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KINERJA ANAK KAMBING BLIGON SETELAH INTRODUKSI PEJANTAN UNGGUL DI KELOMPOK TERNAK PURWO MANUNGGAL, GUNUNGKIDUL Widi, Tri Satya Mastuti; Baliarti, Endang; Ariyanti, Febri; Ngadiono, Nono; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Panjono, Panjono; Yulianto, Muhamad Danang Eko
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 34, No 2 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (321.751 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.27568

Abstract

Goats have become increasingly popular among smallholder mixed-crop-livestock farmers, such as in Gunungkidul District. Farmers in this district have good access to the market. However, farmers keep local breed,Bligon, without any improvement within breed. This study was started by introducing superior bucks to local does and aimed to evaluate the productivity of their progenies. Nineteenth kids, resulted from mating of local does andlocal bucks and 28 kids, resulted from mating of local does and superior Ettawa crossbred bucks were used in this study. Birth and weaning weights, average daily gain and body size of pre-weaning kids were measured. Birth andweaning weights of pre-weaning crossbred kids tended to be higher than local those of local kids but not significantly different. The average daily gain of crossbred kids were significantly higher than local kids. Body sizes interms of girth of chest (GC), height at the wither (HW) and length of the body (LB) of crossbreed kids were significantly higher than those of local kids. Productivity of pre-weaning kids in the preliminary phase of the introductionof superior bucks were highly varied. Continuous improvement of breeding system is then needed. Introduction of superior bucks has to be supported by good keeping management.
RESPON IMUN MUKOSA DAN SELULER PADA TIKUS YANG DIBERI BUBUK SUSU KAMBING DENGAN INFEKSI SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM [MUCOSAL AND CELLULAR IMMUNE RESPONSE OF RAT GIVEN GOAT MILK POWDER AND INFECTED WITH SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM] Nurliyani, .; Julia, Madarina; Harmayani, Eni; Baliarti, Endang
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 24 No. 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.173 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2013.24.1.7

Abstract

ABSTRACT Goat milk contains bioactive proteins and oligosaccharides which can act as immunomodulators and prebiotics respectively. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of giving goat milk powder on mucosal immune response (sIgA/secretory immunoglobulin A), cellular immune response (IFN-?/interferon-?) and the total number of lactobacilli in caecal digesta of infected rat by Salmonella Typhimurium. Male Sprague Dawley rats 3 weeks old were divided into two groups: 1) goat milk powder treatment, and 2) control. After 14 days given goat milk powder, the rats were infected with Salmonella Typhimurium and after 21 days were killed. The results showed that the average concentration of sIgA in group of rats given with goat milk powder was not significantly different with the control rat (42.95 ng/ml). The concentration of IFN-? in rat given with goat milk powder was significantly different (63.33 pg/ml) from the control (45.00 pg/m) (p
Pengaruh Proteksi Aldehid Untuk Meloloskan Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acid Pada Menir Kedelai dan Minyak Ikan Lemuru Secara In Vitro Riyanto, Joko; Baliarti, Endang; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Hartatik, Tety; Widayati, Diah Tri
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 13, No 1 (2015): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.13.1.57-65

Abstract

This research was aims to determine the effect of formaldehyde using as a protective material in the soy groats and lemuru fish oil mixtured to escape of the protein and poly unsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) by in vitro. The rumen fluid was derived from donor of the Ongole crosbred fistulated as much as 3 heads. The experimental design used completely randomized design factorial 2x3 pattern consists of two factors:the first factor (soybean groats:lemuru fish oil in the ratio 2:1 and 4:1) and the second factor (the use of formaldehyde at levels of 0%, 2% and 4% base on the dry matter) and was repeated 5 times. The parameters are consist of the nutrient content, the substrates soybean groats and lemuru fish oil the rumen fluid fermented PUFA content by in vitro. Results of the study are levels of protein, fatty acids  oleic, linoleic and arachidonic much available on soybean groats:lemuru fish oil protected formaldehyde at levels of 2% and 4%. The difference between the ratio of soybean groats with lemuru fish oil had no significant (P≥0,05) but significantly different at different levels of formaldehyde (P≤0,05). The conclusion are formaldehyde content of 37% with a level of 2% can be used for protection the soybean groats and lemuru fish oil with a ratio of 4:1 and is able to provide protein as well PUFA. Keywords: soy groats, lemuru fish oil, in vitro, PUFA, formaldehyde protection
Pengaruh Penambahan Gula Kelapa Pasta pada Ensilase Ikan Rucah Terhadap Kualitas Silase Rimbawanto, Efka Aris; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Baliarti, Endang; Utomo, Ristianto
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 13, No 1 (2015): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.13.1.36-45

Abstract

The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of coconut sugar paste in naturally fermented trash fish ensilage on chemical change. Grinded trash fish (Pomadasys macullatus) was mixed with coconut sugar paste (0, 15, 30 and 45%/kg fresh trash fish) without inoculation in plastic bag. Anaerobe incubation was conducted at room temperature (29°±1°C). Chemical change (pH, lactic acid, ammonia, non-protein nitrogen, peroxide value and free fatty acid) was observed during fermentation period of 0, 4, 8, 12, 20 and 24 days. The experiment which had a completely randomized design to select the best amount of coconut sugar paste and fermentation period in trash fish ensilage. Fresh trash fish and fermentation product (trash fish silage) determined by the proximate analysis (dry matter, ash, crude protein and crude fat). Result indicated that the pH decreased remained constan at 4,4 after 16-day fermentation. Lactic acid, ammonia, non-protein nitrogen, peroxide value and free fatty acid during fermentation significantly increased due to different levels of coconut sugar paste and fe rmentation period. Conclusively, coconut sugar paste at the level of 15%/kg fresh trash fish was the best combination in natural fermentation with 16-day fermentation period and the product was potential protein source (45% DM) for animal feed. Key word: Trash fish, coconut sugar paste, silage, fermentation.
Penyuluhan dan Pendampingan Pengolahan Limbah Peternakan Sapi Potong di Kelompok Tani Ternak Sido Mulyo Dusun Pulosari, Desa Jumoyo, Kecamatan Salam, Kabupaten Magelang Fitriyanto, Nanung Agus; Triatmojo, Suharjono; Pertiwiningrum, Ambar; Erwanto, Yuny; Abidin, Mohammad Zainal; Baliarti, Endang; Suranindyah, Yustina Yuni
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.16955

Abstract

Society services activity on cattle waste management system have been implemented in Sido Mulyo Livestock Farmers Group at Pulosari, Jumoyo, Salam, Magelang. Animal byproducts that consist of feces and urine of cattle wastewas processed into organic fertilizer compost and liquid fertilizer. Sido Mulyo Livestock Farmer Group has one unit of 20 m3 biodigester to accommodate the feces from approximately 30 cattle owned by the group member. Biogas has been used as a fuel source for family group members located around the cage. Slurry resulted from anaerobic digestion of biodigester disposed to pastures located on the right side of the cage. Ownership system in the groupis every group member hasa responsibility for taking care of their own cattle. The number of livestock owned by each member of the SidoMulyoLivestock Farmers Group ranged between 1 to 4 cattle. Society services methods that have been implemented was in the form of mentoring for a member of the Sido Mulyogroup.The other activities that have been implemented was the training and development of cattle industry, especially the handling of livestock waste in the form of feces, urine, and the feed residue. The activities was continued by the manufacture of compost packaging design, followed by the last series of activities such as monitoring and program development. The enthusiasm of the group members in joining to the extension activities is very good. The timing of the extension are determined in the afternoon after members of the group have finished searching feed for their cattle. The sustainability forwaste processing into organic fertilizer compost and liquid organic fertilizer becomes a major concern, because it is highly dependent on consumer demand.
Effect of Condensed Tannin of Leucaena and Calliandra Leaves in Protein Trash Fish Silage on In vItro Ruminal Fermentation, Microbial Protein Synthesis and Digestibility Rimbawanto, Efka Aris; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Baliarti, Endang; Utomo, Ristianto
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 2 (2015): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.2.505

Abstract

Two plants as condensed tannin (CT) sources were supplemented to protein trash fish silage (TFS) to observe their effect on in vitro ruminal fermentation product, micobial protein synthesis, and   digestibility. CT supplementation on protein trash fish silage was on control proportion (0), under optimum level (2.0%), at optimum level (4.0%), and above optimum level (6.0%) of g TFS); of protein precipitation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with CT from L. leucocephala; and under optimum level (1.5%), at optimum level (3.0%) and above optimum level (4.5% of g TFS), BSA protein precipitation with CT from C. calothyrsus. The effect on degradation in ruminal fluid and ruminal fluid followed by incubation in HCl-pepsin was evaluated using a modified two-step in vitro method. The CT level of L. leucocephala and C. calothyrsus was 4% and 6%, respectively with protein precipitation BSA was 26.25 and 31.77 g BSA/g CT, respectively. CT supplementation to trash fish silage, ruminal fermentation product (NH3-N, C2, C3, and total VFAs) and digestibility (DM and OM) decreased (P<0.01) and increased (P<0.01) total CP digestibility (in HCl-pepsin). The difference was attributed to CT source without affecting ruminal microbial protein synthesis. CT of L. leucocephala was better in increasing total protein digestibility (70%) than that of C. calothyrsus  (15%). It indicated that CT of C. calothyrsus was less effective in protected TSF protein degradation in rumen compared to that of L. leucocephala.
THE EFFECT OF SEASON ON THE FEED QUANTITY AND QUALITY AND GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF MALE BALI CATTLE FATTENED IN SMALLHOLDER FARMS Tahuk, Paulus Klau; Baliarti, Endang; Budhi, Subur Priyono Sasmito; Panjono, Panjono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 3 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (3) AUGUST 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (620.076 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i3.33058

Abstract

The research was aimed to determine the effect of season on feed quantity and quality, and growth performance of male Bali cattle fattened in smallholder farms. Observation from January to March for rainy season and June to August for dry season. Feed quantity and quality were observed covering all feedstuff used farmers in fattening. Cattle used for rainy season was 50 heads aged 1.5 ? 4.0 years with initial body weight (BW) 188.03±31.85 kg. In dry season, observation was continued for the same cattle as many as 35 heads aged 2.0 ? 4.5 years and initial BW was 261.80±38.46 kg. Data were analyzed by quantitative descriptiption for feed quantity and quality, while growth performance were analyzed by independent T-Test. Results of study showed the dominant type of feedstuff used during rainy and dry season were L.leucocephala (56.00 vs 33.14%), Zea mays fresh straw 18.44% (rainy season), natural grass (13.00 vs 22.25%), P.purpuroides (3.68 vs 3.99%) and G.sepium (1.36 vs 29.69%). Crude protein (CP) of L.leucocephala and G.sepium higher during the dry season, while S. grandiflora, natural grass, and P.purpuroides higher in rainy season. The DMD (%) of L. leucocephala and S. grandiflora in rainy and dry seasons were almost the same, but G.sepium had DMD higher in dry season. The OMD L.leucocephala and G. sepium higher during the dry season, while the S.grandiflora had higher during the rainy season. Natural grass and P.purpuroides had DMD and OMD higher during the rainy season. Dry matter intake (kg/head/day) of cattle during dry season was higher (P<0.01), but rainy season ADG and FCR was higher (P<0.01). It can be concluded the feed used by farmers during the rainy season was more varied, with better quality. As a result, the performance of Bali cattle fattened was higher in the rainy season than in the dry season.
Penyuluhan dan Pendampingan Pengolahan Limbah Peternakan Sapi Potong di Kelompok Tani Ternak Sido Mulyo Dusun Pulosari, Desa Jumoyo, Kecamatan Salam, Kabupaten Magelang Fitriyanto, Nanung Agus; Triatmojo, Suharjono; Pertiwiningrum, Ambar; Erwanto, Yuny; Abidin, Mohammad Zainal; Baliarti, Endang; Suranindyah, Yustina Yuni
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (527.582 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.16955

Abstract

Society services activity on cattle waste management system have been implemented in Sido Mulyo Livestock Farmers Group at Pulosari, Jumoyo, Salam, Magelang. Animal byproducts that consist of feces and urine of cattle wastewas processed into organic fertilizer compost and liquid fertilizer. Sido Mulyo Livestock Farmer Group has one unit of 20 m3 biodigester to accommodate the feces from approximately 30 cattle owned by the group member. Biogas has been used as a fuel source for family group members located around the cage. Slurry resulted from anaerobic digestion of biodigester disposed to pastures located on the right side of the cage. Ownership system in the groupis every group member hasa responsibility for taking care of their own cattle. The number of livestock owned by each member of the SidoMulyoLivestock Farmers Group ranged between 1 to 4 cattle. Society services methods that have been implemented was in the form of mentoring for a member of the Sido Mulyogroup.The other activities that have been implemented was the training and development of cattle industry, especially the handling of livestock waste in the form of feces, urine, and the feed residue. The activities was continued by the manufacture of compost packaging design, followed by the last series of activities such as monitoring and program development. The enthusiasm of the group members in joining to the extension activities is very good. The timing of the extension are determined in the afternoon after members of the group have finished searching feed for their cattle. The sustainability forwaste processing into organic fertilizer compost and liquid organic fertilizer becomes a major concern, because it is highly dependent on consumer demand.
Kinerja Reproduksi Induk Sapi Silangan Simmental Peranakan Ongole dan Sapi Peranakan Ongole Periode Postpartum Christoffor, Wisnu Tri Husodo Michael; Baliarti, Endang
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 6, No 2 (2008): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Aim of this study was to find out the reproduction performance of Simmental Ongole crossbred (SIMPO) and Ongole crossbred (PO) cows from parturition to four months after parturition in farming system Bambanglipuro district, Bantul sub-province.  Using 18 SIMPO and 20 PO cows as nine months of pregnancy condition. The variables observed were cows body weight, score perinatal,  postpartum anestrus (PPA), service per conception (S/C), conception rate (CR), calving interval (CI). The data on gain weight of the cows, body weight at parturition, length of pregnancy, PPA, S/C and CI were analyzed using t test while CR were analyzed using Chi-Square. The result of the study showed that SIMPO body weight at parturion was higher (P&lt;0.01) than PO (463.70 ± 47.29 kg vs 349.90 ± 63.34 kg). Cows body weight from parturition to four months after parturition of SIMPO was higher (P&lt;0,01) than PO but Average Daily Gain in first and second months after parturition SIMPO have more decreased (P&lt;0,01) than PO, but in third and fourth months did not differ significantly. Length of gestation, PPA, CI, S/C and CR did not differ significantly.. The conclusion of this study was the performance of SIMPO better than PO in the case of body weight but not different in reproduction status.  Key words : Performance, Simmental Ongole crossbred, Ongole crossbred, Postpartum
CARRYING CAPACITY ESTIMATION OF HERBICIDE-TREATED AND UNTREATED PALM OIL PLANTATION FOR BALI COWS Endrawati, Eny; Panjono, Panjono; Suhartanto, Bambang; Baliarti, Endang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 2 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (2) MAY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (182.224 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i2.38036

Abstract

This study aims to estimate the carrying capacity of oil palm plantations with the use of herbicides based on the forage availability for Bali cows. The research was performed in palm oil plantation owned by PTPN V Riau, from March 2016 until March 2017. The parameters observed were 1) Forage production that grows between palm trees at 6 weeks cutting age. The forage sample was taken from 5 point of 1x1m2, then subjected to proximate analysis. Data were analyzed with one-way random design, 2) Forage consumption; obtained by observation of 5 pregnant Bali cow and 7 non-pregnant for seven consecutive days 3). Estimated carrying capacity for Bali cows, obtained from the calculation of forage production (/ha/year) divided by forage consumption. The result of the research showed that 1). The production of dry matter (DM) forage in herbicide-treated areas was 689.55 kg/ha/year, not significantly different compared to untreated areas (622.33 kg/ha/year). Crude protein (CP) forage content of forage obtained from herbicide-treated area was significantly higher (p<0.05) than untreated area, whereas the total content of DM and total digestible nutrients (TDN) was not significantly different. DM consumption of pregnant Bali cow was on average 3.68±0.29 kg/head/day or 1,343.20±105.85 kg/head/year and non-pregnant 4.02±0.36 kg/head/day or 1,467.30±131.4 kg/head/year. The estimated carrying capacity on herbicide-treated (0.51 head of pregnant cow/ha), did not show any significant difference compared to untreated area (0.46 head/ha). For non-pregnant, the carrying capacity of herbicide-treated area (0.47 head/ha) was not different with non-treated area (0.42 head/ha). It was concluded that the use of herbicide on palm oil plantation had no effect on the carrying capacity of the Bali cow.