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Utilization of mixed cellulolytic microbes from termite extract, elephant faecal solution and buffalo ruminal fluid to increase in vitro digestibility of King Grass Prabowo, Agung; Padmowijoto, Soemitro; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Syukur, Abdul
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.38 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i2.547

Abstract

Cellulose is a compound of plant cell walls which is difficult to be degraded because it composed of glucose monomers linked by β-(1.4)-bound. It will be hydrolysed by cellulase enzyme secreted by cellulolytic microbes. The effective digestion of cellulose needs high activity of cellulase enzyme. This research aims to increase in vitro king grass digestibility utilizing mixed cellulolytic microbes of termite extract, elephant faecal solution, and buffalo ruminal fluid. Twelve syringes contained gas test media were randomly divided into four treatments based on sources of microbe (SM), namely: S (SM: cattle ruminal fluid [S]), RGK (SM: mixed cellulolytic microbes of termite extract, elephant faecal solution, and buffalo ruminal fluid [RGK], with composition 1 : 1 : 1), S-RGK (SM: S + RGK, with composition 1:1), and TM (without given treatment microbe). Digestibility was measured using gas test method. Average of gas production treatment of S-RGK (70.2 + 0.6 ml) was higher and significantly different (P<0.01) compared to treatment of S (60.3 + 0.8 ml), RGK (40.8 + 2.3 ml), and TM (13.3 + 2.0 ml). Utilization of mixed cellulolytic microbes of termite extract, elephant faecal solution, and buffalo ruminal fluid (RGK) that combined with microbes of cattle ruminal fluid (S) could increase in vitro digestibility of king grass. Key Words: Cellulolytic Microbe, Termite Extract, Elephant Faecal, Buffalo Ruminal Fluid
THE POTENTIAL OF HYDROLYSATE FROM RABBIT MEAT PROTEIN AS AN ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITOR Permadi, Edy; Jamhari, Jamhari; Suryanto, Edi; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Erwanto, Yuny
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 1 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (1) FEBRUARY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (15.961 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i1.31495

Abstract

This research aimed to investigate the rabbit meat hydrolysate potential as an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Indonesian local rabbit meats were used in this study. The research was conducted in Department of Animal Product Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, from August 2016 to February 2017. The local rabbit meats were hydrolyzed by pepsin, trypsin, and pancreatic. The obtained hydrolysates were then analyzed to identify the water-soluble protein content. The molecular weight of the hydrolysates were also confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The ACE inhibitory properties of the hydrolysates were analyzed in vitro. The results showed that pepsin, trypsin, and pancreatic hydrolysis showed a significant effect on the water-soluble protein content of rabbit meat (p<0.05). The water-soluble protein of rabbit meat hydrolysed by pepsin, trypsin, and pancreatic were 9.41, 7.66, and 9.75 mg/mL respectively. The molecular weight of the rabbit meat hydrolysate were increased from 10 to 43 kDa; 17 to 43 kDa; and 10 to 43 kDa, after hydrolysed by by pepsin, trypsin, and pancreatic respectively. Furthermore, the ACE inhibitory properties ) of the hydrolysed rabbit meat by pepsin, trypsin, and pancreatic were 439, 170, and 380 ?g/mL, respectively. The rabbit meat hydrolysate showed a potential to be ACE inhibitor after hydrolyzed with pepsin, trypsin and pancreatic. Moreover, it also showed a promising potential to be used as bioactive components in different pharmaceutical applications. The highest ACE inhibitory capability was showed on trypsin hydrolysis with the total of 65.45% and 170 ?g/mL ACE inhibition
Production and Extraction Of Antibacterial Bacteriocin from Pediococcus sp. NWD 015 Harmayani, Eni; N, Nofisulastri; Bachruddin, Zaenal
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 11, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.738 KB)

Abstract

objectives were to study the growth pattern of Pediococcus sp. NWD 015 and bacteriocin activity, extractionand characterization of bacteriocin, and to determine the effect of storage time and temperature on bacteriocinactivity. Results showed that the bacteriocin activity increased during growth and reached the highest activity duringstationary phase. The maximum bacteriocin production reached after incubation of the cell for 12 h at 37oC in TGEbroth and decreased after 96 h incubation. Extraction with adsorbtion-desorbtion method could increased a specificactivity of bacteriocin. Bacteriocin from Pediococcus sp. NWD 015 is inactivated by Proteinase-K; however it is stillactive by heat treatment at 121oC for 15 min and over pH 2 &ndash; 11. Bacteriocin of Pediococcus sp. NWD 015 was effectiveagaints Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Eschericia coli, Listeria monocytogenes but not against Salmonellathypimurium. The molecular weight of bacteriocin is 4.95 kDa.Keywords : Bacteriocins, Pediococcus sp NWD 015.
Production and Extraction Of Antibacterial Bacteriocin from Pediococcus sp. NWD 015 Nofisulastri, N.; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Harmayani, Eni
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 11, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.738 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7566

Abstract

objectives were to study the growth pattern of Pediococcus sp. NWD 015 and bacteriocin activity, extractionand characterization of bacteriocin, and to determine the effect of storage time and temperature on bacteriocinactivity. Results showed that the bacteriocin activity increased during growth and reached the highest activity duringstationary phase. The maximum bacteriocin production reached after incubation of the cell for 12 h at 37oC in TGEbroth and decreased after 96 h incubation. Extraction with adsorbtion-desorbtion method could increased a specificactivity of bacteriocin. Bacteriocin from Pediococcus sp. NWD 015 is inactivated by Proteinase-K; however it is stillactive by heat treatment at 121oC for 15 min and over pH 2 – 11. Bacteriocin of Pediococcus sp. NWD 015 was effectiveagaints Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Eschericia coli, Listeria monocytogenes but not against Salmonellathypimurium. The molecular weight of bacteriocin is 4.95 kDa.Keywords : Bacteriocins, Pediococcus sp NWD 015.
BACTERIOCIN ACTIVITY OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM RUMEN FLUID OF THIN TAIL SHEEP Widayati, Okti; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Hanim, Chusnul; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Umami, Nafiatul
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 3 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (3) AUGUST 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.219 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i3.36837

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the activity and the stability of bacteriocin from lactic acid bacteria (BAL) isolated from rumen fluid of thin-tail sheep under the temperature (80, 100, and 121°C), pH (3, 7, and 10), and the length of storage (for 2 weeks under the temperature -8, 11, and 29°C). Lactic acid bacteria obtained by isolation, selection, and identification of thin-tailed sheep rumen fluid were used for bacteriocin production. The crude bacteriocin was partially purified using 70% ammonium sulfate, then was dialysis for 12 hours. The obtained bacteriocin then tested its inhibitory activity against E.coli (representing Gram-negative) and S. aureus (representing Gram-positive) under temperature (80, 100, and 121°C), pH (3, 7, and 10), and the length of storage (for 2 weeks under the temperature -8, 11, and 29°C). The data of bacteriocin activity based on pH, temperature, and the length of storage were analyzed with factorial, then when there was a significant difference of variable because treatment was continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test. The results showed that the bacteriocin activity of the three types of BAL against S.aureus is greater than E.coli. The highest activity was shown in pH 3, while the lowest activity was shown at pH 10 (P<0.01). The highest activity was shown at a heating temperature of 100°C, while the lowest activity was shown at a heating temperature of 80°C (P<0.01). The activity of bacteriocin produced by BAL 0 A, BAL 1 A, and BAL 4 C tended to be stable to the heating temperature of 80, 100, and 121°C but decreased with increasing pH value (pH 3, 7, and 10). The best of bacteriocin activity was found at pH 3 (acid), heating at 100°C, and stored at -8°C for 14 days.
EFFECT OF MIXING THE CALF FECES WITH COASTAL SANDYSOIL ON THE GROWTH OF CORN PLANT (Zea mays) Prabowo, Agung; Padmowijoto, Soemitro; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Syukur, Abdul
Widyariset Vol 14, No 2 (2011): Widyariset
Publisher : LIPI-Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.375 KB)

Abstract

This research was intended to determine the effect of combination calf feces and coastal sandy-land on the growth of corn plant. This experiment was arranged in a 2x3x2 factorial pattern of completely randomized design. First factor was calf feces of with and without microbe treatment, second factor was three levels of feces incubation which were 0 day (I-0), 20 days (I-20), and 40 days (I-40), and third factor was fecal dosages of 15 ton/ha (D15) and 30 ton/ha (D30). Parameters of plant height, dry, and wet weight of roots and vegetative, chemical and physical properties of mixture of calf feces and coastal sandy-land were observed. The plant height was observed weekly. There was a signifi cant difference (P&lt;0.05) on combination of feces without and with microbe treatment,fecal incubation time and dosage on the plant height. There was a tendency of increasing fecal dosage and fecal incubation time on the increase of plant height. This study suggests that calf feces could improve the corn plant growth in coastal sandy-land.
Utilization of mixed cellulolytic microbes from termite extract, elephant faecal solution and buffalo ruminal fluid to increase in vitro digestibility of King Grass Prabowo, Agung; Padmowijoto, Soemitro; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Syukur, Abdul
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 12, No 2 (2007): JUNE 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.38 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i2.547

Abstract

Cellulose is a compound of plant cell walls which is difficult to be degraded because it composed of glucose monomers linked by β-(1.4)-bound. It will be hydrolysed by cellulase enzyme secreted by cellulolytic microbes. The effective digestion of cellulose needs high activity of cellulase enzyme. This research aims to increase in vitro king grass digestibility utilizing mixed cellulolytic microbes of termite extract, elephant faecal solution, and buffalo ruminal fluid. Twelve syringes contained gas test media were randomly divided into four treatments based on sources of microbe (SM), namely: S (SM: cattle ruminal fluid [S]), RGK (SM: mixed cellulolytic microbes of termite extract, elephant faecal solution, and buffalo ruminal fluid [RGK], with composition 1 : 1 : 1), S-RGK (SM: S + RGK, with composition 1:1), and TM (without given treatment microbe). Digestibility was measured using gas test method. Average of gas production treatment of S-RGK (70.2 + 0.6 ml) was higher and significantly different (P<0.01) compared to treatment of S (60.3 + 0.8 ml), RGK (40.8 + 2.3 ml), and TM (13.3 + 2.0 ml). Utilization of mixed cellulolytic microbes of termite extract, elephant faecal solution, and buffalo ruminal fluid (RGK) that combined with microbes of cattle ruminal fluid (S) could increase in vitro digestibility of king grass. Key Words: Cellulolytic Microbe, Termite Extract, Elephant Faecal, Buffalo Ruminal Fluid
In Vitro Stability of Phytase from Recombinant Bacteria E. Coli BL21 (DE3) EAS1-AMP Nuhriawangsa, Adi M.P.; Sajidan, Sajidan; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Wibowo, Ali
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 9, No 1 (2011): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.9.1.8-14

Abstract

The objective of the research was to inquire the Km, Vm, activity, intracellular phytase stability exposed to pH variation, temperature variation and protease (pepsin and pancreas) in vitro. The phytase was produced from recombinant bacteria E. coli BL21(DE3) EAS1-AMP using 1.5 mM IPTG as inducer. Intracellular enzyme was extracted via freeze shock and centrifugation. Pure enzyme was acquired through NI-NTA agarose column. The enzyme was then tested for Km, Vm, phytase activity and stability against pH, temperature and protease. Treatment levels for stability against protease were P0: without protease, P1: addition of pepsin, P2: addition of pepsin and pancreas, and the data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance of one-way Completely Randomized Design. Crude intracellular phytase had Vm 6.39 υM/sec, Km 34.82 υM, and 277 units activity. Intracellular phytas was stable at pH 4–6 and 0–550 C. Protease level influenced the activity of intracellular phytase (P&lt;0.05). Intracellular phytase was stable against pepsin but not pancreas.
EFFECT OF CASHEW NUTSHELL OIL SUPPLEMENTATION AS PHENOL SOURCE FOR PROTEIN PROTECTION ON IN VITRO NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY Fitriastuti, Rahma; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Widyobroto, Budi Prasetyo; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Hanim, Chusnul
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 4 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (4) NOVEMBER 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (262.849 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i4.35591

Abstract

The current study was aimed to evaluate the ability of phenol content in cashew nutshell liquid (CNSL) in binding protein and its effect on in vitro nutrient digestibility. This research divided into three steps, there were determination of total phenol and tannins content in CNSL, optimalization binding of CNSL tannin to bovine serum albumin with the determination of protein-percipitable phenolics compound and protein content using Lowry method, after that amount of optimalization supplementation of CNSL was used for measuring on in vitro nutrient digestibility by Tilley and Terry method. The results showed that phenol and tannin content of CNSL were 148.69 g/100 ml and 28.3 g/100 ml. One gram tannin in CNSL could be bound by 65.83 g protein. Optimum tannin were used in this study was 5.85 g tannin or equivalent to 163.91 mg of CNSL. Amount of CNSL were used in various levels, there are 0, 50, 100, 150 dan 200 mg. CNSL supplementation reduced dry matter, organic matter crude protein digestibility in rumen, and didn?t reduce dry matter dan crude protein in vitro post rumen digestibility. Supplementation of CNSL increased feed efficiency on in vitro.
Fermentasi Onggok Menggunakan Mutan Trichoderma untuk Produksi Selulase Mulyono, Ali Mursyid Wahyu; Cahyanto, Muhammad Nur; Zuprizal, Zuprizal; Bachruddin, Zaenal
Agritech Vol 29, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.18 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9763

Abstract

The objective of the research was to study the influence of initial a of medium, inoculum concentration, initial pH of the medium and incubation time during fermentation of cassava bagasse by mutant Trichoderma AA1 on cellulase production. Fermentation of cassava bagasse was carried out by solid substrate fermentation method. The medium was inoculated by Trichoderma AA1 and incubated for four days. The initial a of medium (0.96, 0.97, 0.98, and 0.99), inoculum concentration (105, 106, 107, dan 108 spores/g), and initial pH of the medium (4.5, 5.0, 5.5, and 6.0) were stud- ied by measuring the cellulase activity during fermentation. The production of cellulase was the best when the medium had initial a of 0.99, inoculum concentration of 107 spores/g, and initial pH of 5. The peak of the cellulase production was achieved after 3-days fermentation. The cellulase activities obtained were 0.168 and 0.072 µmol/minute/ml forcarboxy methyl cellulase dan filter paper-ase respectively.ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh a awal medium, konsentrasi inokulum, pH awal, dan waktu fermentasi onggok menggunakan mutan Trichoderma AA1 terhadap produksi selulase. Fermentasi onggok menggunakan metode fermentasi substrat padat. Medium diinokulasi dengan mutan Trichoderma AA1 dan diinkubasikan selama 4 hari. Variabel yang dipelajari meliputi a awal medium (0,96; 0,97; 0,98; dan 0,99), konsentrasi inokulum (105, 106, 107, dan 108  spora/g), dan pH awal medium (4,5, 5,0, 5,5, dan 6,0.). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kondisi terbaik fermentasi onggok menggunakan mutan Trichoderma AA1 untuk menghasilkan selulase adalah: a awal medium 0,99, konsentrasi inokulum 107 spora/g, pH awal medium 5, dan waktu fermentasi 3 hari. Aktivitas selulase yang dihasilkan adalah 0,168 dan 0,072 µmol/menit/ml masing-masing untuk carboxy methyl cellulase dan filter paper-ase.