pohon dianalisis dengan korelasi Pearson. Hasil penelitian di mata air dan saluran irigasi menunjukkan diversitas pohon riparian di mata air selalu lebih tinggi daripada salurannya. Indeks diversitas tertinggi di sempadan  mata air Karangploso dan Tumpang. Karangploso memiliki indeks naturalness yang paling tinggi dan indeks hemerobi paling rendah artinya ekosistem masih dalam keadaan lebih alami dibandingkan dengan daerah lainnya. Nilai pH berkisar 6,7-8,6 yang tergolong dalam standart normal. Nilai konduktivitas berkisar 110- 360 μS.cm-1 masuk dalam kelompok baik untuk saluran irigasi. Indeks diversitas berkorelasi positif dengan konduktivitas, kekayaan spesies berkorelasi negatif dengan pH dan berkorelasi positif konduktivitas, kerapatan spesies berkorelasi dengan pH. Profil vegetasi riparian tidak secara langsung berkorelasi dengan kualitas air. Kata kunci :air irigasi tersier, mata air, vegetasi pohon riparian
Strategic Planing to Develop Good Dairy Farming Practices in Smallholder Dairy Farms in Batu City, East Java Indarwati, Reni; Herawati, Herawati; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang
Jurnal Pembangunan dan Alam Lestari Vol 6, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Pembangunan dan Alam Lestari

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Abstract

Some of the objectives to be achieved in this research is to describe the attack profile of subclinical mastitis on Etawah Crossbreed Goats (ECG) in some smallholder farms, to identify risk factors that contribute to subclinical mastitis attacks and to compile a strategic plan to develop Good Dairy Farming Parctices (GDFP) in Batu. The data were gathered by interviewing smallholder farmer and direct observation in the three farms goats in Batu (Bumiaji, Pesanggrahan, Temas  and Beji village). California Mastitis Test (CMT) is used to detect subclinical mastitis on 51 ECG lactation belonging to farmer. Risk factors Identification of subclinical mastitis conducted by Spearman correlation analysis. All of smallholder compared with GDFP concept using gap analysis. Meanwhile, the strategic development plan of GDFP in Batu was done by the Root Caused analysis. The results showed that 100% subclinical mastitis attacks occurred on three dairy goats farms in Batu City  with the level 31-80% percentage of attacks. This subclinical mastitis attacks positively correlated with milk production (p <0.01). The risk factors of subclinical mastitis partly because of the environment (p<0.01), milking procedure (p <0.01) and health management (p <0.01) were not right. The strategic plan to develop GDFP in Batu City are Increase knowledge and awareness of farmers about how to implement good dairy farming practices on Etawah Crossbreed farm, particularly in the benefits of clean environmental, handling and using goat manure, the benefits of sanitation and disinfection of udder, the effect of milking frequency on udder health and the urgency of separation between healthy and sick goats. Keywords:  Good dairy farming practices, risk factors, subclinical mastitis
Promosi Pelestarian Suweg dan Pemanfaatan Kembali Bekatul Padi Organik Melalui Olahan Mie Hitam pada Beberapa Ibu Guru Kota Malang Asmaranti, Purfita; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

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Abstract

Suweg (Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume) dan bekatul mulai jarang dikenal masyarakat. Keterbatasan pengolahan, menjadi faktor utama rendahnya minat pelestarian umbi suweg dan pemanfaatan bekatul oleh masyarakat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pemahaman masyarakat terutama ibu-ibu dalam pendidikan konservasi umbi suweg dan pemanfaatan bekatul melalui kegiatan promosi. Evaluasi keberhasilan promosi ditentukan dengan teknik wawancara menggunakan lembar kuisioner kepada 10 ibu guru dari masing-masing SD tengah dan SD pinggiran Kota Malang. Alat (tool)  promosi yang digunakan meliputi mie hitam non terigu dari umbi suweg dan bekatul, serta bibit suweg. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan uji Wilcoxon dengan membandingkan pemahaman ibu-ibu sebelum dan sesudah promosi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa promosi yang dilakukan dengan membagikan mie hitam dan bibit suweg dapat  meningkatkan pemahaman ibu-ibu tentang suweg dan bekatul. Demikian pula, kesediaan ibu-ibu untuk menanam suweg meningkat 20% sesudah promosi.  Selain itu, mie hitam potensial sebagai makanan fungsional serta efisien sebagai alat promosi pelestarian suweg dan pemanfaatan bekatul.
Aplikasi Beberapa Mulsa Hydroseeding untuk Perkecambahan Biji Teki Pioner di Tanah Pasca Pertambangan Batubara dari Kalimantan Selatan Yulianingsih, Dwi; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui perkecambahan biji teki pioner dan karakterisasi beberapa mulsa pada tanah pasca pertambangan batubara dari Kalimantan Selatan. Spesies teki yang digunakan yaitu Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk., C. eragrostis Lam., C. odoratus L., C. strigosus L. dan Kyllingia monocephala Rottb. Mulsa yang diberikan pada tanah pasca pertambangan meliputi tanah liat (L) sebagai kontrol, liat-kompos UB (LU), liat-kompos daun (LD) dan mulsa kompos feses kerbau (F). Biji teki pioner polikultur ditanam pada media tanah pasca pertambangan dengan penambahan empat mulsa dan diulang enam kali. Variabel yang diamati antara lain persentase dan waktu perkecambahan serta kerapatan. Selain itu, diamati pH, konduktivitas dan bahan organik mulsa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mulsa di atas tanah pasca pertambangan mampu menjadi media perkecambahan teki polikultur. Kecambah tumbuh pada hydroseeding dari kompos feses kerbau memiliki kerapatan nyata tertinggi. Media liat memiliki pH nyata paling rendah (asam), sedangkan bahan organik pada mulsa kompos feses kerbau nyata paling tinggi. Media yang direkomendasikan untuk program revegetasi di tanah pasca pertambangan adalah mulsa liat-kompos daun dan kompos feses kerbau untuk memperoleh waktu perkecambahan lebih singkat dan kerapatan tinggi.   Kata kunci: Mulsa, perkecambahan, tanah pasca pertambangan, biji teki pioner
Ecosystem Services Assessment after 13 Years Restoration Program in the Janitri Water Spring Conservation Area at Batu City Fiqa, Abban Putri; Yulistyarini, Titut; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang
Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development Vol 9, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Graduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1039.251 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpal.2018.009.01.01

Abstract

Janitri water springs conservation area was restored by local government on 2004, with local and others plants based on recommendation of community around the area. The objective of the research is to evaluate the restoration success by comparing the vegetation, soil biophysics condition and ecosystem services provided in the restored area, secondary forest, and agricultural land as a positive and negative control. Result shows that the diversity index for trees, sapling and groundcover in the restored area (tree: 1.55; sapling: 2.61; groundcover: 2.71) have the higher value than in the secondary forest (tree: 0.79; sapling: 2.30; groundcover: 2.33), although its density value is lower than in the secondary forest. The vegetation quality in the restored area is much better than in the agricultural land. Soil and bulk density in the restored area are higher than in the second­ary forest and lower than in the agricultural land. Infiltration rate in the three areas was not significantly different, however secondary forest has the highest value, while the C-stock in the secondary forest almost four times than in the restored area. The restoration that have been done, has already increase the diversity, soil biophysics characteristic, and its ecosystem services in the restored area, however the restoration process should be monitored frequently to keep the restoration activity run as planned.Keywords: Ecosystem services, Janitri water spring, Restoration, Soil biophysics, Vegetation
Threatening of Invasive Alien Species (IAS) on Vegetation Structure and Aerial Arthropod Diversity in Protection Area of UB Forest Rahma, Amalia Fadhila; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang
Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development Vol 8, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (53.871 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpal.2017.008.02.05

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the vegetation structure of IAS and diversity of aerial arthropod under two level of invaded area. This study used quantitatively vegetation analysis methods for herbaceous, shrubs and tree plants through purposive plants sampling technique. Sampling areas were selected on two areas, divided into less and high invaded area of IAS. In each area, four sampling plots were randomly distributed with size 10x10 m2 using nested sampling method. All plots area were marked using GPS and then identified, documented and calculated their density and dominance. Moreover, sampling arthropod was collected by sticky bite trap with white bread, rotten bananas and jackfruit as atractant. Invasive exotic plants found in sampling areas were Debregeasia orientalis, Brugmansia suaveolen, Debregeasia longifolia and Araliaceae. Aerial arthropod as pest were found both in less and high invaded area. Therefore, classification of protected forest in UB Forest vegetation is semi-natural system.Keywords: arthropod, exotic, invasive alien species, UB Forest
Application of ecohydraulic bank protection model to improve river bank stability and biotic community in Surabaya River Rini, Daru Setyo; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang; Harisuseno, Donny; Soemarno, S
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : University of Brawjiaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1369.412 KB) | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2017.051.975

Abstract

Ecohydraulic river bank protection design was developed as ECO-RIPRAP model and has been applied along 100 meter length to restore accelerated erosion sites in Surabaya River at Wringinanom and Klubuk. The model combined re-profiled and re-vegetated bank with rock toe reinforcement and addition of log groynes at 10 meter length interval. Various native plant species were planted on bank slopes, including water plants Ipomoea aquatica and Pistia stratiotes, grasses and shrubs Ipomoea carnea, Pluchea indica, Saccharum spontaneum, Arundo donax, and native tree species Ficus glomerata, Bambusa arundinacea, Dendrocalamus asper, Bambusa vulgaris, Ficus benjamina, Dillenia indica, Psidium guajava, Arthocarpus camansi, Arthocarpus elasticus, Hibiscus mutabilis, Nauclea sp., Inocarpus edulis, and Syzygium polyanthum. The river bank morphology after ECO-RIPRAP application showed alteration from erosion to sedimentation due to rock toe enforcement, log groynes protection, and increase of plant cover on littoral banks that decreased near bank velocity. The macro-invertebrate community shown increase of taxa richness, EPT richness, %EPT and %Atyidae, but decrease of %Chironomidae at restored sites. The fish community shown increase of taxa richness, increase of abundance by 54.2%, increase of Pangasius micronemus abundance by 25.6%, and increase of Hemibragus nemurus abundance by 6.3 % at restored reach. Rare fish species thrive back at restored area, namely Oxyeleotris marmorata, Mastacembelus unicolor and Hampala macrolepidota.
Analisis Strategi Pengembangan Dan Pengelolaan Agroedutourism Berkelanjutan Fauziah, Hanin Niswatul; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang; Yanuwiadi, Bagyo
Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development Vol 7, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Graduate Program

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Abstract

Agroedutourism merupakan program yang efektif untuk meningkatkan kesadaran pentingnya pelestarian lingkungan hidup pada siswa SD, sehingga kegiatan ini perlu dikembangkan. Pengembangan program tersebut memerlukan strategi yang tepat, sehingga program tersebut dapat berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui strategi pengembangan agroedutourism berkelanjutan. Analisis strategi pengembangan agroedutourism berkelanjutan diketahui dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT. Berdasarkan hasil analisis SWOT diketahui bahwa pengembangan dan pengelolaan agroedutourism berkelanjutan dilakukan dengan strategi sebagai berikut:  a). membuat sinergi dengan sekolah untuk menyusun paket agroedutourism yang sesuai dengan  latar belakang keluarga siswa yang bervariasi, b). melakukan kerja sama dengan petani dalam hal penggunaan sawah padi untuk lokasi agroedutourism, c). melakukan pelatihan pertanian padi organik pada petani di Kota Malang, d). menerapkan ketiga paket agroedutourism yang disediakan untuk seluruh peserta, e). mengintegrasikan agroedutourism  pada kegiatan sekolah, misalnya pada kegiatan sekolah asri dan parents day, dan f). melaksanakan agroedutourism pada hari libur sekolah.Kata kunci: agroedutourism, lingkungan, pembangunan berkelanjutan, SWOT
Effects of Ecohydraulic Bank Stabilization Structures on Bank Stability and Macroinvertebrate Community in Surabaya River Rini, Daru Setyo; Arisoesilaningsih, Endang; Harisuseno, Donny; Soemarno, Soemarno
Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development Vol 9, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Graduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1567.947 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpal.2018.009.01.04

Abstract

There were 18 accelerated erosion sites identified along 7 km of Surabaya River Fishery Sanctuary Area. A model of ecohydraulic bank stabilization was applied to reduce bank erosion in Surabaya River at Gresik Regency Indonesia. The model is combination of reprofiled and revegetated bank with rock toe reinforcement and  addition of log groynes. Various native plant species were planted and naturally grown to establish multi-strata littoral vegetation structure. This study assessed effects of ecohydraulic bank stabilization on bank morphology, near bank velocity and littoral macroinvertebrate community during September 2014 to August 2016. The study found that rock toe enforcement, log groynes and reprofiled bank slope could stabilized the eroded bank, and littoral vegetation formation reduced near bank velocity at restored sites. There were 31 families of macroinvertebrate found in Surabaya River with high abundance of moderately pollution sensitive taxa Atyidae and pollution tolerant taxa Corixidae, Chironomidae and Tubificidae. The taxa richness, diversity index and abundance of sensitive and moderately sensitive macroinvertebrate group were increased after application of ecohydraulic bank stabilization at restored area. The results shown that ecohydraulic bank stabilization structure provides multi-benefits in improving bank stabilization against erosion and providing new micro-habitats for biotic community.Keywords:  ecohydraulic bank stabilization, macroinvertebrates, riparian restoration