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IDENTIFIKASI KECACINGAN PADA SATWA LIAR DAN TERNAK DOMESTIK DI TAMAN NASIONAL WAY KAMBAS, LAMPUNG Candra, Dedi; Warganegara, Efrida; Bakri, Samsul; Setiawan, Agus
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 4 No. 2 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (570.128 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.4.2.57-67

Abstract

Penyakit kecacingan dan interaksi antara satwa liar dengan ternak domestik di kawasan Taman Nasional Way Kambas (TNWK) merupakan permasalahan yang harus mendapat perhatian serius dalam pengelolaan konservasi di TNWK dan pemeliharaan ternak di desa penyangga TNWK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk identifi kasi keberadaan cacing pada sampel tinja (feses) satwa liar (harimau, badak, dan gajah) dan ternak domestik (sapi, kerbau, dan kambing) di sekitar TNWK. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan pada musim hujan yaitu pada periode Januari-Juli 2014 dan Oktober 2014 - Februari 2015; dengan lokasi pengambilan mencakup 36 lokasi (11 lokasi di TNWK dan 25 lokasi di desa-desa penyangga). Identifikasi cacing dari feses dilakukan dengan metode natif, pengendapan dan pengapungan, penghitungan telur dengan metode Mc Master, dan telaah potensi cacing zoonosis dengan studi literatur. Tidak ditemukan cacing pada harimau, sementara itu pada badak dan gajah Sumatera ditemukan Paramphistomum spp dan Strongyloides spp. Cacing yang ditemukan pada kerbau, sapi dan kambing ialah Paramphistomum spp, Fasciola spp, Trichuris spp, Mecistocirrus spp, Strongylus spp, Bunostomum spp, Haemonchus spp, Strongyloides spp, Oesophagostomum spp, Nematodirrus spp, dan Trichostrongylus spp. Inang ternak domestik (kerbau dan sapi) berpotensi menjadi vektor penularan Paramphistomum spp ke satwa liar. Kemungkinan cacing gastrointestinal yang berpotensi sebagai zoonosis ialah Fasciola spp, Strongyloides spp, Oesophagostomum spp, Haemonchus spp, Trichostrongylus spp dan Trichuris spp.
PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MATA PELAJARAN MATEMATIKA BERBASIS PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS NEGERI 1 BOYOLANGU Bakri, Samsul
JPM : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Vol 2, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika (JPM)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (493.302 KB) | DOI: 10.33474/jpm.v2i1.208

Abstract

Artikel ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan media berbasis pendidikan karakter yang menggunakan kaidah-kaidah pengembangan produk dari Borg & Gall, yang meliputi: pendahuluan, pengembangan, uji lapangan dan diseminasi. Dengan menggunakan langkah-langkah penelitian dan pengembangan, model pengembangan program pembelajaran, dan langkah-langkah pengembangan media, dapat dihasilkan media pembelajaran berbasis pendidikan karakter untuk mata pelajaran matematika yang efektif. Kualitas media pembelajaran berbasis pendidikan karakter hasil pengembangan ini, dari berbagai aspek dapat dinyatakan baik. Penggunaan media berbasis pendidikan karakter ini dapat berdampak baik terhadap hasil pembelajaran, dan aspek afektif pebelajar.
Nilai Ekonomi Pemanfaatan Jasa Air Daerah Aliran Sungai Way Betung Pratama, Hendra; Yuwono, Slamet Budi; Kaskoyo, Hari; Bakri, Samsul
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jsl369-17

Abstract

Way Betung watershed is a source of raw water supply utilized by the Talang Mulya community for various purposes, such as for household needs, irrigation of paddy farming and micro hydro power plant. Water availability is closely related to the existing forest presence in the area, the forest land management should be in balance on be half of maintaing water availability. This study aimed to determine the perception of the community and to analyze the economic value of water for household needs, irrigation of paddy farming and micro hydro power plant. This research also calculated the Willingness to Pay of forest and land rehabilitation costs by community. Primary data collection were conducted by interviewing 106 respondents. The results showed that the community appraisal of water resources in Way Betung watershed were good since 88% of respondents are willing to pay for forest rehabilitation. The total economic value of water utilization in Talang Mulya Village was Rp.2.963.540.390/year and the value of willingness to pay for forest rehabilitation costs was Rp.5.833.608/year with average willingness to pay was Rp.22.948/year. Keywords: watershed , total economic value, the economic value of water, willingness to pay.
PENGEMBANGAN KOMIK FABEL UNTUK MEDIA KOMUNIKASI DAN SUPLEMEN PENDIDIKAN LINGKUNGAN DALAM RANGKA KAMPANYE PELESTARIAN KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI DI KAWASAN PENYANGGA TAMAN NASIONAL WAY KAMBAS-LAMPUNG Nurhaida, Ida; Setiawan, Agus; Bakri, Samsul; Wiranata, Gede A.B.; Syah, Pairul
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 11 No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The severity of human-wildlife conflict in buffer zone of The Way Kambas National Park (WKNP) Lampung Indonesia is a symptom of the biodiversity deterioration undergoing in the region. The absentia of local knowledge, lack of migrantâ??s knowledge about the intangible relation between land productivity degradation and biodiversity loss, the stagnation of ecological knowledge cascading to their migrantâ??s off spring are the special challenge both for communication development planners and educators to design communication medium or teaching material so that the cascading process works well. This research was objected to develop fable as communication medium or teaching material for elementary school especially for the local issues compatibility. This research consisted of field work and laboratory exercises from April to September 2008. The fieldwork was conducted in three villages in buffer zone of the District of East Lampung i.e: Brajayekti, Braja Luhur, and Braja Asri villages as the representation of Balinese, Javanese, and Sundanese respectively. The laboratory activities were conducted at the Lab of Photography and Lab of Multimedia of the University of Lampung. The essential messages contents were extracted from the previous research results (Nurhaida et al., 2007a and 2008a). The development of story setting, story boarding, graphical sketching, lettering, typographic and lay outing for the fable design were conducted by brain storming and discussion among us, the researchers. Whereas for graphical drawing was ordered to a professional painter. The graphical symbols were reproduced by digital camera then manipulated using computer software of Adobe Photoshop. Very firstly, Bahasa Indonesia was applied as the language then we translated to Balinese, Javanese and Sundanese languages. Draft of a-40 page of comic fable was printed on glossy white papers of A5 dimension. The media pre testing conducted by following Bertrand (1978 as adopted by Nurhaida, 2001 and 2007a) to measure the fabelsâ?? effectiveess (their attraction, their self-involvement, their acceptability and their comprehension) for the elementary students. The results showed that the media reliability in conveying those messages were 78.4%; 78.7%; 79.0% and 79.9% for edition of the Bahasa Indonesia, the Javanese, the Sundanese, and the Balinese respectively. Because the readability of the student was in low continum i.e. 61.5 [Sd=13.8] words per minute, the media were considered as reliable for conveying the messages. It is strongly recommend that use media for extension program and teaching material for the aim at promoting biodiversity in NPWK bufferzone. Adapting the media for applying in the 23 other deteriorated Indonesian national parksâ?? bufferzone is strongly recommended as well.
Telaah Faktor Sosial Demografi Terhadap Kesetujuan Masyarakat Pada Rencana Pengembangan Htr Di Kphp Gedong Wani Ariani Pulungan, Wirna; Bakri, Samsul; Hilmanto, Rudi
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 3, No 3 (2015): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jsl3341-50

Abstract

Since 2007 the Ministry of Forestry rolling the policy on the use of community-based forest production through the Minister of Forestry (Minister) Number. P.23 / Menhut-II / 2007 dated June 25, 2007 on Procedures for Application Permit Utilization of Wood in Forest Plantation in Plantation Forest, which was later replaced by Regulation Nomor.P.55 / Menhut-II / 2011.  HTR development policy is open access to the public to manage production forests legally.  The aim of this study is to determine the influence of demographic factors socio-cultural factors and accessibility of the program Plantation Forests (demographic, social, cultural, property, accessibility). This research was conducted in the village of Sinar Rejeki, Karang Rejo village, Budi Lestari Village, and the village of Tanjung Bintang Subdistrict Tri Mulyo South Lampung regency in Lampung province in August 2014.  This study has shown that the level of agreement of respondents to the Forest Plantation development plan Level of agreement of respondents to plan the development of Forest Plantation influenced significantly by group variable property: (a) the vehicle has 2.14 times greater odds than on who does not have (b) but that the procurement of dry land and wet land over an area of 1 ha of acceptability be 0,001 times. And group demographic variables, social, cultural and accessibility do not significantly affect the acceptability of Plantation Forest development plan. Keywords: community demographics, social factors, KPHP region
Pengaruh Tutupan Lahan Terhadap Insidensi Pneumonia Pada Balita Di Provinsi Lampung Adhyaksa, Adhitya; Bakri, Samsul; Santoso, Trio
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Januari
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jsl1526-34

Abstract

Land cover changes caused ecological disturbance. Ecological disturbances increase theincidence of Pneumonia toddlers. The purpose of this study was to determine changes in landcover and land contribution classes on the incidence of Pneumonia toddlers. This study wasconducted from March to December 2015 on the research area of Lampung Province. Landforest cover change detection using Landsat imagery in 2002, 2009 and 2014, resulted in thepercentage of land cover. The impact of land cover change on the incidence of Pneumoniatoddler calculated by multiple linear regression model. Proved that there is a relationshipbetween changes in land cover with an incidence of Pneumonia toddler. Land class variablesthat significantly affect the incidence of Pneumonia is a private forest with a p-value = 0,047,and developed land with a p-value = 0,004, open land with a p-value = 0,054, while thepopulation density variable has a p-value = 0,000. In addition, state forest as one of landcover category does not have significant effects in this study.Keywords: land cover, multiple linear regression, pneumonia incidence
Peranan Sistem Repong Damar Terhadap Pendapatan, Asupan Makan Dan Status Gizi Balita : Studi Kasus Di Desa Pahmungan Kecamatan Pesisir Tengah Kabupaten Pesisir Barat Eka Saputri, Desmayanti; Bakri, Samsul; Zuraida, Reni
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Januari
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jsl1363-70

Abstract

ABSTRACT  Regions Special Purpose or KDTI (Ministry of Forestry decree No.47/Kpts-II/1998) Repong Damar indigenous forest area of 29,000 ha which is a best practice community-based forest management in the western part of Lampung Province yet known about its capacity to ensure the sustainability of human resource development primarily critical starting at the age of five or its called toddlers. This study was doing from March to April 2014 in the village of Pahmungan District of the West Pesisir. The purpose of this research is: Knowing the linkage between population and income damar tree tenure, household food expenditure, protein intake toddlers, health status and nutritional status of toddlers. Data acquisition was done through interviews to collect data ownership damar tree population, income, food expenditure, health status and food intake (food recall) as the basis for determining the toddler nutritional status of children is calculated by the method of anthropometry (Ministry of Health, 2010). Parameter optimization using the software Minitab 16. The conclusions has proven there is a real link between the role of damar agroforest system to income, health status, and nutritional status of toddlers. Found relations or real relationship between income of damar agroforest [YI] with a population of damar tree with a model [YI]i= -0.1770 +0.023150[PHN]i. Furthermore simultaneously discovered the real relationship between food expenditure (YII) with [YII] as illustrated by the model [YII]i= 1.1546 +0438 [YI]. Further simultaneously discovered the real relationship between protein intake toddlers [YIII] with food expenditure [YII] with the model [YIII]i= 17 012 +3703 [YII].  Keyword: Repong damar, income, health status and nutritional status of toddlers
Peranan Ekosistem Hutan Mangrove Pada Imunitas Terhadap Malaria: Studi Di Kecamatan Labuhan Maringgai Kabupaten Lampung Timur Kartika Putra, Agung; Bakri, Samsul; Kurniawan, Betta
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jsl2367-78

Abstract

One of the ecological function of mangrove forests is a habitat for mosquitoes that cause malaria (Anopheles sp.). Epidemic of malaria could increased as a result of mangrove degradation. The damage of mangrove forests stimulate Anopheles sp. migrate to other habitats such as settlements, that become malaria vector.  The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of mangrove forest ecosystems both intrinsic and extrinsic factors in immunity to malaria. This research was conducted on June 2014 in the Muara Gading Mas Village, Bandar Negeri, Sriminosari, and Margasari, Sub-district Labuhan Maringgai, District East Lampung.  The data were collected through interviews and survey/observations method. The impact of each variable used binary logistic regression models. Parameter optimization used software Minitab 16.  The result of research have been demonstrated that there is influence both intrinsic and extrinsic factors in immunity to malaria in mangrove forest. Factors that increase resistance to malaria: (a) gender, male37.42 fold of female, (b) age, getting older every 1 year doubled to 1.17 times of originally, (c) education, the higher it isreduced to 0.001 times the originally, (d) livelihood, besides fisher 0,001 fold of fisherman, (e) the distance settlements to the health facility, each reduced to 1 meter doubled to 0.09 times the originally, (f) the distance home to mangroves, each increase of 1 meter doubled to 1,001 times the originally, (g) the dustbin, there are bins 239.71 better than none, (h) the malaria program, multiply 3,71E+05 originally than none, (i) extensive mangrove, increasing 1 m2 become 1,001 fold of originally, and (j) mangrove density, increasing 1 population/ha multiply 1.18 fold originally.Keywords: Mangrove forest, immunity to malaria, Anopheles sp.
Pengaruh Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan Terhadap Angka Kesakitan Malaria : Studi Di Provinsi Lampung Wigaty, Lirih; Bakri, Samsul; Santoso, Trio; Wulan S. R. Wardani, Dyah
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 4, No 3 (2016): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jsl341-10

Abstract

Ecological disruption as a result of changes in the area of forest cover to other land uses can affect the microclimate and impact toward malaria morbidity.   Malaria is an infectious disease caused by protozoa a genus of Plasmodium that transmitted by female Anopheles sp. mosquito vectors.  The environmental factors that play a role in the risk to transmission of malaria related to vector breeding places.   The purpose of this research is establish the impact of land use changes toward malaria morbidity. This study was conducted from March to September 2015.   Dynamics of land use changes in regency/city be identified through interpretation of landsat imagery in 2002, 2009, and 2014 with supervised classification and resulted in percentage of land use, the influence of impact toward malaria morbidity processed using multiple linear regression models.  Parameter optimization using statistic software.   The result showed that the impact of positive variable that significant toward malaria morbidity are mangrove forest and total population, while impact of negative variable that significant are extensive swamp and health personnel.   Variable which not impact that significant toward malaria morbidity are forests, community forests, undeveloped land, dry land, other land uses, population density, precipitation, unhealthyhousing, urban, and physiographic. Keywords : land use, malaria morbidity
Keanekaragaman Jenis Burung Di Hutan Pinus Dan Hutan Campuran Muarasipongi Kabupaten Mandailing Natal Sumatera Utara Rohiyan, Muhammad; Bakri, Samsul; Herwanti, Susni
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jsl2289-98

Abstract

Muarasipongi  pine and mixed forests contribute greatly to the biodiversity wildlife.  The study of bird species diversity in pine and mixed forests Muarasipongi, to support the preservation and protection efforts on biodiversity especially bird species. This research was conducted on August 2013 by the point count method on Muarasipongi pine and mixed forest then mark and record all the birds over a predetermined period of time before moving to the next point.  The data obtained were analyzed and then used to calculate the index of species diversity equality, and community similarity were determined.  Observations were made during six repetitions. There are 19 species pine forest, 24 species in the mixed forest and 5 types of birds found in both forest.  Total birds found in Muarasipongi 38 species of 20 families.  Diversity  index (H ') (3.358).  The equality index is 0.923, and has a (IS) or Similarity index is worth 0.277 which means that the similarity between the two species is different habitats.