Edwin Armawan
Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran/Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

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FACTORS INFLUENCING THE CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING UPTAKE AMONG MEDICAL LECTURERS AT FACULTY OF MEDICINE UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN Sari, Sri Yusnita Irda; Rathakirushnan, Phavithra; Armawan, Edwin
Althea Medical Journal Vol 6, No 4 (2019)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v6n4.1718

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Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide. In Indonesia, cervical cancer is one of the most occurring types of cancer. It is acknowledged that early screening can prevent cervical cancer. This study aimed to explore what factors influenced the screening uptake and to correlate characteristics, perceived susceptibility, and self-efficacy of Pap smear uptake among medical faculty lecturers.Methods: This was a cross-sectional analytical study conducted among female lecturers in the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran from October to November 2013. The questionnaire was used to collect data using a purposive sampling method. Data collected were tabulated into frequency and percentage and the correlation was performed using Pearson chi-square. Results: From a total of 79 respondents who participated, only 55.7% of medical lecturers had ever taken Pap smear. Reasons for not taking Pap smear were time (77.1%) and the perception of not being at risk (22.9%). However, most of the respondents (84.8%) were willing to have a screening test for cervical cancer routinely. There was a significant correlation between age (p=0.001), level of education (p=0.003) and duration of marriage (p=0.001) with the uptake of Pap smear.Conclusions: The factors that are influencing the uptake of screening are not having the time to take the test and the perception of not being at risk of the disease. There is a correlation between age, level of education and duration of marriage with screening uptake. Awareness of the importance of screening should also be promoted among female doctors.
PERBANDINGAN KERAPATAN KOLAGEN LIGAMENTUM SAKROUTERINA PADA PASIEN DENGAN DAN TANPA PROLAPS UTERI Silitonga, Intan Renata; Sukarsa, M. Rizkar A.; Pohan, Lasma R.; Armawan, Edwin; Handono, Budi
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 47, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Kerapatan kolagen merupakan satu faktor penting dalam kejadian prolaps uteri. Beberapa penelitian menunjukkan pasien prolaps uteri mempunyai kerapatan kolagen ligamentum sakrouterina yang rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengukur perbedaan kerapatan kolagen ligamentum sakrouterina pada pasien dengan dan tanpa prolaps uteri. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik komparatif dengan case control study terhadap 16 pasien prolaps uteri dan 16 pasien tanpa prolaps uteri di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung dan RS jejaring. Bahan penelitian diambil dari ligamentum sakrouterina saat operasi histerektomi lalu dibuat sediaan dengan pewarnaan hematoksilin-eosin dan Masson?s trichrome. Uji kemaknaan menggunakan uji Mann-Whitney. Hasil penelitian didapatkan hubungan bermakna antara kerapatan kolagen dan kejadian prolaps uteri, yaitu kerapatan kolagen pada pasien prolaps uteri lebih rendah (15,3%) dibanding dengan tanpa prolaps uteri (48,75%). Cut-off point kerapatan kolagen ligamentum sakrouterina untuk prediksi prolaps uteri adalah ? 30%; sensitivitas 93,8%; spesifisitas 87,5%; dan akurasi 90,6%. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah bahwa kerapatan kolagen ligamentum sakrouterina pada pasien prolaps uteri lebih rendah dibanding dengan pasien tanpa prolaps uteri. Cut-off point kerapatan kolagen ligamentum sakrouterina yang dapat memprediksi prolaps uteri adalah ? 30%. [MKB. 2015;47(4):212?7]Kata kunci: Kerapatan kolagen, ligamentum sakrouterina, prolaps uteriThe Comparison of Uterosacral Ligament Collagen Density in Patients with and without Uterine ProlapseAbstractCollagen density is one important factor in uterine prolapse. Several studies has shown that uterine prolapse patients have lower uterosacral ligament collagen density. The purpose of this study was to reveal the uterosacral ligament collagen density differences in patients with and without uterine prolapse. This case control study was an analitic comparative research of 16 uterine prolapse patients and 16 patients without uterine prolapse who underwent hysterectomy in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung and its networking hospitals during November?December 2008. Uterosacral ligament was sampled and then stained using HE and Masson?s trichrome staining. The significance of the result was analyzed using Mann-Whitney. The study found a significant correlation between collagen density and uterine prolapse, with the collagen density of uterine prolapse patients was lower (15.3%) than patients without uterine prolapse (48.75%). The uterosacral ligament collagen density cut-off point in predicting women having uterine prolapse was ?30%; with 93.8% sensitivity, 87.5% specificity, and 90.6% accuracy. The conclusion of this study is that uterosacral ligament collagen density in patients with uterine prolapse is lower (15.3%) than patients without uterine prolapse (48.75%). The uterosacral ligament collagen density cut-off point in predicting a women having uterine prolapse is ?30%. [MKB. 2015;47(4):212?7] DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v47n4.624
Total Serum Level of Calcium and Ion Calcium is Lower in Hypotonic Uterine Inertia Wattimury, Josef; Permadi, Wiryawan; Armawan, Edwin
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 1, No. 3, July 2013
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.642 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v1i3.354

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Objectives: To know the correlation between total and ion serum calcium level with the uterine contractility of laboring patient. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytic correlative study measuring the strength of correlation of total and ion calcium serum level between groups with hypotonic uterine inertia - and normal labor. Each group consists of 20 subjects who met inclusion criteria and presented to Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital in August - September 2012. Statistical analysis was performed by using Eta (η) coefficient. Results: Mean total calcium serum level on hypotonic uterine inertia is 6.66 mg/dl, while mean of total calcium serum level on normal labor is 8.56 mg/dl, with Eta (η) correlation coefficient 0.721. Mean ion calcium serum level on hypotonic uterine inertia is 4.14 mg/dl, while mean of total calcium serum level on normal labor is 4.92 mg/dl, with Eta (η) correlation coefficient 0.802. Conclusion: Total serum level of calcium and ion calcium in hypotonic uterine inertia is lower than the level of which in normal labor. There is a strong correlation between total and ion serum calcium level with uterine contractility, the Eta (η) correlation coefficient are 0.721 and 0.802 respectively. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2013; 1-3: 145-8] Keywords: hypotonic uterine inertia, ion serum calcium level, normal labor, total serum calcium level
FAKTOR RISIKO PENDERITA PROLAPSUS ORGAN PANGGUL TERHADAP HIATUS GENITALIS, PANJANG TOTAL VAGINA, DAN PERINEAL BODY Purwara, Benny Hasan; Armawan, Edwin; Sasotya, R. M. Sonny; Achmad, Eppy Darmadi
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 46, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Prolapsus organ panggul (POP) merupakan kondisi yang umum pada perempuan usia lanjut. Keluhannya bersifat prolapsus organ panggul (POP) merupakan kondisi umum bersifat progresif pada perempuan usia lanjut. Saat ini belum ada laporan mengenai hubungan antara komponen faktor risiko dan anatomi. Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor risiko klinis POP serta pengaruhnya pada komponen anatomi penentu tahapan klinis kelainan tersebut. Penelitian dilakukan di Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Unpad/Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode Desember 2009?Mei 2010. Limapuluh dua pasien POP dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu 30 subjek POP tingkat III dan 22 POP tingkat I-II. POP berasosiasi signifikan dengan usia, paritas, menopause, serta TSH. Usia ?50 tahun (OR=0,08; 95% IK=0,018-0,333 versus <50 tahun), paritas ?3 (OR=5,56; 95% IK=0,02-0,55 versus paritas <3), dan status menopause (OR=5,14; 95% IK=1,18-22,49 versus tidak menopause). Korelasi positif signifikan panjang hiatus genitalis (HG) dengan usia (r=0,656) dan paritas (r=0,539). Ukuran perineal body (PB) korelasi negatif signifikan dengan usia (r= -0,298) dan paritas (r=-0,335). Kelompok menopause menunjukkan peningkatan panjang HG dan penurunan ukuran PB yang signifikan. Panjang PB meningkat signifikan pada kelompok yang menerima TSH. Hubungan yang signifikan antara panjang total vagina (PTV) dan faktor-faktor risiko hanya menemukan pemendekan PTV signifikan pada usia >50 tahun. Simpulan, usia, paritas, dan menopause merupakan faktor risiko kemungkinan POP serta mempunyai korelasi dengan panjang GH dan PB dan progresivitas POP. [MKB. 2014;46(1):57?60]Kata kunci: Hiatus genitalis, panjang total vagina, perineal body, prolapsus organ panggulRisk Factors for Patients with Pelvic Organ Prolapse on Hiatus Genitalis, Total Vaginal Length, and Perineal BodyPelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common and progressive condition in elderly women. Currently, there are no report regarding the relationship between risk factor and anatomical components. This research was to identify risk factors and its influence on the POP clinical anatomy component determining clinical stages of this disorder. The study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung during the period of December 2009?May 2010. Fifty-two POP patients were participated, 30 subjects were in grade III and 22 subjects were in grade I?II. Found a significant association between age, parity, menopause, and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and the incidence POP. Age >50 years (OR=0.08, 95% CI=0.018 to 0.333 versus <50 years), parity >3 (OR=5.56, 95% C1=0.02 to 0.55 versus parity <3), and menopausal status (OR=5.14, 95% CI=1.18 to 22.59 versus not menopausal). Long hiatus genetalis (HG) had a significant positive correlation to age (r=0.656), while HG had a significant positive correlation to parity (r=0.539). Size of the perineal body (PB) showed a significant negative correlation with age (r=-0.298) and parity (r=-0.335). Menopausal group showed significant increase in HG length and decrease in size of the PB compared to the premenopausal group. The PB length increased significantly in those receiving HRT (p=0.018). Significant relationship between total length of the vagina (PTV) and the risk factors was only found in the form of significant shortening of PTV at aged >50 years. In conclusion, age, parity, and menopause are risk factors for POP probability and has a correlation with HG length, PB and progression of POP. [MKB. 2014;46(1):57?60]Key words: Genital hiatus, pelvic organ prolapse, perinael body, total vaginal length DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v46n1.229
Hubungan antara Faktor Risiko Demografi dan Klinis terhadap Kejadian Persalinan Preterm Dini dan Lanjut Sasongko, Rahadyan Aji; Effendi, Jusuf Sulaeman; Sabarudin, Udin; Armawan, Edwin; Siddiq, Amillia; Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Volume 1 Nomor 1 Maret 2018
Publisher : Dep/SMF Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran

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Tujuan: Persalinan preterm dini dan lanjut masih menjadi penyebab penting morbiditas dan mortalitas perinatal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik pasien, menganalisis hubungan faktor risiko demografi dan klinik dengan persalinan spontan preterm dini dan preterm lanjut periode Januari 2015-Desember 2016. Metode: Penelitian secara potong lintang retrospektif dilaksanakan pada bulan April-Juni 2017 dengan sumber data rekam medis Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin. Hasil: penelitian menunjukan insidensi persalinan preterm adalah 38,54%. Diskusi: Terdapat hubungan signifikan dari faktor risiko pendidikan, jumlah perawatan antenatal, riwayat persalinan preterm, dan ketuban pecah dini terhadap kejadian persalinan spontan preterm dini dan preterm lanjut. Pendidikan SD meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm dini 2,3 kali, perawatan antenatal kurang dari 4 kali selama kehamilan meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm dini 1,6 kali, riwayat persalinan preterm sebelumnya meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm dini 1,9 kali. Ketuban pecah dini meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm lanjut 2,6 kali (p<0,05). Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara tingkat pendidikan, jumlah perawatan antenatal, riwayat persalinan preterm, dan ketuban pecah dini, dengan  persalinan spontan preterm dini dan preterm lanjut.Kata kunci: Faktor demografi, faktor klinik, persalinan spontan preterm dini, persalinan spontan preterm lanjutRelation between Demographic and Clinical Risk Factors to the Occurrence of Spontaneous Early and Late Preterm Birth Abstract     Objective: Early and late preterm birth remains an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Various studies indicate the incidence of is influenced by demographic and clinical factors affecting baby’s outcome. This study aims to analyze demographic and clinical factor’s relations of spontaneous early and late preterm birth in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, from January 2015 until December 2016. Method: Retrospective-cross sectional was conducted in April until June 2017 from Hasan Sadikin General Hospital’s medical record, collected from January 2015 to December 2016. Results: Incidence of preterm birth from January 2015 until December 2016 was 38,54%. There was significant relations of education, times of antenatal care, previous preterm birth, and premature rupture of membrane with spontaneous early and late preterm birth. Education level of elementary school increased the incidence of spontaneous early preterm birth 2.3 times, previous preterm birth increased the incidence of spontaneous early preterm birth 1.6 times, antenatal care less than 4 times increased the incidence of spontaneous early preterm birth 1.9 times. Premature rupture of membrane increased the incidence of spontaneous late preterm birth 2.6 times (p<0.05. Conclusion: there is a relations between education, times of antenatal care, previous preterm birth, and premature rupture of membrane,  with spontaneous early and late preterm birth.Keywords: Demographic factors, clinical factors, preterm spontaneous early delivery, spontaneous late preterm delivery
Karakteristik Pasien Adenomiosis dengan Gambaran Ultrasonografi di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung Periode 2015-2016 Fitrina, Meice; Bayuaji, Hartanto; Madjid, Tita Husnitawati; Armawan, Edwin
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Volume 1 Nomor 1 Maret 2018
Publisher : Dep/SMF Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstrak    Tujuan: Karakteristik pasien dan hasil pemeriksaan ultrasonografi penting untuk menegakkan diagnosis adenomiosis, dapat diketahui terkait dari usia, gejala dan paritas serta pemeriksaan patologi anatomi. Metode: Deskriptif retrospektif menganalisis gejala klinis dan ultrasonografi  adenomiosis. Data demografi (usia dan paritas), gejala klinis, hasil pemeriksaan ultrasonografi, dan hasil pemeriksaan patologi anatomi.Hasil: Dari 116 kasus, rata-rata usia adalah 39 tahun, paritas 1 - 4 (51,7%), infertilitas sekunder (35,3%), dengan gejala klinis yang terbanyak adalah massa pada abdomen (45,7%). Hasil pemeriksaan ultrasonografi yang terutama adalah miometrium heterogen (63,8%), kista miometrium (59,5%), dan subendometrial linear striae (56,0%).  Diskusi: Hasil pemeriksaan USG transvaginal yang paling banyak ditemukan gambaran miometrium heterogen (63,8%) dan kista miometrium (59,5%). Kesimpulan: Adenomiosis umum terjadi pada usia reproduktif dan multiparitas dengan gejala utama massa pada abdomen dan hasil ultrasonografi yang terutama ditemukan adalah miometrium heterogen.  Kata kunci: adenomiosis, ultrasonografi, ultrasonografi transvaginalCharacteristics Overview of Adenomyosis Patientswith Ultrasonographic  at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung General Hospitalduring 2015–2016Abstract    Objective: Characteristic patient and ultrasonography findings are important to make a diagnosis of adenomyosis. To describe common and uncommon characteristics patients which is include age, symptoms, and parity with ultrasonographic findings and histopatolgic examination of adenomyosis.Methods: This study was a descriptive restrospective study in adenomyosis cases. Patients with clinical symptoms and confirmed with ultrasonographic was an adenomyosis were analyzed. Results: Out of 116 cases, mean age was >35 years old (70,7%), parity was 1 - 4 (51,7%), related to secondary infertility (35,3%), with most common symptom is abdominal mass (45,7%). Most common findings of ultrasonographic were heterogenous myometrium (63,8%), myometrium cyst (59,5%), and subendometrial linear striae / shadowing (56,5%).Discussion: Sign transvaginal ultrasound were the heterogeneous myometrium (63.8%) and myometrial cyst (59.5%). Conclusion: Adenomyosis usually happen in reproductive age, multiparity with main symptoms is abdominal mass and the most common sonographic findings is heterogenous myometrium.Keywords: adenomyosis, ultrasonographic, transvaginal ultrasonography.
Visual Inspection Test with Acetic Acid for Cervical Cancer Screening: Willingness and Acceptability among Reproductive Age and Married Women Hassan, Rozaliamisah Binti; Armawan, Edwin; Arya, Insi Farisa Desy
Althea Medical Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease, thus early screening test should be performed for early cervical cancer prevention. Previous studies showed that among all of the screening techniques, visual inspection with acetic acid is an alternative, simple safe cervical cancer prevention technique. This study aimed to identify the willingness and acceptability of visual inspection with acetic acid among reproductive age and married women as cervical cancer prevention.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 reproductive age and married women in Jatinangor subdistrict West Java in 2014. A validated questionnaire was used to obtain information about the respondents’s characteristics, risk factors of cervical cancer, willingness and acceptability of Visual Inspection using Acetic Acid Test (VIA). The collected data were presented using tables.Results: Out of 100 respondents, 93% ever heard of cervical cancer, however 79% were aware of cervical cancer. As high as 96% were aware of the importance of cervical cancer screening, however 36% were aware of cervical cancer screening, and 19% were aware of VIA test. While 83% never had previous education on cervical cancer, 91% reported willingness to take part on cervical cancer education and 83% willingness of cervical cancer screening. Noted 17% were non-acceptance of VIA test for future cervical cancer screening due to their busy life and afraid of the outcome result.Conclusions: The majority of reproductive age and married women  are willing and accept VIA test for cervical cancer screening. 
Perbandingan Fungsi Berkemih pada 3 Hari dan 5 Hari Katerisasi Urin Pascaoperasi Histerektomi Radikal pada Wanita Penderita Keganasan Serviks Stadium Awal Novianti, Astri; Purwara, Benny Hasan; Hidayat, Yudi Mulyana; Krisnadi, Sofie Rifayani; Tobing, Maringan Diapari Lumban; Armawan, Edwin
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Volume 1 Nomor 2 September 2018
Publisher : Dep/SMF Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran

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AbstrakTujuan: Menganalisis perbandingan fungsi berkemih pada pemakaian kateter urin selama 3 hari dan 5 hari pasca operasi histerektomi radikal.Metode: Non-inferiority randomized controlled trial. Subjek penelitian adalah penderita kanker serviks di Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin Bandung yang dilakukan operasi histerektomi radikal. Dilakukan penilaian fungsi berkemih dan kejadian infeksi saluran kemih sebelum dan setelah operasi hari ke−3 (kelompok intervensi) dan hari ke−5 (kelompok kontrol). Hasil: Pascaoperasi terjadi penurunan fungsi sensorik 8,5% pada kelompok intervensi dan 13,5% pada kelompok kontrol dan penurunan fungsi motorik 87,5% pada kelompok intervensi dan 150% pada kelompok kontrol. Kejadian infeksi saluran kemih meningkat 6,7% pada kelompok kontrol. Kesimpulan: Penggunaan kateter urin selama 3 hari pasca histerektomi radikal tidak lebih buruk dari 5 hari dan dapat digunakan sebagai manajemen pada penderita kanker serviks pasca histerektomi radikal. Kata kunci: Disfungsi berkemih pasca histerektomi radikal, kateter 3 dan 5 hari pasca histerektomi radikal, infeksi saluran kemih.AbstractObjective: To compare the urinary function after radical hysterectomy  with catheter usage for 3 days and 5 days. Method: A non-inferiority randomized controlled trial. Subjects were women diagnosed with cervical cancer that underwent radical hysterectomy in Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung. The study conducted by comparing urinary function and urinary tract infection in 3 days catheterization and 5 days catheterization after radical hysterectomy. Result: Post operation, there was decreased 8,5% sensory function in intervention group and 13,5% in control group and decreased 87,5% motoric function in intervention group and 150% in control group. The urinary tract infection increased about 6,7% in control group. Conclusion:3-days urethral catheterization following radical hysterectomy is non inferior to 5 days urethral catheterization and could be used for management of women with early stage cervical cancer after radical hysterectomy. Key  words: Urinary dysfunction after radical hysterectomy, 3 and 5 days catheterization after radical hysterectomy, urinary tract infection
Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perempuan Usia Reproduksi dalam Mencari Bantuan Penanganan Inkontinensia Urin di Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin Bandung Gazali, Indra; Purwara, Benny Hasan; Armawan, Edwin; Effendi, Jusuf Sulaeman; Handono, Budi; Susiarno, Hadi
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Volume 2 Nomor 1 Maret 2019
Publisher : Dep/SMF Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran

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AbstrakTujuan: Inkontinensia urin merupakan kondisi yang sering dialami wanita. Meskipun demikian, hanya kurang dari setengah wanita dengan gejala tersebut yang berkonsultasi ke dokter mengenai inkontinensia, dan faktor penentu dalam pengobatan tidak dipahami dengan baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis apakah faktor pengetahuan, budaya, pendidikan, dan penghasilan memengaruhi pasien inkontinensia urin tidak berobat ke rumah sakit, serta mengetahui faktor yang paling dominan dan alasan-alasan pasien inkontinensia urin tidak berobat ke rumah sakit.  Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah metode kombinasi (mixed methods) dengan desain penelitian cross sectional atau potong lintang. Sampel pada penelitian ini berjumlah sebanyak 70 pasien menderita inkontinensia urin. Adapun pasien yang diwawancarai adalah sebanyak 10 orang pasien atau informan. Hasil: Penelitian kuantitatif pada variabel faktor pendidikan dan faktor penghasilan, hasil analisis Kolmogorov test terlihat nilai P>0.05. Pada variabel faktor pengetahuan dan faktor budaya, hasil analisis Kolmogorov test terlihat nilai P<0.05 Kesimpulan: Penelitian kuantitatif dari empat faktor yang berpengaruh adalah variabel faktor pengetahuan dan budaya, sedangkan yang paling berpengaruh adalah variabel faktor budaya, Pada hasil penelitian kualitatif diketahui bahwa faktor pengetahuan dan budaya paling banyak berpengaruh, hal ini dikarenakan pengetahuan responden tentang inkontinensia urin sangat kurang serta rasa malu pada diri responden apabila ada orang lain yang mengetahui mengenai inkontinensia urin yang dideritanya. Kata kunci : Inkontinensia urin, faktor pengetahuan, faktor budaya, faktor pendidikan, faktor penghasilan. AbstractObjective: Urinary incontinence is a highly prevalent and burdensome condition among women. However, fewer than half of women with symptoms talk to a physician about incontinence. The factors, including knowledge, culture, education, and income, the most dominant factor influence anf the reason  patient of urinary incontinence not to go to hospital.Method: The method used in this research is mixed methods with cross sectional research design. The sample amounted to 70 patients suffering from urinary incontinence. The patients interviewed were 10 patients / informants.Result: The quantitative research with Kolmogorov test  is known that on variable of educational and income factors, with P >0,05. The knowledge and cultural factors result with P <0,05. Conclusion: There is correlation between knowledge and eastern culture with urinary incontinence patient not treatment at polyclinic RS Hasan Sadikin Bandung, the most dominant factor influencing is the culture factor, as well as the reasons patients with urinary incontinence do not go to the hospital is due to not knowing that urinary incontinence is a disease and a shame.Key words: Urinary incontinence, knowledge factor, cultural factor, educational factor, income factor
Visual Inspection Test with Acetic Acid for Cervical Cancer Screening: Willingness and Acceptability among Reproductive Age and Married Women Hassan, Rozaliamisah Binti; Armawan, Edwin; Arya, Insi Farisa Desy
Althea Medical Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.232 KB) | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v5n2.1419

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease, thus early screening test should be performed for early cervical cancer prevention. Previous studies showed that among all of the screening techniques, visual inspection with acetic acid is an alternative, simple safe cervical cancer prevention technique. This study aimed to identify the willingness and acceptability of visual inspection with acetic acid among reproductive age and married women as cervical cancer prevention.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 reproductive age and married women in Jatinangor subdistrict West Java in 2014. A validated questionnaire was used to obtain information about the respondents’s characteristics, risk factors of cervical cancer, willingness and acceptability of Visual Inspection using Acetic Acid Test (VIA). The collected data were presented using tables.Results: Out of 100 respondents, 93% ever heard of cervical cancer, however 79% were aware of cervical cancer. As high as 96% were aware of the importance of cervical cancer screening, however 36% were aware of cervical cancer screening, and 19% were aware of VIA test. While 83% never had previous education on cervical cancer, 91% reported willingness to take part on cervical cancer education and 83% willingness of cervical cancer screening. Noted 17% were non-acceptance of VIA test for future cervical cancer screening due to their busy life and afraid of the outcome result.Conclusions: The majority of reproductive age and married women  are willing and accept VIA test for cervical cancer screening.