Chaerul Basri
Bagian Klinik Hewan, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana, Bali

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Taksiran Kerugian Ekonomi Penyakit Kluron Menular (Brucellosis) pada Populasi Ternak di Indonesia (THE ESTIMATION OF ECONOMIC LOSSES CAUSED BY BRUCELLOSIS IN LIVESTOCK POPULATION IN INDONESIA) Basri, Chaerul; Sumiarto, Bambang
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 4 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.269 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.4.547

Abstract

Brucellosis is one of the constraints in development of animal husbandry in Indonesia and is thought to have a huge economic impact. This study aimed to calculate the national economic losses cause by brucellosis in livestock in Indonesia. The method of calculating the estimated economic losses used two ways, by calculating the direct losses and by calculating the price of economic externalities. Source of secondary data for the calculation derived from scientific publications, government data, expert opinions, market data, and assumptions that are based on expert discussions. The results showed that by the direct calculation method it is estimated the economic losses at approximately Rp. 3,516,401,986,082 per year whilst by the second method the losses is estimated at Rp. 3,637,773,925,000 per year. Both methods of calculation used give relative similar economic losses estimation. The total loss due to brucellosis is estimated to reach 1.8% of the total value of livestock assets in Indonesia.
Hubungan Karakteristik Individu Dengan Kejadian Penyakit Antraks Tipe Kulit Pada Penduduk di Wilayah Kabupaten Bogor Basri, Chaerul
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research is aim to know several of risk factors about individual characteristics which are related with occurrence of skin type of anthrax disease in Bogor district for 2003-2007. The research was designed to reach out for the goal of this research is use Case Control epidemiological research design. Case of this research is taken from victim of skin type of anthrax disease record in Puskesmas {Center for Health Services) and clarified as positive infected by anthrax bacterial based on laboratory serological examination in Balitvet Bogor. Control is taken from inhabitant in Bogor district which are live in the same area with people who is diagnose as a victim of skin type of anthrax disease and do not showed clinical signs of skin type of anthrax disease. Data collection is done through by structured interview and observation which is doing by researcher itself and assisted by Puskesmas staff in Bogor district. Analysis data is done trough two steps that are univariate for analysis of frequency distribution and bivariate with Chi-square. All analysis processed by SPSS 13.0. The risk factors about individual characteristics which are related with occurrence of skin type of anthrax disease is working as a farmer with OR=3.011 {95% C=1.410-6.427).
Memegang Hewan Rentan dan Menangani Produknya Berisiko Besar Tertular Antraks Kulit di Daerah Endemis Basri, Chaerul; Maria Kiptiyah, Nuning
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 11 No 4 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to identify risk factors associated with historical of animals contact and animalproducts on the incident of cutaneous anthrax in humans in Bogor District. The research designed used in this study CaseControl of Observational Epidemiology. Patients of cutaneous anthrax disease record in Puskesmas (Center for HealthServices) were used as a case. Inhabitants in Bogor district living in the same area with patients of cutaneous anthrax andnot showing clinical signs of cutaneous anthrax. The data were collected by structured interviews and direct observations.Data analysis was carried out in three steps, consisting univariate for analysis of frequency distribution, bivariate withChi-square and also multivariate analysis for prediction model of logistic regression. All analysis processed by SPSS 13.0.It can be concluded that the first risk factor associated with the occurrence of cutaneus anthrax was holding susceptibleanimals with Odds Ratio (OR) of 6.648 (95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 2,914-15,167), the second risk factor was meathandling with OR of 5.318 (95% CI: 1,801-15,702). It showed that for people who live in endemic area of anthrax, holdingsusceptible animals sixth times more likely get cutaneous anthrax.
Perlakuan Celup Puting setelah Pemerahan terhadap Keberadaan Bakteri Patogen, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, dan E. coli pada Sapi Perah Penderita Mastitis Subklinis di Peternakan KUNAK Bogor Pisestyani, Herwin; Sudarnika, Etih; Ramadhanita, Rachmi; Ilyas, Abdul Zahid; Basri, Chaerul; Wicaksono, Ardilasunu; Nugraha, Arifin Budiman; Sudarwanto1, Mirnawati B
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 35, No 1 (2017): Juni
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (900.728 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.29293

Abstract

Mastitis is udder inflammation that can be caused by the entry of pathogenic bacteria through the teat. One of the treatments that can prevent bacteria infection is teat dipping. This research was aimed to identify the effectof teat dipping after milking to the presence of pathogenic bacteria that cause subclinical mastitis (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Escherichia coli) and the presence of pathogenic bacteria that cause subclinicalmastitis by quarter of udder. Milk samples were taken from normal lactation period of dairy cows, clinically healthy, and positive subclinical mastitis status when the intervention was applied. Sixty seven samples of quarters from 18dairy cows were identified to the presence of pathogenic bacteria that cause subclinical mastitis before teat dipping and at 1st, 2nd, and 3rd months after teat dipping. Identification of the presence of pathogenic bacteria was done byculturing samples on selective agar media. The presence of common pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli decreased significantly after teat dipping, while Streptococcus agalactiae and other pathogenicbacteria did not decrease significantly. The presence of pathogenic bacteria based on the quarter of udder did not show the significance difference. Application of teat dipping after milking was able to decrease the presence ofpathogenic bacteria that cause subclinical mastitis.
Kondisi Biosekuriti Tempat Penjualan Burung Terkait Avian Influenza di Wilayah Jakarta Wicaksono, Ardilasunu; Sudarnika, Etih; Basri, Chaerul
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 35, No 2 (2017): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (7757.027 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.34701

Abstract

The aims of this study were to identify biosecurity condition and to analyse the relation of bird vendors characteristics toward biosecurity practices and biosecurity condition related to Avian influenza in Jakarta bird markets.  Data were collected from four bird markets in Jakarta using randomly interview method of 75 respondents and observe the biosecurity practices in bird markets. Data were analysed using chi-square test and gamma test to analyse the relation between bird vendors’ characteristics and biosecurity condition. The result showed that 69,3% of bird vendors did the biosecurity practice in moderate level and only 10,7% did it well, meanwhile, most of bird kiosks (53,5%)  in Jakarta got the poor category of biosecurity level. Beside that, bird vendors’ characteristics which has the significant relation (p<0,05) were age (p=0,003), education level (p=0,007), training (p=0,047), knowledge (p=0,000) and attitude (p=0,000) toward biosecurity condition related to Avian influenza in Jakarta bird markets. 
Partial Budgeting of the Application of Teat-dipping to Control Mastitis in Small Farms Indrawan, Dikky; Sudarnika, Etih; Basri, Chaerul; Ilyas, Abdul Zahid; Tirdasari, Nyayu Lathifah; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana 2019: Special Issues
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.361 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.0.0.24-28

Abstract

Subclinical mastitis has a higher prevalence than clinical mastitis in many small farmers in Bogor city, and it could reach more than 80 percent. However, the application of teat-dipping could help small farms to control subclinical mastitis prevalence. The objective of this study was to measure the cost of teat-dipping application as subclinical mastitis control in small dairy farms. The partial budget was employed based on the experimental data collected in small dairy farms in Bogor. A number of cows were the basis of simulation for the mean of milk value and the application cost. The findings show an incentive for farmers to apply teat dipping in their farms. The incentive of teat dipping application could be improved to prevent sub-clinical mastitis infection and increase milk production.
Factors Influencing Farmers Participation in the Vaccination Program against Anthrax in Bogor District, Indonesia Basri, Chaerul; Sudarnika, Etih; Dwidzuriputra, S
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana 2019: Special Issues
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (688.908 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.0.0.29-34

Abstract

Bogor District is one of the endemic areas of anthrax cases in Indonesia. The mass vaccination campaign on livestock including goats and sheep needs to be done to prevent the spread of the disease. The willingness of farmers to participate is the main key to the success of this vaccination campaign. This study aimed to identify the factors that influence the willingness of goat and sheep farmers to participate in vaccination programs against anthrax in their farms. A total of 60 goat and sheep farmers were randomly selected from 3 villages located in the region with the highest incidence of cases in Babakan Madang Subdistrict. Data was collected through direct interviews using a structured questionnaire. Analysis to determine risk factors was carried out by chi square test and continued by calculating the value of relative risk (RR) to measure the magnitude of the influence of these factors. The results showed that the factors that influenced the farmers to be willing to participate in the anthrax vaccination program were history that had been directly counseled with RR values 2,844 (95% CI = 1,547-5,288) and history of having constrained to vaccinate their livestock with RR values 1,960 (95% CI = 1,203 - 3,193). Based on these findings it is recommended to increase farmer participation in mass vaccination programs against anthrax can be done through increasing communication, information and education activities and minimizing constraints for farmers to vaccinate their livestock.
Faktor Risiko Terkait Manajemen Kesehatan Unggas terhadap Infeksi Virus Flu Burung di Tempat Penampungan Ayam (THE RISK FACTOR OF POULTRY HEALTH MANAGEMENT TO THE INFECTION OF AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS IN POULTRY COLLECTING FACILITIES) Basri, Chaerul; ., Zudanang; ., Sunandar; Sudarnika, Etih
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the association between the implementation of poultryhealth management and the spread of avian influenza virus in Poultry Collecting Facilities (PCFs).  Thestudy was performed by maintaining 7-8 sentinel chickens in 39 PCFs in Jakarta for three months.  Thevariables evaluated for poultry health management were health certificate, health inspection, healthinspector, health inspection method, and handling of sick and dead birds. Data on the variables werecollected by interview with supervisor of PCFs.  The AIV infection were detected by rt-PCR from the cloacaland tracheal swab of the dead birds with.  The results showed that the methodes of handling of sick birdswere significantly associated with infection of AIV (RR=2,00 ; 95% CI  = 1,31-3,05).  The other variables didnot show significance association.  The risk of AIV infection was twice higher  the sick keeping side birdsalive, or by separating, or treating the birds in the same cage than by slaughtering them. Poultry healthmanagement in PCFs need to be improved in order to prevent and control the spreading of AIV in Indonesia.