Articles

Yield Stability and Adaptability of Aromatic New Plant Type (NPT) Rice Lines Lestari, Angelita Puji; Abdullah, Buang; Junaedi, Ahmad; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 38 No. 3 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.637 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v38i3.14249

Abstract

Aromatic new plant type (NPT) rice lines were selected to obtain high yielding and aromatic lines. The objectives of the research were to study the yield stability and adaptability of 35 NPTrice lines across different environment, with Ciherang and Sintanur as check varieties. The lines planted at two locations, Bogor and Pusakanagara in two seasons (2009 dry and wet seasons, DS-WS). The experiment used randomized complete block design (RCBD), with three replications. The 21-day-old seedlings were planted with spacing of 20 cm x 20 cm, with a plot size of 2 m x 5 m. Yield stability and adaptability were estimated by using coeffi cient regression (bi) and general mean of yield by Finlay-Wilkinson method. Combined analysis of variance showed that lines (G), environment (E), and the G x E interaction were signifi cantly different. Lines showed different stability and adaptability . Several lines yielded higher than Ciherang variety . Nine lines were classifi edasstable and widely adapted at the marginal environment, i.e IPB 116-F-3-1, IPB 117-F-4-1, IPB-117-F-14-2, IPB-117-F-15-2, IPB-117-F-17-5, IPB 140-F-1-1, 140-F-IPB, 2-1, IPB 140-F-3, and IPB 149-F-2. Lines IPB 113-F-2, IPB 140-F-4, IPB 140-F-6, IPB 140-F-7, and B11738-MR-Si-1-2-1-2 were not stable and adapted only in optimum environmental condition (bi > 1) while IPB 116-F-46-1, IPB-117-F 17-4, IPB-117-F 18-3 and B11955-MR-84-1-4 has the value of bi < 1 or adaptable to marginal environments.Keywords: aromatic rice, NPT rice, yield stability
Keragaan Varietas dan Galur Padi Tipe Baru Indonesia dalam Sistem Ratun Susilawati, ,; Purwoko, Bambang Sapta; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial; Santosa, Edi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 38 No. 3 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.137 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v38i3.14245

Abstract

Eighteen Indonesian new plant type (NPT) of rice varieties and lines were evaluated in a ratoon system. The results showed that ratooning ability was related to the vegetative growth prior to harvest, which gave high ability ratoon growth. New plant type varieties and several lines of rice had better vegetative growth and produced higher ratoon than other genotypes. Ratoons started to develop 2-7 days after harvest, with an average number of leaf 2-4 per tiller. Number of productive tillers of ratoon ranged from 6.0 to 30.0 per hill, with number of grain per panicle ranged from 38.0 to 228.2, and grain weight per hill of ratoon 10.4 to 31.2 g, dependent on genotypes. Maturity of ratoon was also dependent on genotypes. On average, maturity was 68 days after harvest of the main crop. Grouping of ratooning ability based on hierarchical cluster analysis resulted in three groups, namely nine genotypes had high potential, fi ve genotypes had medium potential, and four genotypes had low potential. This study indicated that ratoon is potential to increase rice planting index in Indonesia. The genotypes with high ratoon ability need to be evaluated for agronomic performance in the fi eld. Keywords: new plant type, ratooning ability, rice
Tanggap Tiga Varietas Padi Sawah terhadap Kombinasi Pemupukan dengan Sistem Pembenaman Jerami Herdiyanti, Tri; ,, Sugiyanta; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 43 No. 3 (2015): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.576 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v43i3.11242

Abstract

ABSTRACTDegradation of soil fertility due to inaccurate  application of fertilizer become one of the factors causing the stagnant rice productivity improvement in Indonesia. Straw incorporation, organic fertilizers and biofertilizers applications potentially reduces a rates of inorganic fertilizers and improves soil fertility. The aim of this study was to evaluate growth and yield of 3 lowland rice varieties (high yielding variety, new plant type, and local variety) in response to reduce NPK rates with straw incorporation, organic fertilizer, and biofertilizer in 7th planting season. The research was conducted at rice field in Karawang, West Java, from April-August 2013. The research was arranged in split plot randomized block design with 3 replications. The main plot was fertilizer application consisted of 10 treatments (combination of organic and inorganic fertilizers), while the sub plot was rice varieties (Ciherang, IPB 3S, and Mentik Wangi). The application of inorganic fertilizer, 400 kg NPK 30-6-8 ha-1, was control treatment. Plot size was 6.5 m x 10 m, with a double row spacing (25 cm x 15 cm x 50 cm). The result showed that growth of the three varieties was not significantly different so as the yield at 50% reduced NPK rate with incorporation of straw, organic fertilizer and biofertilizer. Adding of solid and liquid organic fertilizer, and biofertilizers on treatment of straw incorporation + 50% NPK rate was unnecessary due to insignificant yield increase.Keywords: Ciherang, fertilizer, IPB 3S, local variety, Mentik Wangi, new plant type
Induksi Mutasi pada Stek Pucuk Anyelir (Dianthus caryophyllus Linn.) melalui Iradiasi Sinar Gamma Aisyah, Syarifah Iis; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial; Saefuddin, Asep; Marwoto, Budi; Sastrosumarjo, Sarsidi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 37 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (620.001 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v37i1.1396

Abstract

It has been a common knowledge that LD50 is commonly used in estimating optimal doses of gamma irradiation in a breeding program. This research was aimed at observing radiosensitivity of five carnation's genotypes to gamma irradiation, to find the LD50 of carnation's cuttings, and to obtain solid mutants from five numbers of Carnation.  For cuttings, carnation genotype number 10.8 was the most insensitive to gamma rays, whereas number 24.15 was the most sensitive one.  LD50 of carnation's cuttings were obtained around 49 -72 gray. There were 19 mutants produced from this treatment. The desired mutans were mostly produced from the treated 24.1 genotype whereas the character mutans were mostly observed in MV2 generation. Irradiation treatment on genotype 24.1 produced most stabile mutans while the less was in genotype 24.14.  The produced mutants were qualitatively different in colour and petal shape, and stabile till third generation.   Key words: LD50, gamma irradiation, induced mutation, carnation.
Evaluasi Galur Haploid Ganda Pelestari Hasil Kultur Antera untuk Perakitan Galur Mandul Jantan pada Padi Rumanti, Indrastuti A.; Dewi, Iswari S.; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 37 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.008 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v37i1.1387

Abstract

Hybrid rice has been proven to be the key factor to increase food supply in highly populated countries such as China and India. The success has encouraged the government of Indonesia to intensify research and development on hybrid rice using cytoplasmic-genetic male sterility system. The use of good male sterile line is a prerequisite for commercial seed production of hybrid rice.  The objective of this research was to evaluate several F1 plants to develop completely sterile cytoplasmic male sterile line (CMS) with good agronomic characters.  This research was conducted at screen house of Bogor Agricultural University during dry season (DS) of 2007.  Fourty eight F1s, derived from testcross between cytoplasmic male sterile sources with doubled-haploid (DH) maintainer lines, were evaluated in randomized complete design using three replications.  Observation was done on pollen sterility, panicle and stigma exsertion, plant height, and tillering ability.  The results showed 14 F1s were completely sterile (100 % pollen sterility).  They were A-2/H36-3-Ma, A-1/H36-3-Mb, A-2/H36-3-Mb, A-3/H36-3-Mb, A-1/H36-4-M, A-2/B1-1-Mb, A-3/B1-1-Mb, A-1/B1-2-Pa, A-2/B1-2-Pb, A-3/B2-1-M, A-1/B2-4-Pb, A-3/B4-1-Da, A-1/B4-1-Dc, and A-3/B4-1-Dc.  They also had early flowering date, averaged from 66 - 90 days after planting (DAP).  There were other 14 F1s with stigma exsertion more than 70 % and good panicle exsertion, i.e.  A-2/H36-3-Mb, A-1/H36-3-Mc, A-2/H36-3-Mc, A-1/H36-4-M, A-2/B1-2-Pa, A-2/B1-2-Pb, A-3/B2-1-Db, A-1/B2-1-Dc, A-1/B2-1-M, A-1/B2-4-Pb, A-3/B2-4-Pb, A-2/B4-1-Da, A-1/B4-1-Dc and A-3/B4-1-Dc.  However, only five F1s had all desirable characteristics as male sterile line candidates, such as 100% pollen sterility, good panicle exsertion, high stigma exsertion, semi-dwarf in plant height and good tillering ability.  They were A-1/H36-4-M, A-2/B1-2-Pb, A-1/B2-4-Pb, A-1/B4-1-Dc, A-3/B4-1-Dc.   Key words:  Doubled-haploid maintainer lines, CMS, pollen sterility, hybrid rice
Pengaruh Cekaman Kekeringan Terhadap Pertumbuhan, Hasil dan Kandungan Prolina Daun Cabai Yusniwati, Yusniwati; Sudarsono, Sudarsono; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial; Hendrastuti, Sri; Santoso, Djoko
Jurnal Agrista Vol 12, No 1 (2008): Volume 12 Nomor 1 April 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Drought Stress Effect on Growth, Yield and Leaf Proline Accumulation of Hot PepperABSTRACT. The objective of this experiment were to evaluate effects of drought stress at vegetative stage on growth, yield and leaf proline content of hot pepper. Drought stress was conditioned by reduction watering of crop show wilt symptom 70% during the period of 21 – 54 days after planting (DAP). Result of the experiment indicated that drought stress reduced plant height, branch number, stem, diameter, root length, shoot, root, and biomass dry weight and fruit yield. Sensivity index calculated based on biomass of five hot pepper cultivars showed that Prabu, laris, dan jati laba were the medium tolerance to drought stress. There was no drought tolerance cultivar if the sensivity index was calculated based on fruit yield.
Keragaan Agronomi dan Potensi Hasil Genotipe Jagung (Zea mays L.) Generasi S1 dan S2 di Dua Lokasi Salamah, Umi; Suwarno, Willy Bayuardi; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial; Nindita, dan Anggi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 45 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.691 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v45i2.13156

Abstract

Hybrid maize breeding relies on the availability of good performing inbred lines with superior combining ability. The objectives of this study were to: (1) estimate genetic paramters and heritability for agronomic and yield traits, (2) estimate correlations among traits, and (3) estimate selection-balanced inbreeding depression level from S1 to S2 generations. The S1 trial was planted from June to September 2014 at two locations, followed by the S2 trial from January to May 2015 at the same locations. Each trials was arranged in an augmented design with three blocks consisting of 72 unreplicated test genotypes, 3 unreplicated inbred lines, and 5 replicated commercial hybrid varieties as checks. The results showed that the heritability estimates were medium to high for most observed traits. Best yielding genotypes in S1 and S2 generations were derived from P27xNK6326, Pertiwi3xP31, NK6326xP31, P31xNK6326, and P31xNK33 populations. Grain yield was positively correlated with plant height, ear height, ear length, and ear diameter in S1 and S2 generations. The S2 generation exhibited inbreeding depression for grain yield. The estimates of heritability, correlations, and inbreeding depression obtained from this study could be useful for selection in corn breeding programs.Keywords: correlation, heritability, inbreeding depression
Transformasi Padi Indica Kultivar Batutegi dan Kasalath dengan Gen Regulator HD-Zip untuk Perakitan Varietas Toleran Kekeringan Mulyaningsih, Enung Sri; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial; Sopandie, Didy; Ouwerkerk, Pieter B.F.; Loedin, Inez Hortense Slamet
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 38 No. 1 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.06 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v38i1.1676

Abstract

water deficiency. Genetic engineering at the level of transcription factors (TF) is particulary a promising strategy in developing drought tolerant rice cultivar. HD-Zip genes are TF that function in plant adaptation to some environmental stresses including water deficit. The recombinant plasmid pC1301H Oshox6 which contained HD-Zip Oshox6 gene was placed under a drought inducible promoter called LEA promoter, gusA and hpt genes were driven with CaMV promoter. The aim of research was to obtain indica rice transgenic plants of Batutegi and Kasalath cultivars using pC1301H Oshox6 plasmid. Recombinant plasmid was transformed into immature rice embryos using Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Kasalath cultivar showed a better capacity to form embryogenic calli compared to Batutegi. Transformation efficiency of Batutegi is lower (1.5 - 0.3%) than Kasalath (2.2-28.3%). Regeneration efficiency is 25-83.3% and 7.7-100% for Batutegi and Kasalath, respectively. Number of putative transformant plantlets of Batutegi and Kasalath are 63 and 48 plantlets, respectively. Southern blot analysis (using hpt probe) on 12 independent lines of each Batutegi and Kasalath cultivars showed different gene copy number, ranging from one to four copies of gene.   Keywords: agrobacterium tumefaciens, LEA promoter, HD-Zip Oshox6, rice
PERFORMANCE OF GRAIN QUALITY AND AROMA OF AROMATIC NEW PLANT TYPE PROMISING RICE LINES Lestari, Angelita Puji; Abdullah, Buang; Junaedi, Ahmad; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 12, No 2 (2011): October 2011
Publisher : Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development - MOA

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Abstract

Grain quality and aroma are important characteristics of rice that affect consumer acceptance. This research was conducted to study the grain quality and aroma of aromatic new plant type (NPT) promising rice lines. Thirty five lines as well as Ciherang and Sintanur varieties were planted at Bogor and Pusakanagara, West Java in the dry season (DS) 2009 and wet season (WS) 2009. Three methods, i.e. leaf aroma tested with KOH, rice aroma tested in the test tube, and cooked rice aroma test, were used to evaluate the aroma of the lines. The results showed that line B11742-RS*2-3-MR-34-1-2-1 was aromatic identified using different methods. The line had long, slender, and small chalkiness grains, high percentage of head rice, high amylose, and hard texture. Lines IPB 140-F-6, B11249-9C-PN-3-3-2-2-MR-1, and B11955-MR-84-1-4 also had a high aroma score and grain yield. Testing leaf aroma with KOH can be used as early selection method in breeding program for aromatic lines. Lines derived from aromatic parents from highlands of South Sulawesi did not show consistent aroma under three testing methods. Those tested lines had good grain quality, both physical and cooked rice quality.
RESISTANCE EVALUATION ON POPULATIONS OF CROSSES BETWEEN TRANSGENIC POTATO KATAHDIN RB AND NON-TRANSGENIC ATLANTIC AND GRANOLA TO LATE BLIGHT (Phytophthora infestans) IN CONFINED FIELD TRIAL Ambarwati, Alberta Dinar; Herman, Muhammad; Purwito, Agus; Sumaraw, Sientje Mandang; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 12, No 1 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development - MOA

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Abstract

Late blight resistance gene (RB gene) isolated from Solanum bulbocastanum, is a broad resistance gene against all races of Phytophthora infestans. The gene was transformed into Katah-din event SP904 and SP951 using Agrobacterium tumefaciens and these transgenic plants have been crossed with susceptible potato cultivars Atlantic and Granola. Populations of the crosses have been molecularly characterized for the integration of the RB transgene. The study aimed to evaluate the resistance of the populations of crosses between transgenic Katahdin RB  and susceptible non-transgenic parents (Atlantic and Granola) to late blight in a confined field trial at Pasir Sarongge, Cianjur, West Java. A total of 84 clones originated from four popula-tions were evaluated for resistance to late blight. These included 22 clones of Atlantic x transgenic Katahdin SP904, 16 clones of Atlantic x transgenic Katahdin SP951, 19 clones of Granola x transgenic Katahdin SP904, and 27 clones of Granola x transgenic Katahdin SP951. Observations of the late blight infection were conducted when late blight symptoms were detected, i.e. at 56, 60, 63, 70, and 77 days after planting (DAP). The result showed there were high variations in the resistance level of all the 84 clones tested. Clones of crosses between susceptible parents (Atlantic or Granola) and resistant parents (transgenic Katahdin SP904 or Katahdin SP951) showed a similar pattern based on the area under disease progress curve (AUDPC) value, i.e. 377.2 greater than the AUDPC of the resistant parents (180.1), but smaller than that of the susceptible parents (670.7). Observation at 77 DAP resulted four resistant potato clones having resistance score of 7.0-7.6, higher than the transgenic parents Katahdin SP904 (4.6) and Katahdin SP951 (6.8), i.e. clone B8 (Atlantic x transgenic Katahdin SP951) with resistance score of 7.6 and clones B26 (Atlantic x transgenic Katahdin SP951), C183 (Granola x transgenic Katahdin SP904), and D89 (Granola x transgenic Katahdin SP951) with resistance score of 7. These four transgenic potato resistant clones need to be further developed as promising potato clones to late blight.
Co-Authors , Muladno , Rusdiansyah , Santoso , Sobir , Sudarsono , Supartopo , Susilawati , Suwarno , Tasliah , Trikoesoemaningtyas . Jumanto . Soedarsono . SUDARSONO . Suwarno . TRIKOESOEMANINGTYAS A. Dinar Ambarwati A. Hairmansis Agus Purwantara AGUS PURWITO Agus Rachmat AHMAD JUNAEDI AHMAD RIDUAN Alberta Dinar Ambarwati ALEX HARTANA Amris Makmur Angelita Puji Lestari Anggi Nindita ANTONIUS SUWANTO Apriyani, Siska Indriajaya Ardie, Sintho W. Aris Hairmansis Asep Saefuddin Asep Setiawan Asmini Budiani Azri Kusuma Dewi Azri Kusuma Dewi, Azri Bambang S. Purwoko Bambang Sapta Purwoko Bambang Suprihatno Buang Abdullah Budi Marwoto BUDI TJAHJONO DEDY DURYADI Desta Wirnas Dewi Indriyani Roslim DEWI SUKMA DIDY SOPANDIE DINI NURDIANI Djoko Santoso Dwi Asmono DWI HAPSORO Dwinita W. Utami DWINITA WIKAN UTAMI Dyah Kusuma Anggraini E. Suryaningsih EDI GUHARDJA Edi Santosa Endrizal Enung Sri Mulyaningsih Eri Sofiari G A Wattimena, G A G. A. Wattimena Gale Ginting GEDE WIJANA GUHARJA, Edi Gustav A. Wattimena Helen Hetharie HERMANU TRIWIDODO Ida H. Somantri IDA HANARIDA Ida Hanarida Soemantri IDA HANARIDA SOMANTRI Indrastuti A. Rumanti Inez H.S. Loeddin Suharsono Inez Hortense Slamet Loedin Iswari S. Dewi J. M. Tutupary JAJAH KOSWARA JAYA, Abdul Mollah S. Jayaningsih, Elvita Dwi Joko Prasetiyono Jumanto Jumanto, Jumanto LALU, Z Lina Torizo Lollie Agustina P. Putri M. Herman Maggy T Suhartono Maggy T. Suhartono Maggy Thenawidjaya S. Masdiar Bustamam Memen Surahman MIFTAHUDIN MIFTAHUDIN Muhammad Achmad Chozin Muhammad Azrai, Muhammad MUHAMMAD HERMAN Mukelar Amir MUNIF GHULAMAHDI Nesti F Sianipar, Nesti F Nindita, dan Anggi NURHAIMI-HARIS, . Nurita Toruan-Mathius OuwerkerV, Pieter BF OuwerkerV, Pieter BF Pieter B.F. Ouwerkerk Purwito, Agus rifcb@indo.net.id Purwito, Agus rifcb@indo.net.id Rafiatul Rahmah REFLINUR REFLINUR Rini Hermanasari ROEDHY POERWANTO Roedy Poerwanto RUSMILAH SUSENO S. M. Sumaraw Sarsidi Sastrosumarjo SATRIYAS ILYAS Satya Nugroho Sherly Rahayu Sholeh Avivi SIENTJE MANDANG SUMARAW Sintho Wahyuning Ardie Slamet Loedin, Inez Hortense Slamet Loedin, Inez Hortense Soaloon Sinaga Sobir Sobir Sri H. Hidayat Sri Hendrastuti SUBRONTO, . Sudarsono Sudarsono . SUDARSONO SUDARSONO SUDIRMAN YAHYA SUGIONO MOELJOPAWIRO Sugiyanta , Suwarno ,, Suwarno Suwarno Suwarno Suwarno, Willy B. Swastika, Maria Swastika, Maria Syarifah Iis Aisyah THENAWIDJAYA-SUHARTONO, Maggy Tintin Suhartini Tri Herdiyanti, Tri Tri J. Santoso TRI JOKO SANTOSO Trias Sitaresmi Trikoesoemaningtyas Trikoesoemaningtyas Trikoesoemaningtyas2, , Umi Salamah Untung Susanto Utut Suharsono Virk S. Parminder Vitaliano Lopena Willy Bayuardi Suwarno, Willy Bayuardi Willy Bayuardi SuwarnoSuwarno Yudhistira Nugraha Yulidar Yulidar Yullianida , Yuniarti Yuniarti Yusniwati Yusniwati Yusuf L. Limbongan Yusuf La’lang Limbongan