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Journal : Jurnal Veteriner

Studi Epidemiologi Agen Zoonosis Escherichia coli O157:H7 melalui Analisis Random Amplification of Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Suardana, I Wayan; Tunas Artama, Wayan; Asmara, Widya; Setiadi Daryono, Budi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Epidemiological studies of zoonotic agent Escherichia coli O157:H7 have been analyzed pheneticallyand or phylogenetically. In a phenetic classification, micoorganisms are arranged into groups (phena) onthe basis of high overall similarity using both phenotypic and genotypic methods without judgementaspect of its ancestry or evolutionary. Due to its importance to epidemiological aspect, the study of geneticvariation of isolates origin from some sources need to be conducted in order to trace the routes of infection.A total of 20 samples obtained from some sources i.e clinically human feces, non-clinically human feces,cattle feces, chicken feces, and beef feces were used in this study. The study was started by confirming allof the isolates using O157 latex agglutination test and H7 antiserum test, followed by genomic DNAanalysis by random amplification of polymorphic DNA /RAPD methods. RAPD results were analyzed using a simple matching coeficient (Ssm) and alogorhythm unweighted pair group method using arithmeticaverages (UPGMA) programe. Results showed there were range of genetic DNA from local isolates (75.1–99,6%) which was almost similar to ATCC 43894 control isolate. The highest similarity (99.6%) to ATCC43894 control was showed by SM-7(1) isolate obtained from cattle fecal and KL-68(1), isolate obtainedfrom clinically human fecal. In addition, KL-52(7) obtained from clinically human fecal had high similarity(99.6%) to MK-35 isolate obtained from chicken fecal. On the other hand, DS-21(4) and DS-16(2) isolatesthat were obtained from beef had high similarity (84.9%) to other isolates including ATCC 43894 controlisolate. The highest similarity of E. coli O157:H7 isolates that were obtained from cattle feces, beef, andchicken feces to human feces isolate indicated that there were both cattle and chicken were potentialreservoirs of the zoonotic agen which can be transmitted to human.
Histopatologi Ikan Kerapu Macan yang Diimbuhi Bakteri Asam Laktat dan Diuji Tantang Vibrio alginolyticus (HISTOPHATOLOGY OF TIGER GROUPER SUPPLEMENTED WITH LACTIC ACID BACTERIA AND CHALLENGED BY VIBRIO ALGINOLYTICUS) ., Nursyirwani; Asmara, Widya; Wahyuni, Agnesia Endang Tri Hastuti; ., Triyanto
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Supplementation of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as probiotic in aquaculture has been reported toincrease fish growth and enhance their resistance against diseases. The aim of this study was to figureout histological changes of tiger grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus) fed with LAB isolates followed bycha
AMINO-TERMINUS OF POLYMERASE BASIC-2 OF AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS OF H5N1 SUBTYPE ISOLATED FROM VARIOUS ANIMAL SPECIES IN INDONESIA Yuniati Kencana, Gusti Ayu; Asmara, Widya; Rangga Tabbu, Charles; Kade Mahardika, I Gusti Ngurah
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 9 No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The information on pathogenicity and adaptation factors of avian influenza virus (AIV) in mammalsis very inportant in an effort to reduce the risk of avian influenza (AI) pandemic in the future. Polymerasegene complex appears to be the major factors for adaptation of AIV to certain animal species. A preliminarystudy on role of non-coding region (NCR) and amino-terminus of polymerase-basic 2 (PB2) is presented.Purified viral RNA of AIV isolated from chicken, duck, pig, and quail of Bali and Yogyakarta was reversetranscribed into cDNA and amplified using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)using PB-2 universal forward primer and specifically designed backward primer. The result showed thatall AIV’s H5N1 isolated from chicken, duck, quail, and pig, posed PB2 amino-terminus typical for IndonesianAIV H5N1. However, polymorphic amino acids of the protein fragment did not show any species specificmotive, with the exception of the pig isolate Sw/Tabanan/2006 which had specific substitution of D16E,H17Q, M40I, and H124Y.
Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Infeksi Dirofilaria immitis pada Anjing yang Dipotong di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTOR OF THE DIROFILARIA IMMITIS INFECTION IN DOGS SLAUGHTERED IN DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA) Erawan, I G. Made Krisna; Tjahajati, Ida; Nurcahyo, Wisnu; Asmara, Widya
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 4 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.758 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.4.541

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors Dirofilariaimmitis (D. immitis) infection in dogs slaughtered in Yogyakarta. A total of 151 dogs that were slaughtered from May – November 2013 were examined their heart in order to determine the presence of D. immitis infection. Blood samples were tested using Modified Knott’s Technique for microfilariae examination. The results showed that based on the heart and blood examination the prevalence of D. immitis infection was 14.6 % and 7.9 %, respectively. The risk factors for D. immitis infection were the age and origin of the dog.
Antigen Ekskretori-Sekretori Cacing Jantung (Dirofilaria immitis) Jantan dan Betina yang Berpotensi Sebagai Marka Diagnosis (EXCRETORY-SECRETORY ANTIGENS OF MALE AND FEMALE HEART WORMS (DIROFILARIA IMMITIS) WHICH POTENTIALLY AS A DIAGNOSTIC MARKER) Erawan, I Gusti Made Krisna; Tjahajati, Ida; Nurcahyo, Wisnu; Asmara, Widya
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Heart worm (Dirofilaria immitis) is the causative agent of a serious parasitic disease in dogs.Dirofilariasis is generally diagnosed by microfilariae examination and specific antigen testing. Microfilariaeexamination has low sensitivity due to occult infections. The available antigen test at this time is able todetect circulating antigens secreted by adult female worms only. The aim of the present study was toidentify male (MES) and female (FES) heart worms excretory-secretory antigens which have the potentialas a diagnostic targets. Identification of antigen was done by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gelelectrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western Blotting analysis. The results of this study indicated that therewere differences between the MES and the FES profiles. The results showed 12 bands in MES (14–118kDa) and 18 bands in FES (10–205 kDa). Protein with a molecular weight of 59 kDa has the potential asdiagnostic markers of dirofilariasis.
Analisis Genetik Gen Protective Antigenic pada Bacillus anthracis Isolat Jawa Tengah dan Yogyakarta (GENETIC ANALYSIS ON PROTECTIVE ANTIGENIC GENE OF BACILLUS ANTHRACIS ISOLATES OF CENTRAL JAVA AND YOGYAKARTA) Sanam, Maxs Urias Ebenhaizar; Asmara, Widya; Wahyuni, Agnesia Endang Tri Hastuti; Wibowo, Michael Haryadi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine sequence and genotype diversity of protective antigenic gene ofBacillus anthracis isolated from Central Java and Yogyakarta. Pag-A gene which encodes for antigenicprotein is one toxin component and the virulent factor of B. anthracis. As many as five isolates fromSemarang, Sragen, and Boyolali (Central Java) and Sleman (Yogyakarta) were used. The gene wassequenced and amplified used three set of primers PA1857/PA2436, PA8/PA5, and PA-5F/PA-5R. Theresult showed that the nucleotide sequences of gene from five isolates were identical and only had onenucleotide difference as compared to B. anthracis sterne M22589. All isolates were confirmed as genotypebased on pag-A sequence. It was concluded that all B. anthracis from Central Java and Yogyakarta haveidentical pag-A sequence and belong to genotypt-1. Further studies are needed to investigate B. anthracisisolates from other regions of Indonesia.
Non Coding Region dan Amino Terminus Gen Polimerase Asidik Virus Avian Influenza Subtipe H5N1 Asal Hewan Indonesia Yuniati Kencana, Gusti Ayu; Asmara, Widya; Rangga Tabbu, Charles; Kade Mahardika, I Gusti Ngurah
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 11 No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The knowledge on the species adaptation factor of avian influenza virus of H5N1 subtype (AIV H5N1)is very important as a signal for the emergence of a new strain with pandemic potential. This research wasconducted to find out the sequence variation of the Non-Coding Region (NCR) and Coding Region (CR) of 5’-terminal cRNA of the polymerase acidic (PA). Total RNA from twenty six (26) avian influenza virussubtype H5N1 isolates were amplified using reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)with a universal forward primer for influenza virus and specifically designed backward primers. Nineteen(19) gene fragments of PA could be amplified. RT-PCR products were sequenced and analyzed using Mega4 software. The length of NCR of PA gene was found to be 24 bases and conserved. A/T composition of PANCR was 58.3%. Species and geographical specificity could not be found in the genetic distance, the aminoacid polymorphism, as well as the phylogenetic analysis of the CR. RNA sequencing is discussed andrecomended to be studied further.
VARIATION OF NON-CODING REGION AND CODING REGION OF 5’-TERMINAL CRNA OF POLYMERASE BASIC 1 OF AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS SUBTYPE H5N1 Yuniati Kencana, Gusti Ayu; Asmara, Widya; Rangga Tabbu, Charles; Kade Mahardika, I Gusti Ngurah
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 10 No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The sequence of the Non-Coding Region (NCR) and Coding Region (CR) of 5’-terminal cRNA of thepolymerase basic 1 (PB1) gene as a major factor for the species adaptation of avian influenza virussubtype H5N1 (AIV H5N1) has been analysed. The information could be a virological signal for theemergence of a new strain with pandemic potential. Total RNA from twenty six (26) avian influenzasubtype H5N1 isolates were amplified using reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)with a universal forward primer for influenza virus and specifically designed backward primers. Fifteen(15) PB1 gene fragments could be amplified. RT-PCR products were sequenced and analyzed using Mega4software. The length of NCR of PB1 gene was found to be 24 bases and mostly shows conserved sequence,with an exception of Dk/Badung/2006 isolate which has C-7T substitution. A/T composition of PB1 NCRwas 54,2%, while the Dk/Badung/2006 isolate was 58,3%. Species and geographical specificity could not befound in the genetic distance, the amino acid polymorphism, as well as the phylogenetic analysis of t
Virgin Coconut Oil Meningkatkan Aktivitas Fagositosis Makrofag Ayam Pedaging Pascavaksinasi Flu Burung (VIRGIN COCONUT OIL INCREASES THE PHAGOCYTOSIS ACTIVITY OF MACROPHAGE OF BROILER CHICKEN FOLLOWING AVIAN INFLUENZA VACCINATION) Yuniwarti, Enny Yusuf Wachidah; Asmara, Widya; Artama, Wayan Tunas; Tabbu, Charles Rangga
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The research objective was to find an alternative avian influenza prevention in broilers by increasinganimal’s antibody titer and macrophages phagocytic  activity.  Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is a food supplementthat is proven safe for human consumption therefore it is assumed to be safe for the animal’s (chickens).Factorial design  2 vaccinated: unvaccinated) x 4 (dose of VCO: 0, 5, 10 and 15 mL/kg feed) were applied inthis study.  A total of 40 day day old chick were allocated in the eight treatments groups.  Feed and drinkingwater were available  ad libitum.  Antibody titers of the animals were detected using ELISA, whereasphagocytic activity of the macrophages were detected from spleen.  The result showed that the highestphagocytic activity and antibody titers were seen in chickens which were given VCO at 10 mL/kg feed.  It isconcluded that the VCO could increased the phagocytic activity of macrophages.
Identifikasi Escherichia coli O157:H7 serta Deteksi Gen Shiga Like Toxin 1 dan 2 Asal Feses Hewan, Daging, dan Feses Manusia Suardana, I Wayan; Artama, Wayan Tunas; Asmara, Widya; Daryono, Budi Setiadi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 11 No 4 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Escherichia coli O157:H7 with the ability to produce shiga-like toxin was isolated from beef, cattle,chicken, and human feces. Due to its importance to human health, it is necessary to identify the genesencoding the production of shiga-like toxin, stx1 and stx2 respectively to further understand the pathogenesis.Isolation of E. coli was done on Eosin Methylene Blue Agar (EMBA), followed by identification on SorbitolMacConkey Agar (SMAC), latex agglutination test, and H7 antiserum test, respectivelly. The existence ofgenes stx1 and stx2 in E. coli O157:H7 was confirmed molecularly using PCR method with specific primersLP 30/31 and LP 43/44, Stx2 (F)/Stx2 (R) respectively. Escherichia coli O157:H7 was isolated from 22 outof 344 samples (6,4%). Some isolates showed gene stx1 and stx2 was detected in two isolates as indicatedby a 384 bp band (stx1 gene), 584 bp and 1588 bp bands (stx2 gene) respectivelly. The results indicatedthat local isolates E. coli O157:H7 are potential as a zoonoses agent.
Co-Authors . Sismindari ., Wdjijono Aastuti, Wijayanti Dwi Abdul Salam M. Sofro, Abdul Salam Adi Heru Sutomo Aditya Krishar Karim AETH. Wahyuni, AETH. Afiono Agung Prasetyo Agnes Sri Harti Agnesia Endamg Tri Hastuti Wahyuni Agnesia Endang Tri Hastuti Wahyuni Agnesia Endang Tri Hastuti Wahyuni Agus Eko Srihanto, Agus Eko Agustinus Joko Nugroho, Agustinus Joko Akiyama, Koichi Al Supartinah Santoso, Al Supartinah Alimuddin . Alimuddin A, Alimuddin Alimuddin, A. Alma Linggar Jonarta, Alma Linggar Anwar Rosyidi April H Wardhana Ardianata, Dana Arum Setiawan Asih Kurniawati B. Sardjono Bambang Hariono Bambang Sumiarto Bambang Sutrisno Banun Kusumawardani Boy Bachtiar Budi Mulyaningsih Budi Mulyono BUDI SETIADI DARYONO Budi Setiadi Daryono Charles Rangga Tabbu Charles Rangga Tabbu Chatarina Behar, Chatarina Dayono, Budi Setiadi Dewi Agustina Dewi Seswita Zilda Dito Anggoro, Dito Djaswadi Dasuki Doddi Yudhabuntara Dyah Haryuningtyas Dyah Irnawati Eko Agus Srihanto, Eko Agus Eni Harmayani Enny Yusuf Wachidah Yuniwarti Ety Aryati, Ety Gintung Patantis Gusti Ayu Yuniati Kencana Hardyanto Soebono Hardyanto Subono Hari Eko Irianto Heni Susilowati Heru Susetya Hidayanto, Nur Khusni Hidayati, Dewi Noor I G. Made Krisna Erawan I Gusti Ketut Suarjana I Gusti Made Krisna Erawan, I Gusti Made Krisna I Gusti Ngurah Kade Mahardika I Wayan Suardana Ida Tjahajati Ignatius Mulyadi, Ignatius Ika Dewi Ana Ika Dyah Kusumawati, Ika Dyah Indwiani Astuti Istriyati ., Istriyati Istriyati Istriyati Istriyati, . Istriyati, . Istriyati, I. Iwan Dwiprahasto JAKA WIDADA Juni Handajani Karna Wijaya Khilyat Ulin Nur Zaini, Khilyat Ulin Nur Khrisdiana Putri, Khrisdiana LANGKAH SEMBIRING M. Haryadi Wibowo Mammed Sagi Mandojo Rukmo Marsetyawan HNE Soesatyo Marsetyawan HNE. Soesatyo, Marsetyawan HNE. Marsetyawan Soesatyo Masashi Kawaichi, Masashi Maxs Urias Ebenhaizar Sanam Maxs Urias Ebenhaizar Sanam, Maxs Urias Michael Haryadi Wibowo Michael Haryadi Wibowo MM.Firdiana Krisnaningsih Mustofa . Mustofa M, Mustofa Mustofa, M. Ning Rintiswati Nobuyuki Harada Nugroho, Dwi Aji Nugroho, Dwi Aji Nursyirwani . Nuryono ., Nuryono Nuryono, N. Osman Sianipar, Osman Pinandi Sri Pudyani, Pinandi Sri Purnama Edy Santosa Putri, Krisdiana Rahmat Setya Adji Regina TC Tandelilin, Regina TC Regina TC. Tandelilin, Regina TC. Reni Nurjasmi, Reni Rini Widayanti Risya Cilmiaty, Risya S Muharsini S Rahmah Umniyati, S Rahmah Sarwo Edy Wibowo Sebastian Margino Setiyono Setiyono Setyawan Budiharta Sidna Artanto, Sidna Sismindari . Sismindari Sismindari Sismindari, S. Siti Sunarintyas Soemitro Djojowidagdo Sri Darmawati Sri Lestari Sri Murwani Subronto Prodjoharjono Suhartono Taat Putra Surya Amanu Suryani Hutomo, Suryani Susi Iravati Syaiful Anwar Tita Ratya Utari Titik Purwati Widowati, Titik Purwati Tiyas Tono Taufiq, Tiyas Tono Tri Ratnaningsih Tri Untari Tri Wibawa Triyanto . Tsutomu Nohno W. Widodo Wajar, Dony wayan T Artama Wayan T. Artama Wayan T. Artama Wayan Tunas Artama Wayan Tunas Artama Widagdo Sri Nugroho Widagdo Sri Nugroho Widjijono Widjijono Widjijono, W. Widodo . Widya Hary Cahyati Wisnu Nurcahyo Yatri Drastini Yulita Kristanti, Yulita Yuni Wijayanti Yusro Nuri Fawzya ZAKI MUBARAK Zilda, Dewi Zeswita