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SIMULATION OF COMPETITIVENESS POLICY FOR LOCAL SOYBEAN AT DOMESTIC MARKET Handayani, Dian; Bantacut, Tajuddin; Munandar, Jono M.; Budijanto, Slamet
Journal of Agroindustrial Technology Vol. 19 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian
Publisher : Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Soybean is a strategic commodity which is used as a raw material for food processing and consumed by most of Indonesian people. National demand cannot be covered by local production, due to imported one. This research indicated that soybean harvested area was influenced by local soybean real price, maize real price and last year harvested area. Soybean productivity was influenced by rainfall, maize real price and last year productivity. Local soybean price was influenced by soybean real price at producer level, imported soybean real price, quantity of imported soybean, productivity and last year soybean real price. Soybean real price at producer level was influenced by soybean production, imported soybean quantity, soybean consumption, BULOG monopoly and last year real price at producer level. Soybean import quantity was influenced by production and consumption. Imported soybean price was influenced by international price, exchange rates, import tariff, and last year import price. Combination policy of increase the soybean price and import tariff 20% would stimulate the producer to increase harvested area and production. Strategy to increase competitiveness and national soybean production are through productivity improvement and extended planting area programs. The priority to increase the production is to improve productivity and apply suitable technology. Extension of planting area to better region is conducted to increase cropping index. To anticipate trading liberalization negative effect to farmers? welfare, protection policy by the government is still needed to control international price fluctuation and to strengthen local soybean competitiveness. Keywords: Strategic commodity, productivity, real price, import quantity, soybean
Sucrose Content Loss in the Harvest-Loading-Transport System at PG Sindang Laut and PG Tersana Baru, Cirebon Bantacut, Tajuddin; sukardi, Sukardi; Supatma, Irfan Ardiansyah
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 13, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The loss of sucrose in the cane sugar production could reach 35%. Harvesting, loading and transporting the sugarcane contribute significantly to the total lost prior to milling, ranging from 5–25%. The aims of this research were to identify factors that influence the harvest-loading-transport system, to analyze the pattern of sucrose content loss in sugar cane before milling, and to recommend means of improving the harvest-loading-transport system according to the exixting condition of sugar factories. The implementation of the harvest-loading-transport system can be influenced by many factors, among them are the factors determining the chopping schedule (T-score) which consist of planting time, difference between below purity level and upper purity level, average sucrose content, difference between upper sucrose content and below sucrose content, maturity factor, increase coefficient, durability coefficient, shoot auger pest, plant condition, and distance. The felling system is determined by the plantation layout, infrastructure (road, bridge conditions), topography, climate and weather, and equipment for fire tackling.Keywords: cane sugar production, sucrose content, sucrose losses, harvest-loading-transport
DAMPAK PERUBAHAN EFISIENSI DI STASIUN STERILISASI PABRIK KELAPA SAWIT MENGGUNAKAN MODEL INPUT-OUTPUT LEONTIEF Kramanandita, Ridzky; Bantacut, Tajuddin; Romli, Muhammad; Makmoen, Mustofa
Jurnal Riset Industri Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Teknologi Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan untuk Industri Hijau
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri

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Abstract

Limbah yang dihasilkan dari pabrik kelapa sawit (PKS) yang merupakan rincian aliran massa pada setiap proses dari input bahan baku berupa tandan buah segar dan kebutuhan air, sampai ke output dan hasil samping dari pabrik kelapa sawit, dapat diketahui dari perhitungan neraca massa. Kuantitas limbah dan Crude Palm Oil (CPO) yang dihasilkan bergantung dari teknologi yang digunakan di PKS. Perubahan teknologi pada satu stasiun akan mempengaruhi stasiun lain di PKS. Stasiun yang paling terpengaruh adalah stasiun sterilisasi. Berdasarkan persamaan konsep dari kesetimbangan neraca massa, penelitian ini menggunakan Model Input-Output Leontief untuk menghitung dampak perubahan efisiensi pada stasiun sterilisasi pabrik kelapa sawit. Perubahan koefisien teknologi di stasiun sterilisasi dari konvensional (76%) dengan teknologi baru (96%) adalah meningkatnya jumlah output CPO sebesar 23,1% dari 6.236 menjadi 7.677 kg dan output kernel juga meningkat 16,4% dari 2.025 menjadi 2.357 kg. Perubahan teknologi tersebut mengakibatkan pula turunnya jumlah limbah cair sebesar 18,1% dari 20.800 menjadi 17.044 kg, dan meningkatnya jumlah limbah padat sebesar 16,4% dari 12.109 menjadi 14.093 kg. Kata Kunci: pabrik kelapa sawit, neraca massa, koefisien teknologi 
KESEIMBANGAN BIOMASSA DAN PEMANENAN ENERGI PADA PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR KELAPA SAWIT Bantacut, Tajuddin; Fitriani, Anis Yuli
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 20, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v20i1.2929

Abstract

ABSTRACTProcessing of palm oil mills effluent (POME) consumes considerable amounts of energy. POME contains organic materials that can be converted into methane gas as an energy source. This study aimed at the development of energy self-sufficiency concept in the POME processing by harvesting the energy contained in the generated biogas. The development of this concept was carried out by analyzing the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) balance in POME processing, assessing energy potential, calculating energy requirements, and constructing an energy-independent POME treatment model. The results of this study showed that the electrical energy that can be generated from the processing of POME was 70 kW per hour, while the energy requirement is 39 kWh. The energy potential can meet the energy needs, with an energy surplus of 30 kW per hour. This study explained that the processing of POME can be self-sufficient by degrading organic matter into methane gas using Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor (UASBR). Keywords: methane, POME, COD model, closed system, electricity, UASBR.ABSTRAKPengolahan limbah cair kelapa sawit menggunakan energi dalam jumlah besar. Limbah cair kelapa sawit mengandung bahan organik yang dapat dikonversi menjadi gas metana sebagai sumber energi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan konsep mandiri energi pada pengolahan limbah cair kelapa sawit dengan memanen energi yang terdapat dalam biogas yang terbentuk selama pengolahan limbah cair. Pengembangan konsep ini dilakukan dengan menganalisis keseimbangan COD di dalam limbah cair, mengkaji potensi energi, menghitung kebutuhan energi, dan membangun pengolahan limbah cair kelapa sawit mandiri energi. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa energi listrik yang dapat dihasilkan dari proses pengolahan limbah cair kelapa sawit adalah sebesar 70 kW per jam, sedangkan kebutuhan energi adalah sebesar 39 kWh. Potensi energi tersebut dapat memenuhi kebutuhan energi, bahkan terdapat surplus energi sebesar 30 kW per jam. Studi ini menjelaskan bahwa pengolahan limbah cair kelapa sawit dapat mandiri energi dengan mendegradasi bahan organik menjadi gas metana menggunakan Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor (UASBR).Kata kunci: gas metana, limbah cair sawit, model COD, sistem tertutup, listrik, UASBR
ANALISIS DAN DESAIN SISTEM PRODUKSI MI ACEH SPESIAL MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PROCESS-ORIENTED ANALYSIS Fadhil, Rahmat; Bantacut, Tajuddin; Machfud, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (665.396 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.2.166

Abstract

This study describes the analysis and design of production systems at an Aceh noodle restaurant based on the approach of process-oriented analysis (POA). POA is a technique that can be used to design or re-engineering a production system. This system useD a type of static analysis with two models i.e., value flow diagram (VFD) and resource flow diagrams (RFD). The results showed that the POA method is very useful to study the analysis and design of production systems. Application of this method of learning and project engineering production provides an enormous benefit in analyzing and designing the production system of special Aceh noodles at a restaurant, which includes the amount of information, numbers, and economic return value (VFD), as well as information on the flow of resources (including mass, energy, and embodied energy) and their respective ecological values (RFD).
Politik Pangan Berbasis Industri Tepung Komposit Bantacut, Tajuddin; Saptana, nFN
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi Vol 32, No 1 (2014): Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/fae.v32n1.2014.19-41

Abstract

EnglishTotal Indonesian population of 250 million people leads to some crucial problems in provision and management of staple food. Main sources of staple food are cereal, mainly rice. Another important source of carbohydrate is imported wheat flour and it discourages national food security. Meanwhile, as a tropical country, Indonesia has many sources of carbohydrates (food crops) such as tuber crops (cassava, sweet potatoes), cereals (corn), and palm (sago) potentially replace partially or entirely the consumption of rice and wheat flour. This paper discusses the food politics within the perspective of food security based on composite flours as substitution or replacement of wheat flour. Natural growth of local commodity based on flour industry is very slow and it needs some efforts and policies on its acceleration. It suggests some policy recommendations on how to strengthen and accelerate composite flour industries. Required policy includes assistance, value-added tax relief, and promotion. Value-added tax paid by the government is considered as an incentive to wheat importers and flour industry to develop composite flour. IndonesianPenduduk Indonesia saat ini lebih dari 250 juta jiwa menimbulkan banyak permasalahan pada pangan pokok sehingga perlu mendapatkan perhatian serius. Pangan pokok sumber karbohidrat yang banyak dikonsumsi adalah beras dan terigu. Sebagai sumber karbohidrat penting, terigu bukan produksi lokal yang membawa persoalan ketahanan pangan dan menguras devisa negara. Indonesia memiliki beragam sumber karbohidrat lainnya, baik dari serealia, umbi-umbian, maupun palma yang belum dimanfaatkan. Tujuan tulisan ini adalah untuk mengkaji pentingnya politik pangan berbasis industri tepung komposit dalam rangka mendukung ketahanan pangan nasional. Pertumbuhan industri tepung secara alamiah tidak dapat diharapkan terjadi dengan cepat dan berkontribusi nyata terhadap ketahanan pangan. Produksi dan perdagangan terigu telah menjadi bagian dari sistem pangan, industri, dan ekonomi nasional sehingga pengendalian yang tidak cermat dapat menimbulkan gejolak sosial dan ekonomi. Membiarkan berjalan tanpa kendali dapat menimbulkan kesulitan pangan dimasa mendatang, sebaliknya mengatur secara ketat menimbulkan persoalan sosial dan ekonomi terkait kesempatan kerja. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan kebijakan komprehensif yang mendorong perkembangan industri tepung komposit. Penyelarasan antara pertumbuhan konsumsi tepung dengan pemanfaatan bahan pangan lokal melalui pengembangan tepung komposit perlu diatur dengan kebijakan komprehensif yang kondusif. Kebijakan yang diperlukan meliputi pendampingan, keringanan, dan promosi. Kebijakan Pajak Pertambahan Nilai ditanggung pemerintah dapat dipertimbangkan sebagai salah satu upaya mendorong importir gandum dan industri terigu untuk mengembangkan tepung komposit.
THE EFFORT TO THE ECONOMY GROWTH OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IS DIRECTED TO CREATE AN INTEGRATED ZONE THAT WILL MOTIVATE EXPORT, INVITE INVESTORS, AND BE A CATALYST OF A CONTINUOUS GROWING AND DEVELOPING REGION.  THIS RESEARCH IS TO DESIGN AGROESTAT AS AN INTEGRATED AGRICULTURAL ZONE UNDER ONE MANAGEMENT BASED ON LOCAL SPECIFIC COMPETITIVE HORTICULTURE WITH REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT APPROACH.  THE RESEARCH OF AGROESTAT IS HOLISTIC COVERING THE WHOLE VALUE-CHAIN (FARMING, INDUSTRY, AND TRADING) OF THE R Kristyanto, Handojo; Maarif, Syamsul; ., Eriyatno; ., Sutrisno; Indrasti, Nastiti Siswi; Bantacut, Tajuddin
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 32 No. 3 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The effort to the economy growth of developing countries is directed to create an integrated zone that will motivate export, invite investors, and be a catalyst of a continuous growing and developing region.  This research is to design agroestat as an integrated agricultural zone under one management based on local specific competitive horticulture with regional development approach.  The research of agroestat is holistic covering the whole value-chain (farming, industry, and trading) of the regional, national, and international process agriculture.  Agroestat make use of a complex and complicated inter-dependency and inter-relation of multidimensional (social, culture, and economy) among sectors (agriculture, industry, and commerce).  Therefore, this research applied, soft, system methodology to design conceptual model of agroestat (soft system) and decision support system (hard system).  The study of agroestat benchmarks to three models of newly specific developed integrated region that is Perkebunan Inti Rakyat (PIR), agropolitan, and ecoindustrial park model.  The conceptual model of agroestate, consist of five individual elements which are infrastructure, district, business, funding, and management.  As a whole it describes the agroestate model.  Regionalization of agroestate is using objective and subjective approach into three (agriculture, industry, and commerce) economic zone on fair free trade competition and decentralization of government policy.  Agroestat in the smallest autonomous area of Kabupaten/Kota applying the integrity concept, needs supports of local government in indirect-subsidies (infrastructure) and regulation (spatial order).  Agroestate needs an independent, professional, commercial institution to manage agroestate.  The validation of Agroestat DSS (decision support system) has been done in Kabupaten Brebes with shallot as local competitive horticulture commodity. Key words: agroestat, agricultural region, agriculture, shallot
KLASTER INDUSTRI SEBAGAI STRATEGI PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING AGROINDUSTRI BIOENERGI BERBASIS KELAPA SAWIT Papilo, Petir; Bantacut, Tajuddin
J@ti Undip : Jurnal Teknik Industri Volume 11, No. 2, Mei 2016
Publisher : Departemen Teknik Industri, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.818 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jati.11.2.87-96

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran tentang dampak dari pelaksanaan program klaster industri terhadap peningkatan daya saing industri bioenergi berbasis kelapa sawit nasional. Melalui pendekatan analisis perbandingan yang merujuk pada berbagai kajian terdahulu, dapat diketahui bahwa penerapan strategi klaster industri memberikan pengaruh positif terhadap tiga klaster agroindustri kelapa sawit nasional yang berada di Provinsi Riau, Sumatra Utara dan Kalimantan Timur. Berdasarkan penilaian terhadap empat elemen daya saing, seperti aglomerasi perusahaan, nilai tambah dan rantai nilai, jejaring kerjasama serta infrastruktur ekonomi, menunjukkan bahwa telah  terjadi peningkatan nilai daya saing dari ketiga klaster industri sebesar masing-masingnya 0,503, 0294 dan 0,232. AbstractThis study aims to provide an overview of the implementation impact of industrial cluster program to increase the competitiveness of the national agro-industry bioenergy based on palm oil. Through a comparative analysis approach that refers to previous studies, it is known that the implementation of the industrial cluster strategy has a positive influence on the three national oil palm agro-industrial clusters that located in the Riau Province, North Sumatra and East Kalimantan. Based on the assessment of the four elements of competitiveness, such as agglomeration company, value-added and value chains, networks and infrastructure, indicate that there has been an increase in the competitiveness value of the three clusters agro-industries by each 0.503, 0294 and 0.232.
PERBANDINGAN TEKNIK PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN MULTI-KRITERIA ANTARA METODE ECKENRODE DENGAN METODE FUZZY ECKENRODE PADA KINERJA AGROINDUSTRI Fadhil, Rahmat; Maarif, M. Syamsul; Bantacut, Tajuddin; Hermawan, Aji
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 14 No. 2 (2017): JMA Vol. 14 No. 2, Juli 2017
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1053.65 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.14.2.109

Abstract

Multi-criteria decision-making system has evolved with various methods. One method that is still being used today is the Eckenrode method. This study aims to compare the methods used in multi-criteria decision-making i.e. between the Eckenrode method and Fuzzy Eckenrode method on agroindustry performances in a decision-making model. To evaluate the two methods, the assessment data from the ten experts on the performance measurement system of agroindustry were used using Human Resource Scorecard (HRSC) method. The results show that both Eckenrode method and Fuzzy Eckenrode method are able to provide a rank-system of an alternative of the same criteria in a decision-making. However, Fuzzy Eckenrode method shows clearer assessment weighting compared to the regular Eckenrode method; therefore, the system of weighting using the Fuzzy Eckenrode method is more recommended in high-level decision making with a high level of accuracy.Keywords: decision-making, Eckenrode, Fuzzy Eckenrode, multi-criteria, weightingABSTRAKSistem pengambilan keputusan multi kriteria telah berkembang dengan berbagai metode yang beragam. Salah satu metode yang masih terus dipakai saat ini adalah metode Eckenrode. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan metode pengambilan keputusan multi kriteria dengan pendekatan metode Eckenrode biasa dengan metode Fuzzy Eckenrode pada kinerja agroindustri dalam suatu model pengambilan keputusan. Untuk mengevaluasi kedua metode ini digunakan data penilaian terhadap suatu sistem pengukuran kinerja agroindustri dari para pakar sebanyak sepuluh orang dengan metode Human Resource Scorecard (HRSC). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa metode Eckenrode dan metode Fuzzy Eckenrode mampu memberikan perangkingan suatu alternatif kriteria yang sama dalam suatu pengambilan keputusan. Namun metode Fuzzy Eckenrode menunjukkan penilaian pembobotan yang lebih jelas dibandingan dengan menggunakan metode Eckenrode biasa, sehingga sistem penilaian pembobotan melalui metode Fuzzy Eckenrode lebih direkomendasikan dalam pengambilan keputusan tingkat tinggi dengan akurasi yang juga tinggi.Kata kunci: Eckenrode, Fuzzy Eckenrode, multi kriteria, pembobotan, pengambilan keputusan
Perancangan Grafis sebagai Penciptaan Nilai untuk Kemasan Ayam Goreng Basah Zulkarnain, Zulkarnain; Syom, Helpy Agriffina; Bantacut, Tajuddin
JIEMS (Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems) Vol 9, No 1 (2016): Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems (JIEMS)
Publisher : Universitas Bunda Mulia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (585.469 KB) | DOI: 10.30813/jiems.v9i1.127

Abstract

The packaging function has evolved into a brand value creation tools to customers. "Ayam Goreng Basah" is a food product from catering service by Ibu Siti Sugiyanti that uses packing box and styrofoam without any graphic design on the packaging, which can be a communication tool to the customers. The purpose of this study is to apply the graphics design process of “Ayam Goreng Basah” package. This research was conducted by collecting information from customers through brainstorming. The brainstorming activities have made a creative idea concept "Inovasi Ayam Goreng Nusantara", which became a base in visualizing the packaging graphic of Ayam Goreng Basah. Graphic design that received the highest score at the RIII (Bumbu Rempah-Rempah Khas Nusantara) with a total score (8:35).Keywords: Graphic Process, Brainstorming, Graphic Design Packaging.