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Leachate Treatment of TPA Talang Gulo, Jambi City by Fenton Method and Adsorption Adriansyah, Endi; Agustina, Tuty Emilia; Arita, Susila
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.20

Abstract

ABSTRAKLindi  adalah cairan yang ditimbulkan oleh sampah akibat masuknya air eksternal yang dapat melarutkan materi-materi terlarut, termasuk materi-materi organik hasil dekomposisi secara biologi. Lindi dari sebuah landfill (TPA) mengandung zat organik dan anorganik dalam konsentrasi yang tinggi. Dengan adanya gaya gravitasi maka lindi yang terbentuk akan bergerak ke dasar landfill (TPA) akan masuk ke dalam tanah dengan membawa bahan cemaran baik material tersuspensi maupun material terlarut yang dapat mencemari air tanah. Salah satu proses pengolahan lindi adalah dengan menggunakan reagen Fenton dan adsorpsi yang termasuk dalam teknologi Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). AOPs didasarkan pada pembentukan spesies yang sangat reaktif seperti radikal hidroksil (OH•) yang efektif untuk menurunkan COD, BOD dan TSS. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengolah lindi menggunakan reagen Fenton dan adsorpsi serta mempelajari rasio molar Reagen Fenton dan  waktu pengadukan terhadap penurunan COD, BOD dan TSS. Pada penelitian ini lindi diolah selama 30-120 menit. Kondisi optimum dicapai pada rasio molar 1:200, waktu pengadukan 120 menit, dan adsorpsi menggunakan karbon aktif selama 120 menit dimana penurunan COD, BOD dan TSS maksimum yang dicapai berturut-turut 95%, 95% dan 92% dengan nilai konsentrasi akhir 96 mg/L, 25,5 mg/L% dan 90 mg/L.Kata Kunci: Lindi, Reagen Fenton, AOPs, COD, BOD, TSS ABSTRACTLeachate is a liquid generated by waste due to the entry of external water that can dissolve dissolved materials, including decomposition of organic matter biologically. Leachate from a landfill (TPA) contains organic and inorganic substances in high concentrations. by gravitational force, the leachate formed will move to the bottom of the landfill (TPA) and will enter the soil by carrying contaminated material, both suspended material and dissolved material that can pollute ground water. One of the leachate treatment processes is using Fenton reagent and adsorption. Fenton method included in Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) technology. AOPs are based on the formation of highly reactive species such as hydroxyl radicals (OH•) which are effective for reducing COD and BOD. This study aims to treat leachate by using Fenton reagent and adsorption. The effect of reagent Fenton molar ratio and stirring time on degradation of COD, BOD and TSS were also investigated. In this study leachate was processed for 30-120 minutes. the optimum conditions were achieved at a molar ratio of 1: 200, stirring time of 120 minutes, and adsorption using 120 minutes of activated carbon where the maximum decrease in COD, BOD and TSS achieved was 95%, 95% and 92% with a final concentration of 96 mg/L, 25.5 mg/ L and 90 mg/ L.Keywords : Leachate, Fenton Reagent, AOPs, COD, BOD, TSS
Analysis of Biodiesel Conversion on Raw Material Variation Using Statistical Process Control Method Andalia, Winny; Pratiwi, Irnanda; Arita, Susila
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.35

Abstract

Biodiesel is a alternative fuel that can be obtained from vegetable oils or animal fats through transesterification reactions with alcohol. Biodiesel has numerous advantages compared to diesel oil, namely: it is a renewable energy resource, it is not toxic, and it is environmentally friendly because the raw material does not contain sulfur and low emissions. Biodiesel production is inseparable from the availability of raw materials, until now the raw materials that meet the needs of production capacity are palm oil (CPO). To overcome this problem, in this study we want to find out how much biodiesel conversion percentage if we use other raw materials such as: CPO oil, corn oil, VCO oil, and waste cooking oil. The analysis used in this study was the analysis of the use of raw materials to the value of biodiesel conversion using the Stastical Process Control (SPC) method. SPC method was used to analyze, manage, control, and improve a product and process using statistics. The objective of this study was to produce high conversion percentage biodiesel, and analyze and control the quality of research products. By having this statistical methods, it could be found errors in a study or out of control production so that further action can be taken to overcome them. In this study, it was found that the product which was outside of the control limit was biodiesel made from CPO and waste cooking oil. The results of the analysis using cause and effect diagrams could determine the causes of damage in the production process, which come from the factors of workers/humans, production machines, working methods, materials/raw materials and work environment. 
CHARACTERISTICS OF MIXTURE FUEL OF BIODIESEL FROM WASTE COOKING OIL AND SOLAR USED AS FUEL IN DIESEL ENGINE Arita, Susila; Kadir, Marwani Zahri; Miskah, Siti
Journal of Mechanical Science and Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Journal of Mechanical Science and Engineering
Publisher : Sriwijaya University

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Abstract

Abstract Biodiesel from waste oil fried food out of fuel can be used as an alternative to replaced diesel fuel or diesel. Biodiesel blended with diesel (B0) at the level of a certain ratio so obtained B5, B10, B15 and B20 (B5 is a mixture of 5% biodiesel and 95% diesel, etc.) is used as fuel in diesel engines. Then tested for their physical properties such as heating value, cetane number, and flash point. Performance compared to diesel engines that use diesel engines (B0). Engine operated on constant engine revolution in 1500, 1750, 2000, 2250 and 2500 rpm. From the test results in fact indicate that the B5 fuel to obtain the best performance of the engine at 2000 rpm (engine revolution).. At this engine revolution produced the lowest specific fuel consumption of 0.34 kg / kWh, thermal efficiency of 24.02%  while the effective power on all fuels are the same ie 1:26 kw .   Keywords: Biodiesel, cooking oil, diesel fuel, diesel engine
Pengurangan Kadar Amonia dari Limbah Cair Pupuk Urea dengan Proses Adsorpsi menggunakan Adsorben Bentonit Kosim, Hasbun; Arita, Susila; Hermansyah, Hermansyah
Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

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Abstract

The Liquid waste of the urea fertilizer plant was caused by the inefficiency of urea manufacturing process and amonia plant equipment, urea, and packaging section. Inefficiency in equipment was due to that the age of equipment was relatively old, damages in treatment and inaccurate process that resulted ammonia exposed along the river so that it could finally pollute water biota. The research was conducted through adsorption process using bentonite adsorbent which was initially physically activated to open external porosity, so that the ammonia absorption became bigger. The adsorption process was conducted in jar test by using lab scale under the following process and treatment condition: determine the stirring used from 100-200rpm, adsorbent mass 10-40 gram/200 ml, heating temperature 100-1400C. The results of the research showed that the percentage of the highest ammonia concentration reduction in solution waste was 82,05% which was obtained in bentonite activation temperature 1200C, absorbent mass 38 g/200 ml, stirring in 100 rpm and contact time in 60 minutes.
The Characteristic of Coal Oil From Catalytic Coal Gasification Damayanti, Rika; Arita, Susila; Hadiah, Fitri
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.59

Abstract

In this work, the catalytic gasification process of coal was studied at different operating temperatures and catalyst weights. The purpose of this study was to study the characteristics of coal oil produced through the gasification process using Nickel Molybdenum (NiMo) catalyst. The effect of adding NiMo catalyst with variations in weight of 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% for different gasification temperatures (375 – 385 °C, 430 – 440 °C, and 475 – 485 °C) were studied on coal with a calorific value of 6,400 kcal/kg. The process was done in fluidized bed reactor under atmospheric pressure and an air flow rate of 2 liters/minute was flow for 60 minutes. The results showed that NiMo is effective as a catalyst in the gasification of coal at 430 – 440 °C, the addition of 15% weight of catalysts produced coal oil with a yield of 9.35% and the composition of hydrocarbon consists of 59.75% of aromatics, 26.42% of aliphatics, and 7.34% of phenolics. Compared to coal oil without catalyst give a yield of 6.56% with 57.33% of aromatics, 17.44% of aliphatics, and 16.03% of phenolics. This showing that NiMo catalysts have a high selectivity to increase aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in coal oil.
Breakdown of Water-in-Oil Emulsion on Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Zen, Muhammad Rizky; Arita, Susila; Komariah, Leily Nurul
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.53

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The pyrolysis bio-oil which has been studied by many researchers has typically contained a high amount of water, around 20-30%. In this research, the effective bio-oil purification using chemical demulsification method has been studied to reduce the amount of water by breaking down the water-in-oil emulsion on pyrolysis bio-oil. A various dosage of chemical demulsifier (100 ppm, 150 ppm, 200 ppm, and 250 ppm) has been added into the pyrolysis bio-oil and the water separation over time also been observed. The temperature of bio-oil (30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 °C) was also studied as a factor that could have a significant effect on the demulsification process of pyrolysis bio-oil. After the injection of 250 ppm of demulsifier at 30 °C, the water separation reached a maximum of 72% in 60 minutes and could reduce the water content from 25% to 8.5%. At the temperature of 60oC and 250 ppm of demulsifier, the water separation reached a maximum of 96% in 35 minutes, and successfully reduced the water content from 25% to 1.3%. Finally, it has been concluded that this bio-crude purification using chemical demulsification method could be applied to effectively reduce the amount of water from pyrolysis bio-oil product.
Synthesis and Characterization of ZSM-5 Catalyst for Catalytic Pyrolysis of Empty Fruit Bunches Rahmiyati, Lutfia; Arita, Susila; Komariah, Leily Nurul; Nazarudin, Nazarudin; Alfernando, Oki
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.72

Abstract

ZSM-5 is known as a heterogeneous catalyst in the process of petroleum cracking. Zeolite has narrow pores so it needs synthesis to form mesopore so that reactant molecules can enter the active site in ZSM-5 mesopore. In this study, mesopore formation was carried out by adding Si/Al components with a ratio of 20 derived from tetraethyl orthosilicate, aluminum isopropoxide and TPAOH template with hydrothermal process. The resulting ZSM-5 was characterized using x-ray diffraction, scanning and electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD characterization results showed that the ZSM-5 synthesized to form mesopore was seen from a fairly high peak intensity in the range at 2-theta were 8.11, 9.01°; 23.27°; 23.49°; and 24.13°. The results of this study already have the same structure as the commercial ZSM-5. Characterization of SEM-EDS showed that Si-Al and Na elements in ZSM-5 were 96.43%, 3.56% and 0% wt, respectively. With a magnification of 20000x, this cluster is quite homogeneous even though the crystallization formed is not well aggregated. This ZSM-5 catalyst will be applied to the process of biomass into bio-oil.
The Effect of H-USY Catalyst in Catalytic Cracking of Waste Cooking Oil to Produce Biofuel Rosmawati, Rosmawati; Arita, Susila; Komariah, Leily Nurul; Nazarudin, Nazarudin; Alfernando, Oki
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.67

Abstract

The crisis in petroleum is caused by the diminishing supply of petroleum resources from nature. This phenomenon encourages researchers to continue to look for processes and methods to produce energy from other resources. One of these ways is to produce energy that can be utilized from waste, including converting waste cooking oil into biofuel. This method not only could provide a source of renewable energy, but also help resolve the issue of household waste. The process used to produce biofuel from waste cooking oil is by catalytic cracking, where waste cooking oil after pretreatment is converted into biofuel in the flow reactor with H-USY catalyst. In this research, the reaction temperatures used are 400 °C, 450 °C, 500 °C and 550 °C and reaction times are 30, 45 and 60 minutes with the mass ratio of the amount of waste cooking oil to the amount of catalyst used is 40:1 (w/w). The highest yield of liquid biofuel product was obtained at 60.98%. The use of H-USY catalyst shows that the distribution of components contained in biofuel are 28.02% of diesel products (C17 -C20), 23.96% of gasoline (C6 –C12) and 7.78% of Heavy oil (C20 >) in catalytic cracking of waste cooking oil with a reaction time of 45 minutes at a temperature of 450 °C.
Pelatihan dan pendampingan pengolahan sampah organik menjadi pupuk kompos di desa burai Cundari, Lia; Arita, Susila; Komariah, Leily Nurul; Agustina, Tuty Emilia; Bahrin, David
Jurnal Teknik Kimia Vol 25 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Teknik Kimia
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Sampah merupakan material sisa dari suatu proses yang memiliki dampak bahaya untuk lingkungan dan kesehatan. Solusi dari dampak tersebut adalah penanggulangan sampah dengan perancangan dan pembuatan alat, serta pelatihan dan pendampingan yang berhubungan dengan pengolahan sampah. Kegiatan ini merupakan pengabdian kepada masyarakat bagi warga Desa Burai, Kecamatan Tanjung Batu, Kabupaten Ogan Ilir, Sumatera Selatan dimana sampah organik diubah menjadi pupuk kompos. Proses pembuatan pupuk kompos dilakukan dengan 3 tipe yaitu, kompos celup, kompos padat-cair, dan kompos padat. Kapasitas sampah organik yang diolah sebanyak 8 kg dan proses berlangsung selama 20-40 hari. Kompos cair yang dihasilkan dari proses celup sebanyak 4,5 Liter. Untuk komposter padat-cair telah dihasilkan kompos cair sebanyak 1,8 liter, kompos padatnya sebanyak 2,1 kg. Untuk komposter padat, dihasilkan kompos padat sebanyak 2,6 kg. Tingkat pengetahuan warga terhadap pengelolaan sampah secara umum masih relatif kecil, secara rata-rata hanya 48%. Hal ini dipengaruhi oleh pendidikan warga yang tingkat dasar (SD) mencapai 48%. Untuk pengalaman warga dalam mengelola sampah sudah cukup baik, yaitu sebanyak 53%. Persepsi masyarakat terhadap pengelolaan sampah rumah tangga sudah baik, yaitu sebanyak 71% menyatakan setuju atas upaya pengelolaan sampah. Dengan tingkat persepsi yang tinggi tersebut tidak mendorong tingginya tingkat partisipasi warga terhadap pengelolaan sampah. Sebanyak 41-57% warga tidak pernah berpartisipasi baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung terhadap pengelolaan sampah rumah tangga.