Benny Baskara
Inter Religius Studies (IRS) Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM Yogyakarta

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MANIFESTASI IDENTITAS ISLAM SUKU BAJO DALAM NASKAH LONTARAK ASSALENNA BAJO Baskara, Benny
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 1, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.173 KB)

Abstract

The Bajo people are known as the sea wanderers because they always wander the sea. However, aside from their unique characteristic as people of the sea, the Bajo are also known as Muslims. Therefore, Islam is an important element of their identity, either reflected in their daily life or written in the manuscript Lontarak Assalenna Bajo as the form of self-narration of their cultural history. Islam has been accepted through a continual process of negotiation and development.The Bajo people were not Muslim before they became sea wanderes. They received the influence of Islam from the land-bound people surrounding them as a result of interactions between the two groups.
THE CONSTRUCTION AND CONTESTATION OF ISLAMIC IDENTITY OF THE BAJO PEOPLE IN WAKATOBI ISLANDS, SOUTH EAST SULAWESI, INDONESIA Baskara, Benny; Abdullah, Irwan; Suryo, Djoko
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (156.883 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.4698

Abstract

On the one one hand, the Bajo people are well-known as ?the sea people? who have their own indigenous belief system ? belief in the Lord of the Sea. On the other hand, they also acknowledge themselves as Muslims. Thus, the religious identity of the Bajo people reflects a unique combination of Islamic teachings and their indigenous beliefs. This unique combination is not only expressed in their religious life, in their rituals and worship practices, but also in the values found in their customary practices (adat) as a guiding system for their life. This paper examines the construction and contestation of the religious identity of the Bajo people, especially how they construct their identities in relation to their natural, social, and religious environments. The contestation of the Bajo religious identity covers three aspects: the contestation of the Islam of ?the sea people? against the Islam of ?the land people?, the contenstation of the ?official? Islam against the ?traditional? Islam, and the challenges of modernity, especially the commodification of the Bajo religious expressions. This contestation, in turn, reconstructs their religious identity into a more adaptive one.
The “Pamali” of Wakatobi Bajo and Its Role for Marine Conservation Baskara, Benny; Astuti, Oce
Journal of Indonesian Coral Reefs Vol 1, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Coral Reefs

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Abstract

The Bajo people are known as the sea people, because they live and depend on the sea for their livelihood. As in any other cultures, the Bajo people also have their own ethical system, which prevails as a ruling guide for their life. The ethical system of the Bajo people is called “Pamali”. This Pamali system is a kind of taboo system, which contains forbidden things that should not to be done. The example of things in Pamali concerned with the sea include: the disposal of waste in the sea, such as lemon peels, sFiges, and any other unused things, including spitting to the sea. Another example is that it is forbidden to catch small fishes and consume them before they reach harvestable size. Because the Bajo people are the sea people, they should keep and maintain the sea as their life environment. The Pamali system is the way for the Bajo people to keep and maintain the sustainability of their life in the sea. The overall program and policy on natural conservation in a wider scope in Indonesia should consider the local genius of the indigenous people, such as local values, wisdoms, and customs, which also play a significant role in maintaining the sustainability of their natural environment, in this case is the Pamali system of the Bajo people.
Interpretasi Kritisisme Immanuel Kant dalam Budaya Jawa Modern Baskara, Benny
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 13, No 3 (2003)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jf.31298

Abstract

This essay purposed to make interpretation about critisism, in this case critical thinking process on Modern Javanese Culture. Critical thinking actually can reveral the ancient and traditional Javanese values into reasonable and scientific explanations. This process create many advantages for the development of Javanese Culture, especially the change from traditional to modern. Javanese people start with modern lifestyle which critical thinking as "the main thinking way" on each day life. That also proved for Javanese modern is free from "dogmatism trap" of traditional thinking process.On the other side, modern life also make its own "new dogmatism". Many people never realize, within their life begin to fall into meaningless and deceived world. Javanese modern people just threated radically pull out from their own culture values, that believed for many years and generations before. The honesty of Javanese even hard questioned in the modern life, that shows the degradation of ethic values belief. This indicate modern people do not have a "pure practical reason" as fundamental reason for daily activities.
Interpretasi Kritisisme Immanuel Kant dalam Budaya Jawa Modern Baskara, Benny
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 13, No 3 (2003)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3435.568 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.31298

Abstract

This essay purposed to make interpretation about critisism, in this case critical thinking process on Modern Javanese Culture. Critical thinking actually can reveral the ancient and traditional Javanese values into reasonable and scientific explanations. This process create many advantages for the development of Javanese Culture, especially the change from traditional to modern. Javanese people start with modern lifestyle which critical thinking as "the main thinking way" on each day life. That also proved for Javanese modern is free from "dogmatism trap" of traditional thinking process.On the other side, modern life also make its own "new dogmatism". Many people never realize, within their life begin to fall into meaningless and deceived world. Javanese modern people just threated radically pull out from their own culture values, that believed for many years and generations before. The honesty of Javanese even hard questioned in the modern life, that shows the degradation of ethic values belief. This indicate modern people do not have a "pure practical reason" as fundamental reason for daily activities.
MANIFESTASI IDENTITAS ISLAM SUKU BAJO DALAM NASKAH LONTARAK ASSALENNA BAJO Baskara, Benny
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 1, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.173 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.3903

Abstract

The Bajo people are known as the sea wanderers because they always wander the sea. However, aside from their unique characteristic as people of the sea, the Bajo are also known as Muslims. Therefore, Islam is an important element of their identity, either reflected in their daily life or written in the manuscript Lontarak Assalenna Bajo as the form of self-narration of their cultural history. Islam has been accepted through a continual process of negotiation and development.The Bajo people were not Muslim before they became sea wanderes. They received the influence of Islam from the land-bound people surrounding them as a result of interactions between the two groups.
AKOMODASI DAN KONTESTASI RUANG BUDAYA DI UDARA: KASUS SIARAN BUDAYA DI RRI KENDARI, SULAWESI TENGGARA Baskara, Benny
Studi Budaya Nusantara Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Studi Budaya Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.308 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/b.sbn.2018.002.02.04

Abstract

AbstrakRadio Republik Indonesia (RRI) sebagai stasiun radio milik pemerintah membentuk saluran tersendiri bagi siaran-siaran budaya dari seluruh Indonesia yang ditayangkan dalam Programa 4 RRI. Pembentukan Programa 4 RRI yang mengkhususkan pada siaran-siaran budaya tersebut merupakan suatu bentuk akomodasi pemerintah terhadap keanekaragaman budaya di Indonesia, termasuk di RRI Kendari sebagai perwakilan RRI di Sulawesi Tenggara. Tulisan ini akan memaparkan akomodasi dan kontestasi siaran kebudayaan dari berbagai etnis di Programa 4 RRI Kendari. Programa 4 RRI yang menyiarkan kebudayaan dari berbagai kelompok etnis besar di Sulawesi Tenggara, yaitu etnis Tolaki, Buton, Muna, Moronene, Bugis, Makassar, Bajo, Jawa, Sunda, dan Bali. Namun demikian, ternyata siaran budaya di Programa 4 RRI Kendari tidak hanya sebagai sarana akomodasi dari berbagai etnis di Sulawesi Tenggara, tetapi juga terjadi kontestasi budaya antar etnis di udara dalam program tersebut. Sebelum ditayangkan di Programa 4, siaran budaya ini ditayangkan di Programa 1 RRI Kendari, yang daya jangkau siarannya lebih luas serta fasilitasnya lebih lengkap, termasuk sarana siaran interaktif. Sementara itu, Programa 4 merupakan saluran yang belum lama dibentuk oleh RRI Kendari, sehingga daya jangkau siaran serta fasilitasnya masih terbatas, termasuk belum adanya sarana interaktif. Keterbatasan fasilitas Programa 4 inilah yang menyebabkan masing-masing etnis di Sulawesi Tenggara merasa tidak lagi terakomodasi ruang budayanya dalam siaran-siaran RRI Kendari bila dibandingkan waktu masih disiarkan di Programa 1.AbstractRadio Republik Indonesia (RRI) as state-owned radio station creates a special channel for cultural programs from various ethnic groups in Indonesia in Programme 4. The establishment of Programme 4 as the special channel for cultural programs is a form of accommodation from Indonesian government toward various ethnic groups in Indonesia, including in RRI Kendari as a branch of RRI in Southeast Sulawesi Province. This paper will describe the accommodation and contestation of cultural programs in Programme 4 RRI Kendari. Programme 4 RRI Kendari broadcast cultural programs from main ethnic groups in Southeast Sulawesi: Tolaki, Buton, Muna, Moronene, Bugis, Makassar, Bajo, Java, Sunda, and Bali.However, the cultural programs in Programme 4 RRI Kendari not only serve as a means for accommodation toward various ethnic groups in Southeast Sulawesi, but contestation is also happened among themselves in these cultural programs. Before they are broadcasted in Programme 4, these cultural programs were broadcasted in Programme 1, which has wider range and has more complete facilities, including interactive facility. Meanwhile, as a new channel, Programme 4 do not have wide range of broadcasting capacity as in Programme 1, and its facilities are still limited. The limitation of Programme 4 facilities makes various ethnic groups in Southeast Sulawesi feel no longer accommodated in cultural programs of RRI Kendari as it was broadcasted in Programme 1 before.  
ISLAMIC PURITANISM MOVEMENTS IN INDONESIA AS TRANSNATIONAL MOVEMENTS Baskara, Benny
DINIKA : Academic Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Islam and Political Discourse in Indonesia
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22515/dinika.v2i1.103

Abstract

Islamic puritanism movements are the movements compelling to return to the teachings of Quran and Sunnah, as the pure teachings of Islam and abandon even abolish other teachings outside the teachings of Quran and Sunnah. The movements of Islamic puritanism can be considered as transnational movements because they spread their teachings and ideologies, create organizations, networks, and provide financial supports across nations. This paper describes Islamic puritanism movements in Indonesia and their transnational connections. Some Islamic puritanism movements in Indonesia can be considered as part of Islamic transnational movements, in which most of the movements are centered in the Middle East. In Indonesia, Islamic puritanism movements firstly appeared in the beginning of the nineteenth century, called Padri movement in West Sumatra. It was then continued to the emergence of Islamic organizations in the twentieth century. Recently, Islamic puritanism movements in Indonesia mostly take form as Salafism-Wahabism movements.    Keywords:Islamic puritanism movement, transnational movement, and ideology        
CHANGE AND DEVELOPMENT IN NYADRAN RITUAL TRADITION IN YOGYAKARTA baskara, benny; Tasha F, Vincamira; Muhammad, Ali AKbar
Khatulistiwa Vol 9, No 2 (2019): Volume 9, Number 2 September 2019
Publisher : The Pontianak State Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.298 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/khatulistiwa.v9i2.1478

Abstract

The nyadran ritual is a ritual that usually conducted by Javanese Muslim to welcome Ramadhan or fasting month in the Islamic calendar. The essential element of the nyadran ritual is visiting the graveyard to clean up the grave and praying for the ancestors buried in the grave. However, in recent development, it seems that change and development are already happened to the nyadran ritual in some of its elements, such as reciting prayer together, parading the offerings to the graveyard, and end up with communal feast. The media construction is also influential, with the coverage of the nyadran ritual in Makam Sewu by various media, such as television, print media, and online media.
NELAYAN BUNGKUTOKO DAN TANTANGAN PERUBAHAN Danial, Danial; Baskara, Benny
ETNOREFLIKA: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Vol 8 No 3 (2019): Volume 8 Nomor 3, Oktober 2019
Publisher : Laboratorium Jurusan Antropologi, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/etnoreflika.v8i3.814

Abstract

Profesi nelayan merupakan ujung tombak dalam sektor perikanan, karena produktivitas sektor perikanan turut ditentukan oleh hasil tangkapan para nelayan. Namun demikian, banyak tantangan yang dihadapi oleh nelayan dalam menjalankan profesinya. Secara umum, respons dari tantangan tersebut adalah tetap bertahan sebagai nelayan atau beralih profesi dengan menekuni bidang pekerjaan lain. Artikel ini akan berfokus untuk membahas tantangan-tantangan perubahan pembangunan yang dihadapi oleh para nelayan di Pulau Bungkutoko dan respons mereka terhadap tantangan-tantangan tersebut. Dari hasil pengamatan yang dilakukan, ternyata lebih banyak nelayan Bungkutoko yang beralih profesi ke bidang pekerjaan lainnya, dan lebih sedikit yang tetap mempertahankan profesinya sebagai nelayan. Sesungguhnya, pilihan untuk tetap bertahan sebagai nelayan ataupun memilih untuk beralih profesi ke bidang pekerjaan lainnya merupakan bentuk strategi bertahan hidup (survival strategy) masyarakat Bungkutoko. Namun demikian, bila dipandang dari sektor perikanan, dengan banyaknya nelayan yang beralih profesi ke bidang pekerjaan lainnya adalah sebuah kemunduran, karena turut menurunkan produktivitas di sektor tersebut.