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ELLIPSIS IN ENGLISH COORDINATED CLAUSES IN THE NOVEL ENTITLED 44 SCOTLAND STREET BY ALEXANDER MCCALL SMITH Sandy Wangi, Kadek; Tika, I Ketut; Budiarsa, I Made
Humanis Vol 22 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JH.2018.v22.i02.p02

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The title of this undergraduate thesis is Ellipsis in English Coordinated Clauses in the Novel Entitled 44 Scotland Street by Alexander McCall Smith. The aims of the study are to classify the types of ellipsis and to analyze the position of ellipsis in coordinated clauses. The data of this study were in the form of the English coordinated clauses with coordinating conjunction and, or, and but which were found in a novel entitled 44 Scotland Street by Alexander McCall Smith. The data were collected by using documentation method which was done by close reading on the data source, taking note, and continued by classification. This study used the theory of ellipsis proposed by Quirk, et al (1972) presented by using qualitative method in analyzing the data. The collected data were identified according to the categories of the types and the occurrence of ellipsis in coordinated clauses. This study used descriptive method in presenting the data. The result of this study shows that the types of ellipsis in coordinated are divided into six major namely: ellipsis of subject, ellipsis of auxiliary, ellipsis of subject and auxiliary, ellipsis of predication, ellipsis of head of noun phrase, and ellipsis of subject complement.  Ellipsis of subject is the most frequently used type of ellipsis that occur in the data. The ellipsis can occur in the first and in the subsequent clauses in coordinated clauses. However, the ellipsis in the data is mostly anaphoric with the realized items in the first of a series of the clauses.
CODE-CROSSING: HIERARCHICAL POLITENESS IN JAVANESE Wajdi, Majid; Darma Laksana, I Ketut; Suastra, I Made; Budiarsa, I Made
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol.7. Januari 2013 No. 1
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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Abstract

Javanese is a well known for its speech levels called ngoko ?low? and krama ?high? which enable its speakers to show intimacy, deference, and hierarchy among the society members. This research applied critically Brown and Gilman (1960)?s theory of terms of address to analyze the asymmetrical, factors which influence, and politeness of the use of speech levels in Javanese.                                                                                                   Method of observation, in depth interview, and document study were applied to collect the data. Recorded conversation was then transcribed into written form, classified and codified according to the speech levels, and analyzed using politeness system (Scollon and Scollon, 2001) and status scale (Homes, 2001).                                                                       The use of speech levels shows asymmetric communication: two speakers use two different codes, i.e. ngoko and krama because of power (+P) and with/without distance (+/-D), and it is the reflection of hierarchical politeness. The asymmetrical use of ngoko and krama by God and His Angel, God and human beings strongly explicated the asymmetrical communication between superiors and inferiors. The finding of the research shows that the use of ngoko and krama could present the phenomena of code-switching, code-mixing, and the fundamental phenomenon is ?code-crossing?. It is concluded that hierarchical politeness in Javanese is ?social contract? i.e. the acknowledgment of the existence of high class (superior) and low class (inferior)  implemented in ?communications contract?  using speech levels of the Javanese language  in line with status scale. Asymmetrical use of ngoko and krama indexed inequality, hierarchy, and harmony
INSERSI DAN DELESI INTRON SATU GEN RHODOPSIN (RDP1) NUKLEUS KELOMPOK BURUNG MEGAPODA (AVES MEGAPODIIDAE) INDONESIA Budiarsa, I Made
Jurnal Biologi Edukasi Vol 3, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Biologi Edukasi
Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Edukasi

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Abstract

Insertion and deletion are information that reflect evolutional potency of species or population, that nowadays, are central topics in conservation genetics. This research aims to reveal the proportion of insertion and deletion on RDP1of species Megapodes in Indonesia. Whole blood DNA was extracted according to the protocol of Qiamp DNA Blood Mini Kit (Qiagen), and used as template for PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) which was conducted according the protocol of Takara Ex TaqTM PCR Kit in a Perkin-Elmer Thermal Cycler 9600. PCR products were purified using a Qiaquick PCR Purification Kit (Qiagen, USA). The sequencing reaction for RDP1 was performed using BigDye v.3.1. Cycle Sequencing Kit (Applied Biosystems,USA) followed the protocol of ABI Prism 3100-Avant Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems, USA). Alignment of RDP1 nucleotide sequences of megapodes and that are obtained from international DNA data base (DDBJ-DNA Data Bank of Japan) with accession number AF 394649 (RDP1) were conducted by using Clustal-X. Characteristics of RDP1 were analyzed by employing the DNA Sequence Polymorphism (DnaSP) version 3.51 and Program MEGA version 4. The analysis result demonstrated there were insertion and deletion on RDP1 of species of Megapodes in Indonesia, which resulting in a gap of 1-10 bp and was concentrated in nucleotide 407-568. Alignments between species of Megapodes  and two species of Galliformes showed more gaps, which were concentrated on nucleotides 480-708.
VARIASI PRONOMINA PERSONA BAHASA BALI DALAM LAYANAN KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT Suryati, Ni Made; Dhanawaty, Ni Made; Budiarsa, I Made; Simpen, I Wayan
Bahasa dan Seni: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya Vol 46, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Bahasa dan Seni
Publisher : Fakultas Sastra Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract

Abstract: Balinese language is divided into two dialects, namely Bali Dataran(DBD), and Bali Aga (DBA) dialect. The DBD variation happens vertically, but not in DBA. Some vocabularies in DBD that are classified into low(Tak-Alus/TA) are classified as common variants in DBA. This research aims to explore the Balinese personal pronoun variations in DBD  which  DBA in  Sembiran(DS), and Seraya Timur(DST). The results, by applying the dialectology theory and correlation method or metode padan, showed that the personal pronouns of DS and DST varied lexically and phonologically. Lexically, the personal pronoun of first person singular in DBD /(ti)tiyaŋ/(A), /(i)–caŋ/ and /yaŋ/(TA) was realized as /oke/ and /kaka/ in DS also /(b)–iba/, /uke/, and /wane/ in DST. The second person singular /ragane/(A), /cai/ /ɲai/, and /ibə/(TA) in DBD, were realized as /cai/, /ɲai/, and /ŋko/ in DS also /cai/ and /ɲai/ in DST; and the third person singular /idə/, /dane/(A) and /(i) –yə/(TA) in DBD, were realized as /ya/, in DS and DST. Meanwhile phonologically, the realization of phoneme /a/ at the end of the word in DBD was realized as /ə/, in DS and DST was /a/.  permalink/DOI: dx.doi.org/10.17977/um015v46i12018p073   
ANALISA “IN SILICO” GEN KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) YANG TERLIBAT DALAM SISTEM KETAHANAN TERHADAP HAMA DAN PENYAKIT Agung, Muhammad Budi; Budiarsa, I Made; Suwastika, I Nengah
Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology Vol 5, No 2 (2016): Volume 5 Number 2 (August 2016)
Publisher : Univ. Tadulako

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Abstract

Biji kakao adalah salah satu komoditas utama di dunia yang hingga saat ini masih memiliki masalah penurunan produksi yang mayoritas disebabkan oleh serangan hama dan penyakit. Mengembangkan kultivar kakao yang secara genetik tahan terhadap serangan hama dan penyakit adalah salah satu solusi yang ideal dalam mengatasi permasalahan tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gen-gen Theobroma cacao pada database genom kakao yang homolog dengan gen yang terlibat dalam sistem ketahanan terhadap hama dan penyakit pada tumbuhan lain melalui analisis in silico. Survei informasi dasar dan identifikasi gen yang terlibat dalam sistem ketahanan tumbuhan model Arabidopsis thaliana dan Oryza sativa dilakukan pada GenBank dan The Arabidopsis Information Resource. Analisa in silico yang dilakukan berupa BLAST urutan protein, uji homologi protein kandidat masing-masing gen, dan identifikasi gen homolog pada Cacao Genome Database menggunakan sumber data genom ?Theobroma cacao cv. Matina 1-6 v1.1?. Berdasarkan hasil identifikasi, gen Thecc1EG006332t1 (PR-1), Thecc1EG024509t1 (PR-2), Thecc1EG024514t1 (PR-2), Thecc1EG026942t1 (CTL1), Thecc1EG021326t1 (CTL1), dan Thecc1EG033984t1 (PR-5) pada Cacao Genome Database (CGD) adalah gen Theobroma cacao yang homolog dengan gen yang terlibat dalam sistem ketahanan tumbuhan terhadap hama dan penyakit, serta kemungkinan besar memiliki fungsi yang sama dengan gen homolognya masing-masing.
CULTURAL MEANINGFULNESS ON INTERCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE OF ENGLISH LEARNING MATERIALS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Sabilaha, Fardini; Beratha, Ni Luh Sujtiati; Budiarsa, I Made; Yadnya, Ida Bagus Putra
Aksara Vol 30, No 1 (2018): Aksara, Edisi Juni 2018
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (547.525 KB) | DOI: 10.29255/aksara.v30i1.209.153-168

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This current paper brings into discussion cultural meaningfulness on intercultural perspective of English learning materials for elementary school. Students might be perceived to master English, but there has been no guarantee that they can properly make use of their acquired language skills upon direct interaction with native speakers of the target language. This is reasonable as English instruction in elementary school is projecting grammatical aspects, not touching cultural aspects of the target language yet. In fact, those cultural aspects are playing pivotal roles in achieving interactional comprehension between speakers and interlocutors. In regards to cultural studies, foreign language students are to be apt to target language’s cultures. Departing for the mentioned concerns, English is to be taught by incorporating cultural aspects of native speakers, and thus intercultural perspective. This current paper pinpoints the development of intercultural perspective in English learning materials for elementary school students aging from 6-12 years old. Cultural meaningfulness on intercultural perspective is set to be the target that encapsulates various topics for teaching English in elemenatry school. The so called perspective not merely comprises social skills, but training sensitivity and comprehension on values, point of view, proper way of life and thinking as well. A number of materials containing intercultural perspective and cultural meaningfulness are described in this paper. Those materials are presented within six intercultural topics in the forms of culture-related vocabularies, expressions, and meanings.
KADAR PROTEIN ABALON (HALIOTIS ASININA) ASAL KECAMATAN DAKO PEMEAN KABUPATEN TOLITOLI DAN PEMANFAATANNYA SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR. Sari, Retno; Budiarsa, I Made; Laenggeng, Abd Hakim
e-JIP BIOL Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Abalon (Haliotis asinina) adalah salah satu bahan makanan yang lezat dan memiliki nilai ekonomis tinggi serta merupakan sumber protein. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kadar protein abalon (Haliotis asinina) asal Kecamatan Dako Pemean Kabupaten Tolitoli dan pemanfaatannya sebagai sumber  belajar. Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan jenis penelitian deskriptif eksploratif.Data kadar protein diperoleh melalui analisis Kjedhal mikro dengan tiga tahapan yaitu destruksi, destilasi dan titrasi pada lima sampel.Hasil penelitian  menunjukkan nilai  rata-rata kadar protein abalon (Haliotis asinina) pada bahan basah sebesar 60,79%.Setelahmelalui validasi tim ahli yaitu ahli isi, desain dan media serta 30 mahasiswa penguji, layak dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber belajar berupa poster dengan persentase kelayakan sebesar 76,30% Kata Kunci: Kadar Protein,Haliotis asinina, Sumber Belajar.
Penerapan Pembelajaran Tematik untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar IPA Materi Pada Lingkungan Siswa Kelas I SDN 018 Letawa Kecamatan Sarjo Kabupaten Mamuju Utara Masdiana, Masdiana; Budiarsa, I Made; Lamba, Hendrik Arung
Jurnal Kreatif Online Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kreatif Online
Publisher : Jurnal Kreatif Online

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar dengan tema lingkungan pada kelas I SD Negeri 018 Letawa Kecamatan Sarjo Kabupaten Mamuju Utara. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan dua siklus, dan setiap siklus terdiri dari empat tahap yaitu : Perencanaan, Pelaksanaan, Observsi dan refleksi. Subjek penelitian ini adalah semua siswa kelas I SD Negeri 018 Letawa Kecamatan Sarjo Kabupaten Mamuju Utara Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013 dengan jumlah siswa 32 orang. Data penelitian ini diperoleh dari observasi kegiatan guru dan kegiatan belajar siswa. Berdasarkan hasil analisa data, pada siklus I diperoleh Daya Serap Individu 69% dan Ketuntasan Belajar Klasikal 75%. Sedangkan Pada siklus II meningkat dengan Daya Serap Individu 75% dan Ketuntasan Belajar Klasikal 81%, serta hasil belajar siswa mengalami peningkatan secara klasikal dari siklus I ke sisklus II yaitu 75,0% ke 81,25%. Kata Kunci: Pembelajaran Tematik, Hasil Belajar, Lingkungan
LANGUAGE, DIALECT AND REGISTER SOCIOLINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVE Budiarsa, I Made
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 1 No. 2 (2015): October 2015
Publisher : Linguistic Department, Postgraduated Program, Warmadewa University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/jr.1.2.42.379-387

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Sociolinguistics pays attention to the social aspects of human language. Sociolinguistics discusses the relationship between language and society. In the following part of this paper, it will be focussed on the use of (1) language (2) dialects, (3) language variation, (4) social stratification, (5) register. This discussion talks about the five types of those topics because they are really problematic sort of things, which relate the social life of the local people. In relation to this, the most important point is to distinguish the terms from one to another. There are three main points to discuss: language, dialects and register. Languages which are used as medium of communication have many varieties. These language variations are created by the existence of social stratification in the community. Social stratification will determine the form of language use by the speakers who involve in the interaction. The language variation can be in the form of dialects and register. Dialect of a language correlates with such social factors such as socio-economic status, age, occupation of the speakers. Dialect is a variety of a particular language which is used by a particular group of speakers that is signaled by systematic markers such as syntactical, phonological, grammatical markers. Dialects which are normally found in the speech community may be in the forms of regional dialect and social dialect. Register is the variation of language according to the use. It means that where the language is used as a means of communication for certain purposes. It depends entirely on the domain of language used. It is also a function of all the other components of speech situation. A formal setting may condition a formal register, characterized by particular lexical items. The informal setting may be reflected in casual register that indicates less formal vocabulary, more non-standard features, greater instances of stigmatized variables, and so on.Keywords: language, dialect, register and sociolinguistic.
Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe STAD untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar IPA di Kelas V SDN 1 Pasangayu Ramadhaus, Ramadhaus; Budiarsa, I Made; Lamba, Hendrik Arung
Jurnal Kreatif Online Vol 7, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Kreatif Online
Publisher : Jurnal Kreatif Online

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kelas V tentang energi alternatif dan cara penggunaannya menggunakan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe STAD. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Tahapan pada penelitian ini meliputi tahapan perencanaan, pelaksanaan tindakan, observasi dan hasil refleksi. Data yang diperoleh dalam penelitian meliputi hasil belajar siswa, hasil observasi aktivitas guru dan siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe STAD dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kelas V tentang energi alternatif dan cara penggunaannya di SDN 01 Pasang Kayu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada tindakan siklus I nilai ketuntasan klasikal diperoleh 41,67%, sedangkan nilai ketuntasan klasikal pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 83,33%. Pada hasil analisa terhadap daya serap individu pada siklus I sebesar 69,44%, sedangkan pada siklus II sebesar 83,33%.