Kusyogo Cahyo
Magister Promosi Kesehatan Universitas Dipenegoro Semarang

Published : 77 Documents
Articles

IDENTIFIKASI FAKTOR – FAKTOR PENYEBAB PERILAKU PEDOFILIA PADA NARAPIDANA DI LAPAS KLAS I CIPINANG JAKARTA Aulirachmah, Arrum; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Husodo, Besar Tirto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

In 2016, 42% of all children?s HIV cases of Indonesia happen in Jakarta. Besides catching HIV from their mothers, children can get infected if they become victims of sexual abuse. Sexual abuse can causes HIV because the perpetrators usually done the act with many victims.Sexual abuse experience also gives negative effects on child?s psychological and social development. As high as 33,7% of all sexual abuse cases towards children of Indonesia happen in Jakarta. The tendency to have sexual intercourse with children is called Pedophilia. Most of the pedophiles that were caught in Jakarta have been sentenced in Lapas Klas I Cipinang, which is the biggest in the city.This research aims to identify the factors that support the behaviour of the pedophile prisoners of Lapas cipinang. This research uses the qualitative method. This research uses 6 prisoners as main informan and 3 triangulation informans. Datas collected with indepth interview and processed with content analysis. The results of this research shows  that the factors of pedophilic behaviour of prisoners of Lapas cipinang are the evaluation that this behavior gives advantages, positive attitude and normative belief toward the behaviour, motivations and positive subjective norm in the act, and the intentions before the act. As shown above, providing private phsycologs for Pedophilic prisoners is suggested for Lapas Klas I Cipinang Jakarta.  Giving communication, information, and education about early sexual education is suggested for Ministry of Women and Child Protection, schools, and parents to avoid addition of Pedophilia victim in Indonesia, especially Jakarta. 
SIKAP REMAJA PEREMPUAN TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN KANKER SERVIKS MELALUI VAKSINASI HPV DI KOTA SEMARANG Rachmani, Berlian; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Cahyo, Kusyogo
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.2 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.11.1.34-41

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Kanker serviks merupakan the silent killer diseases dengan penderita risiko tinggi pada perempuan mulai umur 20 tahun sehingga remaja perempuan perlu melakukan tindakan preventif secara dini melalui vaksinasi HPV. Tuiuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan sikap remaja perempuan terhadap pencegahan kanker serviks melalui vaksinasi HPV, dengan sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswi berlatar belakang kesehatan dari empat universitas di Kota Semarang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sikap remaja perempuan mendukung pencegahan kanker serviks melalui vaksinasi HPV (92,9%). Dari uji statistik terlihat ada hubungan antara keyakinan remaja perempuan dengan sikap (p=0,00), ada hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan sikap (p=0,005), ada hubungan antara sikap keluarga dengan sikap remaja perempuan (p=0,009). Dari penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa keyakinan terhadap viksinasi HPV pengetahuan tentang kanker serviks dan vaksin HPV serta sikap keluarga terhadap vaksinasi HPV merupakan factor yang berhubungan dengan sikap remaja perempuan terhadap pencegahan kanker serviks melalui vaksinasi HPV. Kata kunci : sikap, kanker serviks, vaksin HPV, remaja The factors associated with attiude factors adolescent girl to prevention cervical cancer through HPV vaccination; Cervical cancer is the silent killer disease with high risk patients in women starting at 20 years old that adolescent girls need to take some prevention action at an early stage through HPV vaccination. This study investigate the factors associated with attitude factors adolescent girls to prevention cervical cancer through HPV vaccination, with sample were student with medical backgrounds from four universities in the Semarang City. These result indicate that the attitude of adolescent girls support the prevention of cervical cancer through HPV vaccination (92,9%). The results of the chi square test statistic showed associated between adolescent girls with an attitutde (p=0.00), associated between knowledge with attitude (p=0,005), associated between familly attitude with the attitude of adolescent girls (p=0,009). Conclution this study is belief of against HPV vaccination, knowledge about cervical cancer and HPV vaccines and family attitudes toward HPV vaccination is a factor related to adolescent female attitudes towaids the prevention of cervical cancer through HPV vaccination. Keyword : attitude, cervical cancer, HPV vaccination, girls adolescent
ROKOK, POLA PEMASARAN DAN PERILAKU MEROKOK SISWA SMA/SEDERAJAT DI KOTA SEMARANG Cahyo, Kusyogo; Asmita Wigati, Putri; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (202.015 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.11.1.75-85

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Populasi perokok yang mulai merokok sebelum berumur 19 tahun meningkat dari 69% tahun 2001 meniadi 78% tahun 2004. Penelitian ini bertuiuan untuk mengetahui pola pemasaran rokok, karakteristik perokok dan perilaku merokok siswa SMA/sederajat do Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif kualitatif dengan subyek adalah siswa SMA/sederajat, berumur l5-19 tahun, berstatus perokok. Pengambilan subyek penelitian menggunakan metode Purposive Sampling. Pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dan diskusi kelompok terarah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar subyek memulai merokok ketika berumur dibawah 15 tahun, memiliki konsep diri yang negatif karena merokok, mengetahui kegawatan dari penyakit akibat rokok, akan tetapi belum dapat berhenti karena factor kecanduan. Pola pemasaran produk rokok yang berpengaruh kuat membentuk perilaku merokok remaja adalah pergaulan teman sebaya, perilaku merokok orangtua atau keluarga terdekat. Pengetahuan subjek yang masih rendah tentang rokok mengakibatkan sikap yang positif terhadap perilaku merokok. Kata Kunci: Rokok, pola pemaiaran, peiilaku merokok Cigarette, Marketing Patterns, and Smoking Behaviour of senior High school student in Semarang City, The smoker population had started on 19th years old getting increase from 69% on 2001 become 78% on 2004. The goal of this research were to analized cigarette marketing pattterns, smoker characteristic, and smoking behaviour of senior High school student in Semarang city. The type of this research is descriptive and qualitative that sample were smoker students on 15-19th years old and taken by purposive sampling. Collecting data by interview and Focus Group Discussion. The result showed that almost subject started smoking when they were on l5th years old, they have a negative concept because of smoker status, and actually know the illness, but cannot stop smoking. The association between friends, parents or family behaviour were form of cigarette marketing patterns that have strong influence of smoking behaviour. The knowledge of subject were low and it caused a positive attitude of smoking behavior Key Words: Cigarette, Marketing Path, Smoking Behaviour
FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PARU DI KECAMATAN BATURETNO KABUPATEN WONOGIRI Setia Kurniasari, Ryana Ayu; suhartono, suhartono; Cahyo, Kusyogo
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.035 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.11.2.198-204

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Tuberkulosis paru merupakan suatu jenis penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh bakteri Mycobacterium tuberkulosis. Ada berbagai macam faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi terjadinya tuberkulosis. Di Kabupaten Wonogiri, penderita tuberkulosis paru terbanyak selama 3 tahun terakhir berasal dari Kecamatan Baturetno sebanyak 79 kasus pada tahun 2011. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian tuberkulosis paru di Kecamatan Baturetno. Jenis penelitian ini adalah studi observasional analitik dengan menggunakan metode case control research. Sampel penelitian ini sebanyak 68, terdiri dari 34 kasus dan 34 kontrol. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji chi square untuk mengetahui deskripsi dan hubungan faktor risiko dengan kejadian tuberkulosis paru. Hasil analisis bivariat yang terbukti berhubungan dengan kejadian tuberkulosis paru adalah; pencahayaan ruangan (p = 0,025) dan luas ventilasi (p = 0,005). Dari keseluruhan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian tuberkulosis paru adalah pencahayaan ruangan dan luas ventilasi. Kata kunci : faktor risiko, tuberkulosis paru
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERAN IBU DALAM MEMBERIKAN PENDIDIKAN SEKSUALITAS PADA REMAJA DI LINGKUNGAN RESOSIALISASI ARGOREJO KOTA SEMARANG Fadhillah, Dara; BM, Syamsulhuda; Cahyo, Kusyogo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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As much as 7.9% of adolescents who live in the environment of Argorejo Resocialization Semarang city is known to have premarital sexual intercourse. In 2017, 3.2% of STI cases in the Lebdosari Community Health Center area were found in adolescents aged 15-18 years. Adolescents who live in resocial environments are often exposed to these prostitution activities. The influence of the environment can be minimized by providing sexuality education by parents, especially mothers as an effort to prevent premarital sex intercourse. The study aims to analyze mother?s role in providing sexuality education to adolescents in the environment of Argorejo Resocialization Semarang City. The research used cross sectional study design. The population in this research were mothers who had teenage children (10-19 years) and the samples were taken by total population sampling technique which amounted to 49 people. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis. The results of this research showed that the majority of respondents play a role in providing sexuality education in adolescents in the environment of Argorejo resocialization (69.4%). The factors related to the role of mothers in providing youth sexuality education are (p = 0,015), knowledge (p = 0,000) and self efficacy (p = 0,001). Family?s adolescents development group can optimize the role of families, especially mothers in providing sexuality education in adolescents as an effort to prevent premarital sexual intercourse.
IDENTIFIKASI PERILAKU SEKS BEBAS AKIBAT KONSUMSI MINUMAN BERALKOHOL PADA PENGUNJUNG REMAJA KELAB MALAM “X” SEMARANG Putra, Ardhianto Pradhana; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

At 2010 Indonesian consumption alcohol rate was 7.1 liter per year. Quoting from BKKBN at 2014 half of the urban girl dan 62,7% junior high school girl has give away their virginity. Quoting from the Journal of Addiction the alcohol consumption at spesific rate can lead to a risky sex. The purpose of this study is to identify free sex behavior due to alcohol consumption in nightclub visitors "X" Semarang. TThe qualitative method is used with descriptive approach and the technique for collecting data is in-depth interview. The main research subjects in this study were teenage visitors of nightclub age 17-24 years who have not married and had sex due to the influence of alcohol in the last year. Validating data using source triangulation with subject triangulation of "X" nightclub manager, "X" nightclub manager and a friend of the main research subjects. The result of this research is the identification of factors that influence to the adolescent of nightclub ?X? Semarang in free sex behavior due to alcohol consumption that is the level of adolescent education, youth income, adolescent knowledge about free sex and its impact, attitude toward consuming teenage alcohol, environment adolescent friendship, adolescent family circumstances, teenage boyfriends, affordability of alcoholic beverage prices by adolescents, availability of places to have free sex in Semarang City, and availability of health information at nightclub ?X? Semarang. While the factors that do not support the youth nightclub adolescents in free sex behavior due to alcohol consumption are adolescent knowledge about alcohol and its effects, and adolescent attitudes toward free sex and its effects. Thus free sex under the influence of alcohol to a sufficient level in the blood makes the subject's sex behavior riskier review of the stage of sexual behavior and proved the impact felt by the research subject of unwanted pregnancies and vaginal discharge.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK IBU DALAM PERSONAL HYGIENE ANAK RETARDASI MENTAL DI SEKOLAH DASAR LUAR BIASA (SDLB) NEGERI SEMARANG Raisasari, Irma Ivonita; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Riyanti, Emmy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Mentally retarded children are late on all aspects of growth and have limitations in their physical or mental abilities. They have difficulties in their personal hygiene and have to rely on other people, ecspecially their parents. Semarang City has the most disabled children in Central Java. There are 1,414 disabled children and 968 mentally retarded children in Semarang. The goal of this research is to analyze factors that correlates with a mothers practices in the personal hygiene of mentally retarded children in Sekolah Dasar Luar Biasa (SDLB) Negeri Semarang.This is a descriptive analytic research with quantitative method using Cross Sectional approach. The samples of this research were 65 mothers of mentally retarded children in Sekolah Dasar Luar Biasa (SDLB) Negeri Semarang. Chi Square is used to analyze the data.The practice of respondents in maintaining personal hygiene of mentally retarded children is good, that is equal to 58,5%. Respondents aged 29-41 years have a percentage of 50.8%, most respondents have low education level (doesn?t go to school ? graduates from SMP) that is 64.6%, respondents mostly as housewives is 83.1%. Knowledge of respondents about personal hygiene is good that is equal to 61,5%, respondent attitude mostly good that is 66,2%. Source of information about personal hygiene obtained by respondent mostly good that is 73,8%, parenting of respondent is 50,2% is good, support of husband of part of respondent is support that is 78,5% and support teacher that support that is amount 66,2 %.This research shows that knowledge (p=0,029), attitude (p=0,001) and information source (p=0,049) correlates with a mothers practices in the personal hygiene of mentally retarded children while age (p=1,000), education (p=0,280), job (p=0,178), child upbringing (p=0,690), husband's support (p=0,100) and support from teacher (p=0,074) doesn't.
PENGARUH PERAN WARGA PEDULI AIDS TERHADAP PERILAKU DISKRIMINATIF PADA ODHA Wati, Novi Sulistia; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Indraswari, Ratih
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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The number of HIV cases in Semarang City was increased from 453 cases in 2014 to 456 cases in 2015. One of the reason why HIV cases was hard to decreased is because the persistence of stigma and discrimination to PLWHA. Warga Peduli AIDS (WPA) is manifestation of community participation to control HIV/AIDS cases that has a crucial role in reducing stigma and discrimination in PLWHA. This research aimed to analyze the effect of WPA?s role to PLWHA discrimination. This research is a quantitativewith cross sectional approach. By using purposive sampling, the samples of this research taken as many as 44 members of WPA Peterongan. The data was collected by interview using a questionnaire. This research use univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis.All the respondents are women. Most respondents are in the age range 41-60 years (63,6%), educated (57%), have a job (71%), and have joined the WPA for 8 years (59%). A small portion of respondents still have PLWHA discrimination (22,7%). The chi square test showed that knowledge of stigma and discrimination (p=0,002), attitude to PLWHA discrimination (p=0,0001), access to HIV/AIDS education (p=0,002), and access to VCT (p=0,023) are significantly related to PLWHA discrimination. While the variables of age (p=0,642), education (p=0,144), occupation (p=0,695), duration of joining WPA (p=1,000), and support from WPA working group (p=0,120) are not significantly related to PLWHA discrimination. The logistic regression test showed that from all variables, only attitudeabout PLWHA discrimination was influencing PLWHA discrimination (OR=20,693).
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERKAITAN DENGAN PRAKTEK KEPALA KELUARGA DALAM MEMBUANG LIMBAH RUMAH TANGGA DI KELURAHAN BENDANDUWUR KECAMATAN GAJAH MUNGKUR KOTA SEMARANG. Cahyo, Kusyogo; Sumarni, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2002): OKTOBER 2002
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10208.821 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.1.2.66 - 71

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ABSTRACT Background : The poluted river is still a problem in a big city, for example Kali Garang, which is used by Water Drinking District Company in producing portable water in Semarang City. The stream zone of Kali Garang trought the crowded people areas/houses, where people still use water from Kali Garang for daily need, include domestic waste, It caused the quality of water in Kali Garang trend to decrese. The aims of this research is to know some faktors related to the practise of the head of family (house wife) in disposing domestic waste. The factors are education, knowledge, attitude, waste domestic tools and family environment. Methods : This was an explanatory research, using survey method with cross-sectional design. The data would be analized using Chi-Square method at 0,05 level of significant. Results : This research show that the relationship between education, knowledge, attitude, waste domestic tools and family environment with the practise of the head of family in disposing domestic waste are significant. Key Words : Domestic Waste Diposal, The Head of Family, Semarang
PERILAKU GELANDANGAN DALAM PEMANFAATAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DI KOTA SEMARANG JAWA TENGAH (STUDI KASUS DI KAWASAN PASAR JOHAR) Cahyo, Kusyogo; Hidayatullah, M. Syarif; Widjanarko, Bagoes
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (43.122 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.1.2.23-34

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Background : Vagrants are an interesting and critical social phenomenon where their numbers in large cities is steadily increasing. They have been generally vulnerable from many health problems and hence they have a high risk of various diseases. Poverty, illiteracy, lack of assets and production means, unemployment and many other factors have made them never using health facilities and services. This research is therefore, intended to discribe health seeking behaviour of the vagrants who usually stay in the area of Johar market Semarang.Method : This study applies a qualitative approach. In-depth interviews have been used to collect the data from 18 selected respondents. Snowball sampling technique has been employed to find respondents.Results : The study found that most vagrants have lack of knowledge primarily in terms of disease preventions, health protections and promotion. Their perceptions about sickness is acondition when they feel unable to do their daily activities anymore. Generally, they seldomknow the type of diseases they are suffering from, but they only feel the pain. The kind of preventive and curative measures which they adopt often based on information obtained from their friends. When they feel pain or sick, they just treat themselves by taking some medicines which bought in drug store or taking some traditional herbs (Jamu). The majority of va-grants have never visited health center because they could not afford to pay, feel embarassed, fear to be refused by health personnels. Importantly, they feel that they have never obtained a serious illness.Keywords : Vagrant, health seeking behaviour, qualitative method.
Co-Authors Aditya Kusumawati, Aditya Amalia, Shafira Amanullah, Fatma Zakiyya Ani Margawati Aprinta, Nindya Kurnia Aryanti, Dessy Astin Nur Hanifah Atik, Nur Sri Aulirachmah, Arrum Azizah Nur Fatih, Azizah Nur Bagoes Widjanarko Berlian Rachmani Besar Tirto Husodo Beta Yuananda, Beta Bonita, Bonita Carmelita, Deaselia Chandra, Putri Ade Chaniago, Fitri Nengsih Damayanti, Ria Delima Rahayu Istiqomah, Delima Rahayu Denali, Citra Devi, Asnia Uliya Dewi Amila Solikha Dian Femala Dwiyani, Mifta Nur El Hasna, Ferosvi Nada Adhima Emmy Riyanti Erni Nuryanti Eti Rimawati Fadhillah, Dara Febriana, Natasya Dwi Firnanda Zia Azmi, Firnanda Zia Handayani, Novia Handayani, Susanti Herdyawati, Anisa Eris Herlantoro, Herlantoro Hermien Nugraheni Ina Viernisa Febrina, Ina Viernisa Indah Pratiwi Lumban Gaol, Indah Pratiwi Lumban khoiriyah isni, khoiriyah Khoirunnisa, Arifiana Laelatul Hikmah, Laelatul Laksmono Widagdo M. Syarif Hidayatullah Megah Andriany Mohammad Danny Priyanto, Mohammad Danny Nanik Setiyawati, Nanik Nurdiennah, Haifa Nurhasmadiar Nandini Pangestika, Tegar Lyana Pangestu, Ardy Widya Prabamukti, Priyadi Nugraha Pratama, Andriana Putri Prilianting Asri Wulanningrum, Prilianting Asri Priyadi Nugraha P., Priyadi Priyadi Nugraha Prabamurti Puspitasari, Yuyun Risqa Putra, Ardhianto Pradhana Putri Asmita Wigati Raisasari, Irma Ivonita Ramadhani, Evitasari Ramadhayanti, Dita Aulia Ratih Indraswari Ratna Dewi Handayani, Ratna Dewi Restiyani, Annisa Rini Puspita Sari Ririn Wulansari, Ririn Ryana Ayu Setia Kurniasari Saputra, Muhammad Yudi Sari, Feby Kumala Savitri, Madania Shalsabila Septianef, Alfi Rizka Septy Indah Wulandari, Septy Indah Sifa Fauziah, Sifa Siti Munawaroh siti wulandari Sofia Farahdina, Sofia Sri Achadi Nugraheni Sri Sumarni Suhartono Suhartono Sulistyani, Pratiwi Supriyanto Supriyanto Suroto Suroto Syamsulhuda BM Syamsulhuda Budi Mustofa Syamsulhuda Budi Mustofa, Syamsulhuda Budi Tinuk Istiarti Tri Prapto Kurniawan VG Tinuk Istiarti, VG Tinuk Vidyastari, Yuniar Syahrin Wakhidah, Endah Nur Wati, Novi Sulistia Winoto, Yashinta Graycilia Yudia, Sharla Mega Yuni Sri Utama, Yuni Sri Yusi, Nafiah Yusnita, Laila Erni Zahroh Shaluhiyah