Articles

PERBANDINGAN HASIL TANGKAPAN PADA RUMPON TALI RAFIA DAN RUMPON TRADISIONAL DI PERAIRAN ACEH BARAT Zuriat; Thahir, Muhammad Agam; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Gazali, Mohamad
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 11 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.246 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v11i2.25031

Abstract

Kabupaten Aceh Barat memiliki panjang garis pantai sekitar 50,55 km, dengan luas perairan lautnya sekitar 80,88 km2. Kondisi ini tidak terlepas dari letaknya yang menghadap langsung ke Samudera Hindia yang kaya akan sumberdaya ikan. Rumpon adalah suatu alat bantu pengumpul ikan yang menggunakan atraktor, seperti daun kelapa, daun pinang dan daun nipah serta benda padat lainnya yang berfungsi sebagai pemikat berkumpulnya ikan. Rumpon hanyut merupakan rumpon yang tidak menetap dan tidak dilengkapi dengan jangkar sehingga hanyut mengikuti gerakan dan arah arus, sedangkan rumpon menetap adalah rumpon yang dilengkapi dengan jangkar atau pemberat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis komposisi jenis, jumlah dan berat ikan hasil tangkapan. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Januari-Juli 2018, bertempat di perairan Aceh Barat. Data yang dikumpulkan berupa data primer, dimana pengumpulannya menggunakan metode experimental fishing. Selanjutnya, data tersebut dianalisis secara statistik menggunakan uji t. Pengamatan terhadap hasil tangkapan dilakukan hingga 18 trip terhadap rumpon tali rafia dan rumpon tradisional. Peubah yang diamati pada penelitian ini adalah komposisi jenis, jumlah dan berat ikan hasil tangkapan pada kedua rumpon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rumpon tradisional memperoleh hasil tangkapan ikan sebanyak 7.538 ekor (61,5%) lebih banyak sebanyak daripada rumpon tali rafia sebanyak 4.821 ekor (38,5 %), dengan komposisi jenis ikan hasil tangkapan terdiri dari 7 jenis yang didominasi oleh ikan kembung. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa rumpon tradisional lebih efektif daripada rumpon tali rafia.
ANALISIS MULTIDIMENSIONAL UNTUK PENGELOLAAN PERIZINAN PERIKANAN YANG BERKELANJUTAN : STUDI KASUS WPP LAUT ARAFURA Mulyana, Ridwan; Haluan, John; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Wisudo, Sugeng Hari
Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 2 No 2 (2011): NOVEMBER 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.391 KB) | DOI: 10.24319/jtpk.2.71-80

Abstract

Fishing license, as a tool of fisheries management, is one of the popular instrument to control fish resources utilization. The purposes of fishing license for government are : (1) to optimalization of fish resources utilitization; (2) to maintain fish resources sustainability; and (3) to gain the economic benefit as government revenue. As part of fisheries management, fishing license affect to many aspects of fisheries as ecology, economic, technology, social, and ethic. Fishing license for large fisheries scale in Arafura Sea play an important role in Indonesian fisheries as Goverment issued 1072 fishing license or almost 25% of total license issued for all Indonesian waters. Unfortunatelly, Arafura Sea faces many problem and issues like overfishing, IUU fishing, destructive of fish habitat and environment that threaten the sustainability of fisheries. So it’s important to know the sustainability state of Arafura Sea in present to determine the best fishing license policy. The analysis of RAPFISH for sustainability of fisheries (including Leverage and Monte Carlo analysis) by major type of fisheries give some results as : (1) the fisheries of Arafura Sea is sustainable enough with score 53,86; (2) squid jigging, bottom longline, and gillnet fisheries are sustainable enough; but fish net and shrimp net are less sustainable; (3) the ecological dimension is good sustainable with score 72,43; but the ethic dimension is less sustainable with score 37,26. The leverage analysis shows the attributes which give the highest influence to each dimensions as: (1) size of fish on ecology dimension; (2) sector employment on economic dimension; (3) FAD (fish attracting devices) using and gear selectivity on technology dimension; (4) education level on social dimension; and (5) just management on ethic dimension. It’s recommended for Arafura Sea fisheries development to promote the sustainability fishing gears like squid jigging, bottom longline, and gillnet fisheries.
DESAIN PROTOTIPE KAPAL PENANGKAP DI PERAIRAN MALUKU Nanlohy, Alberth Ch; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Simbolon, Domu
Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 2 No 2 (2011): NOVEMBER 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1170.738 KB) | DOI: 10.24319/jtpk.2.1-20

Abstract

Design prototype teknology which will be developed has better excellence if compared to condition of the existing fishing vessel. Its the excellences can have an effect on to operation of ship and sumberdaya fishery in water territory of Maluku sea. Expansion of design joran fishing by using fiber glass has lighter excess, strong, and durable although the price expensive but can be made balance to with haul obtained by means of catch. Side that also usage of styro foam hardly having an effect on to ship design huhate proposed to be developed and has some excellences of if compared to ship used by the existing fisherman. At ship with inboard engine, fish hold design only yield product for local marketing and has not been modified to yield product skipjack loin which is a form of export product, this latter the product request would very height.
INSTALASI PERMESINAN PADA KAPAL PSP 01 Wiyastra, Anjaya Purwa; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Purwangka, Fis
Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 3 No 1 (2012): MEI 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.623 KB) | DOI: 10.24319/jtpk.3.35-43

Abstract

PSP 01 boat is an accustomed boat and also fishing vessels that owned by the Department of Fisheries Resource Utilization (PSP), Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK), IPB. These ships use an inboard propulsion four stroke diesel engine from Mitsubishi Canter truck with type 4D30-C. This study aims to describe the modifications to the installation of ship machinery at the PSP 01 boat and describe the suitability of its machinery installation guidelines refer to the FAO in 2009 on the Safety Guide for Small Fishing Boats. These study approach by using case study method in which observation and data collection that includes modifications to the installation of ship machinery PSP 01 and compliance with the FAO guidelines on Safety Guide for Small Fishing Boats. The results obtained that the PSP 01 engine already modified on the ignition system, fuel system, lubrication system, transmission system, and engine cooling system. Based on FAO guidelines in 2009 on the Safety Guide for Small Fishing boats, installation of machinery on PSP 01 boat in bilge pump fullfilled 58.33%, fuel system fulfilled 52.63%, the combustion gas exhaust system met 33.33%, the engine room vents are met 0%, range 85.71% met the electrical installation, battery installation are met 100%, daily checks before turning on the engine are met 75%, daily checks after turning on the engine are met 100%, the examination of every fourteen days are met 20%, and the examination of every 100 -150 hours of engine operation are fulfilled 0%. Based on FAO guidelines in 2009 on the Safety Guide for Small Fishing Boats, installation of Machinery on PSP 01 Boat on a whole scale are fulfilled 47,65%.
PENGEMBANGAN DESAIN KAPAL PANCING TONDA DENGAN MATERIAL FIBERGLASS DI KABUPATEN BUTON Anadi, La; Iskandar, Budhi Hascaryo; Monintja, Daniel R.; Baskoro, Mulyono S.
Buletin PSP Vol. 20 No. 1 (2012): Buletin PSP (Edisi Khusus)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Penggunaan kayu sebagai bahan pembuat kapal sudah mulai menghadapi permasalahan, khususnya kesediaan bahan baku. Selain semakin langkanya bahan baku kayu, harganya pun semakin mahal.  Oleh karena itu upaya untuk mengaplikasikan bahan lain sebagai bahan pembuat kapal sudah saatnya dilakukan. Pada penelitian ini, salah satu bahan yakni fiberglass dicobakan untuk menggantikan kayu sebagai bahan pembuat kapal pancing tonda (troller).  Walaupun harganya relatifmahal, namun untuk jangka panjang bahan ini lebih ekonomis.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dengan aplikasi fiberglass, kapal yang dihasilkan lebih ringan dan menghasilkan kecepatan lebih tinggi dengan kekuatan mesin yang sama.  Kata kunci:  Buton Regency, fiberglass, kapal pancing tonda (troller), kecepatan,  pengembangan desain
KEBERLANJUTAN PERIKANAN SKALA BESAR DI LAUT ARAFURA Mulyana, Ridwan; Haluan, John; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Wisudo, Sugeng H.
Buletin PSP Vol. 20 No. 1 (2012): Buletin PSP (Edisi Khusus)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Arafura merupakan salah satu  perairan di Indonesia “the golden fishing ground” dalam industri perikanan tangkap Indonesia. Potensi lestari (MSY) sebanyak 771.600 ton /tahun terdiri ikan pelagis, ikan demersal, udang, cumi-cumi, lobster dan ikan karang, Laut Arafura telah menjadi "faktor menarik" untuk perikanan tangkap skala besar yang menggunakan kapal > 30 GT. Sayangnya, memancing intensitas tinggi di Laut Arafura mengakibatkan "penangkapan ikan yang berlebihan" dan masalah lain sebagai Illegal-Unreported-Unregulated (IUU) fishing, metode penangkapan ikan yang merusak, perusakan habitat ikan, dan konflik sosial. Di sisi lain, Laut Arafura telah memberikan kontribusi yang signifikan dalam mendapatkan pekerjaan pemerintah dan menyediakan bagi nelayan dan orang-orang yang terlibat. Sehingga sangat penting untuk mengelola Laut Arafura perikanan mempertimbangkan aspek multi-disiplin seperti ekologi, teknologi ekonomi, sosial, dan etika. Juga penting untuk mengetahui keadaan keberlanjutan Laut Arafura dalam multi-disiplin sebagai dasar untuk menentukan kebijakan perikanan terbaik di daerah itu di masa depan. Ada 5 (lima) perikanan utama (dengan alat tangkap) di Laut Arafura menggunakan sebagai jaring ikan, jaring udang, insang bersih, garis panjang bawah, dan garis squid / jigging. RAPFISH (Penilaian cepat untuk Perikanan) adalah metode analisis baru yang dikembangkan oleh University of British Columbia, Kanada untuk mengevaluasi keberlanjutan perikanan dalam multi-disiplin. Analisis RAPFISH (termasuk Leverage dan Monte Carlo analisis) oleh 5 (lima) jenis perikanan memberikan beberapa hasil sebagai: (1) perikanan dari Laut Arafura adalah cukup berkelanjutan dengan skor 53,86; (2) squid jigging, rawai bawah , dan perikanan berkelanjutan gillnet cukup; tetapi ikan bersih dan jaring udang kurang berkelanjutan, (3) dimensi ekologi yang baik dengan skor 72,43 berkelanjutan, tetapi dimensi etika kurang berkelanjutan dengan skor 37,26. Analisis Leverage menunjukkan atribut yang memberikan pengaruh tertinggi untuk setiap dimensi sebagai: (1) ukuran ikan pada dimensi ekologi, (2) sektor pekerjaan pada dimensi ekonomi, (3) FAD (ikan menarik perangkat) menggunakan dan selektivitas gigi pada teknologi dimensi; (4) tingkat pendidikan pada dimensi sosial, dan (5) hanya manajemen padadimensi etika. Ini direkomendasikan untuk pengembangan perikanan Laut Arafura untuk mempromosikan alat tangkap rawai keberlanjutan seperti cumi jigging, bawah, dan perikanan gillnet.Kata kunci: Laut Arafura, RAPFISH, keberlanjutan
ANALISIS TEKNOLOGI PENANGKAPAN IKAN PILIHAN DI PANTAI SELATAN PROVINSI JAWA BARAT (The Proper Fishing Technology Analysis At Southern Coast of West Jawa Province) Sutisna, Dedy H.; Monintja, Daniel R.; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Wisudo, Sugeng H.
Buletin PSP Vol. 16 No. 1 (2007): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

As mandated in Fisheries Act No. 31/2004 about Fisheries, it is stated thatfisheries resources management aimed to improve community welfare especially fishermen and to conserve the fisheries resources and its environment. To keep the capture fisheries bussiness system sustainably efficient and profitable. Beside marketing guarantee, optimalization between fisheries resources stock and fishing effort in each of fishing area. The improvement of capture fisheries must be held based on the existing condition, ie: marketing in determining the priority comodity, maximum sustainable yield and fisheries resources utilization level to determine limit of fisheries resources utilization chance, fishing technology and socio-economic condition to identify the fishermen's earns and absorbtion of labours related to capture fisheries sector. Based on the marketing aspect analysiS, it is determined that the kinds of priority comodity in Southern of West Java Province are lobster, shrimp, tuna, skip jack tuna, and layar. Hence, the potency (MSy) and fisheries resources utilization level of the priority comodity still has very large chance to improve, except lobster has large enough chance.Based on the scoring approach, combined from many technical aspects, financial aspects and social aspect can be concluded that the proper fishing technology in southern waters of West J/lVa Province are: (1) Purse seine, (2) Denish saine, (3) Lines, (4) Gillnet, (5) Trammel net, (6) Boat lift net. To improve the management and utilization of  fisheries resources in southe-rn waters of West Java Province or in Hindia Ocean, it is recommended to implement the improvement of proper fishing technology based an technical aspects, financial aspects, environmental and social aspects.Keywords: the proper fishing technology, Southern waters of West Java Province, fisheries resources
ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN ARMADA PERIKANAN TANGKAP DI KABUPATEN KUPANG NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Kaleka, Deselina M.W.; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Monintja, Daniel R.; Baskoro, Mulyono S.
Buletin PSP Vol. 16 No. 2 (2007): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research discusses on the development analysis of fishing fleet in Kupang Regency, Nusa Tenggara Timur. The objective of the research is to develop a conceptual model in developing fishing fleet based on CCRF.The data from representatives sources have been collected through a survey methods by using questionnaires. In order to achieve the research objective, some methods such as SWOT, LGP, AHP and scoring on CCRF have been used to analyze the data.The result show that based on the analysis and combining with certain scenarios that used in the research, fishing unit that prostective to be developed gradually are hand line (pancing ulur), trap (bubu) and long line (rawai), meanwhile purse seine can be developed within maximum number of fleet
KAJIAN PEMBANGUNAN KABUPATEN ADMINISTRASI KEPULAUAN SERIBU BERBASIS KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN Saksono, Herie; Monintja, Daniel R.; Soemakaryo, Soepanto; Baskoro, Mulyono S.
Buletin PSP Vol. 16 No. 2 (2007): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Indonesia has 440 regencies/cities which 279 among them are the region that belong to sea/coastal based on fisheries. Most of their potential source is from marine resources both marine biological diversity or not. The aim of this research is a model for regency/city based on fisheries industry know the effect and as far as the effect’s some components which interact in the establisment. The research is held on Kabupaten Administrasi Kepulauan Seribu DKI Jakarta Province. The analysis and model development is done by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). Based on the result of analysis is founded important several components that are reacted and correlated positive significantly in the developing of Kabupaten Administrasi Kepulauan Seribu such as between implementation of central government authority and regional government authority with the job fisheries also the establishment of job fisheries. This condition gives double effect of the goal of fisheries development and the highly society welfare on the Kabupaten Administrasi Kepulauan Seribu oriented by developing regency based on fisheries industry. Through this study, hope the government of Kabupaten Administrasi Kepulauan Seribu could review several development policies as soon as possible to be more oriented in using sea resource based on fisheries industry mainly on the area as conservations is synchronized and harmonized between regional development and regional function. Besides that fishery businessman in their establishment of fishery industry, can formulate the ideal model to develop their business planning with responsibility of implementation the function and care in using.
PENENTUAN WARNA DAN INTENSITAS LAMPU LIGHT EMIITTING DIODE (LED) YANG OPTIMUM PADA PENANGKAPAN IKAN SELAR KUNING (SELAROIDES LEPTOLEPIS) UNTUK PERIKANAN BAGAN TANCAP Susanto, Adi; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Wisudo, Sugeng Hari; Riyanto, Mochammad; Purwangka, Fis
Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management Vol. 9 No. 2 (2018): Marine Fisheries - Jurnal Teknologi dan Manajemen Perikanan Laut
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (777.959 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jmf.9.2.145-155

Abstract

ABSTRACTFishing activity using light emitting diode (LED) on a fixed lift net in Banten Bay is equipped using blue and white LED as its attractor. The colour and intensity of the lighting affects the successful capture of the lift nets. The colour selection is influenced by the interaction of the fish as the target. The objective of this study is to determine the optimum colour and intensity for Yellowstripe Scad (Selaroides leptolepis) based on their behavioural response and light adaptation to different colours of green and white at three different intensities which are low (1.53 x 10-5 – 2.42 x 10-5 W/cm²), medium (5.39 x 10-5 – 7.60 x 10-5 W/cm²), and high (9.03 x 10-5 – 9.42 x 10-5 W/cm²). The behavioural response of the fish was conducted using a tank experiment to measure the preferences zone, the nearest neighbour distance (NND), and behavioural response pattern for different colours and light intensity.  Histological approach for each experimental light colour and intensity was used to investigate the retinal adaptations. The results showed that the schooling position of fish was dominant found in the bright zone (67%) for all colours and intensities. The average NND showed the tendency to gradually decrease with the increased light intensity. While, the cell cone index and swimming speed of fish were slightly increased with increasing intensity. The highest light adaptation was found in white LED at high intensity about 97.52%. The schooling pattern in the green LED indicated that the fish gradually swam closely and stable regularly to the neighbour with increasing light intensity. However, the fish swam widely and randomly in accordance to the increased white LED intensity. This information suggests that the green LED may be regarded as an excellent fishing light to control the behaviour in order to harvest the yellow stripe scad in lift net fishing.Keywords: colour, lift net, light, yellowstripe scad ABSTRAKEfisiensi aktivitas penangkapan ikan dengan menggunakan bagan tancap sangat ditentukan oleh penggunaan cahaya sebagai atraktornya. Ketepatan warna dan intensitas cahaya sangat menentukan keberhasilan operasional bagan tancap.  Penetapan warna dan intensitas cahaya yang tepat sangat dipengaruhi oleh respon yang dihasilkan oleh ikan target. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan warna dan intensitas cahaya lampu LED yang optimum untuk penangkapan ikan selar (Selaroides leptolepis) berdasarkan respons tingkah laku dan adaptasinya terhadap warna dan intensitas cahaya yang berbeda. Penelitian dilakukan secara eksperimental di perairan Teluk Banten dengan target penangkapan adalah ikan selar (Selaroides leptolepis). Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan dua kelompok perlakuan yaitu warna dan intensitas cahaya. Perlakuan warna adalah dengan menggunakan lampu LED berwarna hijau dan putih. Adapun perlakuan intensitas cahaya adalah dengan menggunakan tiga intensitas cahaya yaitu intensitas rendah 1,53 x 10-5 – 2,42 x 10-5 W/cm²; sedang 5,39 x 10-5 – 7,60 x 10-5 W/cm²; tinggi 9,03 x 10-5 – 9,42 x 10-5 W/cm². Penelitian dilakukan dengan melakukan pengamatan terhadap respon ikan target dari famili Engraulidae dan Carangidae. Pengamatan respons tingkah laku dilakukan pada bak pengamatan untuk menentukan zona preferensi, nearest neighbor distance (NND) dan pola tingkah laku ikan terhadap warna dan intensitas berbeda. Adaptasi retina dianalisis secara histologi berdasarkan warna dan intensitas yang berbeda. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian posisi schooling ikan dominan berada pada zona terang (67%) pada seluruh warna dan intensitas lampu LED. Nilai NND cenderung turun seiring dengan peningkatan intensitas cahaya, sedangkan indeks kon dan kecepatan renang semakin tinggi dengan penambahan intensitas cahaya yang diberikan. Nilai adaptasi tertinggi diperoleh pada penggunaan lampu LED putih dengan intensitas tinggi sebesar 97,52%. Pola tingkah laku ikan pada LED hijau semakin teratur dengan jarak semakin dekat seiring meningkatnya intensitas. Namun pola renang ikan cenderung acak dan semakin jauh pada LED putih. Hasil penelitian mengindikasikan bahwa LED hijau lebih optimum untuk digunakan sebagai lampu pengumpul, pengkonsentrasi dan hauling pada penangkapan ikan selar dengan bagan tancap.Kata kunci: bagan, cahaya, warna, ikan selar (Selaroides leptolepis)