TATIK CHIKMAWATI
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

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Pengetahuan Tentang Tumbuhan Masyarakat Tengger di Bromo Tengger Semeru Jawa Timur Batoro, Jati; Setiadi, Dede; Chikmawati, Tatik; Purwanto, Y.
WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan sistem pengetahuan botani tradisional masyarakat Tengger di Bromo Tengger Semeru Jawa Timur, meliputi pemanfaatan tumbuhan untuk pemenuhan berbagai kebutuhan hidup mereka. Mereka mengandalkan pertanian dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pangan, tempat tinggal,kayu bakar, obat-obatan, barang dagangan dan keperluan ritualnya. Penelitian dilakukan di sebelas lokasi yaitu di desa Ngadas, Gubuklakah kecamatan Poncokusumo kabupaten Malang, desa Wonokitri, Mororejo kecamatan Tosari, desa Ngadirejo kecamatan Tutur, desa Keduwung kecamatan Puspo kabupaten Pasuruan, desa Ngadisari dan Ngadas kecamatan Sukapura,  kabupaten Probolinggo dan desa Ranupani, desa Argosari kecamatan Senduro  kabupaten Lumajang Propinsi Jawa Timur. Metoda penelitian dilakukan wawancara terstruktur dan wawancara bebas untuk pengamatan langsung kemudian dianalisis dengan ICS (index cultural significance) dan UVS (nilai guna jenis tumbuhan). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Tengger dalam kehidupannya mengandalkan sumber alam tumbuhan untuk berbagai keperluan dan memiliki pengetahuan cukup baik tentang keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan di sekitar mereka. Berbagai pemanfaatan jenis tumbuhan digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari adalah untuk bahan pangan (67 jenis), obat-obatan dan racun (120 jenis), bahan bangunan, tali-temali, bahan kayu bakar, teknologi lokal (52 jenis), konservasi dan liar (144 species), bumbu, pewarna, rokok, kecantikan (40 jenis), buah dan biji (50 jenis) pakan ternak (44 jenis), hias (138 jenis) dan bahan ritual (91 jenis), Selanjutnya hasil perhitungan indeks kepentingan budaya  menunjukan 1 jenis memiliki nilai tinggi  yaitu padi dan 10 jenis memiliki nilai manfaat jenis tinggi dan UVs terdiri 2 jenis memiliki nilai paling tinggi. Kata kunci: Pengetahuan tumbuhan, masyarakat Tengger, Bromo Tengger Semeru (TNBTS).
Morphological Variation of Durio kutejensis (Hassk.) Priyanti, Priyanti; Chikmawati, Tatik; Sobir, Sobir; A. Rifai, Mien; Hartana, Alex
Proceeding International Conference on Global Resource Conservation Vol 4, No 1: Proceeding of 4th ICGRC 2013
Publisher : Proceeding International Conference on Global Resource Conservation

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Durio kutejensis (Hassk.) Becc. (lai) is a cultivated plant in Genus Durio except D. zibethinus Murr. (Durian). D. kutejensis is superior than D. zibethinus based on blunt spine, not fragrant, flashy color (dark yellow to orange) and storage ability up to 7-8 days. The aim of this research was to analyze the variation of morphological characters of 31 landrace trees which was collected from Batuah Village, Tanah Merah Village and Sebulu Village in East Kalimantan. Lai varied in several characters which were their crown shape, branch type, leaf shape, flower color, and fruit shape. The crown shape is pyramidal, semi circular, oblong, and umbrella. The branch types are spreading or erect to rather spread. The leaf shape is oblong, lanceolate or elliptic. The flower has pink or dark red color. The shape of fruit is globose, globose with 5-lobed, ovoid with 5-lobed, and oblong with 5-lobed.   Key words: Durio kutejensis, morphology variation, superior  
PERSPEKTIF GENDER SUKU OSING DI BANYUWANGI DALAM PENILAIAN KEMANFAATAN TANAMAN Prasetyo, Budi; Chikmawati, Tatik; Walujo, Eko Baroto; Zuhud, Ervizal A.M
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 18, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v18i2.3689

Abstract

The different roles and responsibilities of male and female of the Osing tribe influence the knowledge of the use of plants. The aims of research is to analyze the values of the benefits of plants based on gender perception. The research used a qualitative and quantitative methods. Data collection for the value of plant species utilization were carried out  using Pebble Distribution Method (PDM) and analysis used Index of Cultural Significance (ICS). The Osing community recognised 86 plant species that were grouped in to eight beneficial groups. The male in three villages have a better understanding of ethnobotanical knowledge and practice than female on crops as staple foods, medicines, fruits, and firewood, while understanding of ornamental plants are relatively the same for both male and female. Female have a broader and more detailed understanding on vegetables, plant species used as building construction, and traditional rituals. The high PDM value in eight beneficial groups was supported by the high value of each ICS.  
PERTUMBUHAN DAN ANALISIS KUALITATIF TANIN, SAPONIN DAN FLAVONOID DARI SELAGINELLA PLANA, S. WILLDENOVII AND S. MAYERI PADA TIGA NAUNGAN BERBEDA (THE GROWTH AND QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF TANNIN, SAPONIN AND FLAVONOID IN SELAGINELLA PLANA, S. WILLDENOVII AN Chikmawati, Tatik; Sopyati, Puspita Dewi; Miftahudin, Miftahudin
JURNAL BIOS LOGOS Vol 3, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOSLOGOS
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35799/jbl.3.1.2013.14503

Abstract

Abstrak Selaginella yang banyak dijumpai melimpah di Indonesia sangat  berpotensi sebagai sumber antioksidan alami. Kadar bahan bioaktif dalam tumbuhan  sangat tergantung pada lingkungan tumbuhnya, namun penelitian aspek budidaya dari Selaginella di Indonesia yang berkaitan dengan bahan bioaktif belum banyak dilakukan.  Penelitian awal tentang aspek budidaya Selaginella telah dilakukan khususnya untuk mengetahui naungan yang tepat bagi pertumbuhannya serta pengaruhnya terhadap kandungan bahan bioaktif. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan petak terpisah dengan naungan sebagai petak utama dan jenis Selaginella sebagai anak petak. S. plana, S. willdenovii dan S. mayeri diberi perlakuan naungan dengan paranet 40%, 65%, 80%, dan tanpa naungan. Uji kandungan tanin, saponin, dan flavonoid secara kualitatif diketahui dengan melakukan ekstraksi dengan alkohol. Pertambahan cabang total, pertambahan bobot basah total, bobot basah, dan bobot kering biomassa dipengaruhi secara nyata oleh naungan dan jenis Selaginella. Masing-masing jenis Selaginella memerlukan intensitas cahaya yang berbeda untuk mendukung pertumbuhannya. Semua jenis yang diuji juga mengandung kadar tanin, saponin, dan flavonoid berbeda secara kualitatif. Kata kunci:  Selaginella, naungan, tanin, saponin, flavonoid Abstract Selaginella found abandonly in Indonesia is very potensial as the source of natural antioxidant. The amount of bioactive material of Selaginella depends on the environment, but research on the amount of bioactive material correlated to the cultivated aspect has not been done in Indonesia. The preeliminary research of the cultivation of Selaginella was  investigated especially to know the right shading for the best growth of Selaginella. The right shading may also affect bioactive content of Selaginella. This research used split plot design with level of shading as main plot and species as sub plot. S. plana, S. willdenovii, and S. mayeri were grown under paranet with 40%, 65%, 80% shading, and non shading treatments. Bioactive compound was extracted using alcohol 70% and analyzed for tannin, saponin, and flavonoid contents. Results indicated that level of shading and species affected total branch increase, total fresh weight increase, fresh and dry weight of biomass.  Each species required different light intensity to support its growth. All species in the experiment contained different qualitative level of tannin, saponin, and flavonoid. Keywords: Selaginella, shade, tanin, saponin, flavonoid
KEANEKARAGAMAN TUMBUHAN PAKU TERESTRIAL DI HUTAN KOTA DKI JAKARTA [Terestrial Ferns Diversity in Urban Forest DKI Jakarta] Andayaningsih, Dwi; Chikmawati, Tatik; Sulistijorini, Sulistijorini
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 12, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (445.69 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v12i3.638

Abstract

Urban forest is one of the green open area consisted of natural forest-like vegetation. It has suitable microclimate for understory habitat, including terrestrial ferns. The diversity of fern in three urban forest in DKI Jakarta is reported, i.e the urban forest at The University of Indonesia (UI) Campus, The Cibubur Arboretum and PT JIEP (Jakarta Industrial Estate Pulogadung). Vegetation analysis was conducted by purposive sampling method with a transect line of 200 m in each location with 15 plots of (3x3) m2 each. Fern determination was done based on herbarium specimens and literatures. Fern diversity was analyzed based on Shannon diversity index, and equality index. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was performed to determine the correlation between fern diversity and abiotic factors. There were 18 fern species classified into 11 genera and eight families, at the UI urban forest and Cibubur Arboretum, but there was no fern in PT JIEP. Fern with the highest importance value index was Sphaerostephanos sp. (161.33%) in The UI urban forest, and Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R.Br. (71.63%) in Cibubur Arboretum. The CCA result showed that the fern diversity correlated to four abiotic factors i.e temperature,humidity, light intensity and soil pH.
Newly described species of Endiandra (Lauraceae) from New Guinea. Arifiani, Deby; Basukriadi, Adi; Chikmawati, Tatik
REINWARDTIA Vol 13, No 4 (2012): Vol. 13 no. 4
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (803.056 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v13i4.437

Abstract

Two new species of Endiandra (Lauraceae), i.e. Endiandra areolata Arifiani and Endiandra lanata Arifiani are described from New Guinea. Both species have staminal glands, but their form is different in the two species.  Moreover, E. areolata Arifiani is characterized by its prominent areolation formed by the minor venation, and E. lanata Arifiani is easily recognized by the presence of a dense curly indument on its twig, leaves, inflorescences and flowers.
A PHENETIC STUDY OF THE CALAMUS FLABELLATUS COMPLEX (PALMAE) IN WEST MALESIA SYAM, NASRIANTI; CHIKMAWATI, TATIK; RUSTIAMI, HIMMAH
REINWARDTIA Vol 15, No 1 (2016): Vol.15 No.1
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (9332.448 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v15i1.2441

Abstract

SYAM, N., CHIKMAWATI, T. & RUSTIAMI, H. 2016. A phenetic study of the Calamus flabellatus complex (Palmae) in West Malesia. Reinwardtia 15(1): 27 - 41. — The number of species within the Calamus flabellatus  complex is still under controversy because the taxonomic status of the species is not yet clear. Morphological observations were conducted on 119 collections of Calamus in the Herbarium Bogoriense (BO) and specimen images from the  Singapore Herbarium (SING) and Kew Herbarium (K). The results showed that C. flabellatus complex (all species related to C. flabellatus)  in West Malesia  consisted of eight  species and two varieties, i.e. C. acuminatus, C. amplijugus, C. congestiflorus, C. corrugatus, C. flabellatus, C. hypertrichosus, C. javensis, and C. ruvidus. They can be distinguished using several characters, i.e. leaf sheath, knee, ocrea, leaves, inflorescence, shape of fruit, number scale of fruit and seed. Calamus flabellatus var. laevibus and C. flabellatus var. congestispinosus are two new proposed varieties. Phenetic analysis of C. flabellatus complex in West Malesia divided all species into two major clusters with similarity coefficient of 46%.
Morphology vs. taxonomy in the family Pandanaceae: a case study in the Javanese species Rahayu, Sri Endarti; Chikmawati, Tatik; Kartawinata, Kuswata; Hartana, Alex
REINWARDTIA Vol 13, No 4 (2012): Vol. 13 no. 4
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1652.189 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v13i4.435

Abstract

Since a large number of characters are now known for Freycinetia Gaudich. and Pandanus Parkinson species, it appears useful to consider their use in identifying plants from Java. Fieldwork carried out for this study has provided stronger foundation for understanding morphological variation within the species. This study was undertaken to have a better understanding on the morphology of the family in order to make a better species delimitation. Characters of habit, stem, leaves, auricles, bracts, peduncle and pedicel, inflorescence, staminate flowers (male), pistillate flowers (female), cephalia and berries were found useful in delimitation and identification of Javanese Freycinetia, while characters of habit, stem, prop root, marginal spine, leaves, bracts, inflorescentia, peduncle, staminate flowers (male), pistillate flowers (female), cephalia, drupes were found to be useful for distinguishing among species of Javanese Pandanus. 
NEW CYTOTYPES OF PTERIS ENSIFORMIS VAR. VICTORIAE FROM INDONESIA Efendi, Muhammad; Chikmawati, Tatik; Darnaedi, Dedy
REINWARDTIA Vol 14, No 1 (2014): Vol. 14 No. 1
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (924.274 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v14i1.404

Abstract

New cytotypes of Pteris ensiformis var. victoriae and one cytotype of var. ensiformis are recorded from Indonesia: var. victoriae with 2n=58 (sexual diploid) from Gorontalo, North Sulawesi, and 2n=87 (triploid) from Lombok Island and Bogor, West Java; and var. ensiformis with 2n=116 (sexual tetraploid). The diploid is smaller than the triploid in plant size. Results indicate a cytological variation in var. victoriae, like in var. ensiformis.
Perspektif Kultural Pengelolaan Lingkungan pada Masyarakat Adat Cikondang Kabupaten Bandung Jawa Barat RAMDHAN, BILLYARDI; CHIKMAWATI, TATIK; WALUYO, EKO BAROTO
Jurnal Sumberdaya Hayati Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jsdh.1.1.%p

Abstract

Peoples of Traditional Cikondang Village, located in the village of Lamajang, Pangalengan, Bandung City West Java have a very close relation to the environment along with its natural resources. This relation is expressed in the form of procedures and rules on the management and utilization of landscape units as well as the diversity of plants as a form of adaptation to the natural environment. This research was conducted through ethnographic method for photographing people’s lives and ethnobotany to know the biological resources that are important to Cikondang’s people’s daily lives. Descriptive and analytical methods are used through interviews with 87 respondents and 4 key informants. Results of research on landscape units that were identified by the community, indicates that in terms of the character, function, and its management there are 9 units of landscape that is both natural landscape and which has been modified by Cikondang community activities. Each unit of the landscape is characterized by vegetation cover according to the type of value in order for daily life. Meanwhile, cultural factors, economic, and political could be a trigger to the landscape transformation of one type of landscape into other landscapes.