I NYOMAN MANTIK ASTAWA
Faculty of Veterinary, Udayana University, Bali-Indonesia

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PROTEIN SPESIFIK CAIRAN KISTA CYSTICERCUS BOVIS PADA SAPI BALI YANG DIINFEKSI DENGAN TAENIA SAGINATA (SPECIFIC PROTEIN OF CYSTICERCUS BOVIS CYST FLUID ON BALI CATTLE EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH TAENIA SAGINATA) Dharmawan, Nyoman Sadra; Dwinata, I Made; Swastika, Kadek; Damriyasa, I Made; Oka, Ida Bagus Made; Astawa, I Nyoman Mantik
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 14 No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Cysticercus bovis is the larval stage of Taenia saginata, the bovine tapeworm. The infection of thislarval in cattle musculature causes Bovine cysticercosis or Cysticercosis bovis.  Bovine cysticercosis is foundworldwide, but mostly in developing countries, where unhygienic conditions, poor cattle managementpractices, and the absence of meat inspection are common.  The adult Taenia infection in man is referredto as taeniasis.  Taenia saginata taeniasis is also found almost all over the world.  The prevalence ofTaenia saginata taeniasis has reported up to 27.5% in Gianyar Bali. In order to control the diseases,vaccination against the larvae stages in cattle of Taenia saginata may play an important role in controllingthe disease in the endemic regions.  The aims of the present study were to prepare and to investigate theimmunogenic protein as vaccine candidate for controlling  Cysticercus bovis infection in in Bali cattle.Cysticercus protein from the cyst fluid was firstly used to immunize mice and the mice sera were thencollected. Cysticercus proteins then analyzed using sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE).All cysticercus proteins were then visualized by Commasie blue staining. The proteins were also transferredonto nitrocellulose membrane and the immunogenic proteins were visualized by Western Blotting usingimmune sera raised in mice.  By Commasie blue staining, a total of 17 proteins were detected with themolecular weight of 14,86 kDa -122,40 kDa from the smallest to the largest. As many as 7 immunogenicproteins with the molecular weights of 16.81 kDa; 19.22 kDa; 20.98 kDa; 27.41 kDa; 34.02 kDa; 38.31 kDa;and 54.94kDa were detected.
RESPONS ANTIBODI SEKUNDER TERHADAP PENYAKIT TETELO PADA AYAM PETELUR PASCAVAKSINASI ULANGAN DENGAN VAKSIN TETELO AKTIF (NEWCASTLE DISEASESECONDARY ANTIBODY RESPONSE AFTER REVACCINATION IN LAYER WITH THE ACTIVE ND VACCINE) Kurnianto, Andika Budi; Kencana, Gusti Ayu Yuniati; Astawa, I Nyoman Mantik
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 17 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Revaccination is required in order to preventNewcastle Disease (ND) reccurence inlayers chickens. Oneof vaccine for ND revaccination is freeze-died ND active vaccine containing e? 106,5EID50. Revaccinationisdone to trigger a faster secondary antibody responses in layers and can achieve protective antibody titersagainst ND that can be monitored by a hemagglutinationinhibition (HI). The aim of this study was todetermine the ND secondary antibody responses in layers after revaccination with ND active vaccine.Antibody titer of 20 layers chickens of 20 week old were determined before revaccinations (week 0) andafter revaccinations (week 1 until week 9). The first vaccination was conducted using ND-IB (NewcastleDisease-Infectious Bronchitis) at the age of 2 days through eye drops and subcutaneous injection at the ageof 5 days using a dose of 1 ampoule.Vaccination is repeated at the age of 20 weeks at a dose of 1 ½ ampoule through drinking water. Blood samples were collected on the wing vein (venous cutane ulnar) and left for 5-10 minutes at room temperature.Sera were then collected and stored at -20oC until use. HI antibody titerwas determined by micro titeration system. The HI mean titers were analyzed by Duncan test. The studyresults showed that antibody titer before revaccination was3,47 HI log 2 and the HI titers after revaccinationwere 4,02; 5,22; 6,52; 7,85; 8,4; 8,6; 7,7; 5,92; dan 3,87 HI log 2 respectivelly at weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and9.The NDV revaccination with ND active vaccine significantly (P <0.01) increased in antibody titer inlayers starting from week 1 to week 6, but decreased following week 7 to week-9. It can be concluded thatrevaccinantion with ND active vaccine increases the antibody titers in layer chickens.
KARAKTERISTIK MOLEKULER VIRUS AVIAN ORTHOAVULAVIRUS 1 GENOTIPE VII YANG DIISOLASI DARI TABANAN BALI (MOLECULAR CHARACTERISTIC OF AVIAN ORTHOAVULAVIRUS 1 GENOTYPE VII ISOLATED FROM TABANAN BALI) Adi, Anak Agung Ayu Mirah; Astawa, I Nyoman Mantik; Wandia, I Nengah; Putra, I Gusti Agung Arta; Winaya, Ida Bagus Oka; Krisnandika, Anak Agung Keswari; Wijaya, Anak Agung Oka
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 4 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.4.593

Abstract

Newcastle disease (ND) is a very harmful avian disease, endemic in Indonesia and various parts of the world. The causative agent is ND virus or Avian orthoavulavirus 1 (AOAV-1). This virus is an RNA virus with wide genetic variation. Based on the genome length, it can be classified into AOAV-1 Class I and II. Class I are generally avirulent whereas Class II are consist of both virulent and avirulent viruses, currently there are 18 genotypes of the class II. To find out the molecular characteristics of AOAV-1 currently circulating in the field, isolation and identification of viruses from laying hens that was suspected ND from Tabanan Bali in 2017, was performed. The isolated viruses hereafter named as Tabanan1/ARP / 2017. A one-step RT-PCR reaction was carried out to amplify NP, F and HN gene fragments from the virus using three specific pairs of AOAV-1 primers. The obtained nucleotide sequences are then used in phylogenetic analysis. For phylogenetic analysis several strains of AOAV-1 from class II representing genotype I-VII as well as one strain from Class I were accessed from GenBank. From the analysis of the F gene nucleotide sequences, it was found that Tabanan 1 / ARP / 2017 is a genotype VII virus with an amino acid sequence at the F protein cleavage site is 112 R-R-Q-K-R-F117, a typical virulent strain. Phylogenetic analysis using nucleotide sequences NP and HN genes also positioned this isolate in genotype VII. At the nucleotide level, genetic distance with virulent isolates that was isolated in 2007 and 2010 were 8.26% and 1.08% while at the amino acid level were 5.26% and 0.64%. There were found mutations in amino acids at positions 107 and 108 of  F protein. 
LACTOSE-ASTAXANTHIN INCREASES GREEN JUNGLE FOWL’S SPERM MOTILITY AND REDUCES SPERM DNA FRAGMENTATION DURING 5O CELSIUS STORAGE Bebas, Wayan; Pemayun, Tjok Gede Oka; Damriyasa, I Made; Astawa, I Nyoman Mantik
BALI MEDICAL JOURNAL Vol 4 No 3 (2015)
Publisher : BALI MEDICAL JOURNAL

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Background: Good quality of semen is required for artificial insemination technology in ex-situ conservation efforts of green jungle fowl. This study was aimed to investigate semen quality of green jungle fowl during storage at 5oC for 48 hours with the addition of combination lactose astaxanthin in egg yolk phosphate dilution. Method: The semen used in the study was collected from eight healthy male green jungle fowls by using massage techniques. The semen quality was analyzed with macroscopic and microscopic examinations. The semen was diluted with egg yolk phosphate with the addition of 0.6% lactose, 0,004% astaxanthin and combination 0.6% Laktose-0,004% astaxanthin, and was stored at 5oC for 48 hours. Following 48-hour treatment, the semen quality was evaluated based on its progressive motility, and DNA fragmentation. Data were firstly analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA), and were then proceeded by using Duncan Multiple Range test. Results: The results showed that the progressive motilities of semen diluted in 0.6% lactose combined with astaxanthin 0.004% %, (79,66 + 1.50%) was significantly higher than those diluted in 0.6% lactose (66,77 + 2.16%,) and in astaxanthin 0.004% (68,11 + 3.01 %). The DNA fragmentation of semen diluted inn 0.6% lactose combined with astaxanthin 0.004% %, (7,55 + 1,66%) was significantly lower than those diluted in 0.6% lactose (12,33 + 1,93%) and in astaxanthin 0.004% (13,55 + 1,81%). Conclusions: In conclusion, the combination of l 0.6% lactose -astaxanthin 0.004% showed the best results for progressive motility, and DNA fragmentation.
BINGE ALCOHOL ADMINISTRATION ON PREGNANT RATS RESULTS IN DECREASING OF INSULIN LIKE GROWTH FACTOR-1 AND ALDEHYDE DEHYDROGENASE, INCREASING APOPTOSIS INDEX, AND FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME IN OFFSPRINGS. Suherman, Sutjahjo; Soetjiningsih, S.; Suastika, Ketut; Astawa, I Nyoman Mantik
BALI MEDICAL JOURNAL Vol 5 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : BALI MEDICAL JOURNAL

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Background: Addiction of alcoholic beverage by early pregnancy women results in fetal alcohol syndrome of her baby. This study aims to investigate fetal alcoholic syndrome due to binge alcoholic drinking by the early pregnant of wistar rat. Methods: This is an experimental study applying posttest only control group design. Wistar Rats were in preconditioning for pregnancy and divided into two groups, i.e. one group was fed with normal feeding and the other group was fed with normal feeding and 40% of ethanol. The off spring then were observed and divided into three groups, i.e. normal fetal, normal fetal from the mother fed with ethanol, and fetal alcoholic syndrome. Insulin like growth factor (IGF-1), aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), apoptosis index, pathology of their brain and heart were observed. The different of all these parameters were then compared by applying one way anova, and considered significant at p < 0.05. Results: In this study we found that there were fetals alcoholic syndrome (FAS) due to the mother of the Wistar Rat fed with ethanol during their pregnancy. There were also a significant different of IGF-1, ALDH, apoptosis index between these three groups (p < 0.05), i.e. normal baby, normal fed with ethanol, and FAS. IGF-1 for these three groups were 56.59±0.52 ng/ml, 55.17±2.41 ng/ml, and 36.64±4.86 ng/ml, respectively. ALDH for the groups were 21.41±2.38 ng/ml, 21.16±4.77 ng/ml, and 17.05±2.68 ng/ml, respectively. Their brain apoptosis indexes were 4.56±0.78, 4.58±1.17, and 7.86±1.31, respectively. Heart apoptosis indexes were found 2.81±1.18, 5.36±1.37, and 7.50±1.43, respectively. Conclusion: Binge alcohol drinking during pregnancy of Wistar Rat results in FAS and identified by decrease of IGF-1, ALDH and increase of brain apoptosis index and heart apoptosis index of the off spring.
PELACAKAN SECARA IMUNOHISTOKIMIAWI ANTIGEN EKSKRETORI-SEKRETORI PADA SAPI BALI YANG TERINFEKSI FASCIOLA GIGANTICA (IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL DETECTION OF EXCRET0RY-SECRETORY ANTIGENS IN BALI CATLLE INFECTED BY FASCIOLA GIGANTICA) Winaya, Ida Bagus Oka; Astawa, I Nyoman Mantik; Damriyasa, I Made; Dharmawan, Nyoman Sadra; Berata, I Ketut
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15 No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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In order to study the distribution of excretory-secretory (ES) F. gigantica in liver tissue of infected balicattle a research was establisihed using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) againts ES antigens. Immortalmouse myeloma cells were fused with the lymphocytes derived from the spleen of mice that immunizedwith ES antigen. The mAbs were tested for their specificity by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Five specific mAbs againts ES antigens were isolated and two mAbs were used for immunodetectionof ES antigens in liver tissue of bali cattle. Immunohistochemical ES antigens were not detected in paraffinembeded tissue of negative confirmed fasciolosis samples. ES antigens was detected in hepatocytes andcytoplasm of bile duct epithelims in the bali cattle that infected with fasciolosis in moderate intensity.Therfore indicated that mAbs produced in this study are applicable for detecting ES antigens in bali cattleinfected by F. gigantica.
ALDEHID DEHIDROGENASE DALAM TIKUS WISTAR SEBAGAI BIOMARKER AWAL KONSUMSI ALKOHOL SECARA AKUT SUANITI, NI MADE; DJELANTIK, A.A.GEDE SUDEWA; SUASTIKA, I KETUT; ASTAWA, I NYOMAN MANTIK
Jurnal Biologi Udayana Vol 15 No 1 (2011): Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Udayana

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Research on oral consumption of alcohol on rat Wistar was done to examine level of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) in rat serum. The research design was true randomized experimental post test only control group design. This research was conducted in two stages: first, eight rats were treated with 5% alcohol continuously for 1 week and as control aquadest was given to eight rats. The second stage was determination of ALDH levels. Wistar rat serum were taken after 6 hours and 24 hours of 5% alcohol consumption. The levels of ALDH increase by 117.15% after 6 hours of 5% alcohol consumption, while after 24 hours the levels of ALDH increase by 108.14%. ALDH levels in serum rat Wistar can be used as early biomarker of acute alcohol consumption.
EKSTRAK PEGAGAN MENINGKATKAN TITER ANTIBODI MENCIT SETELAH DIINFEKSI SALMONELLA TYPHI (CENTELLA ASIATICA EXTRACT INCREASE ANTIBODY TITER IN MICE AFTER SALMONELLA TYPHI INFECTION) Besung, I Nengah Kerta; Astawa, I Nyoman Mantik; Suatha, I Ketut; ., Hartaningsih
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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A study was conducted to find out the ability of Centella asiatica (C. asiatica) in enhancing antibodyresponse of C. asiatica treated mice following Salmonella typhi (S. typhi) infections. It is therefore expectedthat herbal drug such as  C. asiatica  can be used as an alternative medicine to prevent and to curesalmonellosis both in animals and human. Experimental laboratory studies were conducted usingCompletely Factorial Randomized Design. Mice were divided into four groups and they were treatedrespectively with destilated water (negative control), 125, 250, and 500 mg/kg BW/day of  C. asiaticaextract. The treatment was conducted daily for two weeks  and the mice were inoculated with 105 cells/mlof  S. typhi. The antibody response were examined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)on first day, second week and fourth week  after S. typhi infections.  The result showed that treatment ofmice with C. asiatica extract significantly (p&lt;0,05) enhanced antibody titer of Balb/c mice after S. typhiinfections. The highest antibody titer was observed at four weeks after S. typhi infections with 500 mg/kgBW/day (94,0370 ± 1,69 IU).