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ASAS-ASAS TRANSAKSI KEUANGAN SYARIAH Aswad, Muhammad
IQTISHADIA Vol 6, No 2 (2013): IQTISHADIA
Publisher : IQTISHADIA

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Abstract

Tulisan ini menganalisis tentang asas-asas transaksi keuangan yang dipergunakan  di lembaga  pembiayaan syariah. Perkembangan lembaga pembiayaan  syariah sangat pesat dan meliputi bentuk usaha  yang variatif sehingga penerapan  prinsip-prinsip syariah sangat diperlukan. Tujuh macam asas-asas perjanjian yang dapat digunakan  sebagai landasan  berpikir  dan bertransaksi  dalam penegakan hukum  kontrak syariah tersebut. Asas-asas perjanjian itu adalah, Asas kebebasan berkontrak, asas konsensualitas, asas persamaan hukum (al-musawa), asas kejujuran,  asas perjanjian itu mengikat,  asas keadilan,  asas tertulis  (al-kitabah). Pada prinsipnya   asas-asas  akad dipahami sebagai   prinsip-prinsip yang implisit yang menjiwai keabsahan akad. Dalam pandangan syariah keabsahan akad terlaksana bilamana memenuhi rukun dan syarat akad.Kata kunci: asas, transaksi, pembiayaanPRINCIPLES  OF SHARIA FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS. This article analyzes principles of financial transactions in sharia financial institutions. The extensive growth of sharia finance has covered various businesses and necessitated the implementation  of sharia principles. There are seven principles act as framework  for financial transaction. They are freedom of contract, conscensualism, equity,  fairness, legal binding , justice,  and well noted. Basically, those principles are understood to be the core of contract liability. In Islamic  economy,  the  liability  of contract depends  on the requirements.Keywords: principles, transaction, finance
ANALISIS BAGI HASIL FINANCING DALAM PERBANKAN SYARIAH Aswad, Muhammad
An-Nisbah: Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21274/an.2014.1.1.1-24

Abstract

Islamic banking function as intermediaries from surplus units to units depisit, Islamic banks as well as the unit of funding (fundraising) also function in fnancing (fnancing). In the application of Islamic banking operations face technical constraints associated with the sharing system (Proft and Loss Sharing), therefore Islamic banking fnancial intermediary, in this case the Islamic banks are not just trying to maximize the expected utility of its shareholders, but also pay attention to expected utility entrepreneurs and depositors. In Islamic banking operations apply for the results as a measure of return in the economy. Penentua technically specifed ratio is fxed at the beginning of the transaction but the nominal value can not be known with certainty, but see the income that will happen later. In determining the ratio ratio known as 1) Revenue sharing system; 2) Groos Proft System; and 3) Proft Sharing System. But with the objective conditions of our economy now Revenue Sharing System.Keywords: Islamic Banking, Proft Sharing Sytem Revenue sharing, Groos Proft System.
STUDI PENAMBATAN MOLEKUL SENYAWA-SENYAWA BIOAKTIF DARI KULIT AKAR MURBEI (MORUS SP.) TERHADAP RESEPTOR TNF-α Aswad, Muhammad; Christine, Lisa; Nursamsiar, Nursamsiar; Hardianti, Besse
Majalah Farmasi dan Farmakologi Vol 23, No 3 (2019): MFF
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/mff.v23i3.9399

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor alfa (TNF)-? memiliki peranan penting dalam patogenesis beberapa penyakit inflamasi. Murbei dilaporkan memiliki efek penghambatan pada proses inflamasi. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mengetahui interaksi antara senyawa-senyawa bioaktif yang terdapat pada murbei terhadap reseptor TNF-? dengan metode simulasi docking molekuler. Docking dilakukan dengan menggunakan program AutoDock 4.2, dengan menambatkan senyawa pada sisi aktif reseptor TNF-? (PDB ID : 3EWJ) secara in silico. Hasil docking menunjukkan bahwa senyawa-senyawa bioaktif dari kulit akar murbei dapat berinteraksi dengan sisi aktif. Interaksi terbaik ditunjukkan oleh senyawa 86 dengan energi bebas ikatan -13,03 12kkal/mol, yang berinteraksi dengan residu asam amino yang penting pada reseptor TNF-? dan memiliki ikatan hidrogen yang sama pada Leu348, Glu406 dan Gly349 dengan menggunakan pembanding (1S, 3R, 6S)-4-oxo-6{4-[2-phenylquinolon-4-yl)methoxy]phenyl}-5-azaspiro [2.4]heptane-1-carboxylic acid sebagai ligan alami.
Is It Truly Improvisational Exercise Push Students’ Speaking Ability Aswad, Muhammad
EDUVELOP Vol 1 No 1 (2017): EDUVELOP (Journal of English Education and Development)
Publisher : Universitas Sulawesi Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.303 KB) | DOI: 10.31605/eduvelop.v1i1.9

Abstract

Improvisational exercises is a technique which consist three steps, they are preparation, modelling, and playing, that is preparation the teacher presents exercises, the students practice (modelling), and then procedure (playing)and the it provides three main goals; (1) the students pronounciation improve, (2) proper use of grammatical structure is reinforced, (3) vocabulary practice in enhanced. With this background, this research was quasi-experimental, with non-equivalent control group design. The sample consisted of two classes of students enrolled in 2013/2014 academic year, which one group was taken to be an experimental and the other to be a control group. The data obtained through the test were analysed by using statistical analysis. In conducting the research, the researcher used improvisational exercise technique to evaluate the students’ speaking performance which covered by three components of speaking, such as: fluency, accuracy, and comprehensibility. The research findings shows thatthe use of improvisational exercise technique (presentation, modelling, and playing) in teaching speaking can improve the speaking performance of the eight year students of  SMP Negeri 2 Majene significantly after being given treatment. The mean score of experimental group in post-test and control group were significantly different. The mean score of post-test in experimental group (3.36) was higher than control group (3.00).Thus, it is recomended for all English teacher to improve the students ability in speaking.
Enhancement of English Student Learning Results through Total Physical Response (TPR) Method Sakka, Wahyuni; Aswad, Muhammad; Fajriani, Fajriani
EDUVELOP Vol 1 No 2 (2018): EDUVELOP (Journal of English Education and Development)
Publisher : Universitas Sulawesi Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (549.369 KB) | DOI: 10.31605/eduvelop.v1i2.31

Abstract

The study was conducted in Madrasah Tsanawiah (MTs) Totolisi Sendana Majene Distric, West Sulawesi Province, this school was chosen purposively based on several considerations, namely: 1) the lack of number of English teachers, 2) the minimum number of learners is proportional to their interest in learning English, 3) the methods used by educators are less creative and innovative. Based on the issues raised in this study, the research entitled "The Effect of TPR (Total Physical Response) Method on Improving Learning Outcomes through Story Telling Activity English" is a method of Quasi Experimental Design research which in this study using a model that is two groups pretest-posttest design. The research design used in this study is a research model conducted by involving a comparison group ". Thus the treatment results can be known more accurately, because it can compare with the situation before being treated and compare methods applied by the English teacher. Based on the descriptions, it can be concluded that There is an influence between the learning value of English learners at the time before and after the implementation of TPR method of Total Physical Response) through story telling activity to students of Madrasah Tsanawiah (MTs) Totolisi Sendana Majene district. There is an increase in the average value in the experimental group that has the average value of pre-test of 47.26 after being given treatment in the form of application of TPR method (Total Physical Response) through the activity of storytelling, the result of the value of English increases with the average value post-test of 68.44. While in the control group did not increase with the value in pre-test 44.62 while post-test 56.52.
The Effect of Interruptions on Rapport Orientation in Formal Meetings Reski, Reski; Aswad, Muhammad
EDUVELOP Vol 2 No 1 (2018): EDUVELOP (Journal of English Education and Development)
Publisher : Universitas Sulawesi Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.825 KB) | DOI: 10.31605/eduvelop.v2i1.143

Abstract

This research aims to find out  the effects of interruptions on rapport orientations. The data of the research were obtained from two meetings held in an educational institution in Makassar. The data were collected through a video recording of the meetings to identify the interruption use performed by the meeting participants and by giving the meeting participants the questionnaire containing questions concerning the use of the interruptions in the meetings. The data were then transcribed and extracted into several parts to be analysed. The data were also obtained by carrying out a participant observation by which the researcher obtained the meeting participants’ perceptions and their responses on the use of the interruptions during the meetings. This research indicates that the interruptions have a number of effects on the rapport orientations. There are two types of interruptions, i.e. competitive and cooperative interruptions. The interruption effects are primarily regarding to the enhancement and threats to the three interconnected rapport components which are: face, social rights and obligations, and interactional goals. The interruptions occurring also have several roles in the meetings which are closely related to the rapport management like clarifying and supporting main speakers’ points in the meetings, as the way to do relational work and back-channeling of the statement of the main speakers resulting in the type of rapport orientations applied by the meetings’ participants.
TINGGALAN ARKEOLOGIS DISITUS BENTENG LIPU DI KECAMATAN KULISUSU Aswad, Muhammad; Sulaeman, abdul Rauf
SANGIA: Jurnal Penelitian Arkeologi Vol 2 No 1 (2018): SANGIA, JURNAL PENELITIAN ARKEOLOGI , VOLUME 2, NOMOR 1, 2018
Publisher : Laboratorium Jurusan Arkeologi Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (625.727 KB)

Abstract

Rumusan masalah penelitian adalah (1) Apa saja tinggalan arkeologis yang terdapat pada BentengLipu. (2) Bagaimana pola sebaran tinggalan arkeologis yang terdapat disitus Benteng Lipu. (3) Apa saja fungsibenteng. Tujuan dalam penelitian adalah (1) Mengidentifikasi dan mendeskripsikan tinggalan arkeologis disitusBenteng Lipu (2) Menjelaskan pola sebaran tinggalan arkeologis disitus Benteng Lipu (3) Mengetahui fungsisitus Benteng Lipu. Penelitian ini menggunakan arkeologi ruang. Objek penelitian ini adalah Benteng Lipu. Hasil penelitian tinggalan arkeologi didalam situs Benteng lipu berupa Masjid, Meriam, Kulisusu,Baruga,Raha Bulelenga, makam Waode Bilahi, makam Ima Ea, makam Gaumalanga, makam Sangia LaIhoria,dan makam La Ode-Ode dan Raja Jin. Pola sebaran tinggalan arkeologi pada Benteng Lipu berpolamengelompok dan acak, Benteng Lipu memiliki fungsi masa barata sebagai pusat pemerintahan barata,pengembangan agama islam, sistem pertahanan dan keamanan. Fungsi benteng pada masa kini sebagai pemukiman dan destinasi wisata.
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN MURBEI (Morus alba L) ASAL KUPANG, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR DENGAN METODE DPPH (2,2 DIPHENIL-1- PICRYLHYDRAZYL) Syahruddin, Megawati; Aswad, Muhammad; Embu, Yohanes D.P. Agung; Khadijah, Khadijah
TECHNO: JURNAL PENELITIAN Vol 8, No 1 (2019): Vol 8(1) Issue May, 2019
Publisher : Universitas Khairun

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (344.363 KB)

Abstract

Murbei (Morus alba L.) merupakan salah satu tanaman yang tumbuh di Indonesia dan  banyak digunakan dalam  pengobatan tradisional. Beberapa khasiat dari murbei kemungkinan  berhubungan  dengan  daya  antioksidannya.  Tujuan  dari  penelitian  ini adalah untuk mengetahui aktivitas antioksidan ekstrak etanol daun murbei yang berasal dari Kupang. Daun murbei diekstraksi dengan metode maserasi menggunakan pelarut etanol 70%. Ekstrak diuji terhadap DPPH sebagai radikal bebas dan diukur pada panjang gelombang 517  nm  dengan menggunakan spektrofotometer UV-Vis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ekstrak etanol daun murbei dari Kupang Nusa Tenggara Timur, memiliki aktivitas antioksidan sangat kuat  dengan  nilai  IC50   8,35  µg/mL, namun masih  lebih rendah dibandingkan kuersetin sebagai kontrol postif  dengan nilai IC50   0,82  µg/mL. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa ekstrak etanol daun murbei dari Kupang memiliki aktivitas antioksidan yang sangat kuat
ASAS-ASAS TRANSAKSI KEUANGAN SYARIAH Aswad, Muhammad
IQTISHADIA Vol 6, No 2 (2013): IQTISHADIA
Publisher : Ekonomi Syariah IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/iqtishadia.v6i2.1097

Abstract

Tulisan ini menganalisis tentang asas-asas transaksi keuangan yang dipergunakan  di lembaga  pembiayaan syariah. Perkembangan lembaga pembiayaan  syariah sangat pesat dan meliputi bentuk usaha  yang variatif sehingga penerapan  prinsip-prinsip syariah sangat diperlukan. Tujuh macam asas-asas perjanjian yang dapat digunakan  sebagai landasan  berpikir  dan bertransaksi  dalam penegakan hukum  kontrak syariah tersebut. Asas-asas perjanjian itu adalah, Asas kebebasan berkontrak, asas konsensualitas, asas persamaan hukum (al-musawa), asas kejujuran,  asas perjanjian itu mengikat,  asas keadilan,  asas tertulis  (al-kitabah). Pada prinsipnya   asas-asas  akad dipahami sebagai   prinsip-prinsip yang implisit yang menjiwai keabsahan akad. Dalam pandangan syariah keabsahan akad terlaksana bilamana memenuhi rukun dan syarat akad.Kata kunci: asas, transaksi, pembiayaanPRINCIPLES  OF SHARIA FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS. This article analyzes principles of financial transactions in sharia financial institutions. The extensive growth of sharia finance has covered various businesses and necessitated the implementation  of sharia principles. There are seven principles act as framework  for financial transaction. They are freedom of contract, conscensualism, equity,  fairness, legal binding , justice,  and well noted. Basically, those principles are understood to be the core of contract liability. In Islamic  economy,  the  liability  of contract depends  on the requirements.Keywords: principles, transaction, finance
PENETAPAN KADAR RIBOFLAVIN, PIRIDOKSIN HCl, DAN ASAM FOLAT DALAM SUSU FORMULA BAYI DENGAN KROMATOGRAFI CAIR KINERJA TINGGI (KCKT) Pagama, Nurmahida; Rifai, Yusnita; Aswad, Muhammad
Majalah Farmasi dan Farmakologi Vol 22, No 2 (2018): MFF
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/mff.v22i2.5698

Abstract

Susu formula bayi merupakan pengganti air susu ibu yang diproduksi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan gizi bayi selama bulan-bulan pertama kehidupannya hingga pengenalan makanan pelengkap yang sesuai. Riboflavin, piridoksin HCl dan asam folat diekstraksi dari susu formula bayi dengan dapar fosfat pH 4,5 dan asetonitril yang telah diasamkan dengan asam  fosfat. Kondisi kromatografi yang digunakan: kolom Atlantis C18 4.6 x 150 mm 5 µm, fase gerak terdiri dari dapar fosfat pH 4,5 dan campuran asetonitril dengan dapar fosfat pH 4,5 (7:3), menggunakan sistem kromatografi gradien dengan laju alir 0,5 mL/menit. Riboflavin diukur pada panjang gelombang 270 nm, piridoksin HCl 290 nm dan asam folat 280 nm. Dari hasil uji linieritas diperoleh nilai r > 0.999 dan nilai VX0 kurang dari 5% yaitu berkisar antara 2.28-2.79%, dengan rentang konsentrasi larutan standar yaitu 0,05-10,00 µg/mL untuk riboflavin,  piridoksin HCl 0,03-2,00 µg/mL dan asam folat 0,01-2,00 µg/mL. Presisi yang disajikan dalam bentuk relative standard deviation (%RSD) untuk analisa riboflavin, piridoksin HCl dan asam folat berturut-turut adalah: 0,75; 3,60 dan 1,21%. Hasil evaluasi menunjukkan kadar masing-masing 10,95 µg/g untuk riboflavin, 3,97 µg/g untuk piridoksin dan 0.96 µg/g untuk asam folat.  Riboflavin, piridoksin HCl dan asam folat dapat ditetapkan kadarnya secara simultan dengan KCKT detektor UV pada kondisi analisis yang disebutkan.