Articles

Found 30 Documents
Search

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN FERMENTASI COMPLETE FEED BERBASIS PAKAN LOKAL TERHADAP KONSUMSI, KONVERSI PAKAN, DAN FEED COST KAMBING BLIGON JANTAN Munawaroh, Lucky Latifah; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Suwignyo, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 3 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (3) OKTOBER 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (695.904 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i3.7984

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian complete feed yang difermentasi terhadap konsumsi, konversi pakan, dan feed cost kambing Bligon jantan. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua belas minggu di kandang individual kelompok tani Purwo Manunggal Panggang, Gunung Kidul. Ternak yang digunakan adalah kambing Bligon jantan sebanyak 15 ekor dengan kisaran bobot awal 12-15 kg dengan rerata umur 8 bulan yang dibagi dalam tiga perlakuan dan lima ulangan. Ketiga perlakuan tersebut adalah: perlakuan 1 (R1), merupakan perlakuan kontrol; perlakuan 2 (R2), kambing diberi pakan completefeed yang difermentasi satu minggu; dan perlakuan 3 (R3), kambing diberi pakan complete feed yang difermentasi dua minggu. Data yang diambil meliputi konsumsi, konversi pakan, dan feed cost per gain. Data dianalisis statistik dengan analisis variansi Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola searah dan dilanjutkandengan uji Duncan?s Multiple Range Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi bahan kering, bahan organik, protein kasar, serat kasar, lemak kasar, dan total digestible nutrients secara nyata dipengaruhi oleh perlakuan pakan. Rerata konsumsi BK pada R0, R1, dan R2 adalah 81,18±22,30, 43,29±6,26, dan 49,52±5,912 g/kg BB0,75, sedangkan konsumsi protein kasar dan TDN berturut-turut adalah 13,05±3,58, 4,76±0,68, 4,30±0,98, dan 57,57±15,8, 36,22±5,23, 42,67±5,09. Perlakuan pakan berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap pertambahan konversi pakan dan feed cost per gain. Hal ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian pakan complete feed yang difermentasi tidak meningkatkan konsumsi nutrien tetapi mampu menghasilkan kinerja kambing Bligon yang setara dengan pakan kontrol.(Kata kunci: Bahan pakan lokal, Complete feed, Feed cost, Fermentasi, Kambing Bligon jantan,Konsumsi, Konversi pakan)
COMPARISON OF NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY OF BLIGON AND KEJOBONG GOATS FED BY KING GRASS AND PEANUT STRAW Hanim, Chusnul; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Rachman, Fandi Widya
Buletin Peternakan Vol 44, No 1 (2020): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 44 (1) FEBRUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.237 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i1.36229

Abstract

This experiment aimed to determine the nutrient digestibility of Bligon and Kejobong goats fed by king grass and peanut straw. The sample used was 6 to 8 months of five male Bligon goats, and five male Kejobong goats with the initial body weight of 15 to 20 kg and placed in separated metabolism cages. The diet and water were supplied ad libitum. This experiment was done in 14 days of adaptation period and seven days of the collection period. In the collection period, samples of feed, refusal feed, and feces were collected to get the chemical content includes dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), ether extract (EE), crude fiber (CF), crude protein (CP), nitrogen-free extract (NFE), and total digestible nutrient (TDN). The data obtained were subjected to a T-test analysis. Results showed that nutrients intake, digested nutrient as well as nutrient digestibility of Bligon and Kejobong goats were not significantly different. However, Kejobong goats had EE and CP intake of 15.42% and 14.02%, digested DM, OM, and NFE of 16.29%, 15.71%, and 13.93% respectively, as well as NFE digestibility 4.37% higher than those Bligon goats (P< 0.05). Therefore, there was no difference in nutrient intake, digested, and digestibility of nutrients in Bligon and Kejobong goats fed by king grass and peanut straw. However, Kejobong goats appeared to have higher EE and CP intake, as well as digested and digestibility of DM, OM, and NFE than Bligon goats. 
PRODUKSI DAN EVALUASI KUALITAS SUSU BUBUK ASAL KAMBING PERANAKAN ETTAWA (PE) [PRODUCTION AND QUALITY EVALUATION OF ETTAWA-CROSSBRED GOAT MILK POWDER] Widodo, .; Rachmawati, Afina Viyunnur; Chulaila, Rina; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 23 No. 2 (2012): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (518.708 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2012.23.2.132

Abstract

The objective of this study was to produce milk powder from Ettawa-crossbred goat milk and subsequently evaluate the quality of the products. The raw material used was Ettawa-crossbred goat fresh milk with total solid, lactose, fat, and protein content of 15.93%, 4.2%, 4.8% and 4.7%, respectively. Milk with final total solid of 17.5% and 20% were prepared for spray drying by adding skim milk powder. Drying was carried out using a spray dryer type Lamp having nozzle size of 0.05 mm with an inlet temperature of 90°C and an outlet temperature of 45°C. Parameters observed were chemical, physical and microbiological qualities. The data showed that milk powder produced from Ettawa-crossbred goat milk had water content of 1.5-1.7%. Further analysis showed that the acidity, proteins, lactose, and fat content were 0.90%, 28.4%, 21.7%, and 22.5%, respectively. The physical analysis showed that milk powder produced from Ettawa-crossbred goat milk had a higher wettability score (143 seconds) as compared to that of commercial products (29 seconds), a higher sieve test score (0.6 g vs 0.004 g), but similar index of insolubility (1.4 ml vs.1.6 ml). The microbiological analysis showed that the Total Plate Count (TPC), Enterobacteriaceae (EB) and presumptive coliforms increased during storage either in refrigerator or room temperature. The increase in TPC, EB and coliforms was substantially higher when products were kept at room temperature than in refrigerator. In conclusion, Ettawa-crossbred goat milk powder had a good nutrition quality, but still need improvement for the physicochemical characteristic including wettability and nutritional enrichment for vitamins and minerals by means of fortification.
THE EFFECT OF COCOA LEAVES FEEDING ONT HE WEIGHT GAIN OF GOATS (STUDY ON FARMERS IN THE BANJARHARJO VILLAGE, KULON PROGO) Gunawan, Gunawan; Werdhany1, Wiendarti Indri; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (676.088 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.25002

Abstract

Cocoa leave is potential as goat?s feed, but has not been widely used by farmers. The aim of this study was to observe the use of cocoa leaves as goat feed and their effect on the daily gain of goats. This study was conducted on 2 phases. Phase 1, study of the use of cocoa leaves as feed goat has been done on 10 farmers with innovation and 10 farmers without innovation. The observations were done by weighing of fresh cocoa leaves as goat feed for eight months (March to October, 2013). Independent t-test was done to analyze the cocoa leaves treatments on farmers with and without innovation . Phase 2, feeding trial has been done for 8 weeks to compare 3 level of feed treatments namely A (grass ad lib, cocoa leaves 2 kg/head/day, rice bran 0.6 kg/head/day), B (grass ad lib, cocoa leaves 2 kg/head/day) and C (grass ad lib). Each level of feed treatment consisted of 7 male Bligon goats, aged 11-12 months. Data was analyzed using analysis of covariance with initial body weight as covariate. The results showed that the use of cocoa leaves as goat feed on farmers  with innovations was 130 ± 18 g/head/day higher than on farmers without innovation namely 33 ± 19 g/head/day. Body weight gain of goat increased from 30,6 ± 13,5 g/head/day (feeding grass) to 61,2 ± 9,5  g/head/day if added cocoa leaves 2 kg/head/day and to 68,9 ± 24,0g/head/day if added cocoa leaves 2 kg/head/day and rice bran 0.6 kg/head/day. The study implied that cocoa-goats integration system should be developed to optimize the utilization of cocoa leaves as goat?s feed.
Lama Kebuntingan, Litter Size, dan Bobot Lahir Kambing Boerawa pada Pemeliharaan Perdesaan di Kecamatan Gisting Kabupaten Tanggamus Adhianto, Kusuma; Ngadiyono, Nono; Kustantinah, Kustantinah; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan Vol 12, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (46.142 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jppt.v12i2.208

Abstract

An experiment was conducted on 100 heads of Boerawa doe mated with male Boer. The parameters perceived were pregnancy periode, litter size, and birth weight. The study was undertaken at Boerawa goat development area Kecamatan Gisting Kabupaten Tanggamus. The data were analysed in SPSS versi 10. The results showed that pregnancy periode 159,31 + 4,37 days, litter size 1,62 + 0,65 heads, and birth weight 3.02 + 029 kg. Keywords: boerawa goat, pregnancy periode, litter size, birth weight
Tenderness and the Calpain System of Three Different Types of Muscles of Kejobong Does under Two Different Energy Levels Socheh, M; Ismaya, Ismaya; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Kustantinah, Kustantinah
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 14, No 1 (2012): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (471.948 KB)

Abstract

Abstract. The purpose of research was to investigate whether there was influence of the addition of concentrates in basal feed on meat tenderness and calpastatin and calpain activities of three muscles of Kejobong does. A total of 20 heads of Kejobong does (2.0-2.5 years) with initial live weight range between 23.8-24.2 kg was studied and randomly set in two kinds of feed treatment, ie basal feed (p0) and basal feed plus concentrates (p1). Two kinds of feed were given to Kejobong doe for 12 weeks.   The observed variables were (1) tenderness of meat, (2) calpain activity (m-calpain activity and the activity of m-calpain), and (3) calpastatin activity. Data were processed using the General Linear Model Univariate procedure and Pearson Bivariate Correlation of the SPSS program.  Results showed that feeding (basal feed and basal feed plus concentrates) significantly affected meat tenderness of Kejobong doe. The types of muscles had highly significant effect on tenderness. Feeds affected m-calpain activity, m-calpain activity, and calpastatin activity in the muscles. Types of muscles exhibited variation in the activity of m-calpain, the activity of m-calpain, and calpastatin activity.  In conclusion, the addition of concentrates in the basal feed increased meat tenderness, and affected the activity of m-calpain, m-calpain, and calpastatin.Keywords:  activity of m-calpain and m-calpain, calpastatin activity, Kejobong doeAnimal Production 14(1):47-55, January 2012
Doe Productivity of Boerawa Goat on Rural Condition Adhianto, K; Ngadiyono, N; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Kustantinah, Kustantinah
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 15, No 1 (2013): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (130.896 KB)

Abstract

Abstract. This research was carried out at Gisting sub-District, Tanggamus Regency, in order to find out doe productivity of Boerawa goat on rural on condition. This research involved 120 doe Boerawa goat housed in elevated barns. Measurements were performed to evaluate the litter size, birth weight, weight at weaning, and pre-weaning mortality. The results of the present research showed that birth weight of the kids was 3.10 kg and 2.94 kg for male and female, respectively. The average birth weight was based on the type of birth 3.20 kg and 3.04 kg for the single versus twin born kids. It was documented that the average weight at weaning of the kids were 17.12 kg and 16.23 kg for male and female, respectively. Whereas based on birth type, the average weight was of the single born kids and the twin at weaning were 17.30 versus 16.63 kg. In addition, doe reproduction index was 2.36 weaned kids/year, and the average doe productivity was 41.52 kg. Keywords: Boerawa goat, doe productivity, rural condition. Abstrak.  Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kecamatan Gisting Kabupaten Tanggamus, dalam rangka untuk mengetahui produktivitas induk kambing Boerawa pada kondisi pedesaan. Penelitian ini melibatkan 120 induk kambing Boerawa yang dipelihara di kandang panggung. Pengukuran dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi ukuran jumlah cempe sekelahiran, bobot lahir, bobot sapih, dan kematian pra-sapih. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa bobot lahir cempe adalah 3,10 kg dan 2,94 kg (masing-masing untuk jantan dan betina). Bobot lahir rata-rata didasarkan pada tipe kelahiran tunggal dan kembar adalah masing-masing 3.20 kg dan 3,04 kg. Diperoleh hasil bahwa bobot sapih adalah 17,12 kg dan 16,23 kg (masing-masing untuk jantan dan betina). Sedangkan berdasarkan tipe kelahiran, bobot sapih rata-rata dari tipe kelahiran tunggal dan kembar adalah 17.30 dan 16.63 kg. Selain itu, indeks reproduksi induk sebesar 2,36 cempe sapihan/tahun, dan produktivitas induk rata-rata adalah 41,52 kg. Kata kunci: Kambing Boerawa, produktivitas induk , kondisi pedesaan.K Adhianto et al./Animal Production 15(1):31-39, January 2013
Nutritional Status Evaluation (Estimated Using Lignin Internal Indicator) of Grazed Yearling Kacang Bucks Adiwiniarti, Retno; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Kustantinah, Kustantinah; Rusman, Rusman; Purnomoadi, Agung
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 3 (2015): September
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (798.275 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.3.522

Abstract

In some areas in Indonesia, farmers usually graze their goats during the day and house them at night.  The goats eat grass without additional concentrate.  However, how much nutrient intakes of grazing goats in Indonesia are seldom calculated. Therefore, this research was set up to investigate the productivity and to estimate the dry matter, protein, and TDN intake of grazed Kacang buck using lignin internal indicator.  About 12 heads of Kacang buck, aged 1-1.5 year (the incisors have erupted 1), having the initial body weight of 18.42+1.78 kg (CV= 9.67%) and reared by farmers in Grobogan, Central Java, Indonesia were used in this study.  Intake and nutrient digestibility of the buck were calculated using lignin as internal marker.  After being reared 86 days, the average daily gains (ADG) of the buck were 3.20+21.14 gram ( -26.16 gram to 53.60 gram). Low ADG of the buck was caused by low DMI, protein and TDN intake.  The Kacang bucks were usually grazed in the soccer fields, back yards, and roadsides, therefore their intake were lower than their maintenance needed.  The averages of DMI, protein and TDN intake were about 1.17+0.17 % their body weight, 30.16+4.18 g and 91.45+11.64 g, respectively. It can be concluded that the productivity of grazing Kacang bucks is relatively very low.
Opportunities for Change in Small Ruminant Systems in Central Java-Indonesia Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Udo, HMJ; Viets, TC; Van der Zijpp, AJ
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 14, No 1 (2012): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (590.456 KB)

Abstract

Abstract. This study evaluated sheep fattening and goat breeding innovation scenarios for small ruminant systems in Central Java. In sheep fattening scenario 1, farmers were proposed to fatten 5 male sheep two times a year, in sheep fattening scenario 2, farmers were proposed to fatten sheep in one round of 9 months up to the age of one year. In sheep fattening scenario 3, farmers were proposed to fatten male sheep in two periods, one round with 5 animals as in scenario 1, and another round with 5 animals sold at one year of age for Idul Adha. Goat breeding scenarios were based on a breeding unit with 3 does and involved reductions of kidding intervals from 278 (middle zone) and 273 (uplands) days to 240 and 220 days. The sheep fattening scenarios indicated that if farmers could start specialising in sheep fattening, the technical and economic results could be improved compared to the present sheep production system. Sheep fattening scenario 3 showed the highest net live-weight production in kg and the highest value added. When the opportunity labour costs were included in the calculations, fattening of sheep still produced a positive net return to the farmers. A goat breeding unit with 3 does produced 2.2 and 1.7 times more kids than in the real situation in the middle zone and uplands, respectively. Reducing kidding intervals resulted in an increase of kids sold by 1.2 and 1.3 respectively for kidding intervals 240 and 220 days in the middle zone; while in the uplands this was 1.1 and 1.3 times respectively. The breeding scenario calculations indicated that goat breeding could make a positive contribution to the livelihood of goat farmers, if the management of goats was improved.Keywords:  sheep fattening, goats breeding, value added, IndonesiaAnimal Production 14(1):37-46, January 2012
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MARGIN PEMASARAN SAPI POTONG DAN DAGING SAPI DI KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR Koesmara, Hendra; Nurtini, Sudi; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 1 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (1) FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.641 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i1.6160

Abstract

This research identified the forms of share market, to calculate the price received by farmers and middlemen, and analyze marketing margins of beef cattle market. This research was conducted in June to August 2011, in Aceh Besar regency of Aceh province. The method used in this study was a survey method and field direct observations and interviews using questionnaires to farmers, middlemen (mugge) and meat traders respondent. The number of samples were 420 respondents, including 270 respondents of livestock farmers,105 respondents of middlemen (mugee) and 45 respondents of meat traders (final consumer)from the three districts. This study used regression analysis to determine the effect of variables simultaneously observed the marketing margin. The results showed there were 2 channel marketings, channel marketing I of farmers to the final consumer through two market participants were mugee and meat traders,while the marketing channel II from farmers to consumers through one market participants that was meat traders. In marketing channels I mugee get income share 24.89% with 10.38% share of the cost, while the meat traders got incomeshare 47.70% with 17.03% share of the cost. In marketing channels II meat tradersgot income share 83.00% with17.00% share of the cost. In marketing channels I mugee marketing margin of Rp1,026,293.10/head and the meat traders of Rp1,883,045.98/head, while the meat traders of Rp2,944,838.00/head. The coefficient ofdetermination (R2) equalto 0.337321, which means cattle marketing margin could be explained jointly by 33.73% by the marketing costs, the price at the farmer level and the number of middlemen. The test results of the marketing costs (x1) significantly (P<0.05) on the marketing margin, the price at the farmer level (x2) was highly significant (P<0.01) on the marketing margin and the number of middlemen (x3) didnot affect the marketing margin.(Keywords: Cattle, District of Aceh Besar, Market share, Marketing margin)