Articles

Found 16 Documents
Search

The Refugia Attract Arthropods in a Paddy Field in Malang, East Java, Indonesia Leksono, Amin Setyo; Batoro, Jati; Zairina, Anisa
Research Journal of Life Science Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.182 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.rjls.2018.005.02.2

Abstract

A study on the effect of refugia areas to attract on Arthropods has been done in a semi-organic paddy field in Malang, from March to June 2017. The arthropod was measured by abundance, diversity and composition variables. Arthropod observations were performed on 6 plots of 1 m2 each, consisting of 3 plots on the side near the Refugia area (treatment) and 3 plots on the opposite side (control). The refugia areas consisted of plants as follows chili (Capsicum frutescens), the wild cosmos (Cosmos caudatus), the long beans (Vigna unguiculata), and Marigold (Tagetes erecta). The visual encounter surveys method was conducted for 15 minutes on each plot. There were 2249 individuals of Arthropod observed visually in the study sites. This study showed that of the abundance (mean ± SE) of Arthropod visitors was lower in plots adjacent to refugia areas (treatment) (33.7± 2.63), than that far from Refugia area (control) (38.33 ± 2.54); while the taxa richness and diversity was higher found in treatment plots. The species richness in the treatment plots (12.2 ± 0.70) was higher than that in control (9.70 ± 0.51). The diversity of Arthropod visitors in the treatment plots (2.10 ± 0.07) was also higher than that in control (1.71 ± 0.07). Proportion of predator in the treatment plots was almost twice higher (33.14) that in the control plots (17.65); while that of herbivore was vice versa. This meant the refugia areas have attracted more predators. The composition of Arthropod visitors was remarkable affected by treatment. The abundance of common predator families such as Coccinellidae, Coenagrionidae and Oxyopidae were higher in treatment plots.
Development Strategy of The Smallholder Plantation of The Sindang Community in Jukung Village, Lubuklinggau City, South Sumatra Ansiska, Paisal; Batoro, Jati; Soelistyono, Roedy
Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (691.498 KB)

Abstract

Sindang community located in the Jukung village Lubuklinggau city is a community that manages smallholders as their agricultural activities. The plantation sector is a source of livelihood of the people the majority of Sindang community. Plantation management people are still traditional and less intensive farming estates is the weakness of the people in the community that need to be done Sindang Smallholder plantation development strategy. The determination of strategy should be beneficial economic, social, political, cultural, environment. the aim of this study is to determine the factors that influence and provide recommendations and priorities of the people of plantation development strategies Sindang community. The method used is the SWOT analysis and analysis QSPM. The results of this study were 1) the development of Smallholder plantation in Sindang communities affected by internal elements (strengths and weaknesses) and external factors (opportunities and threats). the suitability of a power element is growing and the culture of the smallholders with influence value of 1.08; for the element of weakness is institutional weakness of farmers and the cultivation process less than the maximum value of 2.55 influence. The element of chance is the support of the government and change the culture system to influence the value of 0.87; and the element of threat is the lack of cooperation between the farmer and the source of innovation and poor quality of production with a value of 1.87 influence. 2) Referrals development must focus on the strategy to overcome the weaknesses (internal) and threats (external) are the construction of smallholders with agricultural systems are environmentally friendly, doing planting agricultural crops are more diverse/strengthening of the functions of agricultural land, management of post harvest to give value adding, Conducting training/education about organizational management and farm management.Keyword: Development Strategy, Smallholder Plantation, SWOT
Pengetahuan Tentang Tumbuhan Masyarakat Tengger di Bromo Tengger Semeru Jawa Timur Batoro, Jati; Setiadi, Dede; Chikmawati, Tatik; Purwanto, Y.
WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (932.699 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan sistem pengetahuan botani tradisional masyarakat Tengger di Bromo Tengger Semeru Jawa Timur, meliputi pemanfaatan tumbuhan untuk pemenuhan berbagai kebutuhan hidup mereka. Mereka mengandalkan pertanian dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pangan, tempat tinggal,kayu bakar, obat-obatan, barang dagangan dan keperluan ritualnya. Penelitian dilakukan di sebelas lokasi yaitu di desa Ngadas, Gubuklakah kecamatan Poncokusumo kabupaten Malang, desa Wonokitri, Mororejo kecamatan Tosari, desa Ngadirejo kecamatan Tutur, desa Keduwung kecamatan Puspo kabupaten Pasuruan, desa Ngadisari dan Ngadas kecamatan Sukapura,  kabupaten Probolinggo dan desa Ranupani, desa Argosari kecamatan Senduro  kabupaten Lumajang Propinsi Jawa Timur. Metoda penelitian dilakukan wawancara terstruktur dan wawancara bebas untuk pengamatan langsung kemudian dianalisis dengan ICS (index cultural significance) dan UVS (nilai guna jenis tumbuhan). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Tengger dalam kehidupannya mengandalkan sumber alam tumbuhan untuk berbagai keperluan dan memiliki pengetahuan cukup baik tentang keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan di sekitar mereka. Berbagai pemanfaatan jenis tumbuhan digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari adalah untuk bahan pangan (67 jenis), obat-obatan dan racun (120 jenis), bahan bangunan, tali-temali, bahan kayu bakar, teknologi lokal (52 jenis), konservasi dan liar (144 species), bumbu, pewarna, rokok, kecantikan (40 jenis), buah dan biji (50 jenis) pakan ternak (44 jenis), hias (138 jenis) dan bahan ritual (91 jenis), Selanjutnya hasil perhitungan indeks kepentingan budaya  menunjukan 1 jenis memiliki nilai tinggi  yaitu padi dan 10 jenis memiliki nilai manfaat jenis tinggi dan UVs terdiri 2 jenis memiliki nilai paling tinggi. Kata kunci: Pengetahuan tumbuhan, masyarakat Tengger, Bromo Tengger Semeru (TNBTS).
Etnobotani Jagung (Zea mays L.) Pada Mayarakat Lokal di Desa Pandansari Kecamatan Poncokusumo Kabupaten Malang Wulandari, Fithriyah; Batoro, Jati
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (435.832 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap pengetahuan masyarakat, sistem pengelolaan, keanekaragaman kultivar, dan pemanfaatan tanaman jagung di Desa Pandansari. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Pandansari, Kecamatan Poncokusumo, Kabupaten Malang. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode wawancara bebas, mendalam dan metode wawancara semi-terstruktur. Data kuantitatif diperoleh dengan menggunakan metode pendekatan nilai penting (Use Value, UVs). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Desa Pandansari memiliki pengetahuan cukup baik mengenai tanaman jagung. Hasil identifikasi tanaman jagung meliputi empat kultivar, yaitu jagung lokal, jagung manis, jagung hibrida, dan jagung putih. Dari keempat kultivar jagung tersebut yang paling banyak dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat Desa Pandansari adalah jagung lokal. Nilai UVs tertinggi bagian tanaman jagung yaitu bagian buah dan biji jagung sebesar 2,9. Nilai UVs pemanfaatan keseluruhan organ tanaman jagung tertinggi yaitu sebagai bahan pakan ternak (4,65). Selain itu tanaman jagung di Desa Pandansari dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan makan (gerit), kayu bakar, pupuk, dan pembungkus rokok.
Etnobotani Masyarakat Lokal, Struktur Anatomi Jenis Pandan (Pandanaceae) Bermanfaat di Jawa Timur Batoro, Jati; Indriyani, Serafinah; Rahardi, Brian
Research Journal of Life Science Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (862.022 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.rjls.2015.002.02.7

Abstract

Along with the development of culture, both traditional and biotechnology, the use of pandan, as can be found either in the community, traditional markets, experiencing a shift which was replaced by other materials, such as by plastic straps, caps from fabric. Ethnobotany study done by collecting a "ethnodirect sampling" technique with direct or semi-structural interviews. The method is carried out at pandan anatomy including: methods for extracting fiber, making transverse and longitudinal leaf preparations, measurements of leaf length and fiber strength and making preparations transversal and longitudinal of supporting root. The long term goal of this study is to obtain a data base of pandan (Pandanaceae) that can later be used to perform resource management in pandan (Pandanaceae) to its preservation in East Java, thus supporting ecological functions and the resulting types are also cultivating other Pandan also potentially. The short term goal is to get the kind of pandan (Pandanaceae) is useful to be developed as a craft that can later be used to improve the economy of East Java community through anatomical structures. The three types of pandan namely P. tectorus, P. labyrinthicus and P. furcatus has the potential to be developed as a base for the manufacture of rope and handicrafts. The potential of plant-based crafts from fiber can still be developed on the craft of Pandanus.
Etnobotani Rempah-Rempah di Dusun Kopen Dukuh, Kabupaten Banyuwangi Hakim, Luchman; Batoro, Jati; Sukenti, Kurniasih
Jurnal Pembangunan dan Alam Lestari Vol 6, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Pembangunan dan Alam Lestari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (668.981 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis tanaman rempah yang ada di kebun tradisional dan  menjelaskan tingkat kepentingan tanaman rempah-rempah dalam masyarakat oleh masyarakat Osing di Dusun Kopen Dukuh, Kabupaten  Banyuwangi. Penelitian ini mendapatkan sejumlah 27 spesies tumbuhan rempah yang digunakan dalam keseharian masarakat Osing di Kopen Dukuh. Dari sejumlah tanaman tersebut, 18 jenis tanaman dijumpai tumbuh di kebun dan lingkungan perumahan penduduk, dan sejumlah 9 spesies tidak tumbuh di kebun. Bawang putih, bawang merah dan kemiri adalah tiga spesies yag mempunyai peran penting dalam seni kuliner dan kehidupan masyarakat, disusul oleh lengkuas, jahe, kunyit, cabai, kencur, dan serai. Pemanfaatan rempah dapat diklasifikasikan dalam kategori bumbu basah dan kategori bumbu kering. Termasuk dalam bumbu kering adalah lada, pala, jinten, ketumbar dan cengkeh. Golongan bumbu basah ini antara lain meliputi kunyit, kencur, temu kunci, jahe, serai, bawang-bawangan, cabai, daun bawang. Kata kunci: Agroforestry, Biodiversitas, Kebun tradisional, Konservasi rempah
KEARIFAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT SEBAGAI UPAYA KONSERVASI HUTAN PELAWAN DI KABUPATEN BANGKA TENGAH, BANGKA BELITUNG Henri, Henri; Hakim, Luchman; Batoro, Jati
Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 16, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan,Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1733.24 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jil.16.1.49-57

Abstract

ABSTRAKPenurunan keanekaragaman hayati umumnya disebabkan oleh adanya degradasi sumberdaya hayati dan kurangnya upaya konservasi. Oleh karena itu, salah satu upaya konservasi sumberdaya alam dapat dilakukan dengan mengintegrasikan kearifan lokal masyarakat dalam melestarikan lingkungan yang berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Oktober 2016-Februari 2017 di Hutan Pelawan, Kabupaten Bangka Tengah, Bangka Belitung. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah observasi, wawancara secara mendalam (In-depth Interview) dan FGD (Focus Group Discussion) yang terbagi menjadi small group discussion dan final group discussion. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sejarah penamaan Hutan Pelawan berasal dari pohon pelawan (Tristaniopsis merguensis Griff.) yang mendominasi kawasan hutan tersebut. Hutan ini mengalami pro dan kontra sebelum ditetapkan sebagai kawasan Taman Keanekaragaman Hayati (Taman Kehati) Kabupaten Bangka Tengah. Pada saat ini, kondisi hutan tersebut  telah memiliki tiga fungsi utama yaitu: konservasi sumberdaya hayati, pembangunan berkelanjutan, dan logistic support (penelitian, pendidikan, dan monitoring). Kearifan lokal masyarakat yang masih terjaga dan berkaitan langsung dengan upaya konservasi sumberdaya alam Hutan Pelawan masih dapat ditemukan seperti tradisi musung madu dengan cara membuat sunggau untuk mendapatkan hasil berupa air madu dari Apis dorsata (madu liar). Selain itu, masyarakat juga masih mempercayai tentang mitos tumbuh jamur Pelawan (Heimioporus sp.) yang hanya dapat tumbuh pada inang pohon T. merguensis disaat adanya hujan petir. Oleh karena itu, perlunya mengintegrasikan kearifan lokal masyarakat dalam mendukung upaya konservasi dengan merevitalisasi dan mereaktualisasi kearifan lokal tersebut yang diberi dasar hukum sebagai dasar kekuatan masyarakat, serta perlunya kajian penelitian yang ilmiah dalam mendukung kearifan lokal sebagai upaya konservasi lingkungan sehingga memberi dampak positif bagi kehidupan masyarakat tersebut.Kata kunci: Kearifan lokal, sumberdaya hayati, konservasi, hutan pelawan.ABSTRACTThe decrease in biodiversity is generally caused by the degradation of biological resources and the lack of conservation efforts. Therefore, one of nature resource conservation efforts can be done by integrating local wisdom of society in preserving environment sustainable. This research was conducted on October 2016-February 2017 in Pelawan Forest, Central Bangka Regency, Bangka Belitung. The research method used is observation, In-depth Interview and FGD (Focus Group Discussion) divided into small group discussion and final group discussion. The results show that the history of naming the Pelawan Forest comes from the tree of Pelawan (Tristaniopsis merguensis Griff.) that dominate the forest area. This forest is experiencing pros and cons before it is designated as Biodiversity Park of Central Bangka Regency. At the moment, the forest condition already has three functions, namely: biological resource conservation, sustainable development, and logistic support (research, education, and monitoring). Local wisdom community who are still awake and directly related to natural resources conservation Pelawan Forests can still be found as a tradition musung madu how to make a honey with sunggau to get the results in the form of honey of Apis dorsata (Wild Honey). In addition, people also still believe in the myth of growing mushrooms Pelawan (Heimioporus sp.) which can only grow on the host tree T. merguensis in the presence of thunderstorms. Therefore, the need to integrate the local wisdom of communities in support of conservation efforts by revitalization and the implementation of the local wisdom is given the basic law as the basis of power of the community, as well as the need for a review scientific research in support of local wisdom as environmental conservation efforts so as to give a positive impact to the lives of the community.Keywords: Local wisdom,  biodiversity, conservation, Pelawan forest.Citation: Henri, Hakim, L., dan Batoro, J. (2018). Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat sebagai Upaya Konservasi Hutan Pelawan di Kabupaten Bangka Tengah, Bangka Belitung. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 16(1), 49-57,doi:10.14710/jil.16.1.49-57
Etnoekologi Tanaman Budidaya di bawah Naungan Pinus (Pinus merkusii Jungh. & De Vriese) di Desa Duwet Kedampul, Kecamatan Tumpang, Kabupaten Malang Oktaviani, Retno; Batoro, Jati
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.384 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.biotropika.2017.005.01.2

Abstract

Pengetahuan lokal secara substansial merupakan norma yang berlaku dalam suatu masyarakat yang diyakini kebenarannya dan menjadi acuan dalam bertindak dan berperilaku sehari-hari. Desa Duwet Kedampul dihuni oleh masyarakat Magersari yang bermata pencaharian dari sektor pertanian dengan melakukan teknik pengelolaan lahan tertentu pada lahan di bawah naungan pinus. Teknik pengelolaan tersebut merupakan pengetahuan lokal yang perlu dikaji dengan studi etnoekologi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui kegiatan pengelolaan lahan, keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan, dan bentuk pemanfaatan tumbuhan yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat Magersari di Desa Duwet Kedampul. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan wawancara bebas dan semi-terstruktur terhadap narasumber, inventarisasi jenis tumbuhan dan pengukuran parameter lingkungan pada lahan di bawah naungan pinus. Hasil wawancara dianalisis secara deskriptif dan penghitungan nilai kegunaan (UVs). Hasil inventarisasi dianalisis dengan penghitungan nilai INP (Indeks Nilai Penting). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Magersari di Desa Duwet Kedampul menerapkan sistem penanaman tumpang sari, penanaman berdasarkan musim, pembuatan terasiring, pembuatan teras bangku, dan pemangkasan tajuk atau perempesan pinus. Hasil perhitungan INP menunjukkan bahwa Ageratum conyzoides memiliki nilai INP tertinggi. Pada perhitungan pendugaan UVs diketahui bahwa pisang (Musa paradisiaca) merupakan jenis tanaman yang memiliki UVs tertinggi.
Keragaman Struktur Butir Amilum, Kadar Tepung, dan Clustering Delapan Taksa Tanaman Berumbi di Desa Simo Kecamatan Kendal Kabupaten Ngawi Sari, Aprila Kumala; Indriyani, Serafinah; Ekowati, Gustini; Batoro, Jati
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (492.442 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.biotropika.2017.005.01.3

Abstract

Desa Simo Kecamatan Kendal Kabupaten Ngawi memiliki banyak area kebun, ladang, dan sawah. Kondisi ini mendukung tumbuhnya berbagai umbi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui keragaman struktur butir amilum, kerapatan sel idioblas, kadar tepung, dan clustering (pengelompokan) delapan taksa tanaman berumbi di Desa Simo Kecamatan Kendal Kabupaten Ngawi. Sampel umbi yang digunakan 8 taksa umbi yaitu garut (Marantha arundinacea L.), suweg (Amorphophallus campanulatus Bl.), ubi jalar (Ipomea batatas L.), ubi kayu (Manihot esculenta Cranzt), talas (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.), gadung (Dioscorea hispida Dennst.), ganyong (Canna edulis Ker.), dan uwi (Dioscorea alata L.). Umbi yang sudah dikoleksi diamati karakter morfologi umbi, struktur butir amilum, kerapatan sel idioblas, kadar tepung, dan clustering (pengelompokan). Data kerapatan sel yang mengandung butir amilum dianalisis dengan SPSS16 for Windows. Analisis clustering (pengelompokan) menggunakan software PAST. Bentuk butir amilum delapan taksa umbi antara lain: bulat, oval, segitiga, setengah lingkaran, bersudut, dan tidak beraturan. Kerapatan sel yang mengandung butir amilum tertinggi umbi talas (66,33 ± 14,74) sel/mm2. Kadar tepung tertinggi umbi gadung (9,53 ± 2,08%). Berdasarkan analisis clustering terdapat enam kelompok yaitu kelompok pertama uwi, kedua suweg dan gadung, ketiga ubi jalar, keempat ubi kayu dan talas, kelima ganyong, dan keenam garut.
Ethno-ecology of Komplangan Field of the Bromo, Tengger, and Semeru Area in East Java:A Qualitative Approach Batoro, Jati; Indriyani, Serafinah; Yanuwiadi, Bagyo
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 9, No 1 (2017): April 2017
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i1.9193

Abstract

This research supports the sustainable environmental development, especially at Perhutani area. The objective of this ethno-ecological study was to know relationship between daily life of local people related to their agroforestry practices in edge of the forest belong to Perhutani at the landscape of Bromo Tengger Semeru-East Java. The Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) showed the importance of the forest for the local people. This study covered the perception and conception traditional management system of environment by the local society and also impact of their activities. Data were collected by applying ethno-ecology research methods. Quality of data were measured by means of participatory ethno-botanical appraisal (PEA) and some research methods included semi-structural and open discussion, in-deep interview, direct observation and plants identification. The results showed that development and management of the natural resources, in Komplangan agroforestry, were highly related to the plant conservation policy. The land use system was adapted from indigenous knowledge which consisted of holly sites (Pedanyangan), worship sites (Sanggar Pamujan), cemetery area and terrace. The conservation model and traditional knowledge in agricultural practices could be used as a model of komplangan area which should be taken into account as the key of biodiversity conservation. Traditional knowledge from these integrative studies will support the sustainable development of NTFPs.