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PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN GIZI Budiono, Irwan
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v8i2.2641

Abstract

Kemajuan pembangunan gizi dapat diukur dengan Indeks Pembangunan Gizi (IPG). Perlu pengembangan instrumen IPG untuk menilai dan memetakan kemajuan pembangunan gizi yang dicapai oleh kabupaten atau kota. Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimana pengembangan model indeks pembangunan gizi. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengembangkan model indeks pembangunan gizi. Metode penelitian survei dilakukan di kota dan Kabupaten Semarang. Pengkajian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Penelitian kualitatif dilakukan melalui FGD, serta eksplorasi pendapat pakar untuk pengembangan instrumen. Penelitian kuantitatif untuk mengkontruksi instrumen dan pengukuran IPG. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan IPG terdiri dari 4 dimensi utama yaitu status gizi, konsumsi energi dan zat gizi, keamanan pangan, serta gaya hidup. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata IPG Kota Semarang sebesar 0,701 (kategori sedang), dengan rata-rata tiap dimensi adalah : status gizi 0,947 (baik), konsumsi energi dan zat gizi 0,458 (kurang), keamanan pangan 0,729 (sedang), gaya hidup 0,672 (sedang). Rata-rata IPG Kabupaten Semarang sebesar 0,652 (sedang), dengan rata-rata tiap dimensi adalah : status gizi 0,979 (baik), konsumsi energi dan zat gizi 0,474 (kurang), keamanan pangan 0,833 (baik), gaya hidup 0,322 (kurang). Simpulan penelitian menunjukkan rendahnya indeks dimensi gaya hidup (khususnya di Kabupaten Semarang) sehingga perlunya Komunikasi Informasi dan Edukasi (KIE) gizi lebih intensif.Nutritional development progress can be measured by Nutrition Development Index (NDI). It is necessary for NDI development to assess and mapping the nutritional development progress achieved by a county. Research problem was how develop the nutrition development index nutrition development index model. Research purpose was to develop the nutrition development index nutrition development index model in Semarang districts Assessment used qualitative and quantitative approaches. Qualitative research was used by focus group discussions (FGD) and expert opinion exploration to develop the instrument. Quantitative research was used to construct instruments, and NDI measurement. The results showed four main dimensions of IPG were nutritional status, energy and nutrients consumption, food safety, and lifestyle. The results showed an average of IPG of Semarang city was 0.701 (medium category). The average of each dimension: 0.947 nutritional status (good), the consumption of energy and nutrients 0,458 (approximately), food safety 0.729 (medium), 0.672 lifestyle (moderate). The average of IPG Semarang District was 0.652 (medium). The average of each dimension was 0.979 nutritional status (good), the consumption of energy and nutrients 0.474 (approximately), 0,833 food safety (good), lifestyle 0.322 (approximately). Conclusion, index lifestyle dimensional was low (especially in Semarang District), so need Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) about nutrition more intensive.
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DERMATITIS PADA NELAYAN Cahyawati, Imma Nur; Budiono, Irwan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 6, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Permasalahan dalam penelitian adalah faktor-faktor apa sajakah yang berhubungan dengan penyakit dermatitis pada nelayan. Tujuannya untuk menge-tahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian dermatitis pada nelayan. Ini termasuk penelitian penjelasan dengan pendekatan belah lintang. Populasi penelitian berjumlah 68 orang. Sampel dikumpulkan secara acak. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 40 orang. Teknik pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Korelasi chi square digunakan untuk mencari hubungan dan menguji hipotesis antara kedua variabel. Berdasarkan uji chi square itu diketahui bahwa masa kerja (p = 0,001), alat pelindung diri (APD) (p = 0,001), riwayat pekerjaan (p = 0,027), kesehatan pribadi (p = 0,027), riwayat penyakit kulit (p = 0,006) dan riwayat alergi (p = 0,018). Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada faktor-faktor yang berhubungan meliputi masa kerja, alat pelindung diri, riwayat pekerjaan, hygiene personal, riwayat penyakit kulit, dan riwayat alergi. AbstractProblems in this study were what factors are associated with dermatitis on the fishermen who work in the Fish Auction Place (FAP). This study aimed to determine those factors. This type of study was explanatory with cross sectional approach. The population consist of 68 peoples. Techniques used was random sampling. The samples equal 40 peoples. Techniques of data retrieval were done using a questionnaire. Chi square correlation used to find relationships and testing hypotheses between these two variables. Based on chi square test, it was known that the period of employment (p = 0.001), personal protective equipment (PPE) (p = 0.001), history of work (p = 0.027), personal hygiene (p = 0.027), history of skin disease (p = 0.006), and a history of allergy (p = 0.018), because p <0.05 then the factors are related to the occurrence of dermatitis in fishermen who worked in the FAP. In conclusion, there are factors associated with the incidence of dermatitis in fishermen such as personal protective equipment, work history, personal hygiene, history of skin disease and history of alergy.Keywords: Dermatitis; Fish Auction Place (FAP); Personal hygiene
KONSISTENSI PENGGUNAAN KONDOM OLEH WANITA PEKERJA SEKS/ PELANGGANNYA Budiono, Irwan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Wanita pekerja  seksual  (WPS) merupakan perilaku berisiko  tinggi  terjadinya infeksi  HIV/AIDS.  Penelitian  terdahulu  di  resosialisasi  Argorejo  Semarang menunjukkan  rendahnya  konsistensi  penggunaan  kondom  pada WPS/pasangannya (hanya 56,3%) menjadi alasan perlunya dikaji kembali permasalahan ini. Penelitian melibatkan 140 WPS di resosialisasi Argorejo Semarang. Variabel  bebas penelitian meliputi pengetahuan tentang PMS dan HIV/AIDS,  sikap terhadap penggunaan kondom, akses  informasi  tentang  IMS dan HIV/AIDS, persepsi pelanggan tentang kemampuan melakukan hubungan seks aman, dan dukungan  germo.  Variabel  terikat  adalah  konsistensi  penggunaan  kondom. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan angka konsistensi penggunaan kondom sebesar 62,9 %. Faktor yang terbukti berhubungan dengan praktik penggunaan kondom adalah pengetahuan WPS  tentang  IMS dan HIV/AIDS,  sikap WPS  terhadap penggunaan  kondom,  akses  informasi  tentang  IMS dan HIV/AIDS, persepsi pelanggan  tentang kemampuan untuk melakukan perilaku seks  secara aman, serta dukungan germo.   Abstract Women of Sexual Workers (WSW)  is a high-risk behaviors of HIV/AIDS  infection. Previous research on the resocialization Argorejo Semarang showed low consistency of condom use on the WSW/partner (only 56,3%) the reason these problems need to be reviewed. The study involved 140 WPS in resocialization Argorejo Semarang. Independent variables include the study of knowledge about STDs and HIV/AIDS, attitudes toward condom use, access to information about STDs and HIV/AIDS, perception of customers about safe sex skills, and pimp support. Dependent variable is the consistent use of condoms. the results showed the consistency of condom use rate of 62,9%. Factors shown to be associated with condom use practices is WPS knowledge about STIs and HIV/AIDS, attitudes toward condom use WPS, access to information about STDs and HIV/AIDS, customer perceptions about the ability to perform safe sex behaviors, as well as pimp support.Keywords:Women sexual workers (WSW); HIV/AIDS; Consistency of condom use    
PREVALENSI DAN DETERMINAN KEJADIAN GIZI KURANG PADA BALITA Lutviana, Evi; Budiono, Irwan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 5, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Status gizi seseorang dipengaruhi oleh konsumsi pangan keluarga. Keluarga nelayan sangat bergantung pada usaha perikanan. Desa Bajomulyo merupakan salah satu daerah nelayan yang masih banyak masalah kasus gizi kurang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat konsumsi energi dan protein, penyakit infeksi, tingkat pengetahuan ibu, tingkat pendidikan ibu, tingkat pendapatan, pola asuh, jumlah anggota keluarga dan kontribusi protein ikan dengan status gizi balita pada keluarga nelayan. Jenis penelitiannya adalah survei dengan desain belah lintang. Populasi seluruh balita usia 1-5 tahun dari keluarga nelayan sejumlah 50 balita. Sampel diambil secara total dengan Ibu balita sebagai responden. Analisis hasil penelitian dengan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa faktor yang berhubungan dengan status gizi adalah konsumsi energi (p = 0.001), konsumsi protein (p = 0.001), penyakit infeksi (p = 0.001), tingkat pengetahuan (p = 0.002), tingkat pendidikan (p = 0.001), tingkat pendapatan (p = 0.002). AbstractA person’s nutritional status is influenced by family food consumption. Fishermen famili depend on fisheries. Bajomulyo Village is one of the fishermen who are still numerous cases of malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the level of energy consumption, the intake of protein, infectious diseases, the level of knowledge of mothers, maternal education level, income level, parenting, family size and contribution of fish proteins with nutritional status of children in fisherman families. This survey is a research with cross sectional design. Entire population of children aged 1-5 years of fisherman families for 50 toddlers. Samples were taken in total, with toddler mothers as respondents. Analysis of the results of research is done by chi square test. Results show that factors associated with nutritional status is the energy consumption (p = 0.001), consumption of protein (p = 0.001), infectious diseases (p = 0.001), level of knowledge (p = 0.002), educational level (p = 0001) and income level (p = 0.002).Keywords: Malnutrition; The determinant factor; Toddlers; Families of fishermen
PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN GIZI Budiono, Irwan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Kemajuan pembangunan gizi dapat diukur dengan Indeks Pembangunan Gizi (IPG). Perlu pengembangan instrumen IPG untuk menilai dan memetakan kemajuan pembangunan gizi yang dicapai oleh kabupaten atau kota. Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimana pengembangan model indeks pembangunan gizi. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengembangkan  model indeks pembangunan gizi. Metode penelitian survei dilakukan di kota dan Kabupaten Semarang. Pengkajian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Penelitian kualitatif dilakukan melalui FGD, serta eksplorasi pendapat pakar untuk pengembangan instrumen. Penelitian kuantitatif untuk mengkontruksi instrumen dan pengukuran IPG. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan IPG terdiri dari 4 dimensi utama yaitu status gizi, konsumsi energi dan zat gizi, keamanan pangan, serta gaya hidup. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata IPG Kota Semarang sebesar 0,701 (kategori sedang), dengan rata-rata tiap dimensi adalah : status gizi 0,947 (baik), konsumsi energi dan zat gizi 0,458 (kurang), keamanan pangan 0,729 (sedang), gaya hidup 0,672 (sedang). Rata-rata IPG Kabupaten Semarang sebesar 0,652 (sedang), dengan rata-rata tiap dimensi adalah : status gizi 0,979 (baik), konsumsi energi dan zat gizi 0,474 (kurang), keamanan pangan 0,833 (baik), gaya hidup 0,322 (kurang). Simpulan penelitian menunjukkan rendahnya indeks dimensi gaya hidup (khususnya di Kabupaten Semarang) sehingga perlunya Komunikasi Informasi dan Edukasi (KIE) gizi lebih intensif. Nutritional development progress can be measured by Nutrition Development Index (NDI). It is necessary for NDI development to assess and mapping the nutritional development progress achieved by a county. Research problem was how develop the nutrition development index nutrition development index model. Research purpose was to develop the nutrition development index nutrition development index model in Semarang districts Assessment used qualitative and quantitative approaches. Qualitative research was used by focus group discussions (FGD) and expert opinion exploration to develop the instrument. Quantitative research was used to construct instruments, and NDI measurement. The results showed four main dimensions of IPG were nutritional status, energy and nutrients consumption, food safety, and lifestyle. The results showed an average of IPG of Semarang city was 0.701 (medium category). The average of each dimension: 0.947 nutritional status (good), the consumption of energy and nutrients 0,458 (approximately), food safety 0.729 (medium), 0.672 lifestyle (moderate). The average of IPG Semarang District was 0.652 (medium). The average of each dimension was 0.979 nutritional status (good), the consumption of energy and nutrients 0.474 (approximately), 0,833 food safety (good), lifestyle 0.322 (approximately). Conclusion, index lifestyle dimensional was low (especially in Semarang District), so need Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) about nutrition more intensive.
KONSISTENSI PENGGUNAAN KONDOM OLEH WANITA PEKERJA SEKS/PELANGGANNYA Budiono, Irwan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Wanita pekerja seksual (WPS) merupakan perilaku berisiko tinggi terjadinya infeksi HIV/AIDS. Penelitian terdahulu di resosialisasi Argorejo Semarang menunjukkan rendahnya konsistensi penggunaan kondom pada WPS/pasangannya (hanya 56,3%). Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah faktor apakah yang berhubungan dengan konsistensi penggunaan kondom. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan konsistensi penggunaan kondom pada WPS/pasangannya. Metode penelitian survei, melibatkan 140 WPS di resosialisasi Argorejo Semarang. Variabel bebas penelitian meliputi pengetahuan tentang PMS dan HIV/AIDS, sikap terhadap penggunaan kondom, akses informasi tentang IMS dan HIV/AIDS, persepsi pelanggan tentang kemampuan melakukan hubungan seks aman, dan dukungan germo. Variabel terikat adalah konsistensi penggunaan kondom. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan angka konsistensi penggunaan kondom sebesar 62,9 %. Faktor yang terbukti berhubungan dengan praktik penggunaan kondom adalah pengetahuan WPS tentang IMS dan HIV/AIDS, sikap WPS terhadap penggunaan kondom, akses informasi tentang IMS dan HIV/AIDS, persepsi pelanggan tentang kemampuan untuk melakukan perilaku seks secara aman, serta dukungan germo. Simpulan penelitian, pengetahuan,sikap, akses informasi, persepsi, dan dukungan germo berpengaruh terhadap penggunaan kondom.Female Sex Workers (FSW) is a high risk behavior for HIV infection/AIDS. Previous research in Argorejo resocialization Semarang showed low consistency of condom use on the FSW/partner (only 56.3%). Problem in this study was whether the factors associate with consistent condom use. Purpose of the study to determine the factors associate with consistent condom use among female sex workers/ spouses. Survey research method, involving 140 female sex workers in Semarang Argorejo resocialization. The independent variables were knowledge about STDs and HIV/AIDS , attitude toward condom use, access to information about STIs and HIV/AIDS, customer perceptions about the ability of safe sex, and support pimp. The dependent variable was the consistency of condom use. The result showed the consistency of condom use rate of 62.9%. Factors shown to be associated with the practice of the use of condoms were WPS knowledge about STIs and HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards condom use FSW, access to information about STIs and HIV/AIDS, the customer’s perception of the ability to perform safe sex behaviors, and pimp support. The conclusion, knowledge, attitudes, access to information, perceptions, and pimp support were effect on condom use.
SOCIAL CAPITAL AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILD UNDER 5 YEARS IN RURAL INDONESIA AND THAILAND Kasmini H, Oktia Woro; Rahayu, Tandyo; Budiono, Irwan; Hunnirun, Pornsuk; Tornee, Songpol; Hansakul, Anong
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Prevalensi gizi kurang balita di pedesaan pada satu dasawarsa terakhir terdapat kecenderungan penurunan, yaitu di Thailand (0.3%) lebih cepat secara signifikan dibanding di Indonesia (3,5%). Diduga ada perbedaan pola pemanfaatan modal sosial dalam upaya perbaikan gizi balita. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah apakah ada perbedaan pengaruh modal sosial yang berhubungan dengan status gizi balita pada urban area di Indonesia dan Thailand. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, dengan strategi penelitian lapangan studi kasus di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kajen 1, Kabupaten Pekalongan, Indonesia dan di Ongkharak Thailand. Fokus penelitian berupa aspek modal sosial yang terdiri dari: (1) citizenship, (2) asosiasi/organisasi sosial, (3) sosial suport yang mempengaruhi status gizi balita di masyarakat. Teknik penentuan informan dengan cara purposive sampling dan snowball sampling. Hasil penelitian modal sosial yang berkaitan dengan status gizi balita di desa di Indonesia dan Thailand mempunyai corak sejenis. Dimana unsur-unsur modal sosial yang mempengaruhi berupa: 1) cytizenship, dalam bentuk partisipasi aktif dan kreatif terutama dari para kader atau relawan, 2) organisasi sosial berupa Posyandu dan Pusat Pengembangan Balita. Sedangkan perbedaan yang tergambar adalah: 1) Organisasi sosial di Thailand merupakan program yang lebih pro aktif, 2) Di Indonesia aspek cytiznship yang berkaitan dengan unsur resiprocyti atau semangat untuk membantu sangat menonjol, dan 3) Program pemerintah Thailand yang sangat menentukan status gizi balita diperlemah dengan banyaknya masalah bencana alam dan situasi politik. In Indonesia and Thailand, the prevalence trend of malnutrition of children under five in rural area in the last decade has declined, in Thailand (0.3%) was significantly faster than in Indonesia (3.5%). So the problem in this study is whether the different effect of social capital associated with nutritional status of children in rural area in Indonesia and Thailand.This study used a qualitative approach, in Kajen 1 health center, Pekalongan, Indonesia and in Ongkharak, Thailand. The focus of this study was the form of social capital aspect which consists of: (1) citizenship, (2) the association/social organization, (3) social support that affect the nutritional status of children in society. Informants consisted of village heads, heads of health center, village midwives, IHC cadres, community leaders and children’s families. The technique of determining the informant by purposive sampling and snowball sampling.Based on result, social capital related to the nutritional status of children in rural area in Indonesia and Thailand had similar patterns. The elements of social capital that influence as follows: 1) citizenship, in the form of active and creative participation, especially from the cadre or volunteers, 2) social organizations such as IHC and Children Development Center. While the differences were illustrated: 1) social organization in Thailand was a more pro-active programs, 2) In Indonesia, citizenship aspects related to the elements reciprocity or passion to help each other was very prominent, and 3) The Thailand government programs that determine the nutritional status of children had been weakened with the many problems of natural disasters and political situation.
PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM INDONESIA SEHAT DENGAN PENDEKATAN KELUARGA DI PUSKESMAS Asri, Audiva Cahya; Budiono, Irwan
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 3 No 4 (2019): HIGEIA: October 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v3i4.31881

Abstract

Abstrak Nilai IKS Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 2018 sebesar 0,189. Nilai IKS Kota Semarang  tahun 2018 sebesar 0,34 masuk kategori tidak sehat. Dari  16 Kecamatan di Kota Semarang, Kecamatan Gunungpati merupakan kecamatan terendah. Puskesmas Sekaran yang di Kecamatan Gunungpati,memiliki cakupan pendataan sebesar 82%  artinya belum total coverage dan nilai IKS di Puskesmas Sekaran 0,25 kategori tidak sehat.Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui evaluasi pelaksanaan program PIS-PK di Puskesmas Sekaran. Informan penelitian berjumlah 14 orang yang dipilih dengan teknik purposive sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara dan observasi. Data dianalisis secara kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Mei-Juni 2019 dengan hasil penelitian yang menunjukan pelatihan sudah berjalan dengan baik dimasing-masing tingkatan,persiapan PIS-PK sudah dilakukan secara maksimal, kunjungan keluarga yang mengalami beberapa kendala dalam pelaksanaan entry dan pelaporan, analisis IKS awal sudah dilakukan dengan hasil digunakan sebagai penentuan rencana tindak lanjut,intervensi lanjut sudah dilakukan secara perorangan maupun kelompok untuk meningkatkan status kesehatan,analisis perubahan IKS sudah mengalami perubahan namun tidak signifikan serta hasil monev digunakan sebagai bahan Survei Mawas Dini (SMD) di Puskesmas.   Abstract The value of IKS of Central Java Province in 2018 is 0.189. The value of IKS of Semarang City in 2018 of 0.34 is categorized as unhealthy. From 16 sub-districts in Semarang City, Gunungpati District is the lowest sub-district. Sekaran Health Center in Gunungpati Subdistrict has a data collection coverage of 82%, meaning that the total coverage and IKS value in the Puskesmas is now 0.25 in the unhealthy category. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the implementation of the PIS-PK program at the Sekaran Health Center. The research informants were 14 people selected by purposive sampling technique. Data collection techniques using interviews and observation. Data is analyzed qualitatively. This research was conducted in May-June 2019 with the results of research that showed that the training had run well in each level, the preparation of the PIS-PK had been carried out to the maximum, family visits that experienced several obstacles in the implementation of entry and reporting, initial IKS analysis had been carried out with the results used as determination of follow-up plans, further interventions have been carried out individually or in groups to improve health status, analysis of changes in IKS has undergone changes but are not significant and the results of monitoring and evaluation are used as material in the Early Mawas Survey at the Puskesmas.
Substitution Program in Indonesia and Australia as Health Promotion Model at Schools Handayani, Oktia Woro Kasmini; Macdonald, Doune; McCuaig, Louise; Rahayu, Tandiyo; Budiono, Irwan; Windraswara, Rudatin; Fauzi, Lukman; Siyam, Nur
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Jurnal KEMAS Vol.12 No.2 : January 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i2.9204

Abstract

Obesity has been increasing as much as twice on age 6-12 years. The increase is happening both in Indonesia and Australia. The objective of this research is to construct a program model in Australia that can be substituted to be a health promotion model at School in effort to suppress child obesity. Research was conducted in 2014 with qualitative approach. Instruments used are as follow 1) Secondary data filling form 2) In depth interview guidence instrument 3) FGD (Focus Group Discussion) and BST (Brain Storming Technique). The informations were obtained by purposive and snowball technique. Data analysis by Miles and Huberman model. Substitution model is based on consideration that applied model has potential to be developed and other models whether internal or external ones in Indonesia. The model will be substituted by considering school condition and situation. School Health Unit (SKU) is a potential platform to promote health by these activities 1) Formal health education as taken place curricullum 2) Informal health education in forms of (1) health education information (2) Self health behaviour monitoring and control (3) Health promotion by doing healthy life (4) distribution of health education booklet to teachers and parents.
TRADITIONAL SOFTBALL GAMES EFFECTIVE MODIFIED FOR IMPROVING NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND PHYSICAL FITNESS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN Anwar, M. Choiroel; Budiono, Irwan; Pamot, Hermawan
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 15, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v15i2.21524

Abstract

Traditional children?s games at school have the potential to decrease the prevalence of obesity which tends to increase. Modifications and standardization of the game are needed so that the game can be implemented. The research objective is to develop a modified softball game model and test its effectiveness for improving nutritional status and physical fitness level of elementary school students. The development research design was used to produce the modified softball game model. Field trials of 27 elementary school fifth grade students were carried out with a one group before and after intervention design. The effectiveness of the model was assessed by changes in Z score of body mass index and physical fitness level before and after the intervention. The results of this research prove that the modified softball game model is valid and relevant to the physical education review. Application of the modified softball game model also proved effective in improving the nutritional status and physical fitness level of elementary school students. In the context of overcoming the problem of over nutrition in school-age children, it is recommended that schools and related stake holders implement the modified softball game model consistently.