Syamsulhuda BM
Bagian Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku FKM Universitas Diponegoro Semarang

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BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PSN (3M PLUS)SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCEGAHAN DBD PADA MASYARAKAT KELURAHAN SENDANGMULYO, SEMARANG Azizah, Tri Nurul; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; BM, Syamsulhuda
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Dengue fever, Dengue (DBD) is a disease of acute fibrils found first occurred in the year 1780 simultaneously in Asia, Africa, and North America. Dengue Fever Disease is still one of the major public health problems in Indonesia. The number of sufferers and area distribution growing with increasing mobility and population density. Mosquito Nest eradication (PSN) is the effort eradicating dengue fever, Dengue (DBD) through the control of vector. Benchmark the success of Mosquito Nest Eradication activities (PSN) that is based on the number of free Larva (ABJ) according to Regulation No 581 in 1992. The purpose of this research was to analyze several factors related to the behavior of the Mosquito Nest Eradication (PSN) 3Mplus in Sendangmulyo, Semarang. This type of research with cross-sectional study. The respondents of the study amounted to 90 people. Data collection through interviews using a questionnaire. Statistical tests were used to analyze the relationships between variables using the Chi-Square. The results showed 56.7% of respondents included categories that have good behavior, 48.3% of respondents say the giving of information by cadres are already good, 66.7% of respondents say the existence of rules or policies are applied, 66.7% of respondents said family support is already good, 66.7% of respondents say the support of community leaders is already good. There is a relationship between regulations or existing policy (p = 0.044), knowledge of the respondents (p = 0.017), family support (p = 0.024), and the support of community leaders (p = 0.024). There is a meaningful relationship between the existing rules or policies, family support, knowledge of the respondents, and support community leaders with the behavior of the Mosquito Nest Eradication (PSN) 3Mplus as Dengue prevention efforts Dengue (DBD) in Sendangmulyo Village, Semarang community. 
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERAN IBU DALAM MEMBERIKAN PENDIDIKAN SEKSUALITAS PADA REMAJA DI LINGKUNGAN RESOSIALISASI ARGOREJO KOTA SEMARANG Fadhillah, Dara; BM, Syamsulhuda; Cahyo, Kusyogo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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As much as 7.9% of adolescents who live in the environment of Argorejo Resocialization Semarang city is known to have premarital sexual intercourse. In 2017, 3.2% of STI cases in the Lebdosari Community Health Center area were found in adolescents aged 15-18 years. Adolescents who live in resocial environments are often exposed to these prostitution activities. The influence of the environment can be minimized by providing sexuality education by parents, especially mothers as an effort to prevent premarital sex intercourse. The study aims to analyze mother?s role in providing sexuality education to adolescents in the environment of Argorejo Resocialization Semarang City. The research used cross sectional study design. The population in this research were mothers who had teenage children (10-19 years) and the samples were taken by total population sampling technique which amounted to 49 people. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis. The results of this research showed that the majority of respondents play a role in providing sexuality education in adolescents in the environment of Argorejo resocialization (69.4%). The factors related to the role of mothers in providing youth sexuality education are (p = 0,015), knowledge (p = 0,000) and self efficacy (p = 0,001). Family?s adolescents development group can optimize the role of families, especially mothers in providing sexuality education in adolescents as an effort to prevent premarital sexual intercourse.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU WANITA PEKERJA SEKS (WPS) UNTUK MELAKUKAN VCT DI LOKALISASI TEGAL PANAS KABUPATEN SEMARANG Wulandari, Septy Indah; Cahyo, Kusyogo; BM, Syamsulhuda; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Voluntary and Counselling Test (VCT) menjadi sangat penting karena membuka pintu masuk ke pelayanan HIV/AIDS yang lebih komperehensif terutama bagi kelompok berisiko. Padahal terjadi peningkatan kasus HIV/AIDS di Kabupaten Semarang bulan September 2013 terdapat 18 kasus AIDS dan 31 kasus HIV kemudian pada bulan Desember menjadi 29 kasus AIDS dan 32 kasus HIV. Kunjungan VCT per bulan Maret 2014 di Lokalisasi Tegal Panas Kabupaten Semarang hanya 43(35,8%) dari 120 WPS. Angka kunjungan ini menurun pada bulan Juni yang hanya sebanyak 37 WPS. Pada bulan Oktober 2014 saja, PKBI menemukan 20 orang positif HIV, 25%-nya adalah WPS. WPS.Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku Wanita Pekerja Seks (WPS) untuk melakukan VCT di Lokalisasi Tegal Panas Kabupaten Semarang. Metodologi penelitian menggunakan jenis penelitian explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Total populasi 120 orang menggunakan tekhnik sampel jenuh dengan total sampel 109 orang, 11 orang dropout. Data dianalisis menggunakan Uji Chi Square. Hasil Penelitian yang didapat responden memiliki karakteristik sebagian besar umur responden berada di kelompok muda (53,2%), berpendidikan dasar (89,9%), lama bekerja(>1 th) (63,3%). Sebagian besar responden berperilaku baik(77,1%), kurangnya tingkat pengetahuan (52,3%), sikap (55%), kelengkapan sarana (68,8%), dukungan konselor(59,8%), dukungan orang sekitar(68,8%), lingkungan sosial(71,6%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara perilaku VCT dengan lama bekerja sebagai WPS, tingkat pengetahuan, sikap, kelengkapan sarana, dan dukungan konselor. Saran bagi pelaksana program diperlukan adanya penyebaran informasi yang intensif kepada para WPS terkait pencegahan dan penularan HIV/AIDS yang tepat sebagai peningkatan kesadaran diri WPS untuk melakukan VCT, serta dukungan konselor lebih dioptimalkan.
EKPLORASI PERAN FORUM KESEHATAN DESA (FKD) DALAM PEROLEHAN STRATA DESA SIAGA DI KABUPATEN BLORA Maqfirah, Durotun; BM, Syamsulhuda; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Background : Desa Siaga program is useful to improve the community's health status independently, specifically reducing mortality, morbidity and nutritional status. In 2016, Blora Regency was ranked 5th with the highest mortality rate. The number of villages that have independent strata is still very small, coupled with a decrease in strata in various villages.Purpose : to analyze the Role of the Village Health Forum (FKD) in obtaining strata of Desa Siaga in Blora Regency.Method : Type of qualitative research with a descriptive approach. Data collection is done through in-depth interviews and observations. The main informants were 21 people consisting of village midwives and administrators of the Village Health Forum (FKD).Results :  showed an increase in the Desa Siaga strata due to: a) Addition to the activity section, b) Management reorganization, c) Routine running meetings, d) The role of the puskesmas, e) Funds for independent community, community and private businesses, f) Having their own building, g) Systematic planning, h) Active forum, i) Support from the community and village government. While the decrease in the Desa Siaga strata was due to: a) The Management did not know the main tasks and functions of the Village Health Forum (FKD), b) There was no management reorganization, c) The village was still dependent on the Community Health Centers, d) There was no guidance for the village who could not afford fostered, e) Only have one source of funds, f) Non-systematic planning, g) Activities outside the forum, h) Lack of coordination, and i) The village head is not aware of the existence of the Village Health Forum in his village.Advice : given are: a) Empowering the village apparatus to be administrators, b) Organizing reorganization, c) Carrying out regular meetings, d) Raising independent funds from the community, e) Seeking financial support and infrastructure for business owners, f) Conducting systematic planning and g) seeking sustainable support from the community and village government.
GAMBARAN KONDISI KANTIN SEKOLAH PADA SEKOLAH DASAR DI WILAYAH KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG Hikmah, Laelatul; BM, Syamsulhuda; Cahyo, Kusyogo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Snacks of students in Tembalang sub-districtstill have 82.2% of bacteriological value and 37.8% of Salmonella sp.As many as  63,46% of school canteens condition in Tembalang sub-district had poor sanitation quality and 76,92% of food storage area wasn?t protected from pollutant sources.The objective of this research was described elementary school canteen condition in Tembalang sub-district. This research  is a quantitative descriptive research with cross sectional design. Sampling in this study used the total population of schools having a canteen as many as 32 respondents.Methods of data collection through interviews using a questionnaire.The results showed that the condition of school canteen at elementary school in Tembalang sub-district was 84.4% less good.Based on the result of the research,it is found that the inputs in the school cafeteria including the infrastructure are 50% less good,the human resources 50% less good, 65,5% less good in fund, and 59,4%  for Standard Operational Procedure (SOP) wasn?t good too. Infrastructure arrangement process was 50% less good,school canteen management 50% was less good,and food management was 56,3% less good. As many as 40,6% of students still buy snacks at traders outside the school. As for the regulation to not buy snacks outside of the school is only 62,5% of schools that already have that regulation and only 21,9% of schools that have sanctions related to the regulation.In the school canteen implementation needs to optimize the school canteen organizational structure,the existence of guidance in the implementation of school canteens and raising awareness of students and traders of healthy snacks.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENERIMAAN IBU TERHADAP IMUNISASI MEASLES RUBELLA PADA ANAK SD DI DESA GUMPANG, KECAMATAN KARTASURA, KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO Prabandari, Gayuh Mustika; BM, Syamsulhuda; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Measles-Rubella immunization campaign is a government strategy to achieve elimination of measles and rubella by 2020. This imunization is targeting all Indonesian children between the ages of nine months and 15 years and will aim to reach 95% immunisation coverage. The fact is that not all parents receive this immunization program. Gumpang village is one of the villages with high immunization rejection.Thisstudy isaimed toanalyzethe factorsassociatedwith mother?s acception of measles-rubella imunization at Gumpang, Sukoharjo.This research is a quantitative study with descriptive-analytics method. This research uses  simple random sampling techniques  and  the  data  are  collected  using questionnaire with interview method. Data analysis procedure of this research uses univariate and bivariate with chi-square test.The result shows that 27,7% respondents did not receive measles-rubella immunization. The result of chi-square test shows that knowledge abaout measles-rubella imunization (p= 0,006), perceived severity (p= 0,012), perceived benefit (p= 0,004) and perceived barriers (0,000) are significantly associated with the acceptance of measles-rubella imunization. While age variable (p=1,288), job status (p= 0,702), education level (p= 0,533), perceived susceptibility  (p=  0,145), family support (p=  0,464) and environmental support (p= 0,408) are  not  significantly associated with the acceptance of measles-rubella imunization.Suggestion from this research is the need to give more education about the importance of measles-rubella imunization from related parties to the parents, especially for mother, to improve their awareness to join measles and rubella imunization.
PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN DAN KETRAMPILAN KADER PEMANTAUAN TUMBUH KEMBANG BALITA DI POSYANDU DENGAN METODE BBM DAN MIND MAPPING (MM) Triyanti, Mimin; Widagdo, Laksmono; BM, Syamsulhuda
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 12, No. 2, Agustus 2017
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (426.797 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.12.2.265-277

Abstract

Background: Fostering cadres is an important in improving the knowledge and skills of cadres in Posyandu activities. Skills of cadre will greatly assist in implementation of Posyandu. One of the elements that determine the success of increased knowledge and skills of cadres is the use of learning methods. The aim of the research to determine differences in knowledge and skills of cadres after getting training by learning methods based on problems and methods of learning Mind Mapping.Method: This research use quantitative research with quasi experimental methods, the design of non-randomized control group pre-test and post-test design. Samples are 109 health cadres working at Posyandu Madya which are further divided randomly into two treatment groups and one control group.Results: These results indicate that the cadre training with methods of fuel increased 1.28 more knowledge of the MM group. While the improvement of skill in the fuel group of 1.43 more than the MM group.Keywords:  Training of the Cadres, BBM methode, Mind Mapping methode 
PERILAKU SEKSUAL LESBIAN TERKAIT PERSONAL HYGIENE DI KOTA BANDUNG Subagio, Liwanti; Riyanti, Emmy; BM, Syamsulhuda
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Lesbians are the same-sex oriented enthusiasts between women and women. Its presence in Indonesia continues to grow especially in big cities, one of which is the city of Bandung is famous as the Metropolitan City. In the city of Bandung lesbi already dare to show off in public places even dare to conduct sexual behavior in public places. Lesbian sexual behavior can adversely affect health such as cervical cancer, hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections, to HIV / AIDS. One of the causes is personal hygiene. Personal hygiene is an act to maintain a person's hygiene and health. This qualitative descriptive research collected data by in-depth interview to 7 respondents with snowball method. Processing and data analysis of validity and reliability with triangulation. Respondents interviewed had an age range of 19 - 25 years. Latest education from all respondents high school and bachelor. Background of the respondent to a lesbian is broken home, hurt due to men, the environment and begins with a trial and error. Recognized label respondents there are four types namely no labeling, femme, andro, and butch. The results of research on lesbian sexual behavior related to personal hygiene performed by all respondents in the form of sexual behavior that he did was oral, fingering, liking, scissoring, and using dildos. Respondents are not afraid to engage in sexual behavior because they have a good knowledge of personal hygiene. The practice is to wash your hands with liquid soap and stem, not to let your nails grow long, keep your mouth clean by rinsing with mouthwash and toothbrush, and take a bath as a way to keep the overall cleanliness.
GAMBARAN PERENCANAAN KEHAMILAN PADA IBU RUMAH TANGGA HIV POSITIF DI KOTA SEMARANG Susilawati, Dwi; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; BM, Syamsulhuda
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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The high number of cases of HIV AIDS in housewives in Semarang City is not only a threat to the safety of the lives of mothers, their babies conceived are at risk of contracting the HIV virus because of transmission from mother to baby. In the second prong of the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT), prevention of unplanned pregnancies in mothers with HIV is necessary. This study aims to describe pregnancy planning in HIV positive housewives in Semarang City. This study uses a qualitative method. The research subjects were 5 people taken by purposive sampling method and data collection techniques through in-depth interviews. The results showed that careful planning was carried out by subjects who had HIV positive husbands. Condom use was consistently carried out by subjects who had HIV positive husbands and released condoms after fulfilling eligible requirements for the pregnancy. Subjects with high risk aged feel vulnerable to pregnancy, this causes the desire to have fewer children. In planning a pregnancy, most subjects had a CD4 cell count> 350 cells / mm3, almost all subjects had an undetectable viral load, and all subjects had taken ARV regularly for more than 6 months. The actions taken by subjects who did not meet the eligible requirements for the pregnancy included maintaining a diet, adequate rest, taking ARVs regularly, consuming milk for pregnancy preparation, and consulting with a doctor.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN NIAT MEROKOK SISWA SMP DI KOTA SEMARANG Al Qodri, Rafiah; BM, Syamsulhuda; Riyanti, Emmy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Smoke is cause of death large preventable in the world. In 2013 the number of smokers in Indonesia reached 53,860,457 . As many as 3.9 million children aged 10-14 years who has been active smokers this figure increased by 80 % within 9 years. The number of smokers in semarang city of 17,8 %, the first smoking at the age of 10-14 year by 18 %. The main purpose of this research is to analyze several factor related the intention smoking among junior highschool students in semarang city . The method used in this research is descriptive analytic with cross sectional study approach.The populations are 6 junior highschool in southern Semarang and Gunung Pati with multi stage sampling technique was obtained 100 sampels. The analysis data uses univariate, bivariate with chi-square statistical test with 95% of significance level, and multivariate regression test. 52% of respondents have intentions to smoke. Variables that have a significant impact are gender (p-value = 0.000 <0.05) and OR = 5.306. The results of the bivariate analysis there is a correlation between the sexes (p = 0.000), subjective norm friend (p = 0.004), and pocket money (p = 0.003) with the intention of smoking. And there is no correlation between age (p = 0.092), exposure to PHW (0,266), attitude (p = 0.296),  subjective norm parents (p = 0.118), subjective norm teachers (0.156). Is suggested that students be selective and careful in choosing friends and society. parents and other family members not to smoke at home so as to give a positive example to their children.